61 relations: Affix, Alcohol, Alkane, Alpha and beta carbon, Amino acid, Aryl, Atom, Biochemistry, Carbon, Carboxylic acid, Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, Cheminformatics, Chlorine, Double bond, Ethyl group, Functional group, Greek language, Halide, Halogen, Hydride, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydroxy group, Inductive effect, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Isomer, Markovnikov's rule, Mesomeric effect, Methane, Methine group, Methoxy group, Methyl group, Methylene bridge, Methylene group, Methylidyne group, Moiety (chemistry), Molecule, Nitrogen, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Oxygen, Parent structure, Pendant group, Phenyl group, Phosphorus, Polar effect, Polymer, Protein, PubChem, Radical (chemistry), ..., Rest (physics), Selenium, Side chain, Single bond, Steric effects, Structural formula, Sulfur, Triple bond, Vinyl group, Vinyl polymer, Zaitsev's rule. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Charles Frédéric Gerhardt (21 August 1816 – 19 August 1856) was a French chemist.
Cheminformatics (also known as chemoinformatics, chemioinformatics and chemical informatics) is the use of computer and informational techniques applied to a range of problems in the field of chemistry.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
In chemistry, an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6).
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of hydrogen, H−, or, more commonly, it is a compound in which one or more hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, reducing, or basic properties.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
In chemistry and physics, the inductive effect is an experimentally observed effect of the transmission of charge through a chain of atoms in a molecule, resulting in a permanent dipole in a bond.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
In organic chemistry, Markovnikov's rule or Markownikoff's rule describes the outcome of some addition reactions.
The mesomeric effect in chemistry is a property of substituents or functional groups in a chemical compound.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
In chemistry, methine is a trivalent functional group.
A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
In organic chemistry, a methylene bridge, methylene spacer, or methanediyl group is any part of a molecule with formula --; namely, a carbon atom bound to two hydrogen atoms and connected by single bonds to two other distinct atoms in the rest of the molecule.
In organic chemistry, a methylene group is any part of a molecule that consists of two hydrogen atoms bound to a carbon atom, which is connected to the remainder of the molecule by a double bond.
In chemistry, a methylidyne group or just methylidyne is a neutral part of a molecule (a substituent or functional group) with formula ≡CH, consisting of a carbon atom bonded to a hydrogen atom by one single bond and to the rest of the molecule by one triple bond.
In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.
A pendant group (sometimes spelled pendent) or side group is a group of molecules attached to a backbone chain of a long molecule.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
The polar effect or electronic effect in chemistry is the effect exerted by a substituent on modifying electrostatic forces operating on a nearby reaction center.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
PubChem is a database of chemical molecules and their activities against biological assays.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Rest is a state in physics that refers to an object being stationary relative to a particular frame of reference or another object; when the position of a body with respect to its surroundings does not change with time it is said to be "at rest".
Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
In chemistry, a single bond is a chemical bond between two atoms involving two valence electrons.
Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.
The structural formula of a chemical compound is a graphic representation of the molecular structure, showing how the atoms are arranged.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
A triple bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two atoms involving six bonding electrons instead of the usual two in a covalent single bond.
In chemistry, vinyl or ethenyl is the functional group with the formula −CH.
Vinyl polymers are a group of polymers derived from vinyl monomers.
Saytzeff's rule (or Zaitsev's rule, Saytzev's rule) is an empirical rule for predicting the favored alkene product(s) in elimination reactions.
-diyl, -diylidene, -tetrayl, -triyl, -yl, -ylidene, -ylidine, -ylidyne, -ylylidene, -ylylidyne, Chemical substituent, Diyl, Diylylidene, Most substituted, Substituent group, Substituents, Tetrayl, Triyl, Yl, Ylidene, Ylidine, Ylidyne, Ylylidene, Ylylidyne.