293 relations: Adolf Hitler, Africa, Akio Kaminaga, Amsterdam, Ancient Greece, Andrew Jennings, Anton Geesink, Antwerp, Apartheid, Archery at the Summer Olympics, Aryan race, Asia, Association of Summer Olympic International Federations, Athens, Athletics at the Summer Olympics, Atlanta, Australia, Australia at the Olympics, Avery Brundage, Badminton at the Summer Olympics, Balance beam, Barcelona, Baseball, Baseball at the Summer Olympics, Basketball at the Summer Olympics, Basque pelota at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Beijing, Belgium, Belgium at the Olympics, Ben Johnson (sprinter), Berlin, Black Power movement, Black September Organization, Blood in the Water match, BMX, Bob Beamon, Boxing at the Summer Olympics, Brazil, Brazil at the Olympics, Bronze medal, California, Canada, Canada at the Olympics, Canoeing at the Summer Olympics, Carl Schuhmann, Cathy Freeman, Centennial Olympic Park bombing, China, China at the Olympics, Concerns and controversies at the 2016 Summer Olympics, ..., Cricket at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Croquet at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Cycling at the Summer Olympics, Czechoslovakia, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, Dick Fosbury, Diving at the Summer Olympics, Donovan Bailey, Doping in Russia, Dorando Pietri, Drug test, Embassy of France, Washington, D.C., Emil Zátopek, English-speaking world, Equestrian at the 1956 Summer Olympics, Equestrian at the 2008 Summer Olympics, Equestrian at the Summer Olympics, Eric Heiden, Eric Moussambani, Eric Rudolph, Europe, Exposition Universelle (1900), Fanny Blankers-Koen, Fencing at the Summer Olympics, Field hockey at the Summer Olympics, Finland, Finland at the Olympics, Floor (gymnastics), Flying Finn, Foot-and-mouth disease, Football at the Summer Olympics, Fosbury Flop, France, France at the Olympics, George I of Greece, Georgia (U.S. state), Germany, Germany at the Olympics, Giuseppe Cassioli, Gold medal, Golf at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Golf at the Summer Olympics, Great Britain at the Olympics, Great Depression, Greece, Greece at the Olympics, Guanabara Bay, Gymnastics, Gymnastics at the Summer Olympics, Handball at the Summer Olympics, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Ian Thorpe, Indigenous Australians, International Olympic Committee, Italy, Italy at the Olympics, Japan, Japan at the Olympics, Jesse Owens, Jeu de paume at the 1908 Summer Olympics, Jim Crow laws, Jim Thorpe, John Carlos, Johnny Hayes, Judo at the Summer Olympics, KGB, Kingdom of Greece, Kwu Tung, Lacrosse at the Summer Olympics, Lasse Virén, Leni Riefenstahl, List of Olympic Games scandals and controversies, List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games, Lists of Olympic medalists, London, Los Angeles, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky, Ludmilla Tourischeva, Marathon, Mark Spitz, Melbourne, Mexico, Mexico at the Olympics, Mexico City, Michael Johnson (sprinter), Michael Phelps, Missouri, Modern history, Modern pentathlon at the Summer Olympics, Montreal, Moscow, Much Wenlock, Muhammad Ali, Multi-sport event, Munich, Munich massacre, Nadia Comăneci, Nazism, Netherlands, Netherlands at the Olympics, New Zealand national rugby union team, Nike (mythology), Olga Korbut, Olympia (1938 film), Olympiad, Olympic Games ceremony, Olympic sports, Olympic Stadium, Paavo Nurmi, Panathenaic Stadium, Paralympic Games, Paris, Parkinson's disease, Paula Barila Bolopa, Pedagogy, Pierre de Coubertin, Polo at the Summer Olympics, Rackets at the 1908 Summer Olympics, Rhythmic gymnastics, Rio de Janeiro, Romania, Rome, Roque at the 1904 Summer Olympics, Rowing at the Summer Olympics, Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics, Rugby union at the Summer Olympics, Russia at the 2016 Summer Olympics, Russians, Sailing at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics, Sailing at the Summer Olympics, Seoul, Sha Tin New Town, Shooting at the Summer Olympics, Silver medal, Skateboarding at the 2020 Summer Olympics, Softball, Softball at the Summer Olympics, South America, South Korea, South Korea at the Olympics, Southern Hemisphere, Soviet Union, Soviet Union at the Olympics, Spain, Spain at the Olympics, Sponsor (commercial), Sports governing body, Spyridon Louis, St. Louis, Stamata Revithi, Steeplechase (athletics), Steve Prefontaine, Steve Redgrave, Stockholm, Summer Paralympic Games, Surfing at the 2020 Summer Olympics, Svetlana Khorkina, Sweden, Sweden at the Olympics, Swimming at the Summer Olympics, Switzerland at the Olympics, Sydney, Synchronized swimming at the Summer Olympics, Table tennis at the Summer Olympics, Taekwondo at the Summer Olympics, Tennis at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Tennis at the Summer Olympics, The Coca-Cola Company, The Quarto Group, Time (magazine), Tokyo, Tommie Smith, Trampoline, Triathlon at the Summer Olympics, Tug of war at the Summer Olympics, United Kingdom, United States, United States at the Olympics, Usain Bolt, Věra Čáslavská, Vitaly Scherbo, Volleyball at the Summer Olympics, Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, Water motorsports at the 1908 Summer Olympics, Water polo, Water polo at the Summer Olympics, Weightlifting at the Summer Olympics, Wenlock Olympian Games, Wilma Rudolph, Winter, Winter Olympic Games, World War I, World War II, World's fair, Wrestling, Wrestling at the Summer Olympics, Zika virus, 1896 Summer Olympics, 1900 Summer Olympics, 1904 Summer Olympics, 1906 Intercalated Games, 1908 Summer Olympics, 1912 Summer Olympics, 1916 Summer Olympics, 1920 Summer Olympics, 1924 Summer Olympics, 1928 Summer Olympics, 1932 Summer Olympics, 1936 Summer Olympics, 1940 Summer Olympics, 1944 Summer Olympics, 1948 Summer Olympics, 1952 Summer Olympics, 1956 Summer Olympics, 1960 Summer Olympics, 1964 Summer Olympics, 1968 Olympics Black Power salute, 1968 Summer Olympics, 1972 Summer Olympics, 1976 New Zealand rugby union tour of South Africa, 1976 Summer Olympics, 1980 Summer Olympics, 1980 Winter Olympics, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1988 Summer Olympics, 1992 Summer Olympics, 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, 1996 Summer Olympics, 200 metres, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2014 Winter Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics, 2020 Summer Olympics, 2024 Summer Olympics, 2028 Summer Olympics, 400 metres. 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Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
was a Japanese judoka who won a silver medal in the open weight category at the 1964 Summer Olympics.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Andrew Jennings is a British investigative reporter.
Antonius Johannes Geesink (6 April 1934 – 27 August 2010) was a Dutch 10th dan judoka.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
Archery had its debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics and has been contested in 16 Olympiads.
The Aryan race was a racial grouping used in the period of the late 19th century and mid-20th century to describe people of European and Western Asian heritage.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF) is a non-profit association of international sports federations that compete in the Summer Olympic Games.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australia has sent athletes to almost all editions of the modern Olympic Games.
Avery Brundage (September 28, 1887 – May 8, 1975) was the fifth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), serving from 1952 to 1972.
Badminton had its debut at the 1992 Summer Olympics and has been contested in 6 Olympiads.
The balance beam is a cube / rectangular object an artistic gymnastics apparatus, as well as the event performed using the apparatus.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Baseball at the Summer Olympics unofficially debuted at the 1904 Summer Olympics, and became an official Olympic sport at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
Basketball at the Summer Olympics has been a sport for men consistently since 1936.
At the 1900 Summer Olympics, a Basque pelota tournament was contested.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belgium has competed at most editions of the Olympic Games after making its first appearance at the 1900 Games.
Benjamin Sinclair Johnson, (born December 30, 1961) is a Jamaican-born Canadian former sprinter, who won two Olympic bronze medals and an Olympic gold medal, which was later rescinded.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Black Power movement was a political movement that intended to achieve Black Power.
The Black September Organization (BSO) (منظمة أيلول الأسود, Munaẓẓamat Aylūl al-aswad) was a Palestinian terrorist organization founded in 1970.
The "Blood in the Water" match (melbourne-i vérfürdő lit. Blood bath of Melbourne; Blood in the swimming pool) was a water polo match between Hungary and the USSR at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics.
BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle sport performed on BMX bikes, either in competitive BMX racing or freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation.
Robert Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is an American former track and field athlete, best known for his world record in the long jump at the Mexico City Olympics in 1968.
Boxing has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since its introduction to the program at the 1904 Summer Olympics, except for the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, because Swedish law banned the sport at the time.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazil first participated at the Olympic Games in 1920, after missing the previous five Summer editions.
A bronze medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of bronze awarded to the third-place finisher of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canada has sent athletes to every Winter Olympic Games and almost every Summer Olympic Games since its debut at the 1900 games with the exception of the 1980 Summer Olympics, which it boycotted.
Canoeing and kayaking have been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.
Carl Schuhmann (12 May 1869 – 24 March 1946) was a German athlete who won four Olympic titles in gymnastics and wrestling at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, becoming the most successful athlete at the inaugural Olympics of the modern era.
Catherine Astrid Salome "Cathy" Freeman, (born 16 February 1973) is an Australian former sprinter, who specialised in the 400 metres event.
The Centennial Olympic Park bombing was a domestic terrorist pipe bombing attack on the Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta, Georgia, on July 27 during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Originally having participated in Olympics as the delegation of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1932 to 1948, China competed at the Olympic Games under the name of the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the first time in 1952, at the Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland, although they only arrived in time to participate in one event.
A number of notable controversies and concerns associated with the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, emerged which were the subject of public debate and media commentary.
A cricket tournament, played as part of the 1900 Summer Olympics, took place on 19–20 August at the Vélodrome de Vincennes.
At the 1900 Summer Olympics, three croquet events were contested.
Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, at which a road race and five track events were held.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA; جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان,; دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت), renamed in 1987 to the Republic of Afghanistan (جمهوری افغانستان;; د افغانستان جمهوریت), commonly known as Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), existed from 1978 to 1992 and covers the period when the socialist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) ruled Afghanistan.
Richard Douglas Fosbury (born March 6, 1947) is an American retired high jumper, who is considered one of the most influential and inspirational athletes in the history of track and field.
Diving was first introduced in the official programme of the Summer Olympic Games at the 1904 Games of St. Louis and has been an Olympic sport since.
Donovan Bailey, O.Ont (born December 16, 1967) is a retired Jamaican-Canadian sprinter, who once held the world record for the 100 metres.
Doping in Russian sports has a systemic nature.
Dorando Pietri, often wrongly spelt Petri (16 October 1885 – 7 February 1942) was an Italian long-distance runner.
A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen, for example urine, hair, blood, breath, sweat, and/or oral fluid/saliva — to determine the presence or absence of specified parent drugs or their metabolites.
The Embassy of France in Washington, D.C., is the primary French diplomatic mission to the United States.
Emil Zátopek (19 September 1922 – 22 November 2000) was a Czechoslovak long-distance runner best known for winning three gold medals at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
The equestrian events at the 1956 Summer Olympics were held in Stockholm due to the Australian quarantine regulations and included dressage, eventing, and show jumping.
Equestrian competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics were held from 9 August to 21 August at the Hong Kong Sports Institute and Sheung Yue River in Hong Kong.
Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.
Eric Arthur Heiden (born June 14, 1958) is an American physician and a former long track speed skater, road cyclist and track cyclist.
Eric Moussambani Malonga (born May 31, 1978) is a swimmer from Equatorial Guinea.
Eric Robert Rudolph (born September 19, 1966), also known as the Olympic Park Bomber, is an American domestic terrorist convicted for a series of anti-abortion and anti-gay-motivated bombings across the southern United States between 1996 and 1998, which killed two people and injured over 120 others.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 14 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.
Francina "Fanny" Elsje Blankers-Koen (26 April 1918 – 25 January 2004) was a Dutch track and field athlete, best known for winning four gold medals at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.
Fencing has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Field hockey, was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finland first participated at the Olympic Games in 1908, and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games and every Winter Olympic Games since then.
In gymnastics, the floor refers to a specially prepared exercise surface, which is considered an apparatus.
"The Flying Finn" (Lentävä suomalainen) is a nickname given to several Finnish athletes who were noted for their speed.
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphthae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids.
Association football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition sport, except 1896 and 1932.
The Fosbury Flop is a style used in the athletics event of high jump.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
France has competed in every modern Olympic Games, although its participation at the 1904 Games is questionable, with Albert Corey's appearance being credited by different sources to either the United States or France.
George I (Γεώργιος Αʹ, Geórgios I; born Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; Prins Vilhelm; 24 December 1845 – 18 March 1913) was King of Greece from 1863 until his assassination in 1913.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Athletes from Germany have taken part in most of the Olympic Games since the first modern Games in 1896.
Giuseppe Cassioli (22 October 1865 – 5 October 1942), Olympic Games Museum.
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
The 1900 Summer Olympics took place in Paris, France, and was the first time ever that golf debuted in the Olympics.
Golf was featured in the Summer Olympic Games official programme in 1900 and 1904.
Great Britain or Team GB is the team that sends athletes from the United Kingdom (UK), all but three of its overseas territories, and the three Crown dependencies, to the Olympic Games.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Greece has a long presence at the Olympic Games, as they have competed at every Summer Olympic Games, one of only four countries to have done so and the only one of them to compete under its national flag in Moscow, despite the Greek government's support for an American-led boycott of the 1980 Games, and most of the Winter Olympic Games.
Guanabara Bay (Baía de Guanabara) is an oceanic bay located in Southeast Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance.
Gymnastics events have been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Handball at the Summer Olympics refers to two different sports.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, or Hungarian Uprising of 1956 (1956-os forradalom or 1956-os felkelés), was a nationwide revolt against the Marxist-Leninist government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.
Ian James Thorpe, (born 13 October 1982) is a retired Australian swimmer who specialised in freestyle, but also competed in backstroke and the individual medley.
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to British colonisation.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Italy has competed at all the modern Olympic Games Italy has taken part in all the Winter Olympic Games, winning 124 medals, and 577 medals at the Summer Olympic Games.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Japan first participated at the Olympic Games in 1912, and has competed at almost every Games since then.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
Jeu de paume was an event contested at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
James Francis Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk): Wa-Tho-Huk, translated as "Bright Path"; May 22 or 28, 1887March 28, 1953) was an American athlete and Olympic gold medalist.
John Wesley Carlos (born June 5, 1945) is an American former track and field athlete and professional football player.
John Joseph "Johnny" Hayes (April 10, 1886 – August 25, 1965) was an American athlete, a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, and winner of the marathon race at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Judo was first included in the Summer Olympic Games at the 1964 Games in Tokyo, Japan.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
Kwu Tung is an area in the northern New Territories, west of Sheung Shui and Fanling, and east of Lok Ma Chau and San Tin, in Hong Kong.
Lacrosse at the Summer Olympics has been contested at two editions of the Summer Olympic Games — 1904 and 1908.
Lasse Artturi Virén (born 22 July 1949) is a Finnish former long-distance runner, winner of four gold medals at the 1972 and 1976 Summer Olympics.
Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (22 August 1902 – 8 September 2003) was a German film director, producer, screenwriter, editor, photographer, actress and dancer.
The Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event.
This is a list of nations, as represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs), that have participated in the Summer Olympic Games between 1896 and 2016.
This article includes lists of all Olympic medalists since 1896, organized by each Olympic sport or discipline, and also by Olympiad.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.
Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.
Ludmilla Ivanovna Tourischeva (Russian: Людми́ла Ива́новна Тури́щева; also transliterated as Ludmilla Turischeva, Ludmilla Tourischcheva, and Ljudmila Turichtchieva), born October 7, 1952, is a former Russian gymnast and a nine-time Olympic medalist for the Soviet Union.
The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.
Mark Andrew Spitz (born February 10, 1950) is an American former competitive swimmer, nine-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in 7 events.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900 and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since 1924.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michael Duane Johnson (born September 13, 1967) is a retired American sprinter.
Michael Fred Phelps II (born June 30, 1985) is an American retired competitive swimmer and the most successful and most decorated Olympian of all time, with a total of 28 medals.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
Modern pentathlon is a sports contest created especially for the Summer Olympic Games by the founder of the modern Games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, and was first contested in 1912.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Much Wenlock is a small town and parish in Shropshire, England, situated on the A458 road between Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, in which the Palestinian terrorist group Black September took eleven Israeli Olympic team members hostage and killed them along with a German police officer.
Nadia Elena Comăneci (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian retired gymnast and a five-time Olympic gold medalist, all in individual events.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands first sent athletes to the Olympic Games in 1900, and has participated in almost all Games since then with the exception of sparsely-populated 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis.
The New Zealand national rugby union team, called the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's rugby union, which is known as the country's national sport.
In ancient Greek religion, Nike (Νίκη, "Victory") was a goddess who personified victory.
Olga Valentinovna Korbut (born 16 May 1955) is a Belarusian former gymnast.
Olympia is a 1938 German documentary film written, directed and produced by Leni Riefenstahl, documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin, Germany.
An Olympiad (Ὀλυμπιάς, Olympiás) is a period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks.
Olympic Games ceremonies of the Ancient Olympic Games were an integral part of these Games; the modern Olympic games have opening, closing and medal ceremonies.
Olympic sports are sports that are contested in the Summer Olympic Games and Winter Olympic Games.
Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games.
Paavo Johannes Nurmi (13 June 1897 – 2 October 1973) was a Finnish middle-distance and long-distance runner.
The Panathenaic Stadium (Παναθηναϊκό Στάδιο, Panathinaïkó Stádio) or Kallimarmaro (Καλλιμάρμαρο, lit. "beautiful marble") is a multi-purpose stadium in Athens, Greece.
The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Paula Barila Bolopa (born 12 October 1979), nicknamed 'The Crawler', is a retired Equatoguinean football player and swimmer.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.
Polo was introduced in the Summer Olympics at the 1900 Games.
At the 1908 Summer Olympics, two rackets events were contested.
Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which individuals or groups of five manipulate one or two pieces of apparatus: rope, hoop, ball, clubs, ribbon and freehand (no apparatus).
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
At the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, a roque tournament was contested.
Rowing at the Summer Olympics has been part of the competition since its debut in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics was played for the first time at the 2016 Summer Olympics with both men's and women's contests.
Rugby union has been a men's medal sport at the modern Summer Olympic Games, being played at four of the first seven competitions.
The Russian Federation competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 to 21 August 2016.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
Sailing/Yachting made its first appearance as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Summer Olympics after competitions were cancelled at the 1896 Olympics.
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece).
Sailing (also known as yachting until 2000) has been one of the Olympic sports since the Games of the I Olympiad, held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Shatin New Town is one of the new towns in Hong Kong.
Shooting sports have been included at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, except at the 1904 and 1928 games.
A silver medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of, or plated with, silver awarded to the second-place finisher, or runner-up, of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc.
Skateboarding at the 2020 Summer Olympics is an event to be held in the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan.
Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field.
Softball at the Summer Olympics was on the Olympic programme from 1996 to 2008.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Republic of Korea (commonly known as South Korea) first participated at the Olympic Games in 1948, and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except for 1980 which they boycotted.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet Union first participated at the Olympic Games in 1952, and competed at the Games on 18 occasions subsequently.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spain first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, and has sent athletes to compete in most Summer Olympic Games since 1920.
Sponsoring something (or someone) is the act of supporting an event, activity, person, or organization financially or through the provision of products or services.
A sports governing body is a sports organization that has a regulatory or sanctioning function.
Spiridon "Spyros" Louis (Σπυρίδων "Σπύρος" Λούης, sometimes transliterated Loues; 12 January 1873 – 26 March 1940) was a Greek water-carrier who won the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming a national hero.
Stamata Revithi (Σταμάτα Ρεβίθη; 1866 – after 1896) was a Greek woman who ran the 40-kilometre marathon during the 1896 Summer Olympics.
The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing.
Steve Roland "Pre" Prefontaine (January 25, 1951 – May 30, 1975) was an American middle and long-distance runner who competed in the 1972 Olympics.
Sir Steven Geoffrey Redgrave (born on 23 March 1962) is a retired British rower who won gold medals at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1984 to 2000.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Summer Paralympic Games or the Games of the Paralympiad, are an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete.
Surfing at the Summer Olympics will make its debut in the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan.
Svetlana Vasilyevna Khorkina (Светлана Васильевна Хоркина; born 19 January 1979) is a retired Russian artistic gymnast.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Sweden first participated at the Olympic Games at the inaugural 1896 Games, and has sent athletes to compete in every Games since then with one exception, the sparsely attended 1904 Summer Olympics.
Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics.
Switzerland has sent athletes to compete in every Games since it first participated at the Olympic Games at the inaugural 1896 Games.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Synchronized swimming has been an event at the Summer Olympics since the 1984 Games.
Table tennis competition has been in the Summer Olympic Games since 1988, with singles and doubles events for men and women.
Taekwondo at the Summer Olympics made its first appearance as a demonstration sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea.
Four tennis events were contested at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.
Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.
The Coca-Cola Company is an American corporation, and manufacturer, retailer, and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups.
The Quarto Group is a global illustrated book publishing group founded in 1976.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Tommie C. Smith (born June 6, 1944) is an American former track & field athlete and wide receiver in the American Football League.
A trampoline is a device consisting of a piece of taut, strong fabric stretched between a steel frame using many coiled springs.
Triathlon had its Summer Olympics debut at the 2000 Games, in Sydney, and has been contested since then.
Tug of war was contested as a team event in the Summer Olympics at every Olympiad from 1900 to 1920.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States of America has sent athletes to every celebration of the modern Olympic Games except the 1980 Summer Olympics, during which it led a boycott.
Usain St Leo Bolt (born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican sprinter and world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.
Věra Čáslavská (3 May 1942 – 30 August 2016) was a Czechoslovak artistic gymnast and Czech sports official.
Vitaly Venediktovich Scherbo (or Shcherbo) (Виталий Венедиктович Щербо, Віталь Венядзіктавіч Шчэрба), born 13 January 1972 in Minsk, Byelorussian SSR, is a Belarusian former artistic gymnast.
Volleyball has been part of the Summer Olympics program for both men and women consistently since 1964.
The Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, officially known as Operation Danube, was a joint invasion of Czechoslovakia by five Warsaw Pact nations – the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany and Poland – on the night of 20–21 August 1968.
At the 1908 Summer Olympics, three motorboat racing events were contested.
Water polo is a competitive team sport played in the water between two teams.
Water polo has been part of the Summer Olympics program since the second games, in 1900.
Weightlifting has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the 1920 Summer Olympics, as well as twice before then.
The Wenlock Olympian Games, dating from 1850, are a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games.
Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American sprinter from Clarksville, Tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 1956 and 1960 Olympic Games.
Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones (winter does not occur in the tropical zone).
The Winter Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event held once every four years for sports practised on snow and ice.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
The 1900 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1900), today officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that took place in Paris, France, in 1900.
The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports program lasting from July 1 to November 23, 1904, at what is now known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis.
The 1906 Intercalated Games or 1906 Olympic Games was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated in Athens, Greece.
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, United Kingdom from 27 April to 31 October 1908.
The 1912 Summer Olympics (Swedish: Olympiska sommarspelen 1912), officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912.
The 1916 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1916), officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were scheduled to be held in Berlin, Germany, but were eventually canceled due to the outbreak of World War I. Berlin was selected as the host city during the 14th IOC Session in Stockholm on 4 July 1912, defeating bids from Alexandria, Amsterdam, Brussels, Budapest and Cleveland.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 1924 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France.
The 1928 Summer Olympics (Dutch: Olympische Zomerspelen 1928), officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States.
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.
The 1940 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XII Olympiad, were originally scheduled to be held from September 21 to October 6, 1940, in Tokyo, Japan.
The 1944 Summer Olympics, which were to be officially known as the Games of the XIII Olympiad, were cancelled due to World War II.
The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom.
The 1952 Summer Olympics (Kesäolympialaiset 1952; Olympiska sommarspelen 1952), officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy.
The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964.
The 1968 Olympics Human Rights Salute was a political demonstration conducted by African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos during their medal ceremony on October 16, 1968, at the 1968 Summer Olympics in the Olympic Stadium in Mexico City.
The 1968 Summer Olympics (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1968), officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, in October 1968.
The 1972 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1972), officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from August 26 to September 11, 1972.
In 1976 the All Blacks toured South Africa, with the blessing of the then-newly elected New Zealand Prime Minister, Rob Muldoon.
The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad (French: Les XXIes olympiques d'été), was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad (r), was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.
The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 13, through February 24, 1980, in Lake Placid, New York.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean), were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, nicknamed the "Dream Team", was the first American Olympic team to feature active professional players from the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 200 metres (also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (r) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the and commonly known as Tokyo 2020, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020.
The 2024 Summer Olympics (Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad, and commonly known as Paris 2024, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 in Paris, France.
The 2028 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXIV Olympiad, and commonly known as LA 2028, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from July 21 to August 6, 2028, in Los Angeles, California, United States.
The 400 metres, or 400 metre dash, is a sprinting event in track and field competitions.
Games of the Olympiad, History of Summer Olympic Games, History of the Summer Olympic Games, List of Olympic medal leading countries, List of Summer Olympics, Olympic Games/Summer, Olympic Summer Games, Olympic summer games, Summer Olympiad, Summer Olympic, Summer Olympics, Summer olympics, The Summer Olympics.