In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sulfoglycolysis is a catabolic process in primary metabolism in which sulfoquinovose (6-deoxy-6-sulfonato-glucose) is metabolized to produce energy and carbon-building blocks.
Sulfolipids are a class of lipids which possess a sulfur-containing functional group.
A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(.
Sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerols, abbreviated SQDG, are a class of sulfur-containing but phosphorus-free lipids (sulfolipids) found in many photosynthetic organisms.
UDP-sulfoquinovose synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and sulfite, whereas its two products are UDP-6-sulfoquinovose and H2O.