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Sunderland Rifles

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The Sunderland Rifles was a Volunteer unit of the British Army formed in 1860. [1]

220 relations: Abide with Me, American Expeditionary Force, North Russia, Andover, Hampshire, Anti-Aircraft Command, Arkhangelsk, Armentières, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arras, Ath, Athies, Somme, Attacks on High Wood, Attacks on the Butte de Warlencourt, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Britain, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of Inkerman, Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of Morval, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Scarpe (1918), Battle of the Somme, Billet, Bishop Auckland, Black Friday (1921), Blaydon-on-Tyne, Bofors 40 mm gun, Booby trap, Boulogne-sur-Mer, British Army, British Army of the Rhine, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Cadre (military), Caix, Canal de la Somme, Canal latéral à l'Aisne, Cardwell Reforms, Catterick Garrison, Central Force, Chemical weapons in World War I, Chemin des Dames, Childers Reforms, City of London Rifles, Colchester, Concevreux, Conwy, Darlington, Demobilization, Devonshire Regiment, ..., Distinguished Service Order, Doncaster, Douai, Douriez, Duckboards, Durham Cathedral, Durham Light Infantry, East Anglia, Edward Temperley Gourley, Ernest Vaux, Essex Regiment, Estrées, Aisne, Facing colour, Fighter-bomber, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Framerville-Rainecourt, French Army in World War I, Fresnes-lès-Montauban, Gallipoli Campaign, Gateshead, Glasgow, Grave, Netherlands, Haldane Reforms, Hebburn, Hendon, Sunderland, Heuvelland, Heworth, Tyne and Wear, Hill 60 (Ypres), Hundred Days Offensive, Imperial Yeomanry, Invasion of Normandy, John S. Thompsonbrug, Jonchery, Junkers Ju 88, Kent Fortress Royal Engineers, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, Kitchener's Army, Land mine, Lanyard, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Lewis gun, Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest, Luftwaffe, Major (United Kingdom), Member of parliament, Merris, Middlesbrough, Middlesex Regiment, Military colours, standards and guidons, Military Cross, Militia and Volunteers of County Durham, Mobilization, Multiple rocket launcher, Munich Agreement, Murmansk, Napoleonic Wars, Newcastle Blitz, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Durham (UK Parliament constituency), North East England, North Russia Intervention, North Wales, Northern Command (United Kingdom), Northern Cyclist Battalion, Northern Dvina River, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Pillbox (military), Potijze Château Lawn and Grounds Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemeteries, Prisoner of war, Ravensworth Castle (Tyne and Wear), Rhine, River Tyne, Rouvroy, Pas-de-Calais, Royal Air Force, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Saint George's Memorial Church, Ypres, Sanctuary Wood Cemetery, Savigny, Haute-Marne, Seaburn, Seaham, Second Battle of Passchendaele, Second Battle of Ypres, Second Boer War, Severn Valley, Siege of Antwerp (1914), Solombala Shipyard, Somme (river), South Shields, South Wales, South West England, Spring Offensive, Stanhope Memorandum, Steenvoorde, Sulfur mustard, Sunderland, Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency), Swansea, Teesside, Territorial Decoration, Territorial Force, The Blitz, The Light Infantry, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Third Battle of the Aisne, Tournai, Tramway (industrial), Tyne Electrical Engineers, Tyneside, Vauvillers, Somme, Vaux Breweries, Vickers machine gun, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Viscount Boyne, Vlamertinge, Volunteer Force, Volunteer Officers' Decoration, West Hartlepool, West Midlands (region), Western Command (United Kingdom), Western Front (World War I), Whitburn, South Tyneside, White movement, Wire obstacle, World War I, World War II, XII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), York, Z Battery, Zonnebeke, 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry), 149th (Northumberland) Brigade, 150th (York and Durham) Brigade, 151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade, 1st Durham Rifle Volunteers, 1st Durham Volunteer Artillery, 205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery, 214th Brigade (United Kingdom), 21st Army Group, 25th Division (United Kingdom), 27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 2nd (Seaham) Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps, 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Division (Portugal), 30th (Northumbrian) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 43rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 47th (1/2nd London) Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Division, 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division, 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, 66th Division (United Kingdom), 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division, 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry), 71st Division (United Kingdom), 7th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 85th Brigade, 8th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 9th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (170 more) »

Abide with Me

"Abide with Me" is a Christian hymn by Scottish Anglican Henry Francis Lyte most often sung to English composer William Henry Monk's tune entitled "Eventide".

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American Expeditionary Force, North Russia

The American Expeditionary Force, North Russia (AEF in North Russia) (also known as the Polar Bear Expedition) was a contingent of about 5,000 United States Army troopsRobert L. Willett, "Russian Sideshow" (Washington, D.C., Brassey's Inc., 2003), p. 267 that landed in Arkhangelsk, Russia as part of the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War and fought the Red Army in the surrounding region during the period of September 1918 through to July 1919.

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Andover, Hampshire

Andover is a town in the English county of Hampshire.

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Anti-Aircraft Command

Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.

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Arkhangelsk

Arkhangelsk (p), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, in the north of European Russia.

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Armentières

Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

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Armistice of 11 November 1918

The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.

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Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.

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Arras

Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

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Ath

Ath (Aat, Picard: Ât) is a Belgian municipality located in the Walloon province of Hainaut.

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Athies, Somme

Athies is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Attacks on High Wood

The Attacks on High Wood near Bazentin le Petit in the Somme département of northern France took place between the British Fourth Army and the German 1st Army during the Battle of the Somme.

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Attacks on the Butte de Warlencourt

The Butte de Warlencourt is an ancient burial mound off the Albert–Bapaume road, north-east of Le Sars in the Somme département of northern France.

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Battle of Arras (1917)

The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.

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Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

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Battle of Flers–Courcelette

The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.

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Battle of Inkerman

The Battle of Inkerman was fought during the Crimean War on 5 November 1854 between the allied armies of Britain, France and Ottoman Empire against the Imperial Russian Army.

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Battle of Le Transloy

The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.

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Battle of Morval

The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September).

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Battle of Passchendaele

The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.

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Battle of the Lys (1918)

The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.

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Battle of the Scarpe (1918)

The Battle of the Scarpe was a World War I battle that took place during the Hundred Days Offensive between 26 and 30 August 1918.

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Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.

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Billet

A billet is a living quarters to which a soldier is assigned to sleep.

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Bishop Auckland

Bishop Auckland is a market town and civil parish in County Durham in north east England.

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Black Friday (1921)

Black Friday, in British labour history, refers to 15 April 1921, when the leaders of transport and rail unions announced a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners.

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Blaydon-on-Tyne

Blaydon is a town in the North East of England in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead - historically in County Durham.

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Bofors 40 mm gun

--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.

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Booby trap

A booby trap is a device or setup that is intended to kill, harm, or surprise a person or animal, unknowingly triggered by the presence or actions of the victim.

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Boulogne-sur-Mer

Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Army of the Rhine

There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).

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British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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Cadre (military)

A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.

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Caix

Caix is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Canal de la Somme

The Canal de la Somme is a canal in northern France.

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Canal latéral à l'Aisne

The Canal latéral à l'Aisne is a canal in northern France, which connects the Canal des Ardennes at Vieux-lès-Asfeld to the canalised river Aisne at Condé-sur-Aisne.

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Cardwell Reforms

The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.

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Catterick Garrison

Catterick Garrison is a major garrison and town south of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.

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Central Force

GHQ Central Force was a home command of the British Army during the First World War.

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Chemical weapons in World War I

The use of toxic chemicals as weapons dates back thousands of years, but the first large scale use of chemical weapons was during World War I. They were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally very slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.

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Chemin des Dames

In France, the Chemin des Dames (literally, the "ladies' path") is part of the D18 and runs east and west in the département of Aisne, between in the west, the Route Nationale 2, (Laon to Soissons) and in the east, the D1044 at Corbeny.

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Childers Reforms

The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.

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City of London Rifles

The City of London Rifles (CLR) was a volunteer regiment of the British Army, originally raised as the 'Printers' Battalion'.

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Colchester

Colchester is an historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.

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Concevreux

Concevreux is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Conwy

Conwy ((south), (north); traditionally known in English as Conway) is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales.

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Darlington

Darlington is a large market town in County Durham, in North East England.

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Demobilization

Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.

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Devonshire Regiment

The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.

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Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.

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Doncaster

Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.

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Douai

Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.

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Douriez

Douriez is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Duckboards

A duckboard is a platform made of wooden slats built over muddy ground to form a dry passageway.

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Durham Cathedral

The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly known as Durham Cathedral and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert, is a cathedral in the city of Durham, United Kingdom, the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Durham.

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Durham Light Infantry

The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.

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East Anglia

East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.

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Edward Temperley Gourley

Sir Edward Temperley Gourley, VD (8 June 1826 – 15 April 1902) was a coal fitter, shipowner and politician born in Sunderland, England.

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Ernest Vaux

Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Vaux, (5 March 1865 – 21 November 1925) was a business man from County Durham and a distinguished officer in the Volunteer Force and Territorial Force during the Second Boer War and World War I.

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Essex Regiment

The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.

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Estrées, Aisne

Estrées is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Facing colour

A facing colour is a common tailoring technique for European military uniforms where the visible inside lining of a standard military jacket, coat or tunic is of a different colour to that of the garment itself.

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Fighter-bomber

A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.

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Focke-Wulf Fw 190

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.

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Framerville-Rainecourt

Framerville-Rainecourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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French Army in World War I

This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers.

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Fresnes-lès-Montauban

Fresnes-lès-Montauban is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.

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Gateshead

Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.

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Grave, Netherlands

Grave (formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant.

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Haldane Reforms

The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.

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Hebburn

Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker.

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Hendon, Sunderland

Hendon is an eastern area of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, North East England, the location of much heavy industry and Victorian terraces and high-rise residential tower blocks.

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Heuvelland

Heuvelland is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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Heworth, Tyne and Wear

Heworth is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England.

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Hill 60 (Ypres)

Hill 60 is a World War I battlefield memorial site and park in the Zwarteleen area of Zillebeke south of Ypres, Belgium.

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Hundred Days Offensive

The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.

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Imperial Yeomanry

The Imperial Yeomanry was a volunteer mounted force of the British Army that mainly saw action during the Second Boer War.

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Invasion of Normandy

The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.

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John S. Thompsonbrug

The John S. Thompsonbrug is a bridge over the Maas River between Grave and Nederasselt in the Netherlands.

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Jonchery

Jonchery is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.

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Junkers Ju 88

The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.

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Kent Fortress Royal Engineers

The Kent Fortress Royal Engineers (KFRE) was a volunteer Territorial unit of the British Army that saw service in both World Wars.

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King's Shropshire Light Infantry

The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.

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Kitchener's Army

The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.

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Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

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Lanyard

A lanyard is a cord or strap worn around the neck, shoulder, or wrist to carry such items as keys or identification cards.

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Lens, Pas-de-Calais

Lens (Linse) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Lewis gun

The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.

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Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.

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Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest

Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William Vane-Tempest (2 July 1825 – 11 June 1864), known until 1854 as Lord Adolphus Vane, was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Major (United Kingdom)

Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Merris

Merris is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough is a large post-industrial town on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, north-east England, founded in 1830.

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Middlesex Regiment

The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966.

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Military colours, standards and guidons

In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago.

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Military Cross

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

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Militia and Volunteers of County Durham

The Militia and Volunteers of County Durham are those military units raised in the County independent of the regular Army.

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Mobilization

Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.

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Multiple rocket launcher

A multiple rocket launcher (MRL) or multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) is a type of rocket artillery system.

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Munich Agreement

The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.

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Murmansk

Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Newcastle Blitz

The Newcastle Blitz refers to the strategic bombing of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England by the Nazi German Luftwaffe during the second world war.

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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North Durham (UK Parliament constituency)

North Durham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Kevan Jones of the Labour Party.

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North East England

North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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North Russia Intervention

The North Russia Intervention, also known as the Northern Russian Expedition, the Archangel Campaign, and the Murman Deployment, was part of the Allied Intervention in Russia after the October Revolution.

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North Wales

North Wales (Gogledd Cymru) is an unofficial region of Wales.

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Northern Command (United Kingdom)

Northern Command was a Home Command of the British Army from 1793-1889 and 1905-1972.

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Northern Cyclist Battalion

The Northern Cyclist Battalion was a bicycle infantry battalion of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army.

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Northern Dvina River

The Northern Dvina (Се́верная Двина́,; Вы́нва / Výnva) is a river in northern Russia flowing through the Vologda Oblast and Arkhangelsk Oblast into the Dvina Bay of the White Sea.

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Operation Market Garden

Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Operation Plunder

Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.

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Order of St Michael and St George

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.

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Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.

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Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.

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Pillbox (military)

Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.

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Potijze Château Lawn and Grounds Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemeteries

Potijze Château Lawn and Grounds Cemeteries are Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) burial grounds for the dead of the First World War located in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Ravensworth Castle (Tyne and Wear)

Ravensworth Castle is a ruinous Grade II* listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument situated at Lamesley, Tyne and Wear, England.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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River Tyne

The River Tyne is a river in North East England and its length (excluding tributaries) is.

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Rouvroy, Pas-de-Calais

Rouvroy is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Army Service Corps

The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.

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Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.

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Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

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Royal Fusiliers

The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.

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Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Saint George's Memorial Church, Ypres

Saint George's Memorial Church, Ypres, Belgium, was built to commemorate over 500,000 British and Commonwealth troops, who had died in the three battles fought for the Ypres Salient, during World War I. It was completed in 1929.

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Sanctuary Wood Cemetery

Sanctuary Wood Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) cemetery for the dead of the First World War, 5 km east of Ypres, Belgium, near Hooge in the municipality of Zillebeke.

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Savigny, Haute-Marne

Savigny is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.

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Seaburn

Seaburn is a seaside resort and northeastern suburb of Sunderland, North East England.

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Seaham

Seaham, formerly Seaham Harbour, is a small town in County Durham, situated south of Sunderland and east of Durham.

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Second Battle of Passchendaele

The Second Battle of Passchendaele was the culminating attack during the Third Battle of Ypres of the First World War.

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Second Battle of Ypres

During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.

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Second Boer War

The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.

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Severn Valley

The Severn Valley is a rural area of mid-western England, through which the River Severn runs and the Severn Valley Railway steam heritage line operates, starting at its northernmost point in Bridgnorth, Shropshire and running south for 16 miles (26 km) to Ribbesford, a few miles south of Bewdley, Worcestershire in the Wyre Forest.

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Siege of Antwerp (1914)

The Siege of Antwerp (Beleg van Antwerpen, Siège d'Anvers, Belagerung von Antwerpen.) was an engagement between the German and the Belgian, British and French armies around the fortified city of Antwerp during World War I. German troops besieged a garrison of Belgian fortress troops, the Belgian field army and the British Royal Naval Division in the Antwerp area, after the German invasion of Belgium in August 1914.

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Solombala Shipyard

Solombala Shipyard (Соломбальская верфь) was the main shipyard servicing Arkhangelsk, Russia.

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Somme (river)

The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.

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South Shields

South Shields is a coastal town at the mouth of the River Tyne, England, about downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne.

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South Wales

South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.

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South West England

South West England is one of nine official regions of England.

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Spring Offensive

The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.

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Stanhope Memorandum

The Stanhope Memorandum was a document written by Edward Stanhope, the Secretary of State for War of the United Kingdom, on 8 December 1888.

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Steenvoorde

Steenvoorde is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Sulfur mustard

Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.

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Sunderland

Sunderland is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 10 miles southeast of Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles northeast of Durham, 101 miles southeast of Edinburgh, 104 miles north-northeast of Manchester, 77 miles north of Leeds, and 240 miles north-northwest of London.

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Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency)

Sunderland was a borough constituency of the House of Commons, created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832–33 general election.

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Swansea

Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.

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Teesside

Teesside is the conurbation in the north east of England around the urban centre of Middlesbrough that is primarily made up of the towns Billingham, Redcar, Stockton-on-Tees, Thornaby and surrounding settlements near the River Tees.

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Territorial Decoration

The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army.

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Territorial Force

The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.

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The Blitz

The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.

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The Light Infantry

The Light Infantry was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Light Division.

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The National Archives (United Kingdom)

The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.

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Third Battle of the Aisne

The Third Battle of the Aisne (3e Bataille de L'Aisne) was a battle of the German Spring Offensive during World War I that focused on capturing the Chemin des Dames Ridge before the American Expeditionary Forces arrived completely in France.

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Tournai

Tournai (Latin: Tornacum, Picard: Tornai), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.

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Tramway (industrial)

Tramways (not to be confused with a system of passenger carrying trams) are lightly laid railways, sometimes worked without locomotives.

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Tyne Electrical Engineers

The Tyne Electrical Engineers (TEE) is a Volunteer unit of the British Army that has existed under various titles since 1860.

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Tyneside

Tyneside is a conurbation on the banks of the River Tyne in North East England which includes Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Tynemouth, Wallsend, South Shields, and Jarrow.

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Vauvillers, Somme

Vauvillers is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Vaux Breweries

Vaux Breweries was a major brewer based in Sunderland, England.

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Vickers machine gun

The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.

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VIII Corps (United Kingdom)

VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

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Viscount Boyne

Viscount Boyne, in the province of Leinster, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland.

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Vlamertinge

Vlamertinge is a village in the Belgian province of West Flanders and a borough of the city of Ypres.

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Volunteer Force

The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.

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Volunteer Officers' Decoration

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration, post-nominal letters VD, was instituted in 1892 as an award for long and meritorious service by officers of the United Kingdom's Volunteer Force.

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West Hartlepool

West Hartlepool refers to the western part of what has since the 1960s been known as the borough of Hartlepool in North East England.

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West Midlands (region)

The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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Western Command (United Kingdom)

Western Command was a command of the British Army.

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Western Front (World War I)

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.

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Whitburn, South Tyneside

Whitburn is a village in South Tyneside, on the coast of North East England.

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White movement

The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.

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Wire obstacle

In the military science of fortification, wire obstacles are defensive obstacles made from barbed wire, barbed tape or concertina wire.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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XII Corps (United Kingdom)

XII Corps was an army corps of the British Army that fought in the First and Second World Wars.

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XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

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York

York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.

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Z Battery

The Z Battery was a short range anti-aircraft weapon system, which launched 3-inch (76 mm) diameter rockets from ground-based single and multiple launchers, for the air defence of the United Kingdom in World War II.

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Zonnebeke

Zonnebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)

The 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry) was an infantry regiment of the British Army from 1862 to 1881, the third to bear the number after the Black Musqueteers (1761–1763) and a regiment raised briefly in 1794.

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149th (Northumberland) Brigade

The Northumberland Brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force of the British Army with four battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers.

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150th (York and Durham) Brigade

The 150th (York and Durham) Brigade was a formation of the Territorial Force of the British Army.

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151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade

The Durham Light Infantry Brigade was formed in 1902 to command the part-time Volunteer battalions of the Durham Light Infantry (DLI).

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15th (Scottish) Infantry Division

The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.

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190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade

The 190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade was a 2nd Line Territorial Force formation of the British Army during World War I. Formed from battalions of the Durham Light Infantry, it served in home defence without ever going overseas as a complete formation.

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1st Durham Rifle Volunteers

The 1st Durham Rifle Volunteers, later the 5th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry (5th DLI), was a part-time unit of the British Army from 1860 to the 1950s.

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1st Durham Volunteer Artillery

The 1st Durham Volunteer Artillery was a unit of Britain's Volunteer Force and Territorial Army from 1860 to 1956.

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205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery

205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) is part of the 101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery and is equipped with the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System.

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214th Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 214th Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Army during World War I. It was raised as a second line brigade of the Territorial Force and initially assigned to the 71st Division for coast defence.

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21st Army Group

The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.

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25th Division (United Kingdom)

The 25th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised as part of Lord Kitchener's Third New Army (K3) in September 1914, shortly after the outbreak of the Great War.

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27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade

27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (27 AA Bde) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army in World War II that served in The Blitz and later converted to infantry.

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2nd (Seaham) Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps

The 2nd (Seaham) Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps was a part-time unit of Britain's Royal Artillery raised in County Durham by the Vane-Tempest family during an invasion crisis in 1860.

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2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (2nd AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army from 1935 to 1942.

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2nd Division (Portugal)

The 2nd Division was one of the two divisions of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP, Corpo Expedicionário Português), the main military force of Portugal that fought in the World War I Western Front on the side of the Allies.

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30th (Northumbrian) Anti-Aircraft Brigade

The 30th (Northumbrian) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army from 1936 until 1955, which defended Tyneside and Sunderland during World War II.

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43rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom)

43rd Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army (TA).

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47th (1/2nd London) Division

The 47th (1/2nd London) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.

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50th (Northumbrian) Division

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63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division

The 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division of the British Army was a second-line Territorial Force division, formed in 1914, which served on home defence duties during the First World War.

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63rd (Royal Naval) Division

The 63rd (Royal Naval) Division was a United Kingdom infantry division of the First World War.

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66th Division (United Kingdom)

The 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, which saw service in the trenches of the Western Front, during the later years of the Great War and was disbanded after the war.

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67th (2nd Home Counties) Division

The 2nd Home Counties Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Force division of the British Army in World War I. The division was formed as a duplicate of the 44th (Home Counties) Division in November 1914.

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68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)

The 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1758.

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71st Division (United Kingdom)

71st Division was a short-lived infantry division of the British Army during the First World War.

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7th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom)

The 7th Anti-Aircraft Division was an air defence formation of the British Army during the early years of World War II.

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85th Brigade

The 85th Brigade was a formation of the British Army.

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8th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 8th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.

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9th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom)

The 9th Anti-Aircraft Division (9th AA Division) was an air defence formation of the British Army during the middle years of World War II.

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Redirects here:

112th (Durham Light Infantry) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 3rd (Sunderland) Durham Rifle Volunteer Corps, 3rd (Sunderland) Volunteer Battalion, Durham Light Infantry, 463rd (7th Durham Light Infantry) Light Anti-Aircraft/Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 463rd (Durham Light Infantry) Light Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery, 47th (Durham Light Infantry) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers, 47th (Durham Light Infantry) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 582nd (Durham Light Infantry) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 7th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry, County of Durham Regiment, Royal Artillery.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunderland_Rifles

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