53 relations: Allopatric speciation, American herring gull, Autonym (botany), Bacteriology, Bengal tiger, Binomial nomenclature, Botanical nomenclature, Botany, Breed, Cline (biology), Cultivar, Ernst Mayr, European herring gull, Form (botany), Gene flow, Glossary of scientific naming, Hybrid (biology), Infraspecific name, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Javan tiger, Landrace, Microbiology, Monotypic taxon, Morphology (biology), Mycology, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Natural History Museum, London, Pet, Phenotype, Plural, Polymorphism (biology), Population, Race (biology), Sexual selection, Species, Species complex, Strain (biology), Subvariety, Sumatran tiger, Sunda Islands, Taxon, Taxonomic rank, Taxonomy (biology), Tiger, Totora (plant), Trinomen, Variety (botany), Virology, ..., Virus classification, White wagtail, Zoology. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
Allopatric speciation (from the ancient Greek allos, meaning "other", and patris, meaning "fatherland"), also referred to as geographic speciation, vicariant speciation, or its earlier name, the dumbbell model, is a mode of speciation that occurs when biological populations of the same species become isolated from each other to an extent that prevents or interferes with genetic interchange.
The American herring gull or Smithsonian gull (Larus smithsonianus or Larus argentatus smithsonianus) is a large gull that breeds in North America, where it is treated by the American Ornithologists' Union as a subspecies of herring gull (L. argentatus).
In botanical nomenclature, autonyms are automatically created names, as regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants that are created for certain subdivisions of genera and species, those that include the type of the genus or species.
Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
Botanical nomenclature is the formal, scientific naming of plants.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species.
In biology, a cline (from the Greek “klinein”, meaning “to lean”) is a measurable gradient in a single character (or biological trait) of a species across its geographical range.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
Ernst Walter Mayr (5 July 1904 – 3 February 2005) was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists.
The European herring gull (Larus argentatus) is a large gull (up to long).
In botanical nomenclature, a form (forma, plural formae) is one of the "secondary" taxonomic ranks, below that of variety, which in turn is below that of species; it is an infraspecific taxon.
In population genetics, gene flow (also known as gene migration or allele flow) is the transfer of genetic variation from one population to another.
This is a list of terms and symbols used in scientific names for organisms, and in describing the names.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
In botany, an infraspecific name is the scientific name for any taxon below the rank of species, i.e. an infraspecific taxon.
The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".
The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP) formerly the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB) or Bacteriological Code (BC) governs the scientific names for Bacteria and Archaea.
The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is a widely accepted convention in zoology that rules the formal scientific naming of organisms treated as animals.
The Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is an extinct tiger population that lived in the Indonesian island of Java until the mid 1970s.
A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.
Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).
In biology, a monotypic taxon is a taxonomic group (taxon) that contains only one immediately subordinate taxon.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
The plural (sometimes abbreviated), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number.
Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
In biological taxonomy, race is an informal rank in the taxonomic hierarchy, below the level of subspecies.
Sexual selection is a mode of natural selection where members of one biological sex choose mates of the other sex to mate with (intersexual selection), and compete with members of the same sex for access to members of the opposite sex (intrasexual selection).
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
In biology, a species complex is a group of closely related species that are very similar in appearance to the point that the boundaries between them are often unclear.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).
A subvariety (Latin: subvarietas) in botanical nomenclature is a taxonomic rank.
The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is a tiger population that lives in the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
The Sunda Islands are a group of islands in the Malay archipelago.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
In biological classification, taxonomic rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon) in a taxonomic hierarchy.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
Totora (Schoenoplectus californicus subsp. tatora) is a subspecies of the giant bulrush sedge.
In zoological nomenclature, a trinomen (plural: trinomina), name, or ternary name, refers to the name of a subspecies.
In botanical nomenclature, variety (abbreviated var.; in varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form.
Virology is the study of viruses – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat – and virus-like agents.
Virus classification is the process of naming viruses and placing them into a taxonomic system.
The white wagtail (Motacilla alba) is a small passerine bird in the family Motacillidae, which also includes pipits and longclaws.
Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.