256 relations: "Weird Al" Yankovic, Abbey DiGregorio, African Americans, African-American Vernacular English, Afrikaans, Airplane!, Airscript, Albania, Albanian language, Alien language, All You Need Is Love, Animutation, Annie Hall, Arab world, Argentina, Armenia, Armenian language, ASCII, Asia Television, Austin Powers in Goldmember, Australia, Aymara language, Bandwidth (signal processing), Belgium, Betty Mahmoody, Bitstream, Blu-ray, BMP file format, Bobby Lee, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bouncing ball (music), Bracket, Brazil, Brazilian Portuguese, Brij Kothari, Cantonese, Carl Reiner, Carla Bruni, Cars 2, Censorship, Character encoding, Chile, China, China Television, Chung T'ien Television, Closed captioning, Cockney, Colombia, Comparison of subtitle editors, ..., Compression artifact, Costa Rica, Crank (film), Croatia, Cuba, Danish language, Day Watch (film), Denmark, Diane Keaton, Digital cinema, Digital Cinema Package, Digital Video Broadcasting, DirectVobSub, DivX, Doordarshan, Downfall (2004 film), Drawn Together, Dubbing (filmmaking), Dutch language, DVD, DVD-Video, EIA-608, English language, Estonia, European Broadcasting Union, Fansub, Fatal Instinct, Federal Communications Commission, Film, Film festival, Film frame, Finland, Finnish language, Flanders, Font rasterization, France, Free-to-air, French language, Germany, Gods and Generals (film), Government of India, Greece, Green Acres, HD DVD, Hearing loss, Henry IV, Part 2, High-definition television, Hong Kong, HTML, Iceland, Imitext, India, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Intertitle, Ireland, Irish language, Israel, Italy, James May, Japan, Japanese language, Japanese pronouns, Japanese sound symbolism, Jason Statham, Kameraflage, Karaoke, Ken Loach, Korean language, Language localisation, Languages of Finland, Latin America, Latvia, Latvian language, Literacy in India, Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels, Machine translation, Mad TV, Malaysia, Max Payne 3, Media player (software), Mel Brooks, MicroDVD, Microsoft Silverlight, Microsoft Word, Modern Standard Arabic, Mondegreen, Montenegro, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Morris Marina, MPEG-4 Part 17, MPlayer, Myanmar, Netherlands, Night Watch (2004 film), Norway, Not Another Teen Movie, Not Without My Daughter (film), Ogg, Opera, Optical character recognition, Parody, PBS, Persian language, Peru, Poland, Pop-Up Video, Portugal, Portuguese language, Quechuan languages, QWERTY, Republic of Macedonia, Rhyming slang, Riff-Raff (1991 film), Robin Hood: Men in Tights, Romania, Romanian language, Run-length encoding, Russian language, S4C, Same language subtitling, SAMI, Scary Movie 4, Screenplay, Serbia, Shorthand, Simon Ellis (film director), Singapore, Skithouse, Slovenia, Smells Like Nirvana, SMPTE timecode, Soap opera, Social alienation, Sotho language, Sound effect, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Spatial anti-aliasing, Special Broadcasting Service, Speech recognition, Standard Chinese, Standard English, Star Wars, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, Stenotype, Steve Martin, Student exchange program, SubRip, SubStation Alpha, Subtitle editor, SubViewer, Surtitles, Sweden, Swedish language, SWF, Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language, Taiwan, Teleprompter, Teletext, Telop, TG4, The Angry Beavers, The Impostors, The Man with Two Brains, The Price of Coal, TIFF, Time shifting, Timed text, Timed Text Markup Language, Top Gear (2002 TV series), Trainspotting (film), Transcription (linguistics), Translation, TRT 3, Turkey, Ukraine, Ukrainian language, UltraViolet (system), United Kingdom, United States, Universal Pictures, Universal Subtitle Format, Uruguay, Velotype, Venezuela, Vertical blanking interval, VirtualDub, Voice-over, Voice-over translation, Wallonia, Want Want, Washington, D.C., Webcast, Welsh language, William Shakespeare, Woody Allen, World Wide Web Consortium, Writing, WYSIWYG, Xhosa language, XML, Yellow Submarine (film), Yle Fem, Zulu language. Expand index (206 more) » « Shrink index
Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (born October 23, 1959) is an American singer-songwriter, film/record producer, satirist, and author.
Abbey McBride is an American actress.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of English natively spoken by most working- and middle-class African Americans and some Black Canadians, particularly in urban communities.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Airplane! (alternatively titled Flying High!) is a 1980 American satirical disaster film written and directed by David and Jerry Zucker and Jim Abrahams, and produced by Jon Davison.
AirScript is a hand-held device which provides theatregoers with subtitles in a variety of languages.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
Alien languages, i.e., languages of extraterrestrial beings, are a hypothetical subject since none have been encountered so far.
"All You Need Is Love" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles that was released as a non-album single in July 1967.
Animutation or fanimutation is a form of web-based computer animation, typically created in Adobe Flash and characterized by unpredictable montages of pop-culture images set to music, often in a language foreign to the intended viewers.
Annie Hall is a 1977 American romantic comedy film directed by Woody Allen from a screenplay he co-wrote with Marshall Brickman.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Asia Television (also known as ATV, stylised "aTV" since 8 October 2007) is an online media company based in Hong Kong.
Austin Powers in Goldmember is a 2002 American spy action comedy film.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Betty Mahmoody (born June 9, 1945 in Alma, Michigan) is an American author and public speaker best known for her book, Not Without My Daughter, which was subsequently made into a film of the same name.
A bitstream (or bit stream), also known as binary sequence, is a sequence of bits.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
Robert Young Lee Jr. (born September 18, 1971) is an American actor and comedian best known for being a cast member on MADtv from 2001 to 2009 and for his roles in the films Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle (2004), Pineapple Express (2008), and The Dictator (2012).
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The bouncing ball is a device used in motion picture films and video recordings to visually indicate the rhythm of a song, helping audiences to sing along with live or prerecorded music.
A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
Brij Kothari (born 9 June 1964) is an Indian academic and a social entrepreneur.
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
Carl Reiner (born March 20, 1922)St.
Carla Bruni Sarkozy – Le Figaro, 9 July 2008 (born Carla Gilberta Bruni Tedeschi;; 23 December 1967), is an Italian-French singer-songwriter and supermodel.
Cars 2 is a 2011 American computer-animated action-adventure comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Television Company, Ltd. (CTV) (Formerly called Taiwan Daytime TV (TDT) in 1969-1975) was established on September 3, 1968, by the then-ruling Nationalist Party of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
Chung T'ien Television (CTi TV), is a nationwide cable TV network based in Taiwan.
Closed captioning (CC) and subtitling are both processes of displaying text on a television, video screen, or other visual display to provide additional or interpretive information.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The following table compares some characteristics of some subtitle editing software.
A compression artifact (or artefact) is a noticeable distortion of media (including images, audio, and video) caused by the application of lossy compression.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Crank is a 2006 American action comedy film written and directed by Mark Neveldine and Brian Taylor and starring Jason Statham, Amy Smart and Jose Pablo Cantillo.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Danish (dansk, dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.
Day Watch («Дневной Дозор», Dnevnoy Dozor, a.k.a. Night Watch 2: The Chalk of Fate), is a 2006 Russian dark fantasy action film written and directed by Timur Bekmambetov.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Diane Keaton (née Hall; born January 5, 1946) is an American film actress, director, and producer.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
A Digital Cinema Package (DCP) is a collection of digital files used to store and convey digital cinema (DC) audio, image, and data streams.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
DirectVobSub (formerly known as VSFilter) is a software add-on for Microsoft Windows (a DirectShow filter) that is able to read external subtitle files and superimposes them on a playing video file.
DivX is a brand of video codec products developed by DivX, LLC.
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
Downfall (Der Untergang) is a 2004 German historical war drama film directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel from a screenplay by producer Bernd Eichinger.
Drawn Together is an American adult animated sitcom that ran on Comedy Central from October 27, 2004 to November 14, 2007.
Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
EIA-608, also known as "line 21 captions" and "CEA-608", used to be the standard for closed captioning for NTSC TV broadcasts in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950.
A fansub (short for fan-subtitled) is a version of a foreign film or foreign television program which has been translated by fans (as opposed to an officially licensed translation done by professionals) and subtitled into a language other than that of the original.
Fatal Instinct is a 1993 American comedy film directed by Carl Reiner.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finnish (or suomen kieli) is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Font rasterization is the process of converting text from a vector description (as found in scalable fonts such as TrueType fonts) to a raster or bitmap description.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Free-to-air (FTA) are television (TV) and radio services broadcast in clear (unencrypted) form, allowing any person with the appropriate receiving equipment to receive the signal and view or listen to the content without requiring a subscription, other ongoing cost or one-off fee (e.g. Pay-per-view).
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gods and Generals is a 2003 American period war drama film written and directed by Ronald F. Maxwell.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Green Acres is an American sitcom starring Eddie Albert and Eva Gabor as a couple who move from New York City to a country farm.
HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
Henry IV, Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Imitext is a bitmap subtitle transmission technique proprietary to Screen Subtitling Systems.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
James Daniel May (born 16 January 1963) is an English television presenter and journalist.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Japanese pronouns (or Japanese deictic classifiers) are words in the Japanese language used to address or refer to present people or things, where present means people or things that can be pointed at.
Japanese has a large inventory of sound symbolic or mimetic words, known in linguistics as ideophones.
Jason Statham (born 26 July 1967) is an English actor, film producer, and former model.
Kameraflage is a patented (US Patent #8,531,308) context-sensitive display technology developed by Connor Dickie.
Karaoke, is a form of interactive entertainment or video game developed in Japan in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone.
Kenneth Charles Loach (born 17 June 1936) is an English director of television and independent film.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Language localisation (or localization, see spelling-differences) is the process of adapting a product that has been previously translated into multiple languages to a specific country or region (from Latin locus (place) and the English term locale, "a place where something happens or is set").
The two main official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Latvian (latviešu valoda) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74% (2011 Census figure) with recent reports of 80% literacy.
Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels is a 1998 British crime comedy film written and directed by Guy Ritchie, produced by Matthew Vaughn and starring an ensemble cast featuring Jason Flemyng, Dexter Fletcher, Nick Moran, Jason Statham, Steven Mackintosh, Vinnie Jones, and Sting.
Machine translation, sometimes referred to by the abbreviation MT (not to be confused with computer-aided translation, machine-aided human translation (MAHT) or interactive translation) is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another.
Mad TV (stylized as MADtv) is an American comedy sketch television series originally inspired by Mad magazine.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Max Payne 3 is a third-person shooter video game developed by Rockstar Studios and published by Rockstar Games.
A media player is a computer program for playing multimedia files like videos, movies and music.
Mel Brooks (born Melvin Kaminsky; June 28, 1926) is an American actor, writer, producer, director, comedian, and composer.
MicroDVD is a subtitle file format for digital video.
Microsoft Silverlight (or simply Silverlight) is a deprecated application framework for writing and running rich Internet applications, similar to Adobe Flash.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA; اللغة العربية الفصحى 'the most eloquent Arabic language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing and in most formal speech throughout the Arab world to facilitate communication.
A mondegreen is a mishearing or misinterpretation of a phrase as a result of near-homophony, in a way that gives it a new meaning.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 British slapstick comedy film concerning the Arthurian legend, written and performed by the Monty Python comedy group of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin, and directed by Gilliam and Jones.
The Morris Marina is a car that was manufactured by Austin-Morris division of British Leyland from 1971 until 1980.
MPEG-4 Part 17, or MPEG-4 Timed Text, or MPEG-4 Streaming text format is the text-based subtitle format for MPEG-4, published as ISO/IEC 14496-17 in 2006.
MPlayer is a free and open media player software.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Night Watch (Ночной Дозор, Nochnoy Dozor) is a 2004 Russian urban fantasy supernatural thriller film written by Timur Bekmambetov and Laeta Kalogridis and directed by Timur Bekmambetov.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Not Another Teen Movie is a 2001 American teen comedy film directed by Joel Gallen and written by Mike Bender, Adam Jay Epstein, Andrew Jacobson, Phil Beauman, and Buddy Johnson.
Not Without My Daughter is a 1991 American drama film, based on the book of the same name, depicting the escape of American citizen Betty Mahmoody and her daughter from her abusive husband in Iran.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).
A parody (also called a spoof, send-up, take-off, lampoon, play on something, caricature, or joke) is a work created to imitate, make fun of, or comment on an original work—its subject, author, style, or some other target—by means of satiric or ironic imitation.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Pop Up Video is a VH1 television show that "pops up" bubbles — officially called "info nuggets" — containing trivia, witticisms and borderline sexual innuendos throughout music videos.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Rhyming slang is a form of slang word construction in the English language that uses rhyme.
Riff-Raff is a 1991 British film directed by Ken Loach, starring Robert Carlyle and Ricky Tomlinson (the latter plays, and was in real life, a builder).
Robin Hood: Men in Tights is a 1993 American musical adventure comedy film and a parody of the Robin Hood story.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of lossless data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
S4C (from the Welsh Sianel Pedwar Cymru, meaning "Channel 4 Wales") is a Welsh-language British public-service TV channel broadcast throughout the UK and Republic of Ireland.
Same language subtitling (SLS) refers to the practice of subtitling programs on TV in the same language as the audio.
SAMI (Synchronized Accessible Media Interchange) is a Microsoft accessibility initiative released in 1998.
Scary Movie 4 is a 2006 American horror comedy film and the fourth film in the ''Scary Movie'' franchise, as well as the first film in the franchise to be released under The Weinstein Company banner since the purchase of Dimension Films.
A screenplay or script is a written work by screenwriters for a film, video game, or television program.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
Simon Ellis is a British film director and winner of the International Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, the BIFA, and nominations for the BAFTA and European Film Awards for short film.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Skithouse (styled skitHOUSE) was an Australian sketch comedy television series that ran on Network Ten from 9 February 2003 to 28 July 2004.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
"Smells Like Nirvana" is a parody of Nirvana's song "Smells Like Teen Spirit", written and performed by "Weird Al" Yankovic; it was released both as a single and as part of Yankovic's Off the Deep End album in April 1992.
SMPTE timecode is a set of cooperating standards to label individual frames of video or film with a timecode.
A soap opera or soaper is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction presented in serial format on television, radio and in novels, featuring the lives of many characters and focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.
Social alienation is "a condition in social relationships reflected by a low degree of integration or common values and a high degree of distance or isolation between individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community or work environment".
Sotho (Sesotho; also known as Southern Sotho, or Southern Sesotho, Historically also Suto, or Suthu, Souto, Sisutho, Sutu, or Sesutu, according to the pronunciation of the name.) is a Southern Bantu language of the Sotho-Tswana (S.30) group, spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
In digital signal processing, spatial anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution image at a lower resolution.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online, and television network.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
Standard English (SE) is the variety of English language that is used as the national norm in an English-speaking country, especially as the language for public and formal usage.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
A stenotype, stenotype machine, shorthand machine or steno writer is a specialized chorded keyboard or typewriter used by stenographers for shorthand use.
Stephen Glenn Martin (born August 14, 1945) is an American actor, comedian, writer, producer, and musician.
A student exchange program is a program in which students from a secondary school or university study abroad at one of their institution's partner institutions.
SubRip is a free software program for Windows which "rips" (extracts) subtitles and their timings from video.
SubStation Alpha (or Sub Station Alpha), abbreviated SSA, is a subtitle file format created by CS Low (also known as Kotus) that allows for more advanced subtitles than the conventional SRT and similar formats.
A subtitle editor is a type of software used to create and edit subtitles to be superimposed over, and synchronized with, video.
SubViewer is a utility for adding and synchronizing subtitles to video content.
Surtitles, also known as supertitles, are translated or transcribed lyrics/dialogue projected above a stage or displayed on a screen, commonly used in opera or other musical performances.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
SWF is an abbreviation for Small Web Format, an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript.
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) is a World Wide Web Consortium recommended Extensible Markup Language (XML) markup language to describe multimedia presentations.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
A teleprompter is a display device that prompts the person speaking with an electronic visual text of a speech or script.
Teletext (or broadcast teletext) is a television information retrieval service created in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s by the Philips Lead Designer for VDUs, John Adams.
A TELOP (TELevision OPtical Slide Projector) was the trademark name of a multifunction, four-channel "project-all" slide projector developed by the Gray Research & Development Company for Television usage, and was introduced in 1949.
TG4 (TG Ceathair; or) is an Irish public service broadcaster for Irish-language speakers.
The Angry Beavers is an American animated television series created by Mitch Schauer for Nickelodeon.
The Impostors is a 1998 American farce motion picture directed, written and produced by Stanley Tucci, starring Oliver Platt, Tucci, Alfred Molina, Tony Shalhoub, Steve Buscemi, and Billy Connolly.
The Man with Two Brains is a 1983 American science fiction comedy film directed by Carl Reiner and starring Steve Martin and Kathleen Turner.
The Price of Coal is a two-part television drama written by Barry Hines and directed by Ken Loach first broadcast as part of the Play for Today series in 1977.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting.
Timed text refers to the presentation of text media in synchrony with other media, such as audio and video.
Timed Text Markup Language (TTML), previously referred to as Distribution Format Exchange Profile (DFXP), is one of W3C's standards regulating timed text on the internet.
Top Gear is a British motoring magazine, factual television series, conceived by Jeremy Clarkson and Andy Wilman, launched on 20 October 2002, and broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Two.
Trainspotting is a 1996 British black comedy film directed by Danny Boyle and starring Ewan McGregor, Ewen Bremner, Jonny Lee Miller, Kevin McKidd, Robert Carlyle, and Kelly Macdonald in her acting debut.
Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
TRT 3 is a Turkish television station.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
UltraViolet is a cloud-based digital rights locker for movies and television shows that allows consumers to store proofs-of-purchase of licensed content in an account to enable playback on different devices using multiple applications from several different streaming services.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
Universal Subtitle Format (USF) is a CoreCodec project to create a clean, documented, powerful and easy to use subtitle file format.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Velotype is the old trademark for a type of keyboard for typing text known as a syllabic chord keyboard, an invention of the Dutchmen Nico Berkelmans and Marius den Outer.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
In a raster graphics display, the vertical blanking interval (VBI), also known as the vertical interval or VBLANK, is the time between the end of the final line of a frame or field and the beginning of the first line of the next frame.
VirtualDub is a free and open-source video capture and video processing utility for Microsoft Windows written by Avery Lee.
Voice-over (also known as off-camera or off-stage commentary) is a production technique where a voice—that is not part of the narrative (non-diegetic)—is used in a radio, television production, filmmaking, theatre, or other presentations.
Voice-over translation is an audiovisual translation technique in which, unlike in dubbing, actor voices are recorded over the original audio track which can be heard in the background.
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
Want Want Holdings Limited (Want Want) is a food manufacturer from Taiwan.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Heywood Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American director, writer, actor, comedian, and musician whose career spans more than six decades.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
Yellow Submarine (also known as The Beatles: Yellow Submarine) is a 1968 British animated musical fantasy comedy film inspired by the music of the Beatles, directed by animation producer George Dunning, and produced by United Artists and King Features Syndicate.
Yle Fem (Yle Five) was Yle's Finland-Swedish national television channel, providing television programmes in the Swedish language in Finland.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.