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Submarine communications cable

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A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea. [1]

212 relations: Adelaide, Adlard Coles Nautical, Alderney, All Red Line, Amplifier, Antarctica, APCN 2, AT&T Corporation, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic Telegraph Company, Atmospheric electricity, Australian Communications and Media Authority, Australian Overland Telegraph Line, Bandwidth (signal processing), Bay of Fundy, Belgium, Benthic zone, Bit rate, Boston, British Empire, Cable & Wireless plc, Cable landing point, Cable layer, Calais, Capacitance, Capacitor, Charles Vincent Walker, Charles Wheatstone, Charlton Riverside, Clarenville, Coaxial cable, Cold War, Collier (ship), Cologne, Continent, Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables, Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph, CS Mackay-Bennett, Cyrus West Field, Danish straits, Darwin, Northern Territory, Data transmission, Denmark, Deutz, Cologne, Dielectric, Digital data, Donaghadee, Dover, EAC-C2C, Earth's magnetic field, ..., EASSy, East Africa, East India Company, Electric charge, Electrical engineering, Electrical resistance and conductance, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Elsevier, English Channel, Faraday's law of induction, Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe, Francis Ronalds, Frequency, Frequency-division multiplexing, Global Crossing, Gloucester, Government of Australia, Grapple (tool), Great circle, Great Depression, Ground (electricity), Guernsey, Gutta-percha, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Harvard University Press, Hemp, Hong Kong, India, Inductance, Insulator (electricity), International Geophysical Year, Internet, Ireland, Japan-US (cable system), Java, Jersey, John Pender, John T. Blake, John Watkins Brett, Josiah Latimer Clark, Karachi, KT Corporation, Latency (engineering), Leyden jar, List of domestic submarine communications cables, List of international submarine communications cables, Loading coil, Manhattan, Manoeuvring thruster, Massachusetts, Mathematical model, MCI Inc., Megabit, Michael Faraday, Middle East, Mirror galvanometer, Moritz von Jacobi, Mumbai, National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom), National Security Agency, Natural rubber, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New York Harbor, Newfoundland (island), Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, North Sea, Nova Scotia, NPC (cable system), Oban, Oliver Heaviside, Operation Ivy Bells, Operation Pluto, Optical amplifier, Optical fiber, Orford Ness, Ostend, Pacific Ocean, Pacnet, Paddle steamer, Pakistan, Palaquium gutta, PC-1, Persian Gulf, Philippines, Pipe-and-cable-laying plough, Piracy, Polyethylene, Portpatrick, Prince Edward Island, Prussia, Radio, Repeater, Resonance, Rhine, Room 40, Samuel Morse, Satellite, Saudi Arabia, Scheveningen, Scotland, SEA-ME-WE 3, SEA-ME-WE 4, Seabed, SEACOM (African cable system), Self-healing ring, Short circuit, Siemens Brothers, Signaling (telecommunications), Singapore, Sinking of the RMS Titanic, South Eastern Railway, UK, Speed of light, Spread-spectrum time-domain reflectometry, SS Great Eastern, Submarine branching unit, Submarine power cable, Submersible, Suez Canal, Surgery, Swansea Bay, T-V-H, Taiwan, TAT-1, TAT-8, TEAMS (cable system), Telconia, Telecommunication, Telegrapher's equations, Telegraphy, Telephone, Terabit, Thailand, The Nelson Mail, The Sydney Morning Herald, Transatlantic communications cable, Transatlantic telegraph cable, Transmission line, Trawling, Tugboat, Turbidity current, United Kingdom, United States Navy, USS Roy O. Hale (DE-336), Vacuum tube, Vietnam, Virtual ground, Voltage, Wavelength-division multiplexing, Weymouth, Dorset, Whale, Wildman Whitehouse, William Fothergill Cooke, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Words per minute, World War I, World War II, 1929 Grand Banks earthquake, 2006 Hengchun earthquakes, 2008 submarine cable disruption, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 360networks. Expand index (162 more) »

Adelaide

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.

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Adlard Coles Nautical

Adlard Coles Nautical is the largest nautical publisher in the world, with over 300 books in print and publishing 60 new titles every year.

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Alderney

Alderney (Aurigny; Auregnais: Aoeur'gny) is the northernmost of the inhabited Channel Islands.

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All Red Line

The All Red Line was an informal name for the system of electrical telegraphs that linked much of the British Empire.

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Amplifier

An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).

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Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.

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APCN 2

APCN 2 or Asia-Pacific Cable Network 2 is a submarine telecommunications cable linking several countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

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AT&T Corporation

AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Atlantic Telegraph Company

The Atlantic Telegraph Company was a company formed on 6 November 1856 to undertake and exploit a commercial telegraph cable across the Atlantic ocean, the first such telecommunications link.

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Atmospheric electricity

Atmospheric electricity is the study of electrical charges in the Earth's atmosphere (or that of another planet).

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Australian Communications and Media Authority

The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is an Australian Government statutory authority within the Communications portfolio.

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Australian Overland Telegraph Line

The Australian Overland Telegraph Line was a 3200 km telegraph line that connected Darwin with Port Augusta in South Australia.

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Bandwidth (signal processing)

Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.

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Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy (or Fundy Bay; Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Benthic zone

The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.

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Bit rate

In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.

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Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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Cable & Wireless plc

Cable & Wireless plc was a British telecommunications company.

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Cable landing point

A cable landing point is the location where a submarine or other underwater cable makes landfall.

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Cable layer

A cable layer or cable ship is a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electric power transmission, or other purposes.

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Calais

Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Capacitance

Capacitance is the ratio of the change in an electric charge in a system to the corresponding change in its electric potential.

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Capacitor

A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.

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Charles Vincent Walker

Charles Vincent Walker FRS (20 March 1812 – 24 December 1882) was an English electrical engineer and publisher, a major influence on the development of railway telecommunications, he was also the first person to send a submarine telegraph signal.

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Charles Wheatstone

Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS (6 February 1802 – 19 October 1875), was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope (a device for displaying three-dimensional images), and the Playfair cipher (an encryption technique).

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Charlton Riverside

Charlton Riverside, previously known as New Charlton, is the area along the south bank of the river Thames at Charlton, London, which forms part of the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

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Clarenville

Clarenville is a town on the east coast of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

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Coaxial cable

Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Collier (ship)

A collier is a bulk cargo ship designed to carry coal, especially for naval use by coal-fired warships.

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Cologne

Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

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Continent

A continent is one of several very large landmasses of the world.

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Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables

The Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables is a multilateral treaty that was signed in 1884 in order to protect submarine communications cables that had begun to be laid in the 19th century.

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Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph

The Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph was an early electrical telegraph system dating from the 1830s invented by English inventor William Fothergill Cooke and English scientist Charles Wheatstone.

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CS Mackay-Bennett

CS Mackay-Bennett was a cable repair ship registered in London, England, owned by the Commercial Cable Company.

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Cyrus West Field

Cyrus West Field (November 30, 1819July 12, 1892) was an American businessman and financier who, along with other entrepreneurs, created the Atlantic Telegraph Company and laid the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean in 1858.

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Danish straits

The Danish straits are the straits connecting the Baltic Sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and Skagerrak.

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Darwin, Northern Territory

Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia.

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Data transmission

Data transmission (also data communication or digital communications) is the transfer of data (a digital bitstream or a digitized analog signal) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communication channel.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Deutz, Cologne

Cologne-Deutz, often just Deutz is an inner city part of Cologne, Germany and a formerly independent town.

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Dielectric

A dielectric (or dielectric material) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.

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Digital data

Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.

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Donaghadee

Donaghadee is a small town in County Down, Northern Ireland.

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Dover

Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.

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EAC-C2C

EAC-C2C is a submarine telecommunications cable system interconnecting several countries in Asia, the Pacific, and the United States.

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Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's interior out into space, where it meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun.

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EASSy

The Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy) is an undersea fibre optic cable system connecting countries in Eastern Africa to the rest of the world.

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East Africa

East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

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Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

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Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

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Electrical resistance and conductance

The electrical resistance of an electrical conductor is a measure of the difficulty to pass an electric current through that conductor.

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Electrical resistivity and conductivity

Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.

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Elsevier

Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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English Channel

The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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Faraday's law of induction

Faraday's law of induction is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (EMF)—a phenomenon called electromagnetic induction.

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Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe

Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) is a long fibre optic mostly-submarine communications cable that connects the United Kingdom, Japan, India, and many places in between.

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Francis Ronalds

Sir Francis Ronalds FRS (21 February 1788 – 8 August 1873) was an English scientist and inventor, and arguably the first electrical engineer.

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Frequency

Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

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Frequency-division multiplexing

In telecommunications, frequency-division multiplexing (FDM) is a technique by which the total bandwidth available in a communication medium is divided into a series of non-overlapping frequency bands, each of which is used to carry a separate signal.

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Global Crossing

Global Crossing was a telecommunications company that provided computer networking services and operated a tier 1 carrier.

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Gloucester

Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.

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Government of Australia

The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

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Grapple (tool)

A grapple is a hook or claw used to catch or hold something.

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Great circle

A great circle, also known as an orthodrome, of a sphere is the intersection of the sphere and a plane that passes through the center point of the sphere.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Ground (electricity)

In electrical engineering, ground or earth is the reference point in an electrical circuit from which voltages are measured, a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the earth.

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Guernsey

Guernsey is an island in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.

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Gutta-percha

Gutta-percha refers to trees of the genus Palaquium in the family Sapotaceae and the rigid natural latex produced from the sap of these trees, particularly from Palaquium gutta.

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Halifax, Nova Scotia

Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Hemp

Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Inductance

In electromagnetism and electronics, inductance is the property of an electrical conductor by which a change in electric current through it induces an electromotive force (voltage) in the conductor.

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Insulator (electricity)

An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely; very little electric current will flow through it under the influence of an electric field.

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International Geophysical Year

The International Geophysical Year (IGY; Année géophysique internationale) was an international scientific project that lasted from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Japan-US (cable system)

Japan-US (or Japan-US Cable Network – JUSCN or JUCN or J-US or JUS) is a submarine telecommunications cable system in the North Pacific Ocean linking the USA and Japan.

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Java

Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

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Jersey

Jersey (Jèrriais: Jèrri), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (Bailliage de Jersey; Jèrriais: Bailliage dé Jèrri), is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France.

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John Pender

Sir John Pender KCMG GCMG FSA FRSE (10 September 1816 – 7 July 1896) was a Scottish submarine communications cable pioneer and politician.

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John T. Blake

John Twiss Blake (c. 1901-June 26, 1987) was a research scientist at the Simplex Wire and Cable company.

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John Watkins Brett

John Watkins Brett (1805–1863) was an English telegraph engineer.

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Josiah Latimer Clark

Josiah Latimer Clark FRAS (10 March 1822 – 30 October 1898), was an English electrical engineer, born in Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire.

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Karachi

Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.

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KT Corporation

KT Corporation (Hangul: 케이티 주식회사), formerly Korea Telecom, is South Korea's largest telephone company.

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Latency (engineering)

Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.

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Leyden jar

A Leyden jar (or Leiden jar) stores a high-voltage electric charge (from an external source) between electrical conductors on the inside and outside of a glass jar.

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List of domestic submarine communications cables

This is a list of domestic submarine communications cables and does not include international cable systems.

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List of international submarine communications cables

This is a list of international submarine communications cables.

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Loading coil

A loading coil or load coil is an inductor that is inserted into an electronic circuit to increase its inductance.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Manoeuvring thruster

Manoeuvring thruster (bow thruster or stern thruster) is a transversal propulsion device built into, or mounted to, either the bow or stern, of a ship or boat, to make it more maneuverable.

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Massachusetts

Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Mathematical model

A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language.

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MCI Inc.

MCI, Inc. (d/b/a Verizon Business) was an American telecommunication corporation, currently a subsidiary of Verizon Communications, with its main office in Ashburn, Virginia.

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Megabit

The megabit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information.

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Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Mirror galvanometer

A mirror galvanometer is an electromechanical instrument that indicates that it has sensed an electric current by deflecting a light beam with a mirror.

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Moritz von Jacobi

Moritz Hermann (Boris Semyonovich) von Jacobi (Борис Семёнович (Морис-Герман) Якоби) (21 September 1801 – 10 March 1874) was a German and Russian engineer and physicist born in Potsdam.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom)

The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, based at Bushy Park in Teddington, London, England.

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National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.

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New York Harbor

New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States.

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Newfoundland (island)

Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

, commonly known as NTT, is a Japanese telecommunications company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.

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NPC (cable system)

NPC (North Pacific Cable) is a submarine telecommunications cable system in the North Pacific Ocean linking the United States and Japan.

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Oban

Oban (An t-Òban in Scottish Gaelic meaning The Little Bay) is a resort town within the Argyll and Bute council area of Scotland.

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Oliver Heaviside

Oliver Heaviside FRS (18 May 1850 – 3 February 1925) was an English self-taught electrical engineer, mathematician, and physicist who adapted complex numbers to the study of electrical circuits, invented mathematical techniques for the solution of differential equations (equivalent to Laplace transforms), reformulated Maxwell's field equations in terms of electric and magnetic forces and energy flux, and independently co-formulated vector analysis.

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Operation Ivy Bells

Operation Ivy Bells was a joint United States Navy, CIA, and National Security Agency (NSA) mission whose objective was to place wire taps on Soviet underwater communication lines during the Cold War.

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Operation Pluto

Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a Second World War operation by British engineers, oil companies, and the British Armed Forces; to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France in support of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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Optical amplifier

An optical amplifier is a device that amplifies an optical signal directly, without the need to first convert it to an electrical signal.

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Optical fiber

An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

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Orford Ness

Orford Ness is a cuspate foreland shingle spit on the Suffolk coast in Great Britain, linked to the mainland at Aldeburgh and stretching along the coast to Orford and down to North Weir Point, opposite Shingle Street.

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Ostend

Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pacnet

Pacnet was a global telecommunications service provider between 2008 and 2015.

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Paddle steamer

A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat powered by a steam engine that drives paddle wheels to propel the craft through the water.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Palaquium gutta

Palaquium gutta is a tree in the Sapotaceae family.

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PC-1

PC-1 (Pacific Crossing 1) is a submarine telecommunications cable system in the North Pacific Ocean linking the United States to Japan.

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Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Pipe-and-cable-laying plough

A pipe-and-cable-laying plough or moleplough is a trenchless method to bury cables or pipes.

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Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.

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Polyethylene

Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.

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Portpatrick

Portpatrick (Port Phàdraig), is a village and civil parish in Dumfries and Galloway, south-west Scotland.

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Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.

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Prussia

Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Radio

Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.

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Repeater

In telecommunications, a repeater is an electronic device that receives a signal and retransmits it.

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Resonance

In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Room 40

In the history of cryptanalysis, Room 40, also known as 40 O.B. (Old Building) (latterly NID25) was the section in the British Admiralty most identified with the British cryptanalysis effort during the First World War, in particular the interception and decoding of the Zimmermann Telegram which played a role in bringing the United States into the War.

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Samuel Morse

Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.

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Satellite

In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Scheveningen

Scheveningen is one of the eight districts of The Hague, Netherlands, as well as a subdistrict (wijk) of that city.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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SEA-ME-WE 3

SEA-ME-WE3 or South-East Asia - Middle East - Western Europe 3 is an optical submarine telecommunications cable linking those regions and is the longest in the world, completed in late 2000.

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SEA-ME-WE 4

South East Asia–Middle East–Western Europe 4 (SEA-ME-WE 4) is an optical fibre submarine communications cable system that carries telecommunications between Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Egypt, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria and France.

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Seabed

The seabed (also known as the seafloor, sea floor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean.

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SEACOM (African cable system)

SEACOM is a submarine cable operator with a network of submarine and terrestrial high-speed fibre-optic cable that serves the east and west coasts of Africa.

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Self-healing ring

A self-healing ring, or SHR, is a telecommunications term for loop network topology, a common configuration in telecommunications transmission systems.

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Short circuit

A short circuit (sometimes abbreviated to short or s/c) is an electrical circuit that allows a current to travel along an unintended path with no or a very low electrical impedance.

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Siemens Brothers

Siemens Brothers and Company Limited was an electrical engineering design and manufacturing business in London, England.

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Signaling (telecommunications)

In telecommunication, signaling has the following meanings.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sinking of the RMS Titanic

sank in the early morning of 15 April 1912 in the North Atlantic Ocean, four days into the ship's maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.

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South Eastern Railway, UK

The South Eastern Railway (SER) was a railway company in south-eastern England from 1836 until 1922.

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Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

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Spread-spectrum time-domain reflectometry

Spread-spectrum time-domain reflectometry (SSTDR) is a measurement technique to identify faults, usually in electrical wires, by observing reflected spread spectrum signals.

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SS Great Eastern

SS Great Eastern was an iron sailing steamship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and built by J. Scott Russell & Co.

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Submarine branching unit

A submarine branching unit is a piece of equipment used in submarine telecommunications cable systems to allow the cable to split to serve more than one destination.

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Submarine power cable

A submarine power cable is a major transmission cable for carrying electric power below the surface of the water.

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Submersible

A submersible is a small vehicle designed to operate underwater.

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Suez Canal

thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

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Surgery

Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

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Swansea Bay

Swansea Bay (Bae Abertawe) is a bay on the southern coast of Wales.

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T-V-H

T-V-H (Thailand-Vietnam-Hong Kong) is a submarine telecommunications cable system in the South China Sea linking Thailand, Vietnam, and Hong Kong.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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TAT-1

TAT-1 (Transatlantic No. 1) was the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system.

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TAT-8

TAT-8 was the 8th transatlantic communications cable and first transatlantic fiber-optic cable, initially carrying 40,000 telephone circuits (simultaneous calls) between the United States, Great Britain and France.

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TEAMS (cable system)

TEAMS (The East African Marine System) is an initiative spearheaded by the government of Kenya to link the country to the rest of the world through a submarine fibre optic cable.

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Telconia

CS Telconia was an English cable ship used in the early 20th century to lay and repair submarine communications cables.

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.

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Telegrapher's equations

The telegrapher's equations (or just telegraph equations) are a pair of coupled, linear differential equations that describe the voltage and current on an electrical transmission line with distance and time.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Telephone

A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.

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Terabit

A terabit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information or computer storage.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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The Nelson Mail

The Nelson Mail is a 4 day a week newspaper in New Zealand.

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The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.

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Transatlantic communications cable

A transatlantic telecommunications cable is a submarine communications cable connecting one side of the Atlantic Ocean to the other.

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Transatlantic telegraph cable

A transatlantic telegraph cable is an undersea cable running under the Atlantic Ocean used for telegraph communications.

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Transmission line

In communications and electronic engineering, a transmission line is a specialized cable or other structure designed to conduct alternating current of radio frequency, that is, currents with a frequency high enough that their wave nature must be taken into account.

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Trawling

Trawling is a method of fishing that involves pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats.

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Tugboat

A tug (tugboat or towboat) is a type of vessel that maneuvers other vessels by pushing or pulling them either by direct contact or by means of a tow line.

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Turbidity current

A turbidity current is most typically an underwater current of usually rapidly moving, sediment-laden water moving down a slope.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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USS Roy O. Hale (DE-336)

USS Roy O. Hale (DE-336) was an Edsall-class destroyer escort built for the U.S. Navy during World War II.

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Vacuum tube

In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Virtual ground

In electronics, a virtual ground (or virtual earth) is a node of a circuit that is maintained at a steady reference potential, without being connected directly to the reference potential.

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Voltage

Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.

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Wavelength-division multiplexing

In fiber-optic communications, wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) is a technology which multiplexes a number of optical carrier signals onto a single optical fiber by using different wavelengths (i.e., colors) of laser light.

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Weymouth, Dorset

Weymouth is a seaside town in Dorset, England, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast.

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Whale

Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.

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Wildman Whitehouse

Edward Orange Wildman Whitehouse (1 October 1816 – 26 January 1890) was an English surgeon by profession and an electrical experimenter by avocation.

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William Fothergill Cooke

Sir William Fothergill Cooke (4 May 1806 – 25 June 1879) was an English inventor.

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William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scots-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824.

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Words per minute

Words per minute, commonly abbreviated wpm (sometimes uppercased WPM), is a measure of words processed in a minute, often used as a measurement of the speed of typing, reading or Morse code sending and receiving.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1929 Grand Banks earthquake

The 1929 Grand Banks earthquake (also called the Laurentian Slope earthquake and the South Shore Disaster) occurred on November 18.

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2006 Hengchun earthquakes

The 2006 Hengchun earthquakes occurred on December 26 at 20:26 and 20:34 local time off the southwest coast of Taiwan in the Luzon Strait, which connects the South China Sea with the Philippine Sea.

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2008 submarine cable disruption

The 2008 submarine cable disruptions were three separate incidents of major damage to submarine optical communication cables around the world.

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2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

The was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.

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360networks

360networks, Inc. was a wholesale telecommunications carrier.

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Redirects here:

Ocean cable, Seabed cable, Submarine communication cable, Submarine communication cables, Submarine communications cables, Submarine internet cable, Submarine repeater, Submarine telecommunications cable, Submarine telecommunications cable system, Submarine telegraph cable, Submarine telegraphy, Submarine telegraphy cable, Submarine telephone cable, Telegraph cable, Undersea Cable, Undersea cable, Undersea cable tapping, Undersea cables, Undersea communication cable, Undersea communications cable, Undersea telegraph cable, Underwater communications cable, Underwater telecommunications cable, Underwater telegraph cable.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine_communications_cable

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