43 relations: Assembly language, Binary Synchronous Communications, C (programming language), C++, COBOL, Command-line interface, Comparison of command shells, Domain/OS, DVD, Endianness, Fault tolerance, Fortran, GNU Compiler Collection, Houston Automatic Spooling Priority, IBM, IBM WebSphere MQ, Intel i860, Inter-process communication, Internet protocol suite, Kernel (operating system), LAPB, Lockstep (computing), Message queue, Monolithic kernel, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68000 series, Multics, Named pipe, OpenVMS, Operating system, PA-RISC, Pascal (programming language), PL/I, POSIX, Remote procedure call, Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, Stratus Technologies, Tandem Computers, UNIX System V, Working directory, X.25, X86, Xeon.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
Binary Synchronous Communication (BSC or Bisync) is an IBM character-oriented, half-duplex link protocol, announced in 1967 after the introduction of System/360.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
A command shell is a command line interface computer program to an operating system.
Domain/OS is the discontinued operating system used by the Apollo/Domain line of workstations manufactured by Apollo Computer Inc.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.
Fault tolerance is the property that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure (or one or more faults within) some of its components.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The Houston Automatic Spooling Priority Program, commonly known as HASP, is an extension of the IBM OS/360 operating system and its successors providing extended support for "job management, data management, task management, and remote job entry.".
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM MQ is a family of network software products that IBM launched for the first time as an IBM product in December 1993.
The Intel i860 (also known as 80860) was a RISC microprocessor design introduced by Intel in 1989.
In computer science, inter-process communication or interprocess communication (IPC) refers specifically to the mechanisms an operating system provides to allow the processes to manage shared data.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
Link Access Procedure, Balanced (LAPB) implements the data link layer as defined in the X.25 protocol suite.
Lockstep systems are fault-tolerant computer systems that run the same set of operations at the same time in parallel.
In computer science, message queues and mailboxes are software-engineering components used for inter-process communication (IPC), or for inter-thread communication within the same process.
A monolithic kernel is an operating system architecture where the entire operating system is working in kernel space and is alone in supervisor mode.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.
Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) is an influential early time-sharing operating system, based around the concept of a single-level memory.
In computing, a named pipe (also known as a FIFO for its behavior) is an extension to the traditional pipe concept on Unix and Unix-like systems, and is one of the methods of inter-process communication (IPC).
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
PA-RISC is an instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hewlett-Packard.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
PL/I (Programming Language One, pronounced) is a procedural, imperative computer programming language designed for scientific, engineering, business and system programming uses.
The Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) is a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.
In distributed computing, a remote procedure call (RPC) is when a computer program causes a procedure (subroutine) to execute in a different address space (commonly on another computer on a shared network), which is coded as if it were a normal (local) procedure call, without the programmer explicitly coding the details for the remote interaction.
The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) provides a network that enables financial institutions worldwide to send and receive information about financial transactions in a secure, standardized and reliable environment.
Stratus Technologies, Inc. is a major producer of fault tolerant computer servers and software.
Tandem Computers, Inc. was the dominant manufacturer of fault-tolerant computer systems for ATM networks, banks, stock exchanges, telephone switching centers, and other similar commercial transaction processing applications requiring maximum uptime and zero data loss.
UNIX System V (pronounced: "System Five") is one of the first commercial versions of the Unix operating system.
In computing, the working directory of a process is a directory of a hierarchical file system, if any, dynamically associated with each process.
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.