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Stock exchange

Index Stock exchange

A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments. [1]

162 relations: Adelphia Communications Corporation, Alternative trading system, Alternext, American International Group, Ancient history, Ancient Rome, Antwerp, Asset, Auction, Australian Securities Exchange, B3 (stock exchange), Bank, Bank of England, Bear Stearns, Bolsas y Mercados Españoles, Bombay Stock Exchange, Bond (finance), Bruges, Bubble Act, Bursa Malaysia, CAC Small, Capital gain, Capital intensity, Capital loss, Capital market, Cash on cash return, China Securities Regulatory Commission, Cicero, CNBC, Commodity, Commodity market, Company, Corporate bond, Corporate governance, Corporation, Credit, Dark pool, Deposit (finance), Derivative (finance), Dividend, Dot-com bubble, Dutch East India Company, Dutch West India Company, Economic bubble, Economic efficiency, Edward Stringham, Electronic communication network, Electronic trading, Enron, Entrepreneurship, ..., Euronext, Exchange (organized market), Exchange Alley, Federal Act on Banks and Savings Banks, Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges, Financial capital, Financial crisis, Financial regulation, Forward contract, Frankfurt, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Free market, Futures contract, Futures exchange, General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization, Global financial system, Government bond, High tech, Indonesia, Initial public offering, Institutional investor, International Organization of Securities Commissions, Isaac Le Maire, John Brooks (writer), John Law (economist), Joint-stock company, Jonathan's Coffee-House, Joseph de la Vega, Lehman Brothers, Limited partnership, List of African stock exchanges, List of commodities exchanges, List of countries without a stock exchange, List of East Asian stock exchanges, List of European stock exchanges, List of financial regulatory authorities by country, List of South Asian stock exchanges, List of Southeast Asian stock exchanges, List of stock exchanges, List of stock exchanges in Oceania, List of stock exchanges in the Americas, List of stock exchanges in Western Asia, List of stock market indices, Listing (finance), London Stock Exchange, Low Countries, Mahindra Satyam, Market share, Market trend, MCI Inc., Mergers and acquisitions, Mesopotamia, Middle Ages, Middle class, Mississippi Company, Municipal bond, Mutual organization, NASDAQ, New York Stock Exchange, One.Tel, Open outcry, Option (finance), Over-the-counter (finance), Parmalat, Peter Boettke, Pets.com, Primary market, Privately held company, Product lining, Productivity, Public company, Rationality, Recession, Renaissance, Research and development, Roman Empire, Roman Republic, SDAX, Seasoned equity offering, Secondary market, Securities market participants (United States), Security (finance), Shanghai Stock Exchange, Share (finance), Share price, Shareholder, Shenzhen Stock Exchange, South Sea Company, Startup company, Stock, Stock exchanges of small economies, Stock market, Stock market crash, Stock market data systems, Stock market index, Stock trader, Stock valuation, Stockbroker, Subprime mortgage crisis, Sunbeam Products, Takeover, TecDAX, The American Economic Review, Third market, Ulrike Malmendier, Unit trust, University of California, Berkeley, Venture capital, Webvan, William III of England, Working capital, World Federation of Exchanges. Expand index (112 more) »

Adelphia Communications Corporation

Adelphia Communications Corporation (former NASDAQ ticker symbol ADELQ), was a cable television company headquartered in Coudersport, Pennsylvania.

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Alternative trading system

Alternative trading system (ATS) is a US and Canadian regulatory term for a non-exchange trading venue that matches buyers and sellers to find counterparties for transactions.

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NYSE Alternext is an equity trading market that was opened May 17, 2005 by its parent institution Euronext to address an opportunity posed by small to medium-sized firms that were anticipated to desire easier access to an equity market.

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American International Group

American International Group, Inc., also known as AIG, is an American multinational finance and insurance corporation with operations in more than 80 countries and jurisdictions.

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Ancient history

Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.

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An auction is a process of buying and selling goods or services by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder.

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Australian Securities Exchange

The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX, sometimes referred to outside Australia as the Sydney Stock Exchange) is Australia's primary securities exchange.

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B3 (stock exchange)

The B3 (in full, B3 - Brasil Bolsa Balcão S.A.), formerly BM&FBOVESPA, is a Stock Exchange located at São Paulo, Brazil.

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A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.

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Bank of England

The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.

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Bear Stearns

The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. was a New York-based global investment bank, securities trading and brokerage firm that failed in 2008 as part of the global financial crisis and recession, and was subsequently sold to JPMorgan Chase.

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Bolsas y Mercados Españoles

Bolsas y Mercados Españoles (BME) is the Spanish company that deals with the organizational aspects of the Spanish stock exchanges and financial markets, which includes the stock exchanges in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia.

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Bombay Stock Exchange

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai (formerly Bombay).

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Bond (finance)

In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.

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Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.

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Bubble Act

Bubble Act 1720 (also Royal Exchange and London Assurance Corporation Act 1719) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain passed on 11 June 1720 that incorporated the Royal Exchange and London Assurance Corporation, but more significantly forbade the formation of any other joint-stock companies unless approved by royal charter.

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Bursa Malaysia

Bursa Malaysia Berhad is an exchange holding company approved under Section 15 of the Capital Markets and Services Act 2007.

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CAC Small

The CAC Small (formerly the CAC Small 90) is a stock market index used by the Paris Bourse.

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Capital gain

A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

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Capital intensity

Capital intensity is the amount of fixed or real capital present in relation to other factors of production, especially labor.

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Capital loss

Capital loss is the difference between a lower selling price and a higher purchase price, resulting in a financial loss for the seller.

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Capital market

A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.

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Cash on cash return

In investing, the cash-on-cash return is the ratio of annual before-tax cash flow to the total amount of cash invested, expressed as a percentage.

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China Securities Regulatory Commission

The China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) is an institution of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with ministry-level rank.

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Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.

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CNBC is an American basic cable, internet and satellite business news television channel that is owned by NBCUniversal News Group, a division of NBCUniversal, with both being ultimately owned by Comcast.

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In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.

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Commodity market

A commodity market is a market that trades in primary economic sector rather than manufactured products.

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A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.

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Corporate bond

A corporate bond is a bond issued by a corporation in order to raise financing for a variety of reasons such as to ongoing operations, M&A, or to expand business.

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Corporate governance

Corporate governance is the mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and directed.

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A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

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Credit (from Latin credit, "(he/she/it) believes") is the trust which allows one party to provide money or resources to another party where that second party does not reimburse the first party immediately (thereby generating a debt), but instead promises either to repay or return those resources (or other materials of equal value) at a later date.

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Dark pool

In finance, a dark pool (also black pool) is a private forum for trading securities, derivatives, and other financial instruments.

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Deposit (finance)

A deposit is the monetary amount that is placed with some entity.

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Derivative (finance)

In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.

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A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.

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Dot-com bubble

The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the dot-com crash, the Y2K crash, the Y2K bubble, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic economic bubble and period of excessive speculation that occurred roughly from 1997 to 2001, a period of extreme growth in the usage and adaptation of the Internet.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dutch West India Company

Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.

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Economic bubble

An economic bubble or asset bubble (sometimes also referred to as a speculative bubble, a market bubble, a price bubble, a financial bubble, a speculative mania, or a balloon) is trade in an asset at a price or price range that strongly exceeds the asset's intrinsic value.

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Economic efficiency

Economic efficiency is, roughly speaking, a situation in which nothing can be improved without something else being hurt.

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Edward Stringham

Edward Peter Stringham (born January 18, 1975) is an Austrian School American economist.

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Electronic communication network

An electronic communication network (ECN) is a type of computerized forum or network that facilitates the trading of financial products outside traditional stock exchanges.

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Electronic trading

Electronic or scripless trading, sometimes called e-trading or paperless trading is a method of trading securities (such as stocks, and bonds), foreign exchange or financial derivatives electronically.

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Enron Corporation was an American energy, commodities, and services company based in Houston, Texas.

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Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.

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Euronext NV is a European stock exchange seated in Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Lisbon, Dublin and Paris.

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Exchange (organized market)

An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.

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Exchange Alley

Exchange Alley or Change Alley is a narrow alleyway connecting shops and coffeehouses in an old neighbourhood of the City of London.

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Federal Act on Banks and Savings Banks

The Federal Act on Banks and Savings Banks is a Swiss federal law and act-of-parliament that operates as the supreme law governing banking in Switzerland.

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Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges

The Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS) is a non-profit international organization comprising the main stock exchanges in Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia.

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Financial capital

Financial capital is any economic resource measured in terms of money used by entrepreneurs and businesses to buy what they need to make their products or to provide their services to the sector of the economy upon which their operation is based, i.e. retail, corporate, investment banking, etc.

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Financial crisis

A financial crisis is any of a broad variety of situations in which some financial assets suddenly lose a large part of their nominal value.

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Financial regulation

Financial regulation is a form of regulation or supervision, which subjects financial institutions to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, aiming to maintain the integrity of the financial system.

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Forward contract

In finance, a forward contract or simply a forward is a non-standardized contract between two parties to buy or to sell an asset at a specified future time at a price agreed upon today, making it a type of derivative instrument.

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Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.

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Frankfurt Stock Exchange

The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse, FWB) is the world's 10th largest stock exchange by market capitalization.

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Free market

In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.

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Futures contract

In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a standardized forward contract, a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.

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Futures exchange

A futures exchange or futures market is a central financial exchange where people can trade standardized futures contracts; that is, a contract to buy specific quantities of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price with delivery set at a specified time in the future.

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General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization

The 2009 General Motors Chapter 11 sale of the assets of automobile manufacturer General Motors and some of its subsidiaries was implemented through Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code in the United States bankruptcy court for the Southern District of New York.

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Global financial system

The global financial system is the worldwide framework of legal agreements, institutions, and both formal and informal economic actors that together facilitate international flows of financial capital for purposes of investment and trade financing.

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Government bond

A government bond or sovereign bond is a bond issued by a national government, generally with a promise to pay periodic interest payments and to repay the face value on the maturity date.

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High tech

High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Initial public offering

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.

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Institutional investor

An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans.

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International Organization of Securities Commissions

The International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) is an association of organisations that regulate the world’s securities and futures markets.

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Isaac Le Maire

Isaac Le Maire (c. 1558 in Tournai – September 20, 1624 in Egmond aan den Hoef) was a Walloon-born Dutch entrepreneur, investor, and a sizeable shareholder of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

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John Brooks (writer)

John Brooks (December 5, 1920 – July 27, 1993) was a writer and longtime contributor to The New Yorker magazine, where he worked for many years as a staff writer, specializing in financial topics.

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John Law (economist)

John Law (baptised 21 April 1671 – 21 March 1729) was a Scottish economist who believed that money was only a means of exchange that did not constitute wealth in itself and that national wealth depended on trade.

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Joint-stock company

A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.

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Jonathan's Coffee-House

Jonathan's Coffee-House was a significant meeting place in London in the 17th and 18th centuries, famous as the original site of the London Stock Exchange.

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Joseph de la Vega

José, Josseph or Joseph Penso de la Vega, best known as Josseph de la Vega (ca.1650, Espejo, Spain — November 13, 1692, Amsterdam, Netherlands), was a successful Jewish merchant, poet, and philanthropist residing in 17th century Amsterdam.

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Lehman Brothers

Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker symbol LEH) was a global financial services firm.

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Limited partnership

A limited partnership (LP) is a form of partnership similar to a general partnership except that while a general partnership must have at least two general partners (GPs), a limited partnership must have at least one GP and at least one limited partner.

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List of African stock exchanges

This is a list of stock exchanges in Africa.

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List of commodities exchanges

A commodities exchange is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives products are traded.

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List of countries without a stock exchange

This is a list of sovereign states without a stock exchange.

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List of East Asian stock exchanges

This is a list of East Asian stock exchanges.

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List of European stock exchanges

This is a list of European stock exchanges.

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List of financial regulatory authorities by country

The following is an incomplete list of financial regulatory authorities by country.

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List of South Asian stock exchanges

This is a list of South Asian stock exchanges.

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List of Southeast Asian stock exchanges

This is a list of Southeast Asian stock exchanges.

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List of stock exchanges

This is a list of major stock exchanges.

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List of stock exchanges in Oceania

This is a list of active stock exchanges in Oceania.

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List of stock exchanges in the Americas

This is a list of active stock exchanges in the Americas.

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List of stock exchanges in Western Asia

This is a list of stock exchanges of Western Asia.

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List of stock market indices

Commonly used stock market indices include.

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Listing (finance)

In corporate finance, a listing refers to the company's shares being on the list (or board) of stock that are officially traded on a stock exchange.

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London Stock Exchange

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.

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Low Countries

The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.

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Mahindra Satyam

Mahindra Satyam (formerly Satyam Computer Services Limited) was an Indian IT services company based in Hyderabad, India.

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Market share

Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.

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Market trend

A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time.

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MCI Inc.

MCI, Inc. (d/b/a Verizon Business) was an American telecommunication corporation, currently a subsidiary of Verizon Communications, with its main office in Ashburn, Virginia.

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Mergers and acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.

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Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Middle class

The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.

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Mississippi Company

The Mississippi Company (Compagnie du Mississippi; founded 1684, named the Company of the West from 1717, and the Company of the Indies from 1719) was a corporation holding a business monopoly in French colonies in North America and the West Indies.

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Municipal bond

A municipal bond, commonly known as a Muni Bond, is a bond issued by a local government or territory, or one of their agencies.

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Mutual organization

A mutual, mutual organization, or mutual society is an organization (which is often, but not always, a company or business) based on the principle of mutuality.

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The Nasdaq Stock Market is an American stock exchange.

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New York Stock Exchange

The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.

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One.Tel was a group of Australian based telecommunications companies, including principally the publicly listed One.Tel Limited (ACN 068 193 153) established in 1995 soon after deregulation of the Australian telecommunications industry, most of which are currently under external administration by court appointed liquidators.

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Open outcry

Open outcry is the name of a method of communication between professionals on a stock exchange or futures exchange typically on a trading floor.

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Option (finance)

In finance, an option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder of the option) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price on a specified date, depending on the form of the option.

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Over-the-counter (finance)

Over-the-counter (OTC) or off-exchange trading is done directly between two parties, without the supervision of an exchange.

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Parmalat SpA is a multinational Italian dairy and food corporation.

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Peter Boettke

Peter Joseph Boettke (born January 3, 1960) is an American economist of the Austrian School.

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Pets.com Inc. was a dot-com enterprise that sold pet supplies to retail customers.

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Primary market

The primary market is the part of the capital market that deals with issuing of new securities.

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Privately held company

A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.

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Product lining

In marketing jargon, product lining is offering several related products for sale individually.

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Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.

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Public company

A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.

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Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.

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In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction which results in a general slowdown in economic activity.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Research and development

Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Roman Republic

The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.

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The SDAX is a stock market index composed of 50 small and medium-sized companies in Germany.

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Seasoned equity offering

A seasoned equity offering or secondary equity offering (SEO) or capital increase is a new equity issue by an already publicly traded company.

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Secondary market

The secondary market, also called the aftermarket and follow on public offering is the financial market in which previously issued financial instruments such as stock, bonds, options, and futures are bought and sold.

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Securities market participants (United States)

Securities market participants in the United States include corporations and governments issuing securities, persons and corporations buying and selling a security, the broker-dealers and exchanges which facilitate such trading, banks which safe keep assets, and regulators who monitor the markets' activities.

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Security (finance)

A security is a tradable financial asset.

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Shanghai Stock Exchange

The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is a stock exchange that is based in the city of Shanghai, China.

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Share (finance)

In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.

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Share price

A share price is the price of a single share of a number of saleable stocks of a company, derivative or other financial asset.

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A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

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Shenzhen Stock Exchange

The Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) is a stock exchange based in the city of Shenzhen, China.

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South Sea Company

The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of fishing) was a British joint-stock company founded in 1711, created as a public-private partnership to consolidate and reduce the cost of national debt.

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Startup company

A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.

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The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.

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Stock exchanges of small economies

A Stock exchange is a corporation or mutual organization which provides facilities for stockbrokers and traders to trade stocks and other securities.

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Stock market

A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

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Stock market crash

A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth.

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Stock market data systems

Stock market data systems communicated market data—information about securities and stock trades—from stock exchanges to stockbrokers and stock traders.

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Stock market index

A stock index or stock market index is a measurement of a section of the stock market.

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Stock trader

A stock trader or equity trader or share trader is a person or company involved in trading equity securities.

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Stock valuation

In financial markets, stock valuation is the method of calculating theoretical values of companies and their stocks.

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A stockbroker is a regulated professional individual, usually associated with a brokerage firm or broker-dealer, who buys and sells stocks and other securities for both retail and institutional clients through a stock exchange or over the counter in return for a fee or commission.

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Subprime mortgage crisis

The United States subprime mortgage crisis was a nationwide banking emergency, occurring between 2007 and 2010, that contributed to the U.S. recession of December 2007 – June 2009.

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Sunbeam Products

Sunbeam Products is an American brand that has produced electric home appliances since 1910.

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In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder).

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The TecDAX stock index tracks the performance of the 30 largest German companies from the technology sector.

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The American Economic Review

The American Economic Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal of economics.

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Third market

Third market in finance, refers to the trading of exchange-listed securities in the over-the-counter (OTC) market.

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Ulrike Malmendier

Ulrike Malmendier (born 1973) is a professor of economics and finance at the University of California Berkeley.

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Unit trust

A unit trust is a form of collective investment constituted under a trust deed.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.

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Venture capital

Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).

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Webvan was an online grocery business that filed bankruptcy in 2001 after 3 years of operation and was later folded into Amazon.com.

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William III of England

William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.

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Working capital

Working capital (abbreviated WC) is a financial metric which represents operating liquidity available to a business, organisation or other entity, including governmental entities.

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World Federation of Exchanges

The World Federation of Exchanges (WFE), formerly the Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV), or International Federation of Stock Exchanges, is the trade association of 63 publicly regulated stock, futures, and options exchanges.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_exchange

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