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Index Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, west of Amesbury. [1]

259 relations: A303 road, A344 road (England), Aberdeenshire, Aerial archaeology, Aerodrome, Almendres Cromlech, Altar Stone (Stonehenge), Ambrosius Aurelianus, Amesbury, Amesbury Abbey, Amesbury Archer, Ancient Order of Druids, Andrew Godsell, Anglo-Saxons, Antiquarian, Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge, Archaeology, Arkaim, Ashlar, Aubrey Burl, Aubrey holes, Avebury, Ælfric of Eynsham, Baron Carleton, Barry Cunliffe, Battle of the Beanfield, BBC, BBC News, Bernard Cornwell, Blick Mead, Bluestone, Bluestonehenge, Boscombe Bowmen, Bournemouth University, Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, Bronze Age, Brut y Brenhinedd, Bush Barrow, Cahokia, Calcareous grassland, Carhenge, Causewayed enclosure, Cecil Chubb, Cemetery, Chalk, Charles Darwin, Charles Warne, Christopher Chippindale, Colin Renfrew, Coneybury Henge, ..., Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor), Craig Rhos-y-felin, Cremation, Crymych, Cultural depictions of Stonehenge, Culture of the United Kingdom, Cursus, Cursus Barrows, Debitage, Deer, Denton Corker Marshall, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, Devil, Diabase, Disc barrow, Druid, Druidry (modern), Durrington Walls, Earthworks (archaeology), Edmund Spenser, Enclosed cremation cemetery, Enclosure (archaeology), English Heritage, Equinox, Excavation (archaeology), Excavations at Stonehenge, Flint, Folklore, Gallows, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey Wainwright (archaeologist), Giant, Glacial erratic, Goloring, Goseck circle, Grassland, Grooved ware, Ground-penetrating radar, Hanging, Hansard, Heel Stone, Heelstone Ditch, Henge, Hengist and Horsa, Henry VIII of England, Heritage Lottery Fund, Hillfort, Hinge, Historia Regum Britanniae, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Infinite Corridor, Internet Archaeology, Internet Sacred Text Archive, Irish Sea Glacier, Iron Age, Isotope analysis, J. F. S. Stone, John Aubrey, John Wood, the Elder, Julian Richards (archaeologist), King Arthur, Knight Frank, Laser scanning at Stonehenge, Late Cretaceous, Layamon, Layamon's Brut, Lintel, List of largest monoliths, Lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe, Lithophone, Long barrow, Long Bredy, Lourdes, Maenclochog, Manhattanhenge, Marquess of Hertford, Marquess of Queensberry, Maryhill Stonehenge, Medicine wheel, Megalithic architectural elements, Menhir, Merlin, Mesolithic, Middle Ages, Midsummer, Mike Parker Pearson, Mike Pitts (archaeologist), Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom), Miocene, Mockumentary, Modern Paganism, Monument, Mortise and tenon, Mount Killaraus, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, National Geographic Society, National Lampoon's European Vacation, National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, Nennius, Neolithic, New Age, New Age travellers, New Scientist, Newgrange, Normanton Down Barrows, North Wessex Downs, Old English, Old Sarum, Oligocene, Ox, Oxford English Dictionary, Paganism, Palisade, Pembrokeshire, Periglaciation, Polytantric Circle, Port wine, Posthole, Prehistoric Britain, Prehistory, Preseli Hills, Project Gutenberg, Q and R Holes, Radiocarbon dating, Rescue archaeology, Rhyolite, Richard J. C. Atkinson, Ring of Brodgar, Ritual, Ritual landscape, River Avon, Hampshire, Robin Hood's Ball, Roman currency, Roman de Brut, Ronald Hutton, Royal Flying Corps, Salisbury Plain, Santonian, Sarsen, Scandinavia, Scheduled monument, Seahenge, Senni Beds, Shear legs, Shrewton, Sir Richard Hoare, 2nd Baronet, Society of Antiquaries of London, Solstice, Spiritualism, Station Stones, Stone circle, Stonehenge Archer, Stonehenge Avenue, Stonehenge Cursus, Stonehenge Free Festival, Stonehenge in its landscape, Stonehenge Landscape, Stonehenge replicas and derivatives, Stonehenge Riverside Project, Stonehenge road tunnel, Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, Strontium, Stuart Piggott, Summer solstice, Tertiary, The Crown, The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms, The Guardian, The Independent, The Salisbury Museum, This Is Spinal Tap, This Is Spinal Tap (album), Timber circle, Timothy Darvill, Tongue and groove, Tree throw, Trilithon, Tumulus, UNESCO, United Kingdom, University of Birmingham, University of Buckingham, University of Sheffield, University of the West of England, Bristol, USA Today, Uther Pendragon, Vespasian's Camp, Wace, Warren Field, Wessex Archaeology, Western Daily Press, William Coxe (historian), William Cunnington, William Dugdale, William Gowland, William Hawley, William Stukeley, Wiltshire, Wiltshire Museum, Winter solstice, Winterbourne Stoke, Woodhenge, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, World War I, Worship, Y and Z Holes, Ylvis, Zorats Karer. Expand index (209 more) »

A303 road

The A303 is a trunk road in southern England, running between Basingstoke in Hampshire and Honiton in Devon via Stonehenge.

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A344 road (England)

The A344 was an A road in the English county of Wiltshire.

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Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.

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Aerial archaeology

Aerial archaeology is the study of archaeological remains by examining them from altitude.

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An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.

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Almendres Cromlech

The Cromlech of the Almendres (Cromeleque dos Almendres/Cromeleque na Herdade dos Almendres) is a megalithic complex (commonly known as the Almendres Cromlech), located near the village of Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe, in the civil parish of Nossa Senhora da Tourega e Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe, municipality of Évora, in the Portuguese Alentejo.

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Altar Stone (Stonehenge)

The Altar Stone is a central megalith at Stonehenge in England, dating to Stonehenge phase 3i, around 2600 BC.

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Ambrosius Aurelianus

Ambrosius Aurelianus (Emrys Wledig; Anglicised as Ambrose Aurelian and called Aurelius Ambrosius in the Historia Regum Britanniae and elsewhere) was a war leader of the Romano-British who won an important battle against the Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century, according to Gildas.

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Amesbury is a town and civil parish in Wiltshire, England.

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Amesbury Abbey

Amesbury Abbey was a Benedictine abbey of women at Amesbury in Wiltshire, England, founded by Queen Ælfthryth in about the year 979 on what may have been the site of an earlier monastery.

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Amesbury Archer

The Amesbury Archer is an early Bronze Age man whose grave was discovered during excavations at the site of a new housing development in Amesbury near Stonehenge.

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Ancient Order of Druids

The Ancient Order of Druids (AOD) is a fraternal organisation founded in London, England, in 1781 that still operates to this day.

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Andrew Godsell

Andrew Godsell is a British writer, born in 1964 at Aldershot, in Hampshire.

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The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: antiquarius, meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

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Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge

The prehistoric monument of Stonehenge has long been studied for its possible connections with ancient astronomy.

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Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Arkaim (Аркаим) is an archaeological site in Russia, situated in the steppe of the Southern Ural, north-to-northwest of the village of Amursky and south-to-southeast of the village of Alexandrovsky in the Chelyabinsk Oblast of Russia, just north of the border with Kazakhstan.

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Ashlar is finely dressed (cut, worked) stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it.

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Aubrey Burl

Harry Aubrey Woodruff Burl MA, DLitt, PhD, FSA, HonFSA Scot (born September 24, 1926) is a British archaeologist most well known for his studies into megalithic monuments and the nature of prehistoric rituals associated with them.

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Aubrey holes

The Aubrey holes are a ring of fifty-six (56) chalk pits at Stonehenge, named after the seventeenth-century antiquarian John Aubrey.

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Avebury is a Neolithic henge monument containing three stone circles, around the village of Avebury in Wiltshire, in southwest England.

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Ælfric of Eynsham

Ælfric of Eynsham (Ælfrīc; Alfricus, Elphricus) was an English abbot, as well as a consummate, prolific writer in Old English of hagiography, homilies, biblical commentaries, and other genres.

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Baron Carleton

Baron Carleton is a title that has been created three times in British history, once in the Peerage of Ireland and twice in the Peerage of Great Britain.

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Barry Cunliffe

Sir Barrington Windsor Cunliffe (born 10 December 1939), known as Barry Cunliffe, is a British archaeologist and academic.

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Battle of the Beanfield

The Battle of the Beanfield took place over several hours on 1 June 1985, when Wiltshire Police prevented The Peace Convoy, a convoy of several hundred New Age travellers, from setting up the 1985 Stonehenge Free Festival in Wiltshire, England.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bernard Cornwell

Bernard Cornwell, OBE (born 23 February 1944) is an English author of historical novels and a history of the Waterloo Campaign.

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Blick Mead

Blick Mead is a chalkland spring in Wiltshire England, with a constant temperature of around 11 degrees C so that it never freezes.

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Bluestone is a cultural or commercial name for a number of dimension or building stone varieties, including.

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Bluestonehenge or Bluehenge (also known as West Amesbury Henge) is a prehistoric henge and stone circle monument that was discovered by the Stonehenge Riverside Project about south-east of Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England.

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Boscombe Bowmen

The Boscombe Bowmen is the name given by archaeologists to a group of early Bronze Age individuals found in a shared burial at Boscombe Down in Amesbury near Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England.

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Bournemouth University

Bournemouth University (abbreviated BU) is a public university in Bournemouth, Dorset, England, with its main campus situated in neighbouring Poole.

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, sometimes referred to simply as Brewer's, is a reference work containing definitions and explanations of many famous phrases, allusions and figures, whether historical or mythical.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brut y Brenhinedd

Brut y Brenhinedd ("Chronicle of the Kings") is a collection of variant Middle Welsh versions of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Latin Historia Regum Britanniae.

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Bush Barrow

Bush Barrow is a site of the early British Bronze Age (c. 2000 BC), at the western end of the Normanton Down Barrows cemetery.

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The Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site (11 MS 2) is the site of a pre-Columbian Native American city (circa 1050–1350 CE) directly across the Mississippi River from modern St. Louis, Missouri.

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Calcareous grassland

Calcareous grassland (or alkaline grassland) is an ecosystem associated with thin basic soil, such as that on chalk and limestone downland.

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Carhenge is a replica of England's Stonehenge located near the city of Alliance, Nebraska, in the High Plains region of the United States.

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Causewayed enclosure

A causewayed enclosure is a type of large prehistoric earthwork common to the early Neolithic in Europe.

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Cecil Chubb

Sir Cecil Herbert Edward Chubb, 1st Baronet (14 April 1876 – 22 September 1934) was the last private owner of Stonehenge, which he donated to the British government in 1918.

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A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred.

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Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles Warne

Charles Warne (1802 – 11 April 1887) was an English antiquarian and archæologist who specialised in the prehistoric and ancient monuments of Dorset.

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Christopher Chippindale

Christopher Ralph Chippindale, FSA (born 13 October 1951) is a British archaeologist.

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Colin Renfrew

Andrew Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, FBA, FSA, Hon FSA Scot (born 25 July 1937 in Stockton-on-Tees) is a British archaeologist, paleolinguist and Conservative peer noted for his work on radiocarbon dating, the prehistory of languages, archaeogenetics, and the prevention of looting at archaeological sites.

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Coneybury Henge

Coneybury Henge is a henge which is part of the Stonehenge Landscape in Wiltshire, England.

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Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor)

Flavius Claudius Constantinus,Jones, pg.

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Craig Rhos-y-felin

Craig Rhos-y-felin is a Welsh outcrop on the north side of the Preseli Hills which is designated as a RIGS site on the basis of its geological and geomorphological interest.

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Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.

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Crymych is a village of around 400 inhabitants and a community (population 1,739) in the northeast of Pembrokeshire, Wales.

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Cultural depictions of Stonehenge

The Prehistoric landmark of Stonehenge is distinctive and famous enough to have become frequently referenced in popular culture.

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Culture of the United Kingdom

The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.

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Stonehenge Cursus, Wiltshire Dorset Cursus terminal on Thickthorn Down, Dorset Cursus monuments are Neolithic structures which represent some of the oldest prehistoric monumental structures of the Islands of Britain and Ireland.

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Cursus Barrows

The Cursus Barrows is the name given to a Neolithic and Bronze Age round barrow cemetery located mostly south of the western end of the Stonehenge Cursus.

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Debitage is all the material produced during the process of lithic reduction and the production of chipped stone tools.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Denton Corker Marshall

Denton Corker Marshall is an international architecture practice established in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia in 1972.

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Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport

The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is a department of the United Kingdom government, with responsibility for culture and sport in England, and some aspects of the media throughout the whole UK, such as broadcasting and internet.

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A devil (from Greek: διάβολος diábolos "slanderer, accuser") is the personification and archetype of evil in various cultures.

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Diabase or dolerite or microgabbro is a mafic, holocrystalline, subvolcanic rock equivalent to volcanic basalt or plutonic gabbro.

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Disc barrow

A disc barrow is a type of tumulus or round barrow, a variety of fancy barrow identified in English Heritage's Monument Class Descriptions.

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A druid (derwydd; druí; draoidh) was a member of the high-ranking professional class in ancient Celtic cultures.

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Druidry (modern)

Druidry, sometimes termed Druidism, is a modern spiritual or religious movement that generally promotes harmony, connection, and reverence for the natural world.

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Durrington Walls

Durrington Walls is the site of a large Neolithic settlement and later henge enclosure located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site.

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Earthworks (archaeology)

In archaeology, earthworks are artificial changes in land level, typically made from piles of artificially placed or sculpted rocks and soil.

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Edmund Spenser

Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.

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Enclosed cremation cemetery

Enclosed cremation cemetery is a term used by archaeologists to describe a type of cemetery found in north western Europe during the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age.

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Enclosure (archaeology)

In archaeology, an enclosure is one of the most common types of archaeological site.

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English Heritage

English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.

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An equinox is commonly regarded as the moment the plane (extended indefinitely in all directions) of Earth's equator passes through the center of the Sun, which occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 22-23 September.

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Excavation (archaeology)

In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains.

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Excavations at Stonehenge

Records of archaeological excavations at the Stonehenge site date back to the early 17th century.

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Flint is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, categorized as a variety of chert.

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Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

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A gallows (or scaffold) is a frame, typically wooden, used for execution by hanging.

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Geoffrey of Monmouth

Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.

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Geoffrey Wainwright (archaeologist)

Geoffrey John Wainwright, (19 September 1937 – 6 March 2017) was a British archaeologist specialising in prehistory.

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Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.

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Glacial erratic

Indian Rock in the Village of Montebello, New York A glacial erratic is a piece of rock that differs from the size and type of rock native to the area in which it rests.

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The Goloring is an ancient earthworks monument located near Koblenz, Germany.

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Goseck circle

The Goseck circle (German: Sonnenobservatorium Goseck) is a Neolithic structure in Goseck in the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

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Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.

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Grooved ware

Grooved ware is the name given to a pottery style of the British Neolithic.

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Ground-penetrating radar

Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a geophysical method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface.

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Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.

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Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.

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Heel Stone

The Heel Stone is a single large block of sarsen stone standing within the Avenue outside the entrance of the Stonehenge earthwork, close to the main road (Highways Agency A344).

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Heelstone Ditch

Heelstone Ditch is a roughly circular feature surrounding the Heelstone at Stonehenge.

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There are three related types of Neolithic earthwork that are all sometimes loosely called henges.

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Hengist and Horsa

Hengist and Horsa are legendary brothers said to have led the Angles, Saxons and Jutes in their invasion of Britain in the 5th century.

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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.

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Heritage Lottery Fund

The Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) distributes a share of National Lottery funding, supporting a wide range of heritage projects across the United Kingdom.

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A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage.

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A hinge is a mechanical bearing that connects two solid objects, typically allowing only a limited angle of rotation between them.

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Historia Regum Britanniae

Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Infinite Corridor

The Infinite Corridor 203 pp.

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Internet Archaeology

Internet Archaeology is an international scholarly journal and one of the first fully peer-reviewed electronic journals for archaeology.

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Internet Sacred Text Archive

The Internet Sacred Text Archive (ISTA) is a Santa Cruz, California based website dedicated to the preservation of electronic public domain texts, specifically those with significant cultural value.

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Irish Sea Glacier

The Irish Sea Glacier was a huge glacier during the Pleistocene Ice Age that, probably on more than one occasion, flowed southwards from its source areas in Scotland and Ireland and across the Isle of Man, Anglesey and Pembrokeshire.

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Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

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Isotope analysis

Isotope analysis is the identification of isotopic signature, the abundance of certain stable isotopes and chemical elements within organic and inorganic compounds.

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J. F. S. Stone

John Frederick Smerdon Stone (1891? – 1957) was a British archaeologist, most famous for his work in and around Wiltshire, especially at Stonehenge and the Woodhenge area.

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John Aubrey

John Aubrey (12 March 1626 – 7 June 1697) was an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer.

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John Wood, the Elder

John Wood, the Elder, (1704 – 23 May 1754), was an English architect, working mainly in Bath.

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Julian Richards (archaeologist)

Julian C. Richards FSA, MIFA (born 1951) is a British television and radio presenter, writer and archaeologist with over 30 years experience of fieldwork and publication.

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King Arthur

King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.

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Knight Frank

Knight Frank LLP is an estate agency, residential and commercial property consultancy founded in London by John Knight, Howard Frank and William Rutley in 1896.

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Laser scanning at Stonehenge

The first use of 3D laser scanning at Stonehenge was of the Bronze Age dagger and axes inscribed on the sarsens, which was undertaken in 2002 by a team from Wessex Archaeology and Archaeoptics.

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Late Cretaceous

The Late Cretaceous (100.5–66 Ma) is the younger of two epochs into which the Cretaceous period is divided in the geologic timescale.

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Layamon or Laghamon – spelled Laȝamon or Laȝamonn in his time, occasionally written Lawman – was a poet of the late 12th/early 13th century and author of the Brut, a notable work that was the first to present the legends of Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table in English poetry.

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Layamon's Brut

Layamon's Brut (ca. 1190 - 1215), also known as The Chronicle of Britain, is a Middle English poem compiled and recast by the English priest Layamon.

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A lintel or lintol is a structural horizontal block that spans the space or opening between two vertical supports.

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List of largest monoliths

This is a list of monoliths organized according to the size of the largest block of stone on the site.

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Lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe

The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe.

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A lithophone is a musical instrument consisting of a rock or pieces of rock which are struck to produce musical notes.

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Long barrow

A long barrow is a rectangular or trapezoidal tumulus; that is, a prehistoric mound of earth and stones built over a grave or group of graves.

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Long Bredy

Long Bredy is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in south-west England, situated in the West Dorset administrative district approximately west of the county town Dorchester.

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Lourdes (Lorda in Occitan) is a small market town lying in the foothills of the Pyrenees.

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Maenclochog is a village and community in Pembrokeshire, south-west Wales.

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Manhattanhenge, also called the Manhattan Solstice, is an event during which the setting sun or the rising sun is aligned with the east–west streets of the main street grid of Manhattan, New York City.

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Marquess of Hertford

The titles of Earl of Hertford and Marquess of Hertford have been created several times in the peerages of England and Great Britain.

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Marquess of Queensberry

Marquess of Queensberry is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.

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Maryhill Stonehenge

The Maryhill Stonehenge is a replica of England’s Stonehenge located in Maryhill, Washington.

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Medicine wheel

In some Native American cultures, the medicine wheel is a metaphor for a variety of spiritual concepts.

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Megalithic architectural elements

This article describes several characteristic architectural elements typical of European megalithic (Stone Age) structures.

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A menhir (from Brittonic languages: maen or men, "stone" and hir or hîr, "long"), standing stone, orthostat, lith or masseba/matseva is a large manmade upright stone.

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Merlin (Myrddin) is a legendary figure best known as the wizard featured in Arthurian legend and medieval Welsh poetry.

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In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Midsummer is the period of time centered upon the summer solstice, and more specifically the northern European celebrations that accompany the actual solstice or take place on a day between June 19 and June 25 and the preceding evening.

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Mike Parker Pearson

Michael 'Mike' Parker Pearson, FSA, FSA Scot, FBA (born 26 June 1957) is an English archaeologist specialising in the study of the Neolithic British Isles, Madagascar and the archaeology of death and burial, and is known for his catchphrase "The Dead Don't Bury Themselves".

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Mike Pitts (archaeologist)

Mike Pitts, is an English freelance journalist and archaeologist who specialises in the study of British prehistory.

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Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Justice (MOJ) is a ministerial department of the British Government headed by the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor (a combined position).

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The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).

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A mockumentary (a portmanteau of mock and documentary) or docucomedy is a type of movie or television show depicting fictional events but presented as a documentary.

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Modern Paganism

Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.

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A monument is a type of—usually three-dimensional—structure that was explicitly created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become relevant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, due to its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance.

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Mortise and tenon

A mortise (or mortice) and tenon joint is a type of joint that connects two pieces of wood or other material.

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Mount Killaraus

Mount Killaraus is a legendary mountain in Ireland, most famous for being the source of the stones of Stonehenge in Arthurian legend.

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Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge

The Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, also known as MAA, at the University of Cambridge houses the University's collections of local antiquities, together with archaeological and ethnographic artefacts from around the world.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National Lampoon's European Vacation

European Vacation is a 1985 American comedy film directed by Amy Heckerling and written by John Hughes and Robert Klane based on a story by Hughes.

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National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty

The National Trust, formally the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the largest membership organisation in the United Kingdom.

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Nennius — or Nemnius or Nemnivus — was a Welsh monk of the 9th century.

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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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New Age

New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.

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New Age travellers

New Age travellers are persons who often espouse New Age and hippie beliefs, and travel between music festivals and fairs, in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs.

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New Scientist

New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.

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Newgrange (Sí an Bhrú or Brú na Bóinne) is a prehistoric monument in County Meath, Ireland, located west of Drogheda on the north side of the River Boyne.

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Normanton Down Barrows

Normanton Down is a Neolithic and Bronze Age barrow cemetery located about south of Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England.

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North Wessex Downs

The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) (also known as the Chalkenwolds) is located in the English counties of West Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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Old Sarum

Old Sarum is the site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury in England.

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The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.

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An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).

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A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.

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Pembrokeshire (or; Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales.

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Periglaciation (adjective: "periglacial," also referring to places at the edges of glacial areas) describes geomorphic processes that result from seasonal thawing of snow in areas of permafrost, the runoff from which refreezes in ice wedges and other structures.

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Polytantric Circle

The Polytantric Circle was an organization that helped organize the yearly Summer solstice celebrations at Stonehenge, England.

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Port wine

Port wine (also known as vinho do Porto,, Porto, and usually simply port) is a Portuguese fortified wine produced exclusively in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.

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In archaeology a posthole or post-hole is a cut feature used to hold a surface timber or stone.

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Prehistoric Britain

Several species of humans have intermittently occupied Britain for almost a million years.

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Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.

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Preseli Hills

The Preseli Hills or, as they are known locally and historically, Preseli Mountains (Welsh: Mynyddoedd y Preseli / Y Preselau—also spelt Presely or Mynydd Prescelly) is a range of hills in north Pembrokeshire, West Wales, mostly within the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.

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Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".

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Q and R Holes

The Q and R Holes are a series of concentric sockets which currently represent the earliest known evidence for a stone structure on the site of Stonehenge.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Rescue archaeology

Rescue archaeology, sometimes called preventive archaeology, salvage archaeology, commercial archaeology, contract archaeology, or compliance archaeology, is state-sanctioned, for-profit archaeological survey and excavation carried out in advance of construction or other land development.

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Rhyolite is an igneous, volcanic rock, of felsic (silica-rich) composition (typically > 69% SiO2 – see the TAS classification).

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Richard J. C. Atkinson

Richard John Copland Atkinson CBE (22 January 1920 – 10 October 1994) was a British prehistorian and archaeologist.

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Ring of Brodgar

The Ring of Brodgar (or Brogar, or Ring o' Brodgar) is a Neolithic henge and stone circle about 6 miles north-east of Stromness on the Mainland, the largest island in Orkney, Scotland.

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A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence".

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Ritual landscape

Ritual landscapes are extensive archaeological tracts that were seemingly dedicated to ceremonial purposes in the Neolithic and early Bronze Ages (c. 3500-1800 BC).

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River Avon, Hampshire

The River Avon is a river in the south of England.

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Robin Hood's Ball

Robin Hood’s Ball is a Neolithic causewayed enclosure on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England.

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Roman currency

Roman currency for most of Roman history consisted of gold, silver, bronze, orichalcum and copper coinage.

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Roman de Brut

Roman de Brut (meaning "Novel of Brut") or "Brut" is a verse literary history of Britain by the poet Wace.

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Ronald Hutton

Ronald Hutton (born 1953) is an English historian who specialises in the study of Early Modern Britain, British folklore, pre-Christian religion and contemporary Paganism.

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Royal Flying Corps

The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.

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Salisbury Plain

Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.

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The Santonian is an age in the geologic timescale or a chronostratigraphic stage.

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Sarsen stones are sandstone blocks found in quantity in the United Kingdom on Salisbury Plain and the Marlborough Downs in Wiltshire; in Kent; and in smaller quantities in Berkshire, Essex, Oxfordshire, Dorset and Hampshire.

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Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Scheduled monument

In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change.

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Seahenge, which is also known as Holme I, was a prehistoric monument located in the village of Holme-next-the-Sea, near Old Hunstanton in the English county of Norfolk.

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Senni Beds

The Senni Beds is a geologic formation in Wales.

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Shear legs

Shear legs, also known as sheers, shears, or sheer legs, are a form of two-legged lifting device.

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Shrewton is a village and civil parish on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, located around west of Amesbury and north of Salisbury.

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Sir Richard Hoare, 2nd Baronet

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet FRS (9 December 1758 – 19 May 1838) was an English antiquarian, archaeologist, artist, and traveller of the 18th and 19th centuries, the first major figure in the detailed study of the history of his home county of Wiltshire.

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Society of Antiquaries of London

The Society of Antiquaries of London (SAL) is a learned society "charged by its Royal Charter of 1751 with 'the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries'." It is based at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London (a building owned by the UK government), and is a registered charity.

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A solstice is an event occurring when the Sun appears to reach its most northerly or southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator on the celestial sphere.

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Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.

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Station Stones

The Station Stones are elements of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge.

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Stone circle

A stone circle is an alignment of standing stones arranged in a circle.

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Stonehenge Archer

The Stonehenge Archer is the name given to a Bronze Age man whose body was discovered in the outer ditch of Stonehenge.

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Stonehenge Avenue

Stonehenge Avenue is an ancient avenue on Salisbury plain, Wiltshire, England.

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Stonehenge Cursus

The Stonehenge Cursus (sometimes known as the Greater Cursus) is a large Neolithic cursus monument on Salisbury plain, near to Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England.

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Stonehenge Free Festival

The Stonehenge Free Festival was a British free festival from 1974 to 1984 held at the prehistoric monument Stonehenge in England during the month of June, and culminating with the summer solstice on or near June 21.

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Stonehenge in its landscape

Stonehenge in its landscape: Twentieth century excavations by Rosamund M. J. Cleal, Karen E. Walker and Rebecca Montague is an archaeological report on Stonehenge published in 1995.

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Stonehenge Landscape

The Stonehenge Landscape is a property of The National Trust, located on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England.

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Stonehenge replicas and derivatives

This is a list of Stonehenge replicas and derivatives that seeks to collect all the non-ephemeral examples together.

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Stonehenge Riverside Project

The Stonehenge Riverside Project was a major Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded archaeological research study of the development of the Stonehenge landscape in Neolithic and Bronze Age Britain.

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Stonehenge road tunnel

The Stonehenge road tunnel is a planned tunnel in Wiltshire, England drawn up by Highways England to upgrade the A303 road.

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Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites

Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Wiltshire, England.

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Strontium is the chemical element with symbol Sr and atomic number 38.

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Stuart Piggott

Stuart Ernest Piggott,, FRSE FSA Scot (28 May 1910 – 23 September 1996) was a British archaeologist, best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex.

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Summer solstice

The summer solstice (or estival solstice), also known as midsummer, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun.

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Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.

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The Crown

The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).

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The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms

The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms, with Observations on their Habits (sometimes shortened to Worms) is an 1881 book by Charles Darwin on earthworms.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The Independent

The Independent is a British online newspaper.

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The Salisbury Museum

The Salisbury Museum (previously The Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum) is a museum in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

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This Is Spinal Tap

This Is Spinal Tap (stylized as This Is Spın̈al Tap) is a 1984 American mockumentary directed and co-written by Rob Reiner.

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This Is Spinal Tap (album)

This Is Spinal Tap (or simply Spinal Tap) was the soundtrack to the film This Is Spinal Tap, released in 1984.

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Timber circle

In archaeology, timber circles are circular arrangements of wooden posts interpreted as being either complexes of freestanding totem poles or as the supports for large circular buildings.

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Timothy Darvill

Timothy Darvill is an English archaeologist and author, best known for his publications on prehistoric Britain and his excavations in England, Wales, and the Isle of Man.

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Tongue and groove

Tongue and groove is a method of fitting similar objects together, edge to edge, used mainly with wood, in flooring, parquetry, panelling, and similar constructions.

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Tree throw

A tree throw or tree hole is a bowl-shaped cavity or depression created in the subsoil by a tree.

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A trilithon (or trilith) is a structure consisting of two large vertical stones (posts) supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel).

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A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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University of Birmingham

The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham University) is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

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University of Buckingham

The University of Buckingham (UB) is a non-profit, private university in the UK and the oldest of the country's five private universities.

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University of Sheffield

The University of Sheffield (informally Sheffield University) is a public research university in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.

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University of the West of England, Bristol

The University of the West of England, Bristol (UWE Bristol) is a public university, located in and around Bristol, England, which received university status in 1992.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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Uther Pendragon

Uther Pendragon (Uthyr Pendragon, Uthyr Bendragon), also known as King Uther, is a legendary king of sub-Roman Britain and the father of King Arthur.

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Vespasian's Camp

Vespasian's Camp is an Iron Age Hillfort in the town of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England.

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Wace (1110 – after 1174), sometimes referred to as Robert Wace, was a Norman poet, who was born in Jersey and brought up in mainland Normandy (he tells us in the Roman de Rou that he was taken as a child to Caen), ending his career as Canon of Bayeux.

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Warren Field

Warren Field is the location of a mesolithic calendar monument built about 8,000 BCE.

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Wessex Archaeology

Wessex Archaeology is a company with limited liability registered in England, No.

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Western Daily Press

The Western Daily Press is a regional newspaper covering parts of South West England, mainly Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Somerset as well as the metropolitan areas of Bath and North East Somerset and the Bristol area.

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William Coxe (historian)

William Coxe (– 8 June 1828) was an English historian and priest who served as a travelling companion and tutor to nobility from 1771 to 1786.

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William Cunnington

William Cunnington FSA (1754 – 31 December 1810) was an English antiquarian and archaeologist.

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William Dugdale

Sir William Dugdale (12 September 1605 – 10 February 1686) was an English antiquary and herald.

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William Gowland

William Gowland (16 December 1842 – 9 June 1922) was an English mining engineer who carried out archaeological work at Stonehenge and in Japan.

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William Hawley

Lieutenant-Colonel William Hawley (1851–1941) was a British archaeologist who undertook pioneering excavations at Stonehenge.

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William Stukeley

William Stukeley (7 November 1687 – 3 March 1765) was an English antiquarian, physician, and Anglican clergyman.

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Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.

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Wiltshire Museum

The Wiltshire Museum, formerly known as Wiltshire Heritage Museum and Devizes Museum, is a museum, archive and library and art gallery in Devizes, Wiltshire, England.

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Winter solstice

The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.

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Winterbourne Stoke

Winterbourne Stoke is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about west of Amesbury and west of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge.

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Woodhenge is a Neolithic Class II henge and timber circle monument located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site in Wiltshire, England.

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World Heritage Committee

The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity.

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Y and Z Holes

The Y and Z Holes are two rings of concentric (though irregular) circuits of 30 and 29 near identical pits cut around the outside of the Sarsen Circle at Stonehenge.

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Ylvis is a Norwegian comedy duo consisting of brothers Vegard and Bård Ylvisåker.

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Zorats Karer

Zorats Karer (Զորաց Քարեր, locally Դիք-դիք քարեր Dik-dik karer), also called Karahunj, Qarahunj or Carahunge and Carenish (Քարահունջ և Քարենիշ) is a prehistoric archaeological site near the town of Sisian in the Syunik Province of Armenia.

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Giant's Dance, Giants' Ring, History of Stonehenge, Roundtable Access, Stone Henge, Stone hedge, Stone henge, Stonehedge, Stonehendge, Stonehenge and Associated Monuments - Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, Stonehenge, UK, Stonidge.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge

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