261 relations: Abrahamic religions, Acyrthosiphon pisum, Adaptation, Adolescence, Age of Enlightenment, Alcoholism, Altruistic suicide, Alzheimer's disease, Anhedonia, Antidepressant, Aokigahara, Aristotle, Assisted suicide, Augustine of Hippo, Autonomy, Autopsy, Édouard Manet, Battle of Saipan, BBC News, Beachy Head, Beck Depression Inventory, Benzodiazepine, Beta blocker, Biathanatos, Bipolar disorder, Bobby Sands, Borderline personality disorder, Brain tumor, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, British Raj, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Bullying, Byzantine Empire, Cannabis (drug), Catholic Church, Caucasian race, Cengage, Cerebrospinal fluid, Charcoal-burning suicide, Chat room, China, Christianity, Chronic pain, Classical Athens, Clozapine, Cocaine, Coccinellidae, Codex Justinianus, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Comic opera, ..., Copycat suicide, Coroner, Crisis hotline, David Hume, Death, Debt, Depression (mood), Derald Wing Sue, Developed country, Developing country, Dialectical behavior therapy, DNA, Drug overdose, Eastern Mediterranean, Eating disorder, Economic development, Eiffel Tower, Empire State Building, Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, Epigenetics, Erwin Rommel, Euthanasia, Evolutionary psychology, Existentialism, Farmers' suicides in India, Firearm, Flavor Aid, Forelius pusillus, Foster care, Freakonomics, Fungus, Gender variance, Geriatric Depression Scale, Gilbert and Sullivan, Gladiator, Golden Gate Bridge, Gospel of Matthew, Grief, Gun, Hadith, Hanging, Hemodialysis, Hindu texts, Hinduism, Hippocampus, HIV, Homelessness, Homicide, Hong Kong, Honour, Hungary, Hypothyroidism, Immanuel Kant, Immune system, Impulsivity, Incitement, Inclusive fitness, India, Inhalant, Injury, Insanity, Insomnia, International Association for Suicide Prevention, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Internet forum, Interpersonal relationship, Islam, Jacob M. Appel, Jainism, Japan, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Jesus, Jim Jones, Jim van Os, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Donne, John Stuart Mill, John Toland (author), Jonestown, Judaism, Kamikaze, Kidney failure, Latin America, Lausanne, Le Suicidé, Liberty, List of causes of death by rate, Lithium (medication), Lithuania, Louis XIV of France, Major depressive disorder, Martyr, Martyrs of Córdoba, Masada, Mass media, Mass suicide, Meaning of life, Melbourne, Mental disorder, Methamphetamine, Middle Ages, Mood disorder, Mortality rate, Murder–suicide, Muslim, Nazi concentration camps, Neurotransmitter, New Covenant, New York City, Obsessive–compulsive disorder, Oregon, Oregon Legislative Assembly, Parasitism, Pathophysiology, Peer pressure, Peoples Temple, Personality disorder, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Pesticide poisoning, Philosophy (journal), Plato, Podcast, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Potassium cyanide, Prayopavesa, Prefrontal cortex, Prejudice, Prince Edward Viaduct, Problem gambling, Psychiatric hospital, Psychiatry, Psychological stress, Psychometrics, Psychotherapy, Public trial, Pyre, Quran, Renaissance, Right to die, Risk factor, SAGE Publications, Sallekhana, Salmonella, Samson, Samurai, Sanctity of life, Sati (practice), Saul, Schizophrenia, School of thought, Sedative, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Self-harm, Self-immolation, Seppuku, Serotonin, Sexual abuse, Sin, Singapore, Sleep apnea, Socioeconomics, South Korea, Steroid, Subculture, Substance abuse, Substance intoxication, Suicidal ideation, Suicide (book), Suicide Act 1961, Suicide and the Internet, Suicide attack, Suicide attempt, Suicide by hanging, Suicide in China, Suicide in Japan, Suicide methods, Suicide note, Suicide pact, Suicide prevention, Suicide prevention contract, Switzerland, Synod of Arles, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Taylor & Francis, Ten Commandments, Termite, The Eclipse: A Memoir of Suicide, The Lancet, The Magic Flute, The Mikado, The Rising Sun, The Sorrows of Young Werther, The Times, Thomas Aquinas, Tobacco smoking, Toronto, Traumatic brain injury, Veteran, War, Washington State Legislature, Wesley J. Smith, West Gate Bridge, Western world, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, World Health Organization, World Suicide Prevention Day, York Castle, 1981 Irish hunger strike, 20 July plot, 5-HT2A receptor, 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid. Expand index (211 more) » « Shrink index
The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the practices of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham.
Acyrthosiphon pisum, commonly known as the pea aphid (and colloquially known as the green dolphin, pea louse, and clover louse), is a sap-sucking insect in the Aphididae family.
In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
Altruistic suicide is sacrifice of one's life to save or benefit others, for the good of the group, or to preserve the traditions and honor of a society.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Anhedonia refers to a diverse array of deficits in hedonic function, including reduced motivation or ability to experience pleasure.
Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.
, also known as the, is a forest on the northwestern flank of Japan's Mount Fuji thriving on of hardened lava laid down by the last major eruption of Mount Fuji in 864 CE.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Assisted suicide is suicide committed with the aid of another person, sometimes a physician.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.
The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beachy Head is a Chalk headland in East Sussex, England.
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, BDI-1A, BDI-II), created by Aaron T. Beck, is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory, one of the most widely used psychometric tests for measuring the severity of depression.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
Biathanatos is a work by the English writer and clergyman John Donne.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Robert Gerard Sands (Roibeárd Gearóid Ó Seachnasaigh; 9 March 19545 May 1981) was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who died on hunger strike while imprisoned at HM Prison Maze after being sentenced for firearms possession.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions.
A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, also known as BDNF, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the BDNF gene.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Bulletin of the World Health Organization is a monthly public health journal published by the World Health Organization that was established in 1947.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or Europid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications used, have usually included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spinal cord.
Charcoal-burning suicide is suicide by burning charcoal in a closed room or area.
The term chat room, or chatroom, is primarily used to describe any form of synchronous conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous conferencing.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chronic pain is pain that lasts a long time.
The city of Athens (Ἀθῆναι, Athênai a.tʰɛ̂ː.nai̯; Modern Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athínai) during the classical period of Ancient Greece (508–322 BC) was the major urban center of the notable polis (city-state) of the same name, located in Attica, Greece, leading the Delian League in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta and the Peloponnesian League.
Clozapine, sold under the brand name Clozaril among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Coccinellidae is a widespread family of small beetles ranging in size from 0.8 to 18 mm (0.03 to 0.71 inches).
The Codex Justinianus (Latin for "The Code of Justinian") is one part of the Corpus Juris Civilis, the codification of Roman law ordered early in the 6th century AD by Justinian I, who was an Eastern Roman (Byzantine) emperor in Constantinople.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.
Comic opera denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature, usually with a happy ending.
A copycat suicide is defined as an emulation of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about either from local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and in other media.
A coroner is a person whose standard role is to confirm and certify the death of an individual within a jurisdiction.
A crisis hotline is a phone number people can call to get immediate emergency telephone counseling, usually by trained volunteers.
David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Derald Wing Sue is a professor of counseling psychology at Columbia University.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy designed to help people suffering from borderline personality disorder.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
The term drug overdose (or simply overdose or OD) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced.
The Eastern Mediterranean denotes the countries geographically to the east of the Mediterranean Sea (Levantine Seabasin).
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering psychiatry and epidemiology.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Euthanasia (from εὐθανασία; "good death": εὖ, eu; "well" or "good" – θάνατος, thanatos; "death") is the practice of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
In 2014, the National Crime Records Bureau of India reported 5,650 farmer suicides.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
Flavor Aid is a non-carbonated soft drink beverage made by The Jel Sert Company in West Chicago, Illinois.
Forelius pusillus is a species of ant in the genus Forelius.
Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home (residential child care community, treatment center,...), or private home of a state-certified caregiver, referred to as a "foster parent" or with a family member approved by the state.
Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything is the debut non-fiction book by University of Chicago economist Steven Levitt and New York Times journalist Stephen J. Dubner.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gender variance, or gender nonconformity, is behavior or gender expression by an individual that does not match masculine and feminine gender norms.
The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is a 30-item self-report assessment used to identify depression in the elderly.
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
A gladiator (gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals.
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.
Grief is a multifaceted response to loss, particularly to the loss of someone or something that has died, to which a bond or affection was formed.
A gun is a tubular ranged weapon typically designed to pneumatically discharge projectiles that are solid (most guns) but can also be liquid (as in water guns/cannons and projected water disruptors) or even charged particles (as in a plasma gun) and may be free-flying (as with bullets and artillery shells) or tethered (as with Taser guns, spearguns and harpoon guns).
Ḥadīth (or; حديث, pl. Aḥādīth, أحاديث,, also "Traditions") in Islam refers to the record of the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.
Hemodialysis, also spelled haemodialysis, commonly called kidney dialysis or simply dialysis, is a process of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not working normally.
Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions within Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Honour (or honor in American English, note) is the idea of a bond between an individual and a society, as a quality of a person that is both of social teaching and of personal ethos, that manifests itself as a code of conduct, and has various elements such as valor, chivalry, honesty, and compassion.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
In psychology, impulsivity (or impulsiveness) is a tendency to act on a whim, displaying behavior characterized by little or no forethought, reflection, or consideration of the consequences.
In criminal law, incitement is the encouragement of another person to commit a crime.
In evolutionary biology, inclusive fitness is one of two metrics of evolutionary success as defined by W. D. Hamilton in 1964.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Inhalants are a broad range of household and industrial chemicals whose volatile vapors or pressurized gases are concentrated and breathed in via the nose or mouth to produce intoxication (called "getting high" in slang), in a manner not intended by the manufacturer.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Insanity, craziness, or madness is a spectrum of both group and individual behaviors characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns.
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.
The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) is an international suicide prevention organization.
The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by MDPI.
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jacob M. Appel (born February 21, 1973) is an American author, poet, bioethicist, physician, lawyer and social critic.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The (JSDF), occasionally referred to as the Japan Defense Forces (JDF), Self-Defense Forces (SDF), or Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
James Warren Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was an American religious cult leader who initiated and was responsible for a mass suicide and mass murder in Jonestown, Guyana.
Jim van Os (born 1960) is a Dutch professor of Psychiatric Epidemiology and Public Mental Health at Utrecht University Medical Centre, the Netherlands.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
John Donne (22 January 1572 – 31 March 1631) was an English poet and cleric in the Church of England.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 – January 4, 2004) was an American writer and historian.
The Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, better known by its informal name "Jonestown", was a remote settlement established by the Peoples Temple, an American cult under the leadership of reverend Jim Jones, in north Guyana.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Lausanne (Lausanne Losanna, Losanna) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud.
Le Suicidé is a small oil painting by Édouard Manet, completed between 1877 and 1881.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
The following is a list of the causes of human deaths worldwide for the year 2002, arranged by their associated mortality rates.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.
The Martyrs of Córdoba were forty-eight Christian martyrs who were executed under the rule of Muslim conquerors in what is now southern Spain.
Masada (מצדה, "fortress") is an ancient fortification in the Southern District of Israel situated on top of an isolated rock plateau, akin to a mesa.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Mass suicide is a form of suicide, occurring when a group of people simultaneously kill themselves.
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
A murder–suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons before killing themselves.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
The New Covenant (Hebrew; Greek διαθήκη καινή diatheke kaine) is a biblical interpretation originally derived from a phrase in the Book of Jeremiah, in the Hebrew Bible.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly (called "rituals"), or have certain thoughts repeatedly (called "obsessions").
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the state legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.
Peer pressure (or social pressure) is the direct influence on people by peers, or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual.
The Peoples Temple of the Disciples of Christ, commonly shortened to Peoples Temple, was a new religious movement founded in 1955 by Jim Jones in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.
Perspectives on Psychological Science is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology.
A pesticide poisoning occurs when chemicals intended to control a pest affect non-target organisms such as humans, wildlife, or bees.
Philosophy is the scholarly journal of the Royal Institute of Philosophy.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
A podcast, or generically netcast, is an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download and listen to.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.
Potassium cyanide is a compound with the formula KCN.
Prayopavesa (प्रायोपवेशनम्, literally resolving to die through fasting) is a practice in Hinduism that denotes the suicide by fasting of a person, who has no desire or ambition left, and no responsibilities remaining in life.
In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
The Prince Edward Viaduct System, commonly referred to as the Bloor Viaduct, is the name of a truss arch bridge system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that connects Bloor Street East, on the west side of the system, with Danforth Avenue on the east.
Problem gambling (or ludomania, but usually referred to as "gambling addiction" or "compulsive gambling") is an urge to gamble continuously despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop.
Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.
Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Public trial or open trial is a trial open to public, as opposed to the secret trial.
A pyre (πυρά; pyrá, from πῦρ, pyr, "fire"), also known as a funeral pyre, is a structure, usually made of wood, for burning a body as part of a funeral rite or execution.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The right to die is a concept based on the opinion that a human being is entitled to end his or her own life or to undergo voluntary euthanasia.
In epidemiology, a risk factor is a variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
Sallekhana (IAST), also known as Samlehna, Santhara, Samadhi-marana or Sanyasana-marana; is a supplementary vow to the ethical code of conduct of Jainism.
Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.
Samson (Shimshon, "man of the sun") was the last of the judges of the ancient Israelites mentioned in the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible (chapters 13 to 16) and one of the last of the leaders who "judged" Israel before the institution of the monarchy.
were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.
In religion and ethics, the inviolability or sanctity of life is a principle of implied protection regarding aspects of sentient life which are said to be holy, sacred, or otherwise of such value that they are not to be violated.
Sati or suttee is an obsolete funeral custom where a widow immolates herself on her husband's pyre or takes her own life in another fashion shortly after her husband's death.
Saul (meaning "asked for, prayed for"; Saul; طالوت, Ṭālūt or شاؤل, Ša'ūl), according to the Hebrew Bible, was the first king of the Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
A school of thought (or intellectual tradition) is a collection or group of people who share common characteristics of opinion or outlook of a philosophy, discipline, belief, social movement, economics, cultural movement, or art movement.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.
Self-harm, also known as self-injury, is defined as the intentional, direct injuring of body tissue, done without suicidal intentions.
Self-immolation is an act of killing oneself as a sacrifice.
Seppuku (切腹, "cutting belly"), sometimes referred to as harakiri (腹切り, "abdomen/belly cutting", a native Japanese kun reading), is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is usually undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.
In a religious context, sin is the act of transgression against divine law.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
A subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
Substance intoxication is a type of substance use disorder which is potentially maladaptive and impairing, but reversible, and associated with recent use of a substance.
Suicidal ideation, also known as suicidal thoughts, is thinking about or having an unusual preoccupation with suicide.
Suicide (Le suicide) is an 1897 book written by French sociologist Émile Durkheim.
The Suicide Act 1961 (9 & 10 Eliz 2 c 60) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Suicide and the Internet have increasingly important relationships as Internet use becomes more ubiquitous.
A suicide attack is any violent attack in which the attacker expects their own death as a direct result of the method used to harm, damage or destroy the target.
A suicide attempt is an attempt where a person tries to commit suicide but survives.
Suicide by hanging is the act of intentionally killing oneself via suspension from an anchor-point or ligature point (e.g. an overhead beam or hook) by a ligature or by jumping from a height with a noose around the neck.
Suicide in China has a long history as a cultural practice.
Suicide in Japan has become a major national social issue.
A suicide method is any means by which a person completes suicide, purposely ending their life.
A suicide note or death note is a message left behind before a person dies, or intends to die, by suicide.
A suicide pact is an agreed plan between two or more individuals to commit suicide.
Suicide prevention is an umbrella term used for the collective efforts of local citizen organizations, health professionals and related professionals to reduce the incidence of suicide.
A suicide prevention contract is a contract that contains an agreement not to commit suicide.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Arles (ancient Arelate) in the south of Roman Gaul (modern France) hosted several councils or synods referred to as Concilium Arelatense in the history of the early Christian church.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
The Ten Commandments (עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.
The Eclipse: A Memoir of Suicide is Antonella Gambotto-Burke's first memoir and fourth book.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
The Magic Flute (German), K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder.
The Mikado; or, The Town of Titipu is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.
The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945, written by John Toland, was published by Random House in 1970 and won the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction.
The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.
A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old") is a person who has had long service or experience in a particular occupation or field.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
The Washington State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Washington.
Wesley J. Smith (born 1949) is an American lawyer and author, a Senior Fellow at the Discovery Institute's Center on Human Exceptionalism, a politically conservative non-profit think tank, best known for its advocacy of intelligent design (ID).
The West Gate Bridge is a steel box girder cable-stayed bridge in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is an awareness day observed on 10 September every year, in order to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with various activities around the world since 2003.
York Castle in the city of York, England, is a fortified complex comprising, over the last nine centuries, a sequence of castles, prisons, law courts and other buildings on the south side of the River Foss.
The 1981 Irish hunger strike was the culmination of a five-year protest during The Troubles by Irish republican prisoners in Northern Ireland.
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
The mammalian 5-HT2A receptor is a subtype of the 5-HT2 receptor that belongs to the serotonin receptor family and is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR).
5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) is the main metabolite of serotonin.
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