62 relations: Airframe, Airliner, Alan Eustace, Arctic, Atmosphere of Earth, Bacteria, Bar-headed goose, Biosphere, Brewer–Dobson circulation, Cambridge University Press, Ceiling (aeronautics), Celsius, Chlorofluorocarbon, Concorde, Convection, Convective overshoot, Dynamical system, Eruption column, Fahrenheit, Fuel efficiency, Geographical pole, Gravity wave, High-altitude balloon, Inversion (meteorology), Ivory Coast, Jet stream, Kelvin, Léon Teisserenc de Bort, Lift-to-drag ratio, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed U-2, Mesosphere, Methane, Michel Fournier (adventurer), Mount Everest, Nitrous oxide, Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk, Overshooting top, Ozone, Ozone layer, Parasitic drag, Paris Gun, Polar night, Polar vortex, Potential vorticity, Quasi-biennial oscillation, Radiolysis, Rüppell's vulture, Red Bull Stratos, Richard Assmann, ..., Rossby wave, Secondary circulation, Stratopause, Sudden stratospheric warming, Supercell, Sydney Chapman (mathematician), Thunderstorm, Tropopause, Troposphere, Turbulence, Water vapor, Wilson Ornithological Society. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Robert Alan Eustace is an American computer scientist who served as Senior Vice President of Knowledge at Google.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
The bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) is a goose that breeds in Central Asia in colonies of thousands near mountain lakes and winters in South Asia, as far south as peninsular India.
The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.
Brewer–Dobson circulation is a model of atmospheric circulation, proposed by Alan Brewer in 1949 and Gordon Dobson in 1956, which attempts to explain why tropical air has less ozone than polar air, even though the tropical stratosphere is where most atmospheric ozone is produced.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
With respect to aircraft performance, a ceiling is the maximum density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditions, as determined by its flight envelope.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are fully halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons that contain only carbon (С), chlorine (Cl), and fluorine (F), produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).
Convective overshoot is a phenomenon of convection carrying material beyond an unstable region of the atmosphere into a stratified, stable region.
In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.
An eruption column is a cloud of super-heated ash and tephra suspended in gases emitted during an explosive volcanic eruption.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
A geographical pole is either of the two points on a rotating body (planet, dwarf planet, natural satellite, sphere...etc) where its axis of rotation intersects its surface.
In fluid dynamics, gravity waves are waves generated in a fluid medium or at the interface between two media when the force of gravity or buoyancy tries to restore equilibrium.
High-altitude balloons are manned or unmanned balloons, usually filled with helium or hydrogen and rarely methane, that are released into the stratosphere, generally attaining between.
In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
Léon Philippe Teisserenc de Bort (5 November 1855 in Paris, France – 2 January 1913 in Cannes, France) was a French meteorologist and a pioneer in the field of aerology.
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The mesosphere (from Greek mesos "middle" and sphaira "sphere") is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is directly above the stratosphere and directly below the thermosphere.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Michel Fournier (born 9 May 1944) is a French adventurer and retired Air Force colonel.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
The Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk is an unmanned (UAV) surveillance aircraft.
An overshooting top (or penetrating top) is a dome-like protrusion shooting out of the top of the anvil of a thunderstorm.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.
Parasitic drag is drag that results when an object is moved through a fluid medium.
The Paris Gun (Paris-Geschütz / Pariser Kanone) was the name given to a type of German long-range siege gun, several of which were used to bombard Paris during World War I. They were in service from March to August 1918.
The polar night occurs in the northernmost and southernmost regions of the Earth when the night lasts for more than 24 hours.
A polar vortex is an upper level low-pressure area lying near the Earth's poles.
Potential vorticity (PV) is seen as one of the important theoretical successes of modern meteorology.
The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is a quasiperiodic oscillation of the equatorial zonal wind between easterlies and westerlies in the tropical stratosphere with a mean period of 28 to 29 months.
Radiolysis is the dissociation of molecules by ionizing radiation.
Rüppell's vulture or Rüppell's griffon vulture (Gyps rueppelli) is a large vulture that can be found throughout the Sahel region of central Africa.
Red Bull Stratos was a space diving project involving Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner.
Richard Assmann (Anglicized spelling of the German name Richard Aßmann); (13 April 1845 in Magdeburg – 28 May 1918 in Gießen) was a German meteorologist and physician who was a native of Magdeburg.
Rossby waves, also known as planetary waves, are a natural phenomenon in the atmospheres and oceans of planets that largely owe their properties to rotation of the planet.
A secondary circulation is a circulation induced in a rotating system.
The stratopause (formerly Mesopeak) is the level of the atmosphere which is the boundary between two layers: the stratosphere and the mesosphere.
A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is an event in which the observed stratospheric temperature rises by several tens of kelvins (up to about 50 °C (90 °F)), over the course of a few days.
A supercell is a thunderstorm characterized by the presence of a mesocyclone: a deep, persistently rotating updraft.
Sydney Chapman FRS (29 January 1888 – 16 June 1970) was a British mathematician and geophysicist.
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
The tropopause is the boundary in the Earth's atmosphere between the troposphere and the stratosphere.
The troposphere is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where nearly all weather conditions take place.
In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.
The Wilson Ornithological Society (WOS) is an ornithological organization that was formally established in 1886 as the Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the Agassiz Association.