81 relations: Acute radiation syndrome, Assisted reproductive technology, Autopsy, Birth defect, Born-Alive Infants Protection Act, Caesarean section, Cardiotocography, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Childbirth, Coeliac disease, Coffin birth, Complications of pregnancy, Contraindication, Depression (mood), Developed country, Developing country, Diabetes mellitus, Differential diagnoses of depression, Dilation and evacuation, Doppler fetal monitor, Ethanol, Female genital mutilation, Fetal distress, Fetoscopy, Fetus, Frequency, General Register Office for England and Wales, General Register Office for Scotland, Global Burden of Disease Study, Guilt (emotion), Hypertension, Hypoxia (medical), In utero, Injury, Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, Kick chart, Labor induction, List of countries by GNI (nominal, Atlas method) per capita, Live birth (human), Malaria, Marital breakdown, Medication, Medicine, Midwife, Miscarriage, Nicotine, Nonstress test, Obesity, Obstetric ultrasonography, Obstetrics, ..., Pathogenic bacteria, Perinatal mortality, Physical examination, Placenta, Placental abruption, Placentalia, Postterm pregnancy, Pre-eclampsia, Predictive modelling, Pregnancy, Prenatal development, Psychoactive drug, Psychological trauma, Psychosocial, Pulmonary hypoplasia, Pure economic loss, Rate (mathematics), Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 1965, Rh disease, Smoking and pregnancy, South Asia, Stillbirth and Neonatal Death Society, Sub-Saharan Africa, Supine position, Syphilis, Thrombus, Ultrasound, Umbilical cord, Uterus, Vital signs, World Health Organization. Expand index (31 more) » « Shrink index
Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) is a collection of health effects that are present within 24 hours of exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
The Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002 ("BAIPA") is an Act of Congress.
Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.
Cardiotocography (CTG) is a technical means of recording the fetal heartbeat and the uterine contractions during pregnancy.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Coffin birth, also known as postmortem fetal extrusion,Lasso et al. 2009.
Complications of pregnancy are health problems that are caused by pregnancy.
In medicine, a contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Depression, one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders, is being diagnosed in increasing numbers in various segments of the population worldwide.
In methods of abortion, dilation and evacuation (D&E also sometimes called dilation and extraction) is the dilation of the cervix and surgical evacuation of the contents of the uterus.
A Doppler fetal monitor is a hand-held ultrasound transducer used to detect the fetal heartbeat for prenatal care.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.
In medicine (obstetrics), the term fetal distress refers to the presence of signs in a pregnant woman—before or during childbirth—that suggest that the fetus may not be well.
Fetoscopy is an endoscopic procedure during pregnancy to allow surgical access to the fetus, the amniotic cavity, the umbilical cord, and the fetal side of the placenta.
A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers.
The General Register Office for Scotland (GROS) (Oifis Choitcheann a' Chlàraidh na h-Alba) was a non-ministerial directorate of the Scottish Government that administered the registration of births, deaths, marriages, divorces and adoptions in Scotland.
The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) is a comprehensive regional and global research program of disease burden that assesses mortality and disability from major diseases, injuries, and risk factors.
Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a universal moral standard and bears significant responsibility for that violation.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
In utero is a Latin term literally meaning "in the womb" or "in the uterus".
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), also known as obstetric cholestasis, cholestasis of pregnancy, jaundice of pregnancy, and prurigo gravidarum, is a medical condition in which cholestasis occurs during pregnancy.
A kick chart is a form or graph used by a pregnant woman in the later stages to record the activity of her fetus.
Labor induction is the process or treatment that stimulates childbirth and delivery.
This is a list of countries by Gross National Income per capita in 2017 at nominal values, according to the Atlas method, an indicator of income developed by the World Bank.
In human reproduction, a live birth occurs when a fetus, whatever its gestational age, exits the maternal body and subsequently shows any sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time and regardless of whether the umbilical cord or placenta are intact.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Marital breakdown refers to the common process whereby the relationship between a married couple erodes, such that they cannot ordinarily restore their relationship.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A midwife is a professional in midwifery, specializing in pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, women's sexual and reproductive health (including annual gynecological exams, family planning, menopausal care and others), and newborn care.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
A nonstress test (NST) is a screening test used in pregnancy.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Obstetric ultrasonography is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in its mother's uterus (womb).
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
Perinatal mortality (PNM), also perinatal death, refers to the death of a fetus or neonate and is the basis to calculate the perinatal mortality rate.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Placental abruption is when the placenta separates early from the uterus, in other words separates before childbirth.
Placentalia ("Placentals") is one of the three extant subdivisions of the class of animals Mammalia; the other two are Monotremata and Marsupialia.
Postterm pregnancy is the condition of a baby that has not yet been born after 42 weeks of gestation, two weeks beyond the normal 40.
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by the onset of high blood pressure and often a significant amount of protein in the urine.
Predictive modelling uses statistics to predict outcomes.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Prenatal development is the process in which an embryo and later fetus develops during gestation.
A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event.
The psychosocial approach looks at individuals in the context of the combined influence that psychological factors and the surrounding social environment have on their physical and mental wellness and their ability to function.
Pulmonary hypoplasia is incomplete development of the lungs, resulting in an abnormally low number or size of bronchopulmonary segments or alveoli.
Economic loss is a term of art which refers to financial loss and damage suffered by a person such as can be seen only on a balance sheet rather than as physical injury to the person or destruction of property.
In mathematics, a rate is the ratio between two related quantities.
The Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 1965, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which amended the existing legislation controlling the registration system of births, deaths and marriages in Scotland founded in 1855.
Rh disease (also known as rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease, rhesus incompatibility, rhesus disease, RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn, rhesus D hemolytic disease of the newborn or RhD HDN) is a type of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).
Tobacco smoking and pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The Stillbirth and Neonatal Death Charity (Sands) is a national charity in the United Kingdom that provides support to anyone affected by the death of a baby.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
The supine position means lying horizontally with the face and torso facing up, as opposed to the prone position, which is face down.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
A thrombus, colloquially called a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
In placental mammals, the umbilical cord (also called the navel string, birth cord or funiculus umbilicalis) is a conduit between the developing embryo or fetus and the placenta.
The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.