182 relations: Alcoholic drink, Aquarium, Asda, Baby food, Baggage, Bakery, Bank, Big-box store, Book, Bottled water, Brand, Bread, Business cluster, California, Canada, Candy, Canning, Car, Cash and carry (wholesale), Cereal, Chain store, Child care, Cigarette, Clarence Saunders (grocer), Clothing, Coffee, Coffee preparation, Coffeehouse, Cold chain, Compact Cassette, Compact disc, Confectionery, Cosmetics, Costco, Country, Credit card, Dairy, Dairy product, Delicatessen, Department store, Detergent, Diaper, Diet food, Direct labor cost, Discount store, Distribution center, Dry goods, DVD, Economies of scale, Egg as food, ..., Entrepreneurship, Europe, Express Dairies, Extension cord, Farmers' market, Federated state, Feminine hygiene, Filling station, Financial institution, First aid kit, Fish, Flour, Flower, Food, Food Marketing Institute, Food packaging, Food waste, Fortinos, Frozen food, Fry's Food and Drug, General store, Great Depression, Greengrocer, Greeting card, Grocery store, Heinz, Henke & Pillot, Household goods, Hypermarket, Incandescent light bulb, Insurance, Jack Cohen (businessman), Jamaica, Queens, Juice, Juicer, King Kullen, Kroger, Labor intensity, Laundry, Legume, Library of Congress, List of food preparation utensils, List of grocers, Loblaw Companies, Loss leader, Lottery, Loyalty program, Magazine, Makro, Manhattan, Meat, Medicine, Methanogenesis, Metro Cash and Carry, Michael J. Cullen, Milk, Milkman, Mobile phone, Morrisons, Mortgage loan, Multinational corporation, New York City, Newspaper, No Frills (grocery store), North America, Novelty item, Over-the-counter drug, Parent company, Parking lot, Patent, Pet, Pharmacy, Photographic processing, Piggly Wiggly, Portmanteau, Produce, Province, QFC, Quebec, Ralphs, Renting, Restaurant, Rice, Robinson–Patman Act, Safeway Inc., Sainsbury's, San Francisco Chronicle, Sauce, Savings account, Seafood, Self-checkout, Self-service, Shelf life, Shoplifting, Shopping cart, Short food supply chains, Smith's Food and Drug, Smithsonian Institution, Smoothie, Snack, Sobeys, Soft drink, South London, Staple food, Steinberg's (supermarket), Streatham, Strip mall, Suburb, Sugar, Tableware, Tabloid journalism, Tea, Tesco, The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, Tobacco, Toy, Trade union, Trading stamp, United Kingdom, United States Navy, USA Today, Vegetable, Video rental shop, Videotape, Vincent Astor, Walmart, Warehouse club, Weingarten's, Wholesale marketing of food, Wire transfer, World War II, Zehrs Markets. Expand index (132 more) » « Shrink index
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Asda Stores Ltd. trading as Asda, is a British supermarket retailer, headquartered in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Baby food is any soft, easily consumed food other than breastmilk or infant formula that is made specifically for human babies between four to six months and two years old.
Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a traveller's articles while the traveler is in transit.
A bakery (a.k.a. baker's shop or bake shop) is an establishment that produces and sells flour-based food baked in an oven such as bread, cookies, cakes, pastries, and pies.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
A big-box store (also supercenter, superstore, or megastore) is a physically large retail establishment, usually part of a chain of stores.
A book is a series of pages assembled for easy portability and reading, as well as the composition contained in it.
Bottled water is drinking water (e.g., well water, distilled water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in PET Bottle or Glass Water Bottles.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.
A business cluster is a geographic concentration of interconnected businesses, suppliers, and associated institutions in a particular field.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Cash and carry wholesale represents a type of operation within the wholesale sector.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Chain store(s) or retail chain(s) are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.
Child care, or otherwise known as daycare, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco that is rolled into thin paper for smoking.
Clarence Saunders (August 9, 1881 – September 23, 1953) was an American grocer who first developed the modern retail sales model of self service.
Clothing (also known as clothes and attire) is a collective term for garments, items worn on the body.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Coffee preparation is the process of turning coffee beans into a beverage.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
A cold chain or cool chain is a temperature-controlled supply chain.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.
Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.
Costco Wholesale Corporation, trading as Costco, is an American multinational corporation which operates a chain of membership-only warehouse clubs.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.
A delicatessen or deli is a retail establishment that sells a selection of unusual or foreign prepared foods.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
A diaper (American English) or a nappy (Australian English and British English) is a type of underwear that allows the wearer to defecate or urinate without the use of a toilet, by absorbing or containing waste products to prevent soiling of outer clothing or the external environment.
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or beverage whose recipe is altered to reduce fat, carbohydrates, and/or sugar in order to make it part of a weight loss program or diet. Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type, although bodybuilding supplements are designed to aid in gaining weight or muscle.
Direct labor cost is a part of wage-bill or payroll that can be specifically and consistently assigned to or associated with the manufacture of a product, a particular work order, or provision of a service.
A discount store or discount shop is a retail shop which sells products at prices that are lower than the typical market price.
A distribution center for a set of products is a warehouse or other specialized building, often with refrigeration or air conditioning, which is stocked with products (goods) to be redistributed to retailers, to wholesalers, or directly to consumers.
Dry goods is a historic term describing the type of product line a store carries, which differs by region.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Express Dairies is a former brand of Dairy Crest, that specialised almost entirely in home deliveries of milk and other dairy products.
An extension cord, power extender, drop cord, or extension lead is a length of flexible electrical power cable (flex) with a plug on one end and one or more sockets on the other end (usually of the same type as the plug).
A farmers' market is a physical retail marketplace intended to sell foods directly by farmers to consumers.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
Feminine hygiene products (also called menstrual hygiene products) are personal care products used by women, for menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
Financial institutions, otherwise known as banking institutions, are corporations which provide services as intermediaries of financial markets.
A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give medical treatment.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food Marketing Institute (FMI) is an American food marketing organization that conducts food safety, public affairs, education, research, and industry relations programs for food retailers and wholesalers.
Food packaging is packaging for food.
Food waste or food loss is food that is discarded or lost uneaten.
Fortinos is a Canadian supermarket chain operating 23 stores in Ontario.
Freezing food preserves it from the time it is prepared to the time it is eaten.
Fry's Food & Drug Stores, Inc., is a chain of supermarkets that has a major presence in the U.S. state of Arizona.
A general store (also known as general merchandise store, general dealer or village shop) is a rural or small town store that carries a general line of merchandise.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
A greengrocer, also called a produce market or fruiterer, is a retail trader in fruit and vegetables; that is, in green groceries.
A greeting card is an illustrated piece of card or high quality paper featuring an expression of friendship or other sentiment.
A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.
The H. J. Heinz Company, or Heinz, is an American food processing company with world headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Henke & Pillot was a chain of supermarkets headquartered in Houston, Texas.
Household goods are goods and products used within households.
In commerce, a hypermarket is a superstore combining a supermarket and a department store.
An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light (incandescence).
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
Sir John Edward Cohen (6 October 1898 – 24 March 1979), born Jacob Edward Kohen and commonly known as Sir Jack Cohen, was an English grocer who founded the Tesco supermarket chain.
Jamaica is a middle-class neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens.
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.
A juicer (also known as juicing machine or juice extractor) is a tool used to extract juice from fruits, herbs, leafy greens and other types of vegetables in a process called juicing.
King Kullen Grocery Co., Inc. is an American supermarket chain based on Long Island.
The Kroger Company, or simply Kroger, is an American retailing company founded by Bernard Kroger in 1883 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Labor intensity is the relative proportion of labor (compared to capital) used in a process.
Laundry refers to the washing of clothing and other textiles.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
A kitchen utensil is a hand-held, typically small tool that is designed for food-related functions.
This is a list of notable grocers.
Loblaw Companies Limited is the largest Canadian food retailer that encompasses corporate and franchise supermarkets operating under 22 regional and market segment banners (including Loblaws), as well as pharmacies, banking and apparel.
A loss leader (also leader) is a pricing strategy where a product is sold at a price below its market cost to stimulate other sales of more profitable goods or services.
A lottery is a form of gambling that involves the drawing of numbers for a prize.
Loyalty programs are structured marketing strategies designed by merchants to encourage customers to continue to shop at or use the services of businesses associated with each program.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
Makro is an international brand of Warehouse clubs, also called cash and carries.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens.
METRO Cash & Carry is an international self-service wholesaler.
Michael J. Cullen (1884–1936) was an American entrepreneur and salesman of Irish descent, perhaps best known as the founder of the King Kullen grocery store chain, widely considered to be the first supermarket founded in America.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
A milkman is a delivery person who delivers milk, often directly to customers' houses, in bottles or cartons.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, trading as Morrisons, is the fourth largest chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom, and is headquartered in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
A mortgage loan, or simply mortgage, is used either by purchasers of real property to raise funds to buy real estate, or alternatively by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose, while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
No Frills (corporately styled NOFRILLS) is a Canadian chain of deep discount supermarkets, owned by Loblaw Companies Limited, a subsidiary of George Weston Limited.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
A novelty item is an object which is specifically designed to serve no practical purpose, and is sold for its uniqueness, humor, or simply as something new (hence "novelty", or newness).
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.
A parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operation by doing and influencing or electing its board of directors.
A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Produce is a generalized term for a group of farm-produced crops and goods, including fruits and vegetables – meats, grains, oats, etc.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
Quality Food Centers (QFC) is a supermarket chain based in Bellevue, Washington, with 64 stores in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington and in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Ralphs is an American major supermarket chain in the Southern California area and the largest subsidiary of Cincinnati-based Kroger.
Renting, also known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
The Robinson–Patman Act of 1936 (or Anti-Price Discrimination Act, Pub. L. No. 74-692, 49 Stat. 1526 (codified at)) is a United States federal law that prohibits anticompetitive practices by producers, specifically price discrimination.
Safeway, Inc., is an American supermarket chain founded in 1915.
Sainsbury's is the second largest chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom, with a 16.9% share of the supermarket sector in the United Kingdom.
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
In cooking a sauce is a liquid, cream, or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods.
A savings account is a deposit account held at a retail bank that pays interest but cannot be used directly as money in the narrow sense of a medium of exchange (for example, by writing a cheque).
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
Self-checkout (also known as self-service checkout and as semi-attended customer-activated terminal, SACAT) machines provide a mechanism for customers to process their own purchases from a retailer.
Self-service is the practice of serving oneself, usually when purchasing items.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
Shoplifting (also known as boosting and five-finger discount), is the unnoticed theft of goods from an open retail establishment.
A shopping cart (American English) or trolley (British English), also known by a variety of other names, is a cart supplied by a shop, especially supermarkets, for use by customers inside the shop for transport of merchandise to the checkout counter during shopping.
Short food supply chain (SFSCs) is a broad range of food production-distribution-consumption configurations, such as farmers' markets, farm shops, collective farmers' shops, community-supported agriculture, solidarity purchase groups.
Smith's Food & Drug Centers, Inc. was founded in 1911 in Brigham City, Utah, United States by Lorenzo J. Smith.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
A smoothie (occasionally spelled smoothee or smoothy) is a thick, cold beverage made from pureed raw fruit (and sometimes vegetables) blended with ice cream or frozen yogurt, along with other ingredients such as water, crushed ice, fruit juice, sweeteners (e.g. honey, sugar, stevia, syrup), dairy products (e.g. milk, yogurt, or cottage cheese, whey powder), plant milk, nuts, nut butter, seeds, tea, chocolate, herbal supplements, or nutritional supplements.
A snack is a portion of food, smaller than a regular meal, generally eaten between meals.
Sobeys Inc. is the second largest food retailer in Canada, with over 1,500 stores operating in Canada under a variety of banners.
A soft drink (see terminology for other names) typically contains carbonated water (although some lemonades are not carbonated), a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring.
South London is the southern part of London, England, south of the River Thames, and includes the historic districts of Southwark, Lambeth, Bankside and Greenwich.
A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.
Steinberg's (renamed Steinberg in 1961) was a large family-owned Canadian grocery store chain that mainly operated in the province of Quebec and later Ontario.
Streatham is a district in south London, England, mostly in the London Borough of Lambeth but with some areas to the west stretching out into the neighbouring London Borough of Wandsworth.
A strip mall (also called a shopping plaza, shopping center, or mini-mall) is an open-air shopping mall where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Tableware are the dishes or dishware used for setting a table, serving food and dining.
Tabloid journalism is a style of journalism that emphasizes sensational crime stories, gossip columns about celebrities and sports stars, extreme political views from one perspective, junk food news, and astrology.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
Tesco plc, trading as Tesco, is a British multinational groceries and general merchandise retailer with headquarters in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.
The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, better known as A&P, was an American chain of grocery stores that ceased supermarket operations in November 2015, after 156 years in business.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
A toy is an item that is used in play, especially one designed for such use.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
Trading stamps are small paper coupons given to customers by merchants in loyalty marketing programs that predate the modern loyalty card.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
A video rental shop/store is a physical retail business that rents home videos such as movies, prerecorded TV shows, video game discs and other content.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
William Vincent Astor (November 15, 1891 – February 3, 1959) was a businessman, philanthropist, and member of the prominent Astor family.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
A warehouse club (or wholesale club) is a retail store, usually selling a wide variety of merchandise, in which customers may buy large, wholesale quantities of the store's products, which makes these clubs attractive to both bargain hunters and small business owners.
Weingarten's was a supermarket chain in the Southern United States until it was acquired by Safeway in 1983.
The consumption and production of marketed food are spatially separated.
Wire transfer, bank transfer or credit transfer is a method of electronic funds transfer from one person or entity to another.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zehrmart Inc. (doing business as Zehrs Markets or simply Zehrs), is a Canadian supermarket chain in southern Ontario.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.