140 relations: Aceh, Aceh Sultanate, Aceh War, Acehnese language, Acehnese people, Amorphophallus titanum, Arabs, Architecture of Sumatra, Austronesian languages, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Bangka Belitung Islands, Barisan Mountains, Batak, Batak languages, Batam, BBC News, Bengkulu, Bengkulu (city), Berbak National Park, Binjai, Bornean languages, Borneo, British Isles, Bukar Sadong language, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Bukit Seguntang, Bukittinggi, Chamic languages, Chams, China, Chinese Indonesians, Chola dynasty, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Coffee production in Indonesia, Communism in Sumatra, Critically endangered, Deforestation, Dumai, Dutch East Indies, Elaeis, Elizabeth I of England, Free Aceh Movement, Gayo language, Giling Basah, Great Sumatran fault, Greater Sunda Islands, Gunung Leuser National Park, Highland, ..., Ibn Battuta, Indian Ocean, Indian people, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Inflorescence, Insurgency in Aceh, Jambi, Jambi City, Java, Jawi alphabet, Karimata Strait, Kerinci Seblat National Park, Kingdom of England, Komering language, Lampung, Lampung language, Lamuri Kingdom, Land Dayak languages, Languages of Indonesia, Lhokseumawe, List of amphibians of Sumatra, List of countries by largest island, List of islands by area, List of islands by population, Lubuklinggau, Malay language, Malay Peninsula, Malayan languages, Malayic languages, Malayo-Polynesian languages, Malays (ethnic group), Malaysia, Marco Polo, Medan, Melayu Kingdom, Mentawai Islands Regency, Minangkabau language, Minangkabau people, Mount Kerinci, Music of Sumatra, North Sumatra, Northwest Sumatran languages, Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages, Odoric of Pordenone, Padang, Palembang, Palembang Malay, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Pematangsiantar, Petroleum, Pinus merkusii, Rafflesia arnoldii, Ramsar Convention, Rejang language, Riau, Riau Islands, Samudera Pasai Sultanate, Samudra, Sanskrit, Sarawak, Singapore, Solok, South Sumatra, Southeast Asia, Srivijaya, Strait of Malacca, Subduction, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran ground cuckoo, Sumatran orangutan, Sumatran rhinoceros, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran tropical pine forests, Sunda Islands, Sunda megathrust, Sunda Strait, Tanjung Pinang, The Conversation (website), Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, Tsunami, West Kalimantan, West Sumatra, Wetland, World Heritage site, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake, 2010 Mentawai earthquake and tsunami, 2013 Southeast Asian haze. Expand index (90 more) » « Shrink index
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Keurajeuën Acèh Darussalam; Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
Acehnese language (Achinese) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by Acehnese people natively in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Acehnese (also written as Atjehnese and Achinese) are an ethnic group from Aceh, Indonesia on the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra.
Amorphophallus titanum, also known as the titan arum, is a flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
The Indonesian island of Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
Banda Aceh, formerly known as Kuta Raja, is the capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia.
Bandar Lampung (Kota Bandar Lampung) is the capital and a major economic hub in the province of Lampung on the southern tip of Sumatra island, Indonesia.
The Bangka Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung), is a province of Indonesia, previously a part of South Sumatra Province.
The Bukit Barisan or the Barisan Mountains are a mountain range on the western side of Sumatra, Indonesia, covering nearly 1,700 km (1,050 mi) from the north to the south of the island.
Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of closely related Austronesian ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia who speak Batak languages.
The Batak languages are spoken by the Batak people of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
Batam is the largest city (kota) of Riau Islands Province of Indonesia as well the name of an island.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bengkulu, historically known as Bencoolen or British Bencoolen, is one of the Provinces of Indonesia and is located in the southwest coast of Sumatra.
Bengkulu City (Kota Bengkulu, Rejangese: ꤷꥍꤲ꥓ꤰꥈꤾꥈ, English historic name: Bencoolen, Dutch historic: Benkulen or Benkoelen) is a city on the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.The city is the second largest city on the west coast of Sumatra Island after Padang.
The Berbak National Park in Sumatra island, Jambi province of Indonesia, forms part of the largest undisturbed swamp forest in southeastern Asia,Indonesian Ministry of Forestry:, retrieved 04-12-2009 and the peat swamp forest with the greatest number of palm species.
Binjai (Jawi), formally Kota Binjai, is an independent city in the North Sumatra province of Indonesia, and is bordered by Deli Serdang Regency to the east and Langkat Regency to the west.
The Bornean languages are a geographic group of Austronesian language families indigenous to the islands of Borneo and Madagascar, with the exclusion of Ibanic (Malayic Dayak) and other Malayic languages.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Bukar, is a Dayak language of Borneo.
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park in Sumatra, Indonesia.
Bukit Seguntang ("Seguntang Hill") is a 29–30 metres high small hill located at the northern bank of Musi River and within the vicinity of Palembang, capital city of South Sumatra province, Indonesia.
Bukittinggi (Kota Bukittinggi, Bukittinggi, Jawi), is the third largest city in West Sumatra, Indonesia, with a population of over 124,000 people and an area of 25.24 km².
The Chamic languages, also known as Aceh–Chamic and Achinese–Chamic, are a group of ten languages spoken in Aceh (Sumatra, Indonesia) and in parts of Cambodia, Vietnam and Hainan, China.
The Chams, or Cham people (Cham: Urang Campa, người Chăm or người Chàm, ជនជាតិចាម), are an ethnic group of Austronesian origin in Southeast Asia.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
Coffea arabica, also known as the Arabian coffee, "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee", is a species of Coffea.
Coffea canephora (syn. Coffea robusta), commonly known as robusta coffee, is a species of coffee that has its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa.
Indonesia was the fourth largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014.
Communism in Sumatra has historically had an influence in the politics and society of Sumatra.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Dumai (Jawi), is a city in Riau province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Elaeis is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
The Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or simply GAM, Geurakan Acèh Meurdèka, also: Gěrakan Aceh Měrdeka) was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra from Indonesia.
Gayo is an Austronesian language spoken by some 100,000 people (2000) in the mountainous region of Aceh around Central Aceh, Bener Meriah and Gayo Lues regencies.
Giling Basah is a term used by Indonesian coffee processors to describe the method they use to remove the hulls of Coffea arabica.
The Indonesian island of Sumatra is located in a highly seismic area of the world.
The Greater Sunda Islands are a group of four large islands within the Malay Archipelago.
Gunung Leuser National Park is a national park covering 7,927 km2 in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, straddling the border of North Sumatra and Aceh provinces, a fourth portion and three-fourths portion, respectively.
Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.
Jambi is a province of Indonesia.
Jambi City (Kota Jambi, or Bandaraya Jambi) is a city in Indonesia, capital of Jambi province, on the island of Sumatra.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jawi (Jawi: Jāwī; Pattani: Yawi; Acehnese: Jawoë) is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
The Karimata Strait (Selat Karimata) also spelled Carimata or Caramata is the wide strait that connects the South China Sea to the Java Sea, separating the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo (Kalimantan).
Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Komering is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Indonesia, in the southern part of Sumatra.
Lampung is a province of Indonesia.
Lampung is the language of the Indonesian province of Lampung at the southern tip of Sumatra.
Lamuri (or Lambri) was a kingdom in northern Sumatra, Indonesia from the Srivijaya period until the early 16th century.
The Land Dayak languages are a group of dozen or so languages spoken by the Bidayuh Land Dayaks of Borneo, with a single language in Sumatra.
More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia.
Lhokseumawe (Indonesian: Kota Lhokseumawe, Acehnese: Lhôk Seumaw‘è, Jawi), is the second largest city in Aceh Special District, in the north of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The following is a list of amphibians of Sumatra, Indonesia from Kurniati (2007).
The following is a list of countries by largest island.
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than and several other islands over, sorted in descending order by area.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population.
Lubuklinggau, is a city in South Sumatra, Indonesia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Malay or Malayan languages are a group of closely related languages spoken by Malays and related peoples across Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Southern Thailand and the far southern parts of the Philippines.
The Malayic languages are a branch of the Austronesian family.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.
The Melayu Kingdom (also known as Malayu, Dharmasraya Kingdom or the Jambi Kingdom;, reconstructed Middle Chinese pronunciation mat-la-yu kwok)Muljana, Slamet, (2006), Sriwijaya, Yogyakarta: LKIS,.
The Mentawai Islands are a chain of about seventy islands and islets approximately off the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.
Minangkabau (autonym: Baso Minang(kabau); Bahasa Minangkabau) is an Austronesian language spoken by the Minangkabau of West Sumatra, the western part of Riau, South Aceh Regency, the northern part of Bengkulu and Jambi, also in several cities throughout Indonesia by migrated Minangkabau.
Minangkabau people (Minangkabau: Urang Minang; Indonesian: Suku Minang; Jawi script: اورڠ مينڠ), also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Mount Kerinci (also spelled Kerintji, among several other ways, and referred to as Gunung Kerinci, Gadang, Berapi Kurinci, Kerinchi, Korinci/Korintji, or Peak of Indrapura/Indrapoera) is a volcano in Sumatra island of Indonesia.
Sumatra is a part of Indonesia; its best-known musical output is probably dangdut, a rabab/saluang instrumental style.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
The Northwest Sumatran languages are a group of languages spoken by the Batak and related peoples in the interior of North Sumatra and by the Nias, Mentawai people, and others on the Barrier islands (Simeulue, Nias, and Mentawai Islands Regency) off the western coast of Sumatra.
The Nuclear Malayo-Polynesian languages are a putative branch of the Austronesian family, proposed by Wouk & Ross (2002), that are thought to have dispersed from a possible homeland in Sulawesi.
Odoric of Pordenone, ofm (1286–1331), also known as Odorico Mattiussi or Mattiuzzi, was an Italian late-medieval Franciscan friar and missionary explorer.
Padang (Jawi) is the capital of the province of West Sumatra in Indonesia.
Palembang (Indonesian pronunciation: palɛmˈbaŋ) is the capital city of South Sumatra province of Indonesia.
Musi, also known as Palembang Malay, Basa Pelembang Sari-sari and Sekayu, is a Malayan language spoken by about 3 million residents of Palembang metropolitan area (the capital of South Sumatra, Indonesia) and the surrounding area.
Pangkalpinang (official writing style) (or Pîn-kóng (槟港) in Hakka), is the largest city on the Indonesian island of Bangka and the capital of the province of the Bangka Belitung Islands.
Pekanbaru (Jawi: ڤكنبارو,, Dutch: Pakanbaroe), is the capital of Indonesian province of Riau, and a major economic center on the eastern part of Sumatra Island.
Pematangsiantar (sometimes written as Pematang Siantar, acronym PS or P. Siantar, colloquially just Siantar), is an independent city in North Sumatra, Indonesia, surrounded by, but not part of, the Simalungun Regency.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Pinus merkusii, the Merkus pine or Sumatran pine, is a pine native to the Malesia region of southeast Asia, mainly in Indonesia in the mountains of northern Sumatra, and with two outlying populations in central Sumatra on Mount Kerinci and Mount Talang, and in the Philippines on Mindoro and in the Zambales Mountains on western Luzon.
Rafflesia arnoldii, commonly called the corpse lily, is a species of flowering plant in the parasitic genus Rafflesia.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
Rejang (baso Jang, baso Hɕjang) is an Austronesian language predominantly spoken by the Rejangs people in southwestern height of Sumatra (Bengkulu), Indonesia.
Riau (Jawi), is a province of Indonesia.
Riau Islands (Indonesian; Kepulauan Riau, acronym; Kepri), is a province of Indonesia.
Samudera Pasai, also known as Samudera or Pasai or Samudera Darussalam, was a Muslim harbour kingdom on the north coast of Sumatra from the 13th to the 16th centuries CE.
Samudra(समुद्र Sanskrit or Samudradeva is god of "ocean", literally the "gathering together of waters" (- meaning "together" and -udra meaning "water". Dictionary meaning of samudra is ‘confluence’ and ‘ocean/sea’. The word has been borrowed to various languages influenced by Sanskrit, including Modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi समुद्र samudra, Bengali সমুদ্র shômudrô, Gujarati સમંદર samandar, Marathi and Nepali समुद्र samudra, Punjabi ਸਮੁੰਦਰ samuṃdar, and others, like Kannada ಸಮುದ್ರ samudra, Tamil சமுத்திரம் samudraṁ Malayalam സമുദ്രം samudraṁ, Telugu సముద్రం samudram, Burmese သမုဒ္ဒရာ samuddara, Thai สมุทร sàmùt, Khmer សមុទ្រ samout, Lao ມະຫາສະຫມຸດ mahasamud, and Malay samudra.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Solok (means valley) is a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) is a province of Indonesia.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, Javanese: ꦯꦿꦶꦮꦶꦗꦪ, Sundanese:, ศรีวิชัย, Sanskrit: श्रीविजय, Śrīvijaya, Khmer: ស្រីវិជ័យ "Srey Vichey", known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i t) was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.
The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to the Indonesia island of Sumatra.
The Sumatran ground cuckoo (Carpococcyx viridis) is a large, terrestrial species of cuckoo.
The Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) is one of the three species of orangutans.
The Sumatran rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhinoceros or Asian two-horned rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses.
The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is a tiger population that lives in the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
The Sumatran tropical pine forests is a subtropical coniferous forest ecoregion on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia.
The Sunda Islands are a group of islands in the Malay archipelago.
The Sunda megathrust is a fault that extends approximately 5,500 km (3300 mi) from Myanmar (Burma) in the north, running along the southwestern side of Sumatra, to the south of Java and Bali before terminating near Australia.
The Sunda Strait (Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.
Tanjung Pinang is the capital and second-largest city of Riau Islands, a province of Indonesia.
The Conversation is an independent, not-for-profit media outlet that uses content sourced from the academic and research community.
The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004.
A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat, Malay: كليمنتان بارت,; Hakka: Sî-Kâ-lí-màn-tân; Teochew: Sai-Gia-li-man-dang) is a province of Indonesia.
West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat, abbreviated to Sumbar, Jawi:, Minangkabau: Sumatera Baraik) is a province of Indonesia.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake occurred on 28 March off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
The 2010 Mentawai earthquake occurred with a moment magnitude of 7.7 on 25 October off the western coast of Sumatra at 21:42 local time (14:42 UTC).
The 2013 Southeast Asian haze was a haze crisis that affected several countries in Southeast Asia, including Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Southern Thailand, mainly during June and July 2013.