141 relations: Acetaldehyde, Acetylcysteine, Acid rain, Acid Rain Program, Adenylyl cyclase, Adrenergic, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Angina, Anhydrite, Antibiotic, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Apricot, Asthma, Atherosclerosis, Atmosphere of Jupiter, Atmosphere of Venus, Bleach, Blood vessel, Bond order, British English, Calcium, Calcium channel, Calcium oxide, Calcium silicate, Calcium sulfate, Calcium sulfite, Callisto (moon), Cell growth, Cement, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Cheletropic reaction, Chemical compound, China, Chloride, Chlorofluorocarbon, Chromate and dichromate, Cinnabar, Claus process, Climate engineering, Coal, Coke (fuel), Common fig, Contact process, Cork taint, Decomposition, Diazonium compound, Diene, Dried fruit, E number, ..., Electron counting, Enthalpy of vaporization, Enzyme, Europa (moon), Exothermic process, Flue-gas desulfurization, Fluidized bed combustion, Formal charge, Galilean moons, Ganymede (moon), Gas, Global warming, Glutathione, Hapticity, Heart, Hering–Breuer reflex, Homocysteine, Hydrogen sulfide, Hypertension, Immediately dangerous to life or health, Io (moon), Isoprenaline, Jupiter, Ligand, Lung, Marl, Mars, Metal sulfur dioxide complex, Mitogen-activated protein kinase, Molasses, Monsoon, National Ambient Air Quality Standards, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Oil refinery, Oleic acid, Oleum, Organic synthesis, Oxidation state, Oxide, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Ozone, Paper, Parts-per notation, Permissible exposure limit, Petroleum, Point groups in three dimensions, Power station, Preservative, Preterm birth, Protein kinase A, Pulmonary hypertension, Pulmonary stretch receptors, Pyrite, Redox, Reducing agent, Refrigerant, Resonance (chemistry), Roasting (metallurgy), Selenium dioxide, Shale, Short-term exposure limit, Smooth muscle tissue, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium metabisulfite, Sodium sulfite, Sphalerite, Stenosis, Stratospheric aerosol injection (climate engineering), Stretford process, Sulfite, Sulfolane, Sulfone, Sulfur, Sulfur monoxide, Sulfur trioxide, Sulfur–iodine cycle, Sulfurous acid, Sulfuryl chloride, Swarf, Systematic review, Tellurium dioxide, United Press International, United States, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Valence bond theory, Vasodilation, Volcano, Whitehaven, Winemaking. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Acetylcysteine, also known as N-acetylcysteine (NAC), is a medication that is used to treat paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdose, and to loosen thick mucus in individuals with cystic fibrosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
The Acid Rain Program is a market-based initiative taken by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in an effort to reduce overall atmospheric levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which cause acid rain.
Adenylyl cyclase (also commonly known as adenyl cyclase and adenylate cyclase, abbreviated AC) is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells.
Adrenergic means "working on adrenaline (epinephrine) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine)".
The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH®) is a professional association of industrial hygienists and practitioners of related professions, with headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Angina, also known as angina pectoris, is chest pain or pressure, usually due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle.
Anhydrite is a mineral—anhydrous calcium sulfate, CaSO4.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
The atmosphere of Jupiter is the largest planetary atmosphere in the Solar System.
The atmosphere of Venus is the layer of gases surrounding Venus.
Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
Bond order is the number of chemical bonds between a pair of atoms.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A calcium channel is an ion channel which shows selective permeability to calcium ions.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
Calcium silicate is the chemical compound Ca2SiO4, also known as calcium orthosilicate and is sometimes formulated as 2CaO·SiO2.
Calcium sulfate (or calcium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the formula CaSO4 and related hydrates.
Calcium sulfite, or calcium sulphite, is a chemical compound, the calcium salt of sulfite with the formula CaSO3·x(H2O).
Callisto (Jupiter IV) is the second-largest moon of Jupiter, after Ganymede.
The term cell growth is used in the contexts of biological cell development and cell division (reproduction).
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.
Cheletropic reactions Cheletropic reactions also known as chelotropic reactions are a type of pericyclic reaction.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are fully halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons that contain only carbon (С), chlorine (Cl), and fluorine (F), produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane.
Chromate salts contain the chromate anion,.
Cinnabar and cinnabarite, likely deriving from the κιννάβαρι (kinnabari), refer to the common bright scarlet to brick-red form of mercury(II) sulfide (HgS) that is the most common source ore for refining elemental mercury, and is the historic source for the brilliant red or scarlet pigment termed vermilion and associated red mercury pigments.
The Claus process is the most significant gas desulfurizing process, recovering elemental sulfur from gaseous hydrogen sulfide.
Climate engineering or climate intervention, commonly referred to as geoengineering, is the deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system, usually with the aim of mitigating the adverse effects of global warming.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coke is a fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, usually made from coal.
Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig).
The contact process is the current method of producing sulfuric acid in the high concentrations needed for industrial processes.
Cork taint is a broad term referring to a wine fault characterized by a set of undesirable smells or tastes found in a bottle of wine, especially spoilage that can only be detected after bottling, aging and opening.
Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler organic matter.
Diazonium compounds or diazonium salts are a group of organic compounds sharing a common functional group where R can be any organic group, such as an alkyl or an aryl, and X is an inorganic or organic anion, such as a halogen.
In organic chemistry a diene or diolefin is a hydrocarbon that contains two carbon double bonds.
Dried fruit is fruit from which the majority of the original water content has been removed either naturally, through sun drying, or through the use of specialized dryers or dehydrators.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Electron counting is a formalism used for classifying compounds and for explaining or predicting electronic structure and bonding.
The enthalpy of vaporization, (symbol ∆Hvap) also known as the (latent) heat of vaporization or heat of evaporation, is the amount of energy (enthalpy) that must be added to a liquid substance, to transform a quantity of that substance into a gas.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Europa or as Ευρώπη (Jupiter II) is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet.
In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).
Flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) is a set of technologies used to remove sulfur dioxide from exhaust flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants, and from the emissions of other sulfur oxide emitting processes (e.g trash incineration).
Fluidized bed combustion (FBC) is a combustion technology used to burn solid fuels.
In chemistry, a formal charge (FC) is the charge assigned to an atom in a molecule, assuming that electrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally between atoms, regardless of relative electronegativity.
The Galilean moons are the four largest moons of Jupiter—Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
Ganymede (Jupiter III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter and in the Solar System.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Glutathione (GSH) is an important antioxidant in plants, animals, fungi, and some bacteria and archaea.
Hapticity is the coordination of a ligand to a metal center via an uninterrupted and contiguous series of atoms.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
The Hering–Breuer inflation reflex, named for Josef Breuer and Ewald Hering, is a reflex triggered to prevent over-inflation of the lung.
Homocysteine is a non-proteinogenic α-amino acid.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
The term immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) is defined by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as exposure to airborne contaminants that is "likely to cause death or immediate or delayed permanent adverse health effects or prevent escape from such an environment." Examples include smoke or other poisonous gases at sufficiently high concentrations.
Io (Jupiter I) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons of the planet Jupiter.
Isoprenaline, or isoproterenol, is a medication used for the treatment of bradycardia (slow heart rate), heart block, and rarely for asthma.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Marl or marlstone is a calcium carbonate or lime-rich mud or mudstone which contains variable amounts of clays and silt.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Metal sulfur dioxide complexes are complexes that contain sulfur dioxide, SO2, bonded to a transition metal.
A mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK or MAP kinase) is a type of protein kinase that is specific to the amino acids serine and threonine (i.e., a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase).
Molasses, or black treacle (British, for human consumption; known as molasses otherwise), is a viscous product resulting from refining sugarcane or sugar beets into sugar.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
The U.S. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS, pronounced \'naks\) are standards for harmful pollutants.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Oleic acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in various animal and vegetable fats and oils.
Oleum (Latin oleum, meaning oil), or fuming sulfuric acid, is a solution of various compositions of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid, or sometimes more specifically to disulfuric acid (also known as pyrosulfuric acid).
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
The oxidation state, sometimes referred to as oxidation number, describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.
An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
The permissible exposure limit (PEL or OSHA PEL) is a legal limit in the United States for exposure of an employee to a chemical substance or physical agent such as loud noise.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
In geometry, a point group in three dimensions is an isometry group in three dimensions that leaves the origin fixed, or correspondingly, an isometry group of a sphere.
A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age.
In cell biology, protein kinase A (PKANot to be confused with pKa, the symbol for the acid dissociation constant.) is a family of enzymes whose activity is dependent on cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP).
Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
Pulmonary stretch receptors are mechanoreceptors found in the lungs.
The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, also known as fool's gold, is an iron sulfide with the chemical formula FeS2 (iron(II) disulfide).
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
A reducing agent (also called a reductant or reducer) is an element (such as calcium) or compound that loses (or "donates") an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction.
A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle.
In chemistry, resonance or mesomerism is a way of describing delocalized electrons within certain molecules or polyatomic ions where the bonding cannot be expressed by one single Lewis structure.
Roasting is a process of heating of sulfide ore to a high temperature in presence of air.
Selenium dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula SeO2.
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
A short-term exposure limit (STEL) is the acceptable average exposure over a short period of time, usually 15 minutes as long as the time-weighted average is not exceeded.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.
Sodium metabisulfite or sodium pyrosulfite (IUPAC spelling; Br. E. sodium metabisulphite or sodium pyrosulphite) is an inorganic compound of chemical formula Na2S2O5.
Sodium sulfite (sodium sulphite) is a soluble sodium salt of sulfurous acid (sulfite) with the chemical formula Na2SO3.
Sphalerite ((Zn, Fe)S) is a mineral that is the chief ore of zinc.
A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure.
The ability of stratospheric sulfate aerosols to create a global dimming effect has made them a possible candidate for use in solar radiation management climate engineering projects to limit the effect and impact of climate change due to rising levels of greenhouse gases.
The Stretford process was developed during the late 1950s to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from town gas.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
Sulfolane (also tetramethylene sulfone, systematic name: 2,3,4,5-tetrahydrothiophene-1,1-dioxide) is an organosulfur compound, formally a cyclic sulfone, with the formula (CH2)4SO2.
A sulfone is a chemical compound containing a sulfonyl functional group attached to two carbon atoms.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sulfur monoxide is an inorganic compound with formula.
Sulfur trioxide (alternative spelling sulphur trioxide) is the chemical compound with the formula SO3.
The sulfur–iodine cycle (S–I cycle) is a three-step thermochemical cycle used to produce hydrogen.
Sulfurous acid (also sulphurous acid) is the chemical compound with the formula H2SO3.
Sulfuryl chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula SO2Cl2.
Swarf, also known as chips or by other process-specific names (such as turnings, filings, or shavings), are pieces of metal, wood, or plastic that are the debris or waste resulting from machining, woodworking, or similar subtractive (material-removing) manufacturing processes.
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
Tellurium dioxide (TeO2) is a solid oxide of tellurium.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
In chemistry, valence bond (VB) theory is one of two basic theories, along with molecular orbital (MO) theory, that were developed to use the methods of quantum mechanics to explain chemical bonding.
Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Whitehaven is a town and port on the coast of Cumbria, England.
Winemaking or vinification is the production of wine, starting with the selection of the fruit, its fermentation into alcohol, and the bottling of the finished liquid.
Preservative 220, R-764, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfur dioxides, Sulfur(IV) oxide, Sulfur-dioxide, Sulfurous acid anhydride, Sulfurous anhydride, Sulfurous oxide, Sulphur Dioxide, Sulphur dioxide, Sulphur(IV) oxide, Sulphurous anhydride, Vitriolic acid air.