157 relations: Adam Kuper, Ahistoricism, Alan Finlayson, Albert Sechehaye, Alf Sommerfelt, Algirdas Julien Greimas, Alison Assiter, Alliance theory, Anthony Giddens, Anthropologist, Anthropology, Antoine Meillet, École pratique des hautes études, Élisabeth Roudinesco, Émile Benveniste, Étienne Balibar, Binary opposition, Capitalist mode of production (Marxist theory), Catherine Belsey, Charles Bally, Charles F. Hockett, Charles Laughlin, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Colonialism, Constructivist epistemology, Continental philosophy, Contrastive distribution, Copenhagen School (linguistics), Cornelius Castoriadis, Course in General Linguistics, Critical theory, Cultural anthropology, Deconstruction, E. E. Evans-Pritchard, Edmund Leach, Engaged theory, English language, Eric Wolf, Existentialism, Feminist theory, Ferdinand de Saussure, Formal language, Foucault–Habermas debate, François Châtelet, France, French language, French people, Genre, Georges Canguilhem, Gilles Deleuze, ..., Hachette (publisher), Hermeneutics, Historical linguistics, Humanities, Ideology, Incest taboo, Intertextuality, Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, Japanese language, Jürgen Habermas, Jean Piaget, Jean-Paul Sartre, Johannes Angermuller, Kantianism, Kinship, Langue and parole, Leonard Bloomfield, Lexeme, Linguistics, Literary criticism, Literary theory, Literature, Louis Althusser, Louis Hjelmslev, Lucien Goldmann, Marcel Mauss, Marshall Sahlins, Marxism, Marxist philosophy, Mathematics, Maurice Godelier, Meaning (semiotics), Meyer Fortes, Michel Foucault, Minimal pair, Morpheme, Moscow linguistic circle, Mythologiques, Mythology, Narrative structure, Natural science, Neuroanthropology, Neuroscience, New Criticism, New York City, Nicos Poulantzas, Nikolai Trubetzkoy, Noam Chomsky, Northrop Frye, Paradigm, Pattern language, Paul Ricœur, Philip Pettit, Phoneme, Phonology, Pierre Bourdieu, Political economy, Positivism, Post-structuralism, Practice theory, Prague linguistic circle, Principle of bivalence, Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Rationalism, Reading Capital, Rodney Needham, Roland Barthes, Roman Jakobson, Romeo and Juliet, Russian formalism, S/Z, Secret society, Seminars of Jacques Lacan, Semiotics, Sherry Ortner, Sign (linguistics), Simon Blackburn, Social anthropology, Social system, Social theory, Sociology, Speech act, Square of opposition, Structural anthropology, Structural linguistics, Structural Marxism, Structuralism (architecture), Structuralist economics, Structuralist film theory, Structuration theory, Synchrony and diachrony, System, The Imaginary (psychoanalysis), The New School, The Order of Things, The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, The Real, The Symbolic, Transcendental idealism, Victor Turner, Vladimir Pimonov, Vladimir Propp, West Side Story, World War I, World War II. Expand index (107 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Jonathan Kuper (born 29 December 1941) is a South African anthropologist most closely linked to the school of social anthropology.
Ahistoricism refers to a lack of concern for history, historical development, or tradition.
Alan Finlayson is a British political theorist and political scientist.
Albert Sechehaye (4 July 1870, Geneva – 2 July 1946, Geneva) was a Swiss linguist.
Alf Sommerfelt (November 23, 1892October 12, 1965), was a Norwegian linguist and the first professor of linguistics in Norway, working at the University of Oslo from 1931 to 1962.
Algirdas Julien Greimas (born Algirdas Julius Greimas; 9 March 1917 – 27 February 1992), was a French-Lithuanian literary scientist, known among other things for the Greimas Square (le carré sémiotique).
Alison Assiter (born October 23, 1949), is the Professor of Feminist Theory at the University of the West of England.
The alliance theory, also known as the general theory of exchanges, is a structuralist method of studying kinship relations.
Anthony Giddens, Baron Giddens (born 18 January 1938) is a British sociologist who is known for his theory of structuration and his holistic view of modern societies.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Paul Jules Antoine Meillet (11 November 1866, Moulins, France – 21 September 1936, Châteaumeillant, France) was one of the most important French linguists of the early 20th century.
The École pratique des hautes études, abbreviated EPHE, is a Grand Établissement in Paris, France, and a constituent college of PSL Research University.
Élisabeth Roudinesco (Rudinescu; born 10 September 1944) is a French historian and psychoanalyst, affiliated researcher in history at Paris Diderot University, in the group « Identités-Cultures-Territoires ». She also conducts a seminar on the history of psychoanalysis at the École Normale Supérieure.
Émile Benveniste (27 March 1902 – 3 October 1976) was a French structural linguist and semiotician.
Étienne Balibar (born 23 April 1942) is a French philosopher.
A nebular opposition (also binary system) is a pair of related terms or concepts that are opposite in meaning.
In Karl Marx's critique of political economy and subsequent Marxian analyses, the capitalist mode of production refers to the systems of organizing production and distribution within capitalist societies.
Catherine Belsey (born 1940) is a British literary critic and academic.
Charles Bally (4 February 1865, Geneva – 10 April 1947, Geneva) was a Swiss linguist from the Geneva School.
Charles Francis Hockett (January 17, 1916 – November 3, 2000) was an American linguist who developed many influential ideas in American structuralist linguistics.
Charles D. Laughlin, Jr. (born 1938) is a neuroanthropologist known primarily for having co-founded a school of neuroanthropological theory called biogenetic structuralism.
Claude Lévi-Strauss (28 November 1908, Brussels – 30 October 2009, Paris) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist whose work was key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Constructivist epistemology is a branch in philosophy of science maintaining that scientific knowledge is constructed by the scientific community, who seek to measure and construct models of the natural world.
Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.
Contrastive distribution in linguistics, as opposed to complementary distribution or free variation, is the relationship between two different elements in which both elements are found in the same environment with a change in meaning.
The Copenhagen School, officially the Linguistic Circle of Copenhagen (French: Cercle Linguistique de Copenhague), is a group of scholars dedicated to the study of linguistics.
Cornelius Castoriadis (Κορνήλιος Καστοριάδης; 11 March 1922 – 26 December 1997) was a Greek-FrenchMemos 2014, p. 18: "he was...
Course in General Linguistics (Cours de linguistique générale) is a book compiled by Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye from notes on lectures given by Ferdinand de Saussure at the University of Geneva between 1906 and 1911.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
Deconstruction is a critique of the relationship between text and meaning originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida.
Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard, FBA (21 September 1902 – 11 September 1973), known as E. E. Evans-Pritchard, was an English anthropologist who was instrumental in the development of social anthropology.
Sir Edmund Ronald Leach (7 November 1910 – 6 January 1989) was a British social anthropologist.
Engaged theory is a methodological framework for understanding social complexity.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Eric Robert Wolf (February 1, 1923 – March 6, 1999) was an anthropologist, best known for his studies of peasants, Latin America, and his advocacy of Marxist perspectives within anthropology.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical, fictional, or philosophical discourse.
Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.
In mathematics, computer science, and linguistics, a formal language is a set of strings of symbols together with a set of rules that are specific to it.
The Foucault–Habermas debate is a dispute concerning whether Michel Foucault's ideas of "power analytics" and "genealogy" or Jürgen Habermas's ideas of "communicative rationality" and "discourse ethics" provide a better critique of the nature of power within society.
François Châtelet (27 April 1925 – 26 December 1985) was a historian of philosophy, political philosophy and professor in the socratic tradition.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Georges Canguilhem (or; 4 June 1904 – 11 September 1995) was a French philosopher and physician who specialized in epistemology and the philosophy of science (in particular, biology).
Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.
Hachette is a French publisher.
Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
An incest taboo is any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons.
Intertextuality is the shaping of a text's meaning by another text.
Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.
Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.
Jean Piaget (9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980) was a Swiss psychologist and epistemologist known for his pioneering work in child development.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
Johannes Angermuller (born 1973) is a discourse researcher in linguistics and sociology.
Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia).
In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.
Langue (French, meaning "language") and parole (meaning "speaking") are linguistic terms distinguished by Ferdinand de Saussure in his Course in General Linguistics.
Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 – April 18, 1949) was an American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.
A lexeme is a unit of lexical meaning that exists regardless of the number of inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.
Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
Louis Pierre Althusser (16 October 1918 – 22 October 1990) was a French Marxist philosopher.
Louis Trolle Hjelmslev (3 October 1899, Copenhagen – 30 May 1965, Copenhagen) was a Danish linguist whose ideas formed the basis of the Copenhagen School of linguistics.
Lucien Goldmann (July 20, 1913 – October 8, 1970) was a French philosopher and sociologist of Jewish-Romanian origin.
Marcel Mauss (10 May 1872 – 10 February 1950) was a French sociologist.
Marshall David Sahlins (born December 27, 1930) is an American anthropologist best known for his ethnographic work in the Pacific and for his contributions to anthropological theory.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Marxist philosophy or Marxist theory are works in philosophy that are strongly influenced by Karl Marx's materialist approach to theory, or works written by Marxists.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Maurice Godelier (born February 28, 1934) is a French anthropologist who works as the Director of Studies at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences.
In semiotics, the meaning of a sign is its place in a sign relation, in other words, the set of roles that it occupies within a given sign relation.
Meyer Fortes (April 25, 1906 – January 27, 1983) was a South African-born anthropologist, best known for his work among the Tallensi and Ashanti in Ghana.
Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings.
A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.
The Moscow linguistic circle was a group of social scientists in semiotics, literary theory, and linguistics active in Moscow from 1915 to ca.
Mythologiques is a four-volume work of cultural anthropology by Claude Lévi-Strauss.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
Narrative structure, a literary element, is generally described as the structural framework that underlies the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer.
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
Neuroanthropology is the study of the relationship between culture and the brain.
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.
New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicos Poulantzas (Νίκος Πουλαντζάς; 21 September 1936 – 3 October 1979) was a Greek-French Marxist political sociologist.
Prince Nikolai Sergeyevich Trubetzkoy (p; Moscow, April 16, 1890 – Vienna, June 25, 1938) was a Russian linguist and historian whose teachings formed a nucleus of the Prague School of structural linguistics.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
Herman Northrop Frye (July 14, 1912 – January 23, 1991) was a Canadian literary critic and literary theorist, considered one of the most influential of the 20th century.
In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.
A pattern language is a method of describing good design practices or patterns of useful organization within a field of expertise.
Jean Paul Gustave Ricœur (27 February 1913 – 20 May 2005) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutics.
Philip Noel Pettit (born 1945) is an Irish philosopher and political theorist.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Pierre Felix Bourdieu (1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist, anthropologist, philosopher, and public intellectual.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.
Practice theory is a theory of how social beings, with their diverse motives and their diverse intentions, make and transform the world which they live in.
The Prague school or Prague linguistic circle was an influential group of linguists, philologists and literary critics in Prague.
In logic, the semantic principle (or law) of bivalence states that every declarative sentence expressing a proposition (of a theory under inspection) has exactly one truth value, either true or false.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
Reading Capital (Lire le Capital) is a 1965 work of Marxist philosophy by Louis Althusser, Étienne Balibar, Roger Establet, Jacques Rancière, and Pierre Macherey.
Rodney Needham (15 May 1923 – 4 December 2006 in Oxford) was a British social anthropologist.
Roland Gérard Barthes (12 November 1915 – 26 March 1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician.
Roman Osipovich Jakobson (Рома́н О́сипович Якобсо́н; October 11, 1896Kucera, Henry. 1983. "Roman Jakobson." Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 59(4): 871–883. – July 18,, compiled by Stephen Rudy 1982) was a Russian–American linguist and literary theorist.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
Russian formalism was a school of literary criticism in Russia from the 1910s to the 1930s.
S/Z, published in 1970, is Roland Barthes's structural analysis of "Sarrasine", the short story by Honoré de Balzac.
A secret society is a club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functioning, or membership are concealed from non-members.
From 1952 to 1980 French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan gave an annual seminar in Paris.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Sherry Beth Ortner (born September 19, 1941) is an American cultural anthropologist and has been a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at UCLA since 2004.
A linguistic sign is a part of language used to indicate a being.
Simon Blackburn (born 12 July 1944) is an English academic philosopher known for his work in metaethics, where he defends quasi-realism, and in the philosophy of language; more recently, he has gained a large general audience from his efforts to popularise philosophy.
Social anthropology or anthroposociology is the dominant constituent of anthropology throughout the United Kingdom and Commonwealth and much of Europe (France in particular), where it is distinguished from cultural anthropology.
In sociology, a social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions.
Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
A speech act in linguistics and the philosophy of language is an utterance that has performative function in language and communication.
The square of opposition is a diagram representing the relations between the four basic categorical propositions.
Structural anthropology is a school of anthropology based on Claude Lévi-Strauss' idea that immutable deep structures exist in all cultures, and consequently, that all cultural practices have homologous counterparts in other cultures, essentially that all cultures are equitable.
Structural linguistics is an approach to linguistics originating from the work of Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure and is part of the overall approach of structuralism.
Structural Marxism was an approach to Marxist philosophy based on structuralism, primarily associated with the work of the French philosopher Louis Althusser and his students.
Structuralism is a movement in architecture and urban planning evolved around the middle of the 20th century.
Structuralist economics is an approach to economics that emphasizes the importance of taking into account structural features (typically) when undertaking economic analysis.
Structuralist film theory is a branch of film theory that is rooted in structuralism, itself based on structural linguistics.
The theory of structuration is a social theory of the creation and reproduction of social systems that is based in the analysis of both structure and agents (see structure and agency), without giving primacy to either.
Synchrony and diachrony are two different and complementary viewpoints in linguistic analysis.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
The Imaginary order is one of a triptych of terms in the psychoanalytic theory of Jacques Lacan, along with the symbolic and the real.
The New School is a private non-profit research university centered in Manhattan, New York City, USA, located mostly in Greenwich Village.
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (Les mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines) is a 1966 book by the French philosopher Michel Foucault.
The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity: Twelve Lectures (Der Philosophische Diskurs der Moderne: Zwölf Vorlesungen) is a 1985 book by Jürgen Habermas, in which the author reconstructs and deals in depth with a number of philosophical approaches to the critique of modern reason and the Enlightenment "project" since Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Nietzsche, including the work of 20th century philosophers Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Cornelius Castoriadis and Niklas Luhmann.
In philosophy, the Real is that which is the authentic, unchangeable truth.
The Symbolic (or Symbolic Order) is a part of the psychoanalytic theory of Jacques Lacan, part of his attempt "to distinguish between those elementary registers whose grounding I later put forward in these terms: the symbolic, the imaginary, and the real — a distinction never previously made in psychoanalysis".
Transcendental idealism is a doctrine founded by German philosopher Immanuel Kant in the 18th century.
Victor Witter Turner (28 May 1920 – 18 December 1983) was a British cultural anthropologist best known for his work on symbols, rituals, and rites of passage.
Vladimir (Volodya, Volodja) Pimonov (Russian: Владимир (Володя) Иванович Пимонов, March 31, 1955, Moscow, USSR) is a Russian-born Danish journalist, author and academic most known for his investigative reporting on the Soviet/Russian affairs.
Vladimir Yakovlevich Propp (Владимир Яковлевич Пропп; – 22 August 1970) was a Soviet folklorist and scholar who analyzed the basic plot components of Russian folk tales to identify their simplest irreducible narrative elements.
West Side Story is a musical with a book by Arthur Laurents, music by Leonard Bernstein and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.