84 relations: Affricate consonant, Airstream mechanism, Ancient Greek, Aspirated consonant, Australian Aboriginal languages, Calque, Cambridge University Press, Cherokee, Classical Arabic, Classical Japanese language, Click consonant, Consonant, Continuant, Contour (linguistics), Coronal consonant, Creaky voice, Diacritic, Dnieper, Egressive sound, Ejective consonant, Epiglottal stop, Fijian language, Fortis and lenis, Fricative consonant, Gemination, Glottal stop, Hawaiian language, Ian Maddieson, Implosive consonant, Index of phonetics articles, Ingressive sound, International Phonetic Alphabet, Iroquoian languages, Italian language, Japanese language, Korean language, Labial consonant, Latin, Malay language, Mandarin Chinese, Modifier letter, Murmured voice, Nasal consonant, Nasal release, Niihau, Nonexplosive stop, Obstruent, Occlusive, Oral consonant, Peter Ladefoged, ..., Phonation, Phoneme, Phonetics, Pop filter, Prenasalized consonant, Proto-Celtic language, Pulmonic consonant, Russian language, Samoan language, Slack voice, Soft palate, Sonorant, Stiff voice, Swahili language, Tenuis consonant, Unreleased stop, Velar consonant, Vietnamese language, Vocal folds, Voice (phonetics), Voice onset time, Voiced bilabial stop, Voiced dental and alveolar stops, Voiced palatal stop, Voiced retroflex stop, Voiced uvular stop, Voiced velar stop, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless dental and alveolar stops, Voiceless palatal stop, Voiceless retroflex stop, Voiceless uvular stop, Voiceless velar stop, Voicelessness. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Cherokee (translit or translit) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.
Classical Arabic is the form of the Arabic language used in Umayyad and Abbasid literary texts from the 7th century AD to the 9th century AD.
The classical Japanese language (bungo, "literary language"), also called "old writing" (kobun), is the literary form of the Japanese language that was the standard until the early Shōwa period (1926–89).
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
In phonology, a continuant is a speech sound produced without a complete closure in the oral cavity, namely fricatives, approximants and vowels.
In phonetics, contour describes speech sounds which behave as single segments, but which make an internal transition from one quality, place, or manner to another.
Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue.
In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.
In human speech, egressive sounds are sounds by which the air stream is created by pushing air out through the mouth or nose.
In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Fijian (Na Vosa Vakaviti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language.
In linguistics, fortis and lenis (Latin for "strong" and "weak"), sometimes identified with '''tense''' and '''lax''', are pronunciations of consonants with relatively greater and lesser energy.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Gemination, or consonant elongation, is the pronouncing in phonetics of a spoken consonant for an audibly longer period of time than that of a short consonant.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
Ian Maddieson is a linguist who was at University of California, Berkeley, and is now an adjunct professor emeritus at the University of New Mexico.
Implosive consonants are a group of stop consonants (and possibly also some affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.
In phonetics, ingressive sounds are sounds by which the airstream flows inward through the mouth or nose.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
The Iroquoian languages are a language family of indigenous peoples of North America.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
A modifier letter, in the Unicode Standard, is a letter or symbol typically written next to another letter that it modifies in some way.
Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, a nasal release is the release of a stop consonant into a nasal.
Niihau (Hawaiian) is the westernmost and seventh largest inhabited island in Hawaiokinai.
In phonetics and phonology, nonexplosive stops are posited class of non-pulmonic ("non-obstruent") stop consonants that lack the pressure build-up and burst release associated with pulmonic stops, but also the laryngeal lowering of implosive stops.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
In phonetics, an occlusive, sometimes known as a stop, is a consonant sound produced by blocking (occluding) airflow in the vocal tract, but not necessarily in the nasal tract.
An oral consonant is a consonant sound in speech that is made by allowing air to escape from the mouth, as opposed to the nose.
Peter Nielsen Ladefoged (17 September 1925 – 24 January 2006) was a British linguist and phonetician who travelled the world to document the distinct sounds of endangered languages and pioneered ways to collect and study data.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
A pop filter or pop shield is a noise protection filter for microphones, typically used in a recording studio.
Prenasalized consonants are phonetic sequences of a nasal and an obstruent (or occasionally a non-nasal sonorant such as) that behave phonologically like single consonants.
The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the reconstructed ancestor language of all the known Celtic languages.
A pulmonic consonant is a consonant produced by air pressure from the lungs, as opposed to ejective, implosive and click consonants.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Samoan (Gagana faʻa Sāmoa or Gagana Sāmoa – IPA) is the language of the Samoan Islands, comprising the Independent State of Samoa and the United States territory of American Samoa.
Slack voice (or lax voice) is the pronunciation of consonant or vowels with a glottal opening slightly wider than that occurring in modal voice.
The soft palate (also known as the velum or muscular palate) is, in mammals, the soft tissue constituting the back of the roof of the mouth.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
The term stiff voice describes the pronunciation of consonants or vowels with a glottal opening narrower, and the vocal folds stiffer, than occurs in modal voice.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized.
A stop with no audible release, also known as an unreleased stop or an applosive, is a stop consonant with no release burst: no audible indication of the end of its occlusion (hold).
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
In phonetics, voice onset time (VOT) is a feature of the production of stop consonants.
The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced palatal stop, or voiced palatal plosive, is a type of consonantal sound in some vocal languages.
The voiced retroflex stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless palatal stop or voiceless palatal plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some vocal languages.
The voiceless retroflex stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless uvular stop or voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar stop or voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Oral stop, Plosive, Plosive consonant, Plosive consonants, Plosives, Release (phonetics), Release burst, Sonant stop, Stop (consonant), Stop (linguistics), Stop (phonetics), Stop consonants, Unvoiced plosive, Unvoiced stop, Voiced plosive, Voiced plosives, Voiced stop, Voiceless plosive, Voiceless stop.