319 relations: African Americans, Ajax, Ontario, Alor Setar, Anak Bukit, Annexation, Apartment, Arcade Fire, Arcadia (The X-Files), Argentina, Art Deco, As the crow flies, Asentamiento, Associated Press, Atlanta, Auckland, Australia, Australian English, Automobile dependency, £sd, Baixada Fluminense, Banlieue, Batu Berendam, Ben Folds, Bercham, Bibliography of suburbs, Bill Owens (photographer), Bishopscourt, Cape Town, Bloomsbury Publishing, Bolton, Ontario, Boomburb, Boston, Bourgeoisie, Brampton, Brasília, Bromley, Buckinghamshire, Bus, Butterflies (TV series), Cairo, Caledon, Ontario, Calgary, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Campamento (Chile), Canada, Census geographic units of Canada, Center City, Philadelphia, Central business district, Chesapeake, Virginia, Chicago, Chile, ..., China, Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount Addison, Cicero, Cincinnati, Cinema of France, City, City centre, City of London, Cleveland, Collector road, Commuter town, Commuting, Conformity, Constantia, Cape Town, Conurbation, County, Cycling infrastructure, Dallas, Dead end (street), Denver, Desperate Housewives, Detour, Detroit, Developed environments, Disturbia (film), Dong Zhuo, Downtown, Downtown Detroit, Downtown Los Angeles, Downtown Roanoke, Ealing, Early modern period, Ebenezer Howard, Edmonton, Edwin Lutyens, English-speaking world, Ethnoburb, Europe, Faubourg, Favela, FHA insured loan, Fire and Emergency New Zealand, FNB Stadium, Food desert, France, Fréhel, G.I. Bill, Garden city movement, Golders Green, Greater Downtown Miami, Greater Montreal, Greater Toronto Area, Greater Vancouver, Greater Western Sydney, Green belt, Grid plan, Gridlock, Guadalajara, Hampstead Garden Suburb, Hampstead Heath, Han dynasty, Harrow Garden Village, Harrow Weald, Harrow-on-the-Hill station, Henrietta Barnett, High-rise building, Hot Fuzz, Housing, Town Planning, &c. Act 1919, Houston, Human settlement, India, Industrial suburb, Inner city, Inner suburb, Ipoh, Jacques Tati, Jean-Luc Godard, Johannesburg, John Shaw Sr., John Wycliffe, Johor Bahru, Jon C. 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African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Ajax (2016 population 119,677) is a town in Durham Region in Southern Ontario, Canada, located in the eastern part of the Greater Toronto Area.
Alor Setar (Jawi: الور ستار), formerly known as Alor Star from 2004–2008, is a city and the state capital of Kedah, Malaysia.
Istana Anak Bukit is a mukim and the royal town of Kedah, Malaysia, located in Kota Setar District.
Annexation (Latin ad, to, and nexus, joining) is the administrative action and concept in international law relating to the forcible transition of one state's territory by another state.
An apartment (American English), flat (British English) or unit (Australian English) is a self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that occupies only part of a building, generally on a single storey.
Arcade Fire is a Canadian indie rock band, consisting of husband and wife Win Butler and Régine Chassagne, along with Win's younger brother William Butler, Richard Reed Parry, Tim Kingsbury and Jeremy Gara.
"Arcadia" is the fifteenth episode of the sixth season of the American science fiction television series The X-Files.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
As the crow flies, similar to in a beeline, is an idiom for the most direct path between two points.
Asentamientos are shanty towns inside and around Guatemala City.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
Automobile dependency is the concept that some city layouts cause automobiles to be favored over alternate forms of transportation such as bicycles, public transit, and walking.
£sd (pronounced /ɛlɛsˈdiː/ ell-ess-dee and occasionally written Lsd) is the popular name for the pre-decimal currencies once common throughout Europe, especially in the British Isles and hence in several countries of the British Empire and subsequently the Commonwealth.
The Baixada Fluminense (standard; local pronounce) (literally "Fluminense Lowland") is a region in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in southeastern Brazil.
In France, a banlieue is a suburb of a large city.
Batu Berendam is a small town in Central Melaka District, Melaka, Malaysia.
Benjamin Scott Folds (born September 12, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter and record producer.
Bercham is a suburb of Ipoh next to the North–South Expressway in Perak, Malaysia.
A large number of books and articles have been written on the subject of suburbs and suburban living as a regional, national or worldwide phenomenon.
Bill Owens (born September 25, 1938) is an American photographer, photojournalist, brewer and editor living in Hayward, California.
Bishopscourt is a small, wealthy, residential suburb in the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town in the Western Cape, South Africa.
Bloomsbury Publishing plc (formerly M.B.N.1 Limited and Bloomsbury Publishing Company Limited) is a British independent, worldwide publishing house of fiction and non-fiction.
Bolton (2011 population 25,954) is the most populous community in the town of Caledon, located in the Region of Peel, approximately 50 kilometres northwest of Toronto, in Ontario, Canada.
Boomburb is a neologism for a large, rapidly growing city that remains essentially suburban in character even as it reaches populations more typical of urban core cities.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Brampton is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Bromley is a town in the London Borough of Bromley, Greater London, England, south east of Charing Cross.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Butterflies is a British sitcom series written by Carla Lane that was broadcast on BBC2 from 1978 to 1983.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Caledon (2016 population 66,502) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
The Calgary Metropolitan Region (CMR), also commonly referred to as the Calgary Region, is a conglomeration of municipalities centred on Calgary, the largest city in Alberta.
A campamento ("camp" or "tent city") or población callampa ("mushroom town") are terms given in Chile to shanty towns.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The census geographic units of Canada are the administrative divisions defined and used by Canada's federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada to conduct the country's five-yearly census.
Center City includes the central business district and central neighborhoods of Philadelphia, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.
Chesapeake is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount Addison, (19 June 1869 – 11 December 1951) was a British medical doctor and politician.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Cinema of France refers to the film industry based in France.
A city is a large human settlement.
A city centre is the commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart of a city, especially those in the Western world.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
A collector road or distributor road is a low-to-moderate-capacity road which serves to move traffic from local streets to arterial roads.
A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere but in which they live, eat and sleep.
Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.
Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms.
Constantia is an affluent suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, situated about 15 kilometres south of the centre of Cape Town.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.
Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
A dead end is a street with only one inlet/outlet.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Desperate Housewives is an American television comedy-drama and mystery series created by Marc Cherry and produced by ABC Studios and Cherry Productions.
A detour or (British English: diversion) is a (normally temporary) route taking traffic around an area of prohibited or reduced access, such as a construction site.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Developed environments (human settlements) are environments in geography.
Disturbia is a 2007 American horror thriller film directed by D. J. Caruso, written by Christopher Landon and Carl Ellsworth and stars Shia LaBeouf, David Morse, Sarah Roemer and Carrie-Anne Moss.
Dong Zhuo (died 22 May 192), courtesy name Zhongying, was a military general and warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Downtown is a term primarily used in North America by English-speakers to refer to a city's core or central business district (CBD), often in a geographical or commercial sense.
Downtown Detroit is the central business district and a residential area of the city of Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, as well as a diverse residential neighborhood of some 58,000 people.
Downtown is the central business district of Roanoke, Virginia, United States.
Ealing is a district of west London, England, located west of Charing Cross.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Sir Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 – 1 May 1928), the English founder of the garden city movement, is known for his publication To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898), the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
An ethnoburb is a suburban residential and business area with a notable cluster of a particular ethnic minority population.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Faubourg is an ancient French term approximating "suburb" (now generally termed banlieue).
A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.
An FHA insured loan is a US Federal Housing Administration mortgage insurance backed mortgage loan which is provided by an FHA-approved lender.
Fire and Emergency New Zealand is New Zealand's main firefighting and emergency services body.
First National Bank Stadium or simply FNB Stadium, also known as Soccer City and The Calabash, is a stadium located in Nasrec, bordering the Soweto area of Johannesburg, South Africa.
A food desert is an area, especially one with low-income residents, that has limited access to affordable and nutritious food.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Fréhel (born Marguerite Boulc'h; 13 July 1891 – 3 February 1951) was a French singer and actress.
The Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the G.I. Bill, was a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as G.I.s).
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
Golders Green is an area in the London Borough of Barnet in England.
Downtown Miami is an urban city center, based around the Central Business District of Miami, Florida, United States.
Greater Montreal is the most populous metropolitan area in Quebec, and the second most populous in Canada after Greater Toronto.
Greater Vancouver, also known as Metro Vancouver, is the metropolitan area with its major urban centre being the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Greater Western Sydney (GWS) is the region of the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia that is generally accepted to embrace the north-west, south-west, central-west, and western sub-regions of greater metropolitan Sydney.
A green belt or greenbelt is a policy and land use designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighbouring urban areas.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Gridlock is a form of traffic congestion where "continuous queues of vehicles block an entire network of intersecting streets, bringing traffic in all directions to a complete standstill".
Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.
Hampstead Garden Suburb is an elevated suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate and east of Golders Green.
Hampstead Heath (locally known simply as the Heath) is a large, ancient London park, covering.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Harrow Garden Village was a housing development in the 1930s around Rayners Lane Underground station in London, England, which until then had been a "country halt" on the Metropolitan line.
Harrow Weald is an area in northwest London, England.
Harrow-on-the-Hill is a London Underground station served by trains on the Metropolitan line and National Rail, in Travelcard Zone 5.
Dame Henrietta Octavia Weston Barnett, DBE (née Rowland; 4 May 1851 – 10 June 1936) was a notable English social reformer, educationist, and author.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
Hot Fuzz is a 2007 action comedy film directed by Edgar Wright, written by Wright and Simon Pegg, and starring Pegg and Nick Frost.
The Housing, Town Planning, &c.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An industrial suburb is a community, near a large city, with an industrial economy.
The inner city or inner town is the central area of a major city or metropolis.
Inner suburb is a term used for a variety of suburban communities that are generally located very close to the centre of a large city (the inner city and central business district).
Ipoh is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Perak.
Jacques Tati (born Jacques Tatischeff,; 9 October 1907 – 5 November 1982) was a French filmmaker, actor, and screenwriter.
Jean-Luc Godard (born 3 December 1930) is a French-Swiss film director, screenwriter and film critic.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John Shaw Sr. (1776–1832) was an English architect related to the Shaw and Hardwick family, and one of the first architects to draw up plans for semi-detached housing in London.
John Wycliffe (also spelled Wyclif, Wycliff, Wiclef, Wicliffe, Wickliffe; 1320s – 31 December 1384) was an English scholastic philosopher, theologian, Biblical translator, reformer, English priest, and a seminary professor at the University of Oxford.
Johor Bahru, formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia.
Jon C. Teaford is Professor Emeritus in the History Department at Purdue University.
Kingsbury is a district of northwest London in the London Borough of Brent.
Klang or Kelang, officially Royal Town of Klang (Bandar Diraja Klang), is a royal town and former capital of the state of Selangor, Malaysia.
Klang Valley (Lembah Klang) is an area in Malaysia which is centered in Kuala Lumpur, and includes its adjoining cities and towns in the state of Selangor.
Knots Landing is an American prime time television soap opera that aired on CBS from December 27, 1979, to May 13, 1993.
Kota Kinabalu (Jawi), formerly known as Jesselton, is the state capital of Sabah, Malaysia and the capital of the Kota Kinabalu District.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kuching (Jawi), officially the City of Kuching, is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia.
Love Exists (L'Amour existe) is a short documentary essay on the Parisian suburbs made in 1960, written and directed by Maurice Pialat and produced by Pierre Braunberger.
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
In real estate, a lot or plot is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner(s).
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Léo Ferré (24 August 1916 – 14 July 1993) was a French-born Monégasque poet and composer, and a dynamic and controversial live performer, whose career in France dominated the years after the Second World War until his death.
Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.
Letchworth Garden City, commonly known as Letchworth, is a town in Hertfordshire, England, with a population of 33,600.
Levittown, formerly Island Trees, is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Hempstead in Nassau County, New York on Long Island.
Levittown is a census-designated place (CDP) and planned community in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States, within the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
Likas is a sub-district in the city of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
The following is a table of the largest incorporated suburbs worldwide, with over 700,000 people.
This page lists shopping streets and districts by city.
"Little Boxes" is a song written and composed by Malvina Reynolds in 1962, which became a hit for her friend Pete Seeger in 1963, when he released his cover version.
Little Boxes: The Architecture of a Classic Midcentury Suburb is a 2006 coffee table book written by Rob Keil about Daly City, California.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
Lomas de Chapultepec is a colonia, or officially recognized neighborhood, located in the Miguel Hidalgo borough of Mexico City.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London commuter belt is a metropolitan area that includes London and its surrounding commuter zone (the area in which it is practical to commute to work in London).
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
Malacca City (Malay: Bandaraya Melaka, Jawi:,, Tamil: மலாக்கா மாநகரம்), is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malvina Reynolds (August 23, 1900 – March 17, 1978) was an American folk/blues singer-songwriter and political activist, best known for her songwriting, particularly the songs "Little Boxes" and "Morningtown Ride.".
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Marie-Louise Damien (5 December 1889 – 30 January 1978), better known by the stage name Damia, was a French singer and actress.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
Markham (2016 population 328,966) is a city in the Regional Municipality of York within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada.
Maurice Pialat (31 August 1925 – 11 January 2003) was a French film director, screenwriter and actor noted for the rigorous and unsentimental style of his films.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, in the U.S. state of Arizona.
Metro-land (or Metroland) is a name given to the suburban areas that were built to the north-west of London in the counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Middlesex in the early part of the 20th century that were served by the Metropolitan Railway (the Met).
The Metropolitan Railway (also known as the Met) was a passenger and goods railway that served London from 1863 to 1933, its main line heading north-west from the capital's financial heart in the City to what were to become the Middlesex suburbs.
Metropolitan Railway Country Estates (MRCE) was a limited company created in 1919 to manage and develop the land owned by the Metropolitan Railway, notably in what was known as Metro-land north-west of London.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Microdistrict, or microraion (микрорайо́н, мікрараён, мікрорайон, միկրոշրջան), is a residential complex—a primary structural element of the residential area construction in the Soviet Union and in some post-Soviet and former Communist states.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
The Million Programme (Miljonprogrammet) is the common name for an ambitious public housing programme implemented in Sweden between 1965 and 1974 by the governing Swedish Social Democratic Party to make sure everyone could have a home at a reasonable price.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1943, during World War II, to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Mississauga Also pronounced: Dictionary Reference:, The Free Dictionary: is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Mon Oncle (My Uncle) is a 1958 comedy film by French filmmaker Jacques Tati.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Mount Eden is a suburb in Auckland, New Zealand whose name honours George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
Naperville is a city in DuPage and Will counties in the U.S. state of Illinois, and a suburb of Chicago.
Neasden is an area in northwest London, United Kingdom.
A neighbourhood (British English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New Rochelle is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Oakville is a suburban town in southern Ontario, located in Halton Region on Lake Ontario halfway between Toronto and Hamilton, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area, one of the most densely-populated areas of Canada.
The Official Information Act 1982 is a New Zealand law which replaced the Official Secrets Act of 1951 which made the release of information held by Government agencies an offence.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
An ombudsman, ombud, or public advocate is an official who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints of maladministration or a violation of rights.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Over the Hedge is a syndicated comic strip written and drawn by Michael Fry and T. Lewis.
Over the Hedge is a 2006 American computer-animated comedy film, based on the characters from the United Media comic strip of the same name.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
Penurbia describes country districts close to metropolitan areas in the United States.
Petaling Jaya (commonly called "PJ" by locals) is a major Malaysian city originally developed as a satellite township for Kuala Lumpur.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.
Pinner is a village in the London Borough of Harrow in northwest London, England, from Charing Cross.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of strong economic growth beginning after World War II and ending with the 1973–75 recession.
Prahran (/pɛ'ræn/, also known colloquially as "Pran") is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 5 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Stonnington local government area.
Psychonauts is a platform game developed by Double Fine Productions.
Public housing in the United Kingdom provided the majority of rented accommodation in the country until 2011.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
In criminology, public-order crime is defined by Siegel (2004) as "crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently", i.e., it is behaviour that has been labelled criminal because it is contrary to shared norms, social values, and customs.
Pueblos jóvenes ("young towns") is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru.
Pulau Tikus is a northwestern suburb of George Town in Penang, Malaysia.
The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population.
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, includes the segregation or separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Sir Raymond Unwin (2 November 1863 – 29 June 1940) was a prominent and influential English engineer, architect and town planner, with an emphasis on improvements in working class housing.
Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others.
Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) is a South African socio-economic policy framework implemented by the African National Congress (ANC) government of Nelson Mandela in 1994 after months of discussions, consultations and negotiations between the ANC, its Alliance partners the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the South African Communist Party, and "mass organisations in the wider civil society".
Reda Caire (real name: Joseph Gandhour) (1908–1963) was a popular singer of operettes in Paris in the 1930s and 1950s.
In the United States, redlining is the systematic denial of various services to residents of specific, often racially associated, neighborhoods or communities, either directly or through the selective raising of prices.
A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal.
A residential area is a land used in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas.
Richmond Hill (2016 population 195,022) is a town in south-central York Region, Ontario, Canada.
Rickmansworth is a small town in southwest Hertfordshire, England, approximately northwest of central London and inside the perimeter of the M25 motorway.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Roanoke is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Robert Lamoureux (4 January 1920 – 29 October 2011) was a French actor, screenwriter and film director.
Rockin' the Suburbs is the debut studio album by American alternative rock singer-songwriter Ben Folds.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
Rural flight (or rural exodus) is the migratory pattern of peoples from rural areas into urban areas.
The rural–urban fringe, also known as the outskirts or the urban hinterland, can be described as the "landscape interface between town and country", or also as the transition zone where urban and rural uses mix and often clash.
Rush was a Canadian rock band comprising Geddy Lee (bass, vocals, keyboards), Alex Lifeson (guitars) and Neil Peart (drums, percussion, lyrics).
Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scarsdale is a town and village in Westchester County, New York.
In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the North, Midwest and West.
A semi-detached house (often abbreviated to semi) is a single family dwelling house built as one of a pair that share one common wall.
A shophouse is a vernacular architectural building type that is commonly seen in areas such as urban Southeast Asia.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
A stand-alone house (also called a single-detached dwelling, detached residence or detached house) is a free-standing residential building.
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English dialects native to South Africans.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
Soweto is a township of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality in Gauteng, South Africa, bordering the city's mining belt in the south.
Spatial planning systems refer to the methods and approaches used by the public and private sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales.
Stampin is a name of a district and also a suburb located in Kuching city in the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
Stir crazy is a phrase that dates to 1908 according to the Oxford English Dictionary and the online Etymology Dictionary.
A storey (British English) or story (American English) is any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people (for living, work, storage, recreation).
The street hierarchy is an urban planning technique for laying out road networks that exclude automobile through-traffic from developed areas.
A streetcar suburb is a residential community whose growth and development was strongly shaped by the use of streetcar lines as a primary means of transportation.
A strip mall (also called a shopping plaza, shopping center, or mini-mall) is an open-air shopping mall where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front.
Subang Jaya is a suburban city located in the Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia.
Subdivision is the act of dividing land into pieces that are easier to sell or otherwise develop, usually via a plat.
"Subdivisions" is a song by Canadian progressive rock group, Rush, released as the second single from their 1982 album Signals.
A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl.
Suburbia is a book by Bill Owens, a photojournalism monograph on suburbia, published in 1973 by Straight Arrow Press, the former book publishing imprint of Rolling Stone.
Suburbia bashing refers to a negative discourse about suburbia that is relatively prominent in Australia, particularly in the mainstream media.
Suburbs and localities are the names of geographic subdivisions in Australia, used mainly for address purposes.
Swiss chalet style (Schweizerstil, Sveitserstil) is an architectural style of Late Historicism, originally inspired by rural chalets in Switzerland and the Alpine (mountainous) regions of Central Europe.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Sydney Olympic Park is a large sports and entertainment complex in the West of Sydney.
Tampa is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States.
Te Aro is an inner-city suburb of Wellington, New Zealand.
Tebrau or Teberau is a mukim and a suburb in Johor Bahru District, Johor, Malaysia.
In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.
The 'Burbs is a 1989 American comedy thriller film directed by Joe Dante, starring Tom Hanks, Bruce Dern, Carrie Fisher, Rick Ducommun, Corey Feldman, Wendy Schaal and Henry Gibson, and co-starring Gale Gordon.
The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin is a series of novels written by David Nobbs.
The Good Life is a British sitcom, produced by BBC television.
The Suburbs is the third studio album by Canadian indie rock band Arcade Fire, released on August 2, 2010.
The X-Files is an American science fiction drama television series created by Chris Carter.
Thornhill (2011 population 110,430) is a community in the Regional Municipality of York in Ontario, Canada.
Tin Shui Wai New Town is located in the northwestern New Territories of Hong Kong.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
A transit bus (also big bus, commuter bus, city bus, town bus, stage bus, public bus or simply bus) is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services.
Trouble in Tahiti is a one-act opera in seven scenes composed by Leonard Bernstein with an English libretto by the composer, dedicated to Marc Blitzstein.
Tudor Revival architecture (commonly called mock Tudor in the UK) first manifested itself in domestic architecture beginning in the United Kingdom in the mid to late 19th century based on a revival of aspects of Tudor architecture or, more often, the style of English vernacular architecture of the Middle Ages that survived into the Tudor period.
Two or Three Things I Know About Her is a 1967 French New Wave film directed by Jean-Luc Godard, one of three features he completed that year.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Ubiquity Press is a United Kingdom-based academic publisher focusing on open access publication.
The UCL Institute of Archaeology is an academic department of the Social & Historical Sciences Faculty of University College London (UCL), England which it joined in 1986.
Ultimo is an inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Urban density is a term used in urban planning and urban design to refer to the number of people inhabiting a given urbanized area.
Urban history is a field of history that examines the historical nature of cities and towns, and the process of urbanization.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Vaughan (2016 population 306,233) is a city in Ontario, Canada.
A villa miseria, or just villa, is a type of shanty town or slum found in Argentina, mostly around the largest urban settlements.
Virginia Beach is an independent city located on the southeastern coast of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Weeds is an American dark comedy-drama television series created by Jenji Kohan for Showtime.
Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.
Wembley Park is a district of the London Borough of Brent, England.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones (e.g. residential, industrial) in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited.
The 1967 Detroit riot, also known as the 12th Street riot was the bloodiest race riot in the "Long, hot summer of 1967".
Drivable sub-urbanism, Drivable suburbanism, History of suburbs, Low density housing, Residential suburb, Sub Urban, Sub-Urban, Sub-urban, Sub-urbanism, Suburban, Suburban United States, Suburban area, Suburban town, Suburbanism, Suburbanite, Suburbia, Suburbria, Suburbs, Surburbia.