Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Supernova

A supernova (plural: supernovae or supernovas, abbreviations: SN and SNe) is a transient astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a star's life, either a massive star or a white dwarf, whose destruction is marked by one final, titanic explosion. [1]

257 relations: Absolute magnitude, Accelerating expansion of the universe, Accretion (astrophysics), Accretion disk, Adiabatic process, AIP Conference Proceedings, Amateur astronomy, American Physical Society, Andromeda Galaxy, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Antares, Apparent magnitude, Argentina, Aristotle, ASASSN-15lh, Asiago Astrophysical Observatory, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Astronomical spectroscopy, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world, Astrophysical jet, Astrophysics and Space Science, Atmosphere of Earth, Atomic mass, Atomic nucleus, Balmer series, Basic Books, Beta decay, Betelgeuse, Big Bang, Binary star, Biochemistry, Biosphere, Black hole, Blue supergiant star, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, California Institute of Technology, Cambridge University Press, Carbon, Carbon detonation, Carbon-burning process, Cassiopeia A, Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams, Chandrasekhar limit, Charge-coupled device, Chemical element, Chemical reaction, Chinese astronomy, Cobalt, Compact star, ..., Convection, Cosmic distance ladder, Cosmic ray, Crab Nebula, CRC Press, D. Reidel, Degenerate matter, Doppler effect, Electromagnetic radiation, Electron capture, Electron degeneracy pressure, Electron neutrino, Emission spectrum, Eta Carinae, Expansion of the universe, Explosion, Extinction (astronomy), Failed supernova, Flavour (particle physics), Foe (unit), Fritz Zwicky, G1.9+0.3, Galaxy, Galaxy morphological classification, Gamma ray, Gamma Velorum, Gamma-ray burst, Goddard Space Flight Center, Gravitational collapse, Gravitational energy, Gravitational wave, Half-life, Helium, Helium star, Hubble's law, Hydrogen, Hydrogen spectral series, Hypergiant, IK Pegasi, Infrared, International Astronomical Union, International Journal of Astrobiology, Interstellar medium, Ionization, Iron, Irregular galaxy, Isotopes of cobalt, Isotopes of nickel, Isotopes of titanium, Johannes Kepler, Jones & Bartlett Learning, Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope, Kelvin, Kepler's Supernova, Kilometre, Kinetic energy, Latin, Lead, Lecture Notes in Physics, Light curve, Light echo, Light-year, List of supernova remnants, List of supernovae, Lithium, Living Reviews in Relativity, Luminosity, Luminous blue variable, Macmillan Publishers, Magnetar, Main sequence, Messier 61, Metallicity, Metre per second, Milky Way, Millennium, Molecular cloud, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Moscow State University, N6946-BH1, Nanometre, NASA, Nature (journal), Nature Physics, Nebula, Neutrino, Neutrino detector, Neutrino oscillation, Neutron, Neutron star, New Astronomy (journal), New Journal of Physics, NGC 1058, NGC 4526, NGC 613, NGC 6946, NGC 7610, Nickel, Nitrogen, Nitrogen oxide, Nova, Nuclear fusion, Nuclear Physics (journal), Nucleosynthesis, Optical telescope, Optics, Order of magnitude, Ordovician–Silurian extinction events, Oxygen, Ozone layer, Pacific Ocean, Pair-instability supernova, Palomar Transient Factory, Parsec, Photodisintegration, Photon, Physical Review, Physical Review Letters, Physics Reports, Planet, Plutonium, Positron, Positron emission, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Pulsar, Pulsar wind nebula, Quark-nova, R-process, Radioactive decay, Radionuclide, Random House, Red giant, Redshift, Rho Cassiopeiae, Rosario, Santa Fe, Rudolph Minkowski, RX J0852.0-4622, S-process, Science (journal), Scientific American, Shock wave, Silicon, Sky & Telescope, SN 1006, SN 1054, SN 1572, SN 185, SN 1885A, SN 1961i, SN 1961V, SN 1987A, SN 1993J, SN 2002cx, SN 2005gj, SN 2005gl, SN 2008ha, SN 2009ip, SN 2013fs, Solar core, Solar irradiance, Solar mass, Solar System, Spectral line, Speed of light, Spiral galaxy, Springer Science+Business Media, Star formation, Starburst galaxy, Stellar evolution, Stellar wind, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Stratum, Subatomic particle, Supergiant star, Superluminous supernova, Supernova Early Warning System, Supernova impostor, Supernova nucleosynthesis, Supernova remnant, Supernovae in fiction, Taxonomy (general), Telescope, The Astronomer's Telegram, The Astronomical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal, The New York Times, Thermal radiation, Thermal runaway, Timeline of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and supernovae, Transient astronomical event, Tycho Brahe, Type Ia supernova, Type Ib and Ic supernovae, Type II supernova, U Scorpii, Ultraviolet, University of California, Uranium, Walter Baade, White dwarf, Wolf–Rayet star, WR 104, X-ray, Yale University Press, Zombie star, 2MASS. Expand index (207 more) »

Absolute magnitude

Absolute magnitude is a measure of the luminosity of a celestial object, on a logarithmic astronomical magnitude scale.

New!!: Supernova and Absolute magnitude · See more »

Accelerating expansion of the universe

The accelerating expansion of the universe is the observation that the universe appears to be expanding at an increasing rate, so that the velocity at which a distant galaxy is receding from the observer is continuously increasing with time.

New!!: Supernova and Accelerating expansion of the universe · See more »

Accretion (astrophysics)

In astrophysics, accretion is the accumulation of particles into a massive object by gravitationally attracting more matter, typically gaseous matter, in an accretion disk.

New!!: Supernova and Accretion (astrophysics) · See more »

Accretion disk

An accretion disk is a structure (often a circumstellar disk) formed by diffused material in orbital motion around a massive central body.

New!!: Supernova and Accretion disk · See more »

Adiabatic process

In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.

New!!: Supernova and Adiabatic process · See more »

AIP Conference Proceedings

AIP Conference Proceedings is a serial published by the American Institute of Physics since 1970.

New!!: Supernova and AIP Conference Proceedings · See more »

Amateur astronomy

Amateur astronomy is a hobby whose participants enjoy observing or imaging celestial objects in the sky using the unaided eye, binoculars, or telescopes.

New!!: Supernova and Amateur astronomy · See more »

American Physical Society

The American Physical Society (APS) is the world's second largest organization of physicists.

New!!: Supernova and American Physical Society · See more »

Andromeda Galaxy

The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth, and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way.

New!!: Supernova and Andromeda Galaxy · See more »

Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics

The Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics is an annual peer reviewed scientific journal published by Annual Reviews.

New!!: Supernova and Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics · See more »


Antares, also designated Alpha Scorpii (α Scorpii, abbreviated Alpha Sco, α Sco), is on average the fifteenth-brightest star in the night sky, and the brightest star in the constellation of Scorpius.

New!!: Supernova and Antares · See more »

Apparent magnitude

The apparent magnitude of a celestial object is a number that is a measure of its brightness as seen by an observer on Earth.

New!!: Supernova and Apparent magnitude · See more »


Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

New!!: Supernova and Argentina · See more »


Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

New!!: Supernova and Aristotle · See more »


ASASSN-15lh (supernova designation SN 2015L) is an extremely bright astronomical transient discovered by the All Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN), with the appearance of a hypernova event.

New!!: Supernova and ASASSN-15lh · See more »

Asiago Astrophysical Observatory

The Asiago Astrophysical Observatory (Osservatorio Astrofisico di Asiago, or Asiago Observatory for short) is an Italian astronomical observatory (IAU code 043) owned and operated by the University of Padua.

New!!: Supernova and Asiago Astrophysical Observatory · See more »

Astronomical Society of the Pacific

The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) is an American scientific and educational organization, founded in San Francisco on February 7, 1889.

New!!: Supernova and Astronomical Society of the Pacific · See more »

Astronomical spectroscopy

Astronomical spectroscopy is the study of astronomy using the techniques of spectroscopy to measure the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light and radio, which radiates from stars and other celestial objects.

New!!: Supernova and Astronomical spectroscopy · See more »

Astronomy & Astrophysics

Astronomy & Astrophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical, observational, and instrumental astronomy and astrophysics.

New!!: Supernova and Astronomy & Astrophysics · See more »

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world

Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (9th–13th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language.

New!!: Supernova and Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world · See more »

Astrophysical jet

An astrophysical jet is an astronomical phenomenon where outflows of ionised matter are emitted as an extended beam along the axis of rotation.

New!!: Supernova and Astrophysical jet · See more »

Astrophysics and Space Science

Astrophysics and Space Science is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering astronomy, astrophysics, and space science and astrophysical aspects of astrobiology.

New!!: Supernova and Astrophysics and Space Science · See more »

Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

New!!: Supernova and Atmosphere of Earth · See more »

Atomic mass

The atomic mass (ma) is the mass of an atom.

New!!: Supernova and Atomic mass · See more »

Atomic nucleus

The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.

New!!: Supernova and Atomic nucleus · See more »

Balmer series

The Balmer series or Balmer lines in atomic physics, is the designation of one of a set of six named series describing the spectral line emissions of the hydrogen atom.

New!!: Supernova and Balmer series · See more »

Basic Books

Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.

New!!: Supernova and Basic Books · See more »

Beta decay

In nuclear physics, beta decay (β-decay) is a type of radioactive decay in which a beta ray (fast energetic electron or positron) and a neutrino are emitted from an atomic nucleus.

New!!: Supernova and Beta decay · See more »


Betelgeuse, also designated Alpha Orionis (α Orionis, abbreviated Alpha Ori, α Ori), is the ninth-brightest star in the night sky and second-brightest in the constellation of Orion.

New!!: Supernova and Betelgeuse · See more »

Big Bang

The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution.

New!!: Supernova and Big Bang · See more »

Binary star

A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.

New!!: Supernova and Binary star · See more »


Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

New!!: Supernova and Biochemistry · See more »


The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.

New!!: Supernova and Biosphere · See more »

Black hole

A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.

New!!: Supernova and Black hole · See more »

Blue supergiant star

Blue supergiant stars are hot luminous stars, referred to scientifically as OB supergiants.

New!!: Supernova and Blue supergiant star · See more »

Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society

Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (BAAS; Bull. Am. Astron. Soc.) is the journal of record for the American Astronomical Society established in 1969.

New!!: Supernova and Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society · See more »

California Institute of Technology

The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.

New!!: Supernova and California Institute of Technology · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Supernova and Cambridge University Press · See more »


Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Supernova and Carbon · See more »

Carbon detonation

Carbon detonation or Carbon deflagration is the violent reignition of thermonuclear fusion in a white dwarf star that was previously slowly cooling.

New!!: Supernova and Carbon detonation · See more »

Carbon-burning process

The carbon-burning process or carbon fusion is a set of nuclear fusion reactions that take place in the cores of massive stars (at least 8 \beginsmallmatrixM_\odot\endsmallmatrix at birth) that combines carbon into other elements.

New!!: Supernova and Carbon-burning process · See more »

Cassiopeia A

Cassiopeia A (Cas A) is a supernova remnant (SNR) in the constellation Cassiopeia and the brightest extrasolar radio source in the sky at frequencies above 1 GHz.

New!!: Supernova and Cassiopeia A · See more »

Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams

The Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams (CBAT) is the official international clearing house for information relating to transient astronomical events.

New!!: Supernova and Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams · See more »

Chandrasekhar limit

The Chandrasekhar limit is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star.

New!!: Supernova and Chandrasekhar limit · See more »

Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

New!!: Supernova and Charge-coupled device · See more »

Chemical element

A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).

New!!: Supernova and Chemical element · See more »

Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

New!!: Supernova and Chemical reaction · See more »

Chinese astronomy

Astronomy in China has a long history, beginning from the Shang Dynasty (Chinese Bronze Age).

New!!: Supernova and Chinese astronomy · See more »


Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.

New!!: Supernova and Cobalt · See more »

Compact star

In astronomy, the term "compact star" (or "compact object") refers collectively to white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes.

New!!: Supernova and Compact star · See more »


Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).

New!!: Supernova and Convection · See more »

Cosmic distance ladder

The cosmic distance ladder (also known as the extragalactic distance scale) is the succession of methods by which astronomers determine the distances to celestial objects.

New!!: Supernova and Cosmic distance ladder · See more »

Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

New!!: Supernova and Cosmic ray · See more »

Crab Nebula

The Crab Nebula (catalogue designations M1, NGC 1952, Taurus A) is a supernova remnant in the constellation of Taurus.

New!!: Supernova and Crab Nebula · See more »

CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.

New!!: Supernova and CRC Press · See more »

D. Reidel


New!!: Supernova and D. Reidel · See more »

Degenerate matter

Degenerate matter is a highly dense state of matter in which particles must occupy high states of kinetic energy in order to satisfy the Pauli exclusion principle.

New!!: Supernova and Degenerate matter · See more »

Doppler effect

The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.

New!!: Supernova and Doppler effect · See more »

Electromagnetic radiation

In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.

New!!: Supernova and Electromagnetic radiation · See more »

Electron capture

Electron capture (K-electron capture, also K-capture, or L-electron capture, L-capture) is a process in which the proton-rich nucleus of an electrically neutral atom absorbs an inner atomic electron, usually from the K or L electron shell.

New!!: Supernova and Electron capture · See more »

Electron degeneracy pressure

Electron degeneracy pressure is a particular manifestation of the more general phenomenon of quantum degeneracy pressure.

New!!: Supernova and Electron degeneracy pressure · See more »

Electron neutrino

The electron neutrino is a subatomic lepton elementary particle which has no net electric charge.

New!!: Supernova and Electron neutrino · See more »

Emission spectrum

The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state.

New!!: Supernova and Emission spectrum · See more »

Eta Carinae

Eta Carinae (η Carinae, abbreviated to η Car), formerly known as Eta Argus, is a stellar system containing at least two stars with a combined luminosity greater than five million times that of the Sun, located around 7,500 light-years (2,300 parsecs) distant in the constellation Carina.

New!!: Supernova and Eta Carinae · See more »

Expansion of the universe

The expansion of the universe is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time.

New!!: Supernova and Expansion of the universe · See more »


An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases.

New!!: Supernova and Explosion · See more »

Extinction (astronomy)

In astronomy, extinction is the absorption and scattering of electromagnetic radiation by dust and gas between an emitting astronomical object and the observer.

New!!: Supernova and Extinction (astronomy) · See more »

Failed supernova

A failed supernova is an astronomical event in time domain astronomy in which a star suddenly brightens as in the early stage of a supernova, but then does not increase to the massive flux of a supernova.

New!!: Supernova and Failed supernova · See more »

Flavour (particle physics)

In particle physics, flavour or flavor refers to the species of an elementary particle.

New!!: Supernova and Flavour (particle physics) · See more »

Foe (unit)

A foe is a unit of energy equal to 1044 joules or 1051 ergs, used to express the large amount of energy released by a supernova.

New!!: Supernova and Foe (unit) · See more »

Fritz Zwicky

Fritz Zwicky (February 14, 1898 – February 8, 1974) was a Swiss astronomer.

New!!: Supernova and Fritz Zwicky · See more »


G1.9+0.3 is a supernova remnant (SNR) in the constellation of Sagittarius.

New!!: Supernova and G1.9+0.3 · See more »


A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.

New!!: Supernova and Galaxy · See more »

Galaxy morphological classification

Galaxy morphological classification is a system used by astronomers to divide galaxies into groups based on their visual appearance.

New!!: Supernova and Galaxy morphological classification · See more »

Gamma ray

A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

New!!: Supernova and Gamma ray · See more »

Gamma Velorum

Gamma Velorum (γ Vel, γ Velorum) is a multiple star system in the constellation Vela.

New!!: Supernova and Gamma Velorum · See more »

Gamma-ray burst

In gamma-ray astronomy, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are extremely energetic explosions that have been observed in distant galaxies.

New!!: Supernova and Gamma-ray burst · See more »

Goddard Space Flight Center

The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is a major NASA space research laboratory located approximately northeast of Washington, D.C. in Greenbelt, Maryland, United States.

New!!: Supernova and Goddard Space Flight Center · See more »

Gravitational collapse

Gravitational collapse is the contraction of an astronomical object due to the influence of its own gravity, which tends to draw matter inward toward the center of gravity.

New!!: Supernova and Gravitational collapse · See more »

Gravitational energy

Gravitational energy is the potential energy a body with mass has in relation to another massive object due to gravity.

New!!: Supernova and Gravitational energy · See more »

Gravitational wave

Gravitational waves are the disturbance in the fabric ("curvature") of spacetime generated by accelerated masses and propagate as waves outward from their source at the speed of light.

New!!: Supernova and Gravitational wave · See more »


Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.

New!!: Supernova and Half-life · See more »


Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

New!!: Supernova and Helium · See more »

Helium star

A helium star or helium strong star is a class O or B star (blue), which has extraordinarily strong helium lines and weaker than normal hydrogen lines, indicating strong stellar winds and a mass loss of the outer envelope.

New!!: Supernova and Helium star · See more »

Hubble's law

Hubble's law is the name for the observation in physical cosmology that.

New!!: Supernova and Hubble's law · See more »


Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Supernova and Hydrogen · See more »

Hydrogen spectral series

The emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen is divided into a number of spectral series, with wavelengths given by the Rydberg formula.

New!!: Supernova and Hydrogen spectral series · See more »


A hypergiant (luminosity class 0 or Ia+) is among the very rare kinds of stars that typically show tremendous luminosities and very high rates of mass loss by stellar winds.

New!!: Supernova and Hypergiant · See more »

IK Pegasi

IK Pegasi (or HR 8210) is a binary star system in the constellation Pegasus.

New!!: Supernova and IK Pegasi · See more »


Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

New!!: Supernova and Infrared · See more »

International Astronomical Union

The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.

New!!: Supernova and International Astronomical Union · See more »

International Journal of Astrobiology

The International Journal of Astrobiology (IJA) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 2002 and published by Cambridge University Press that covers research on the prebiotic chemistry, origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth and beyond, SETI (Search for extraterrestrial intelligence), societal and educational aspects of astrobiology.

New!!: Supernova and International Journal of Astrobiology · See more »

Interstellar medium

In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter and radiation that exists in the space between the star systems in a galaxy.

New!!: Supernova and Interstellar medium · See more »


Ionization or ionisation, is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.

New!!: Supernova and Ionization · See more »


Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

New!!: Supernova and Iron · See more »

Irregular galaxy

An irregular galaxy is a galaxy that does not have a distinct regular shape, unlike a spiral or an elliptical galaxy.

New!!: Supernova and Irregular galaxy · See more »

Isotopes of cobalt

Naturally occurring cobalt (27Co) is composed of 1 stable isotope, 59Co.

New!!: Supernova and Isotopes of cobalt · See more »

Isotopes of nickel

Naturally occurring nickel (28Ni) is composed of five stable isotopes;,,, and with being the most abundant (68.077% natural abundance).

New!!: Supernova and Isotopes of nickel · See more »

Isotopes of titanium

Naturally occurring titanium (22Ti) is composed of 5 stable isotopes; 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti and 50Ti with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8% natural abundance).

New!!: Supernova and Isotopes of titanium · See more »

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.

New!!: Supernova and Johannes Kepler · See more »

Jones & Bartlett Learning

Jones & Bartlett Learning, a division of Ascend Learning, is a provider of instructional, assessment and learning-performance management solutions for the secondary, post-secondary, and professional markets.

New!!: Supernova and Jones & Bartlett Learning · See more »

Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope

The Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope (KAIT) is an automated telescope used in the search for supernovae.

New!!: Supernova and Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope · See more »


The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.

New!!: Supernova and Kelvin · See more »

Kepler's Supernova

SN 1604, also known as Kepler's Supernova, Kepler's Nova or Kepler's Star, was a supernova of Type Ia that occurred in the Milky Way, in the constellation Ophiuchus.

New!!: Supernova and Kepler's Supernova · See more »


The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the road network of the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.

New!!: Supernova and Kilometre · See more »

Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

New!!: Supernova and Kinetic energy · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Supernova and Latin · See more »


Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

New!!: Supernova and Lead · See more »

Lecture Notes in Physics

Lecture Notes in Physics (LNP) is a book series published by Springer Science+Business Media in the field of physics, including article related to both research and teaching.

New!!: Supernova and Lecture Notes in Physics · See more »

Light curve

In astronomy, a light curve is a graph of light intensity of a celestial object or region, as a function of time.

New!!: Supernova and Light curve · See more »

Light echo

Reflected light following path B arrives shortly after the direct flash following path A but before light following path C. B and C have the same apparent distance from the star as seen from Earth. A light echo is a physical phenomenon caused by light reflected off surfaces distant from the source, and arriving at the observer with a delay relative to this distance.

New!!: Supernova and Light echo · See more »


The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometres or 5.9 trillion miles.

New!!: Supernova and Light-year · See more »

List of supernova remnants

This is a list of observed supernova remnants.

New!!: Supernova and List of supernova remnants · See more »

List of supernovae

This is a list of supernovae that are of historical significance.

New!!: Supernova and List of supernovae · See more »


Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.

New!!: Supernova and Lithium · See more »

Living Reviews in Relativity

Living Reviews in Relativity is a peer-reviewed open-access scientific journal publishing reviews on relativity in the areas of physics and astrophysics.

New!!: Supernova and Living Reviews in Relativity · See more »


In astronomy, luminosity is the total amount of energy emitted per unit of time by a star, galaxy, or other astronomical object.

New!!: Supernova and Luminosity · See more »

Luminous blue variable

Luminous blue variables (LBVs) are massive evolved stars that show unpredictable and sometimes dramatic variations in both their spectra and brightness.

New!!: Supernova and Luminous blue variable · See more »

Macmillan Publishers

Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.

New!!: Supernova and Macmillan Publishers · See more »


A magnetar is a type of neutron star with an extremely powerful inferred magnetic field (\sim 10^ - 10^ G).

New!!: Supernova and Magnetar · See more »

Main sequence

In astronomy, the main sequence is a continuous and distinctive band of stars that appear on plots of stellar color versus brightness.

New!!: Supernova and Main sequence · See more »

Messier 61

Messier 61 (also known as M61 or NGC 4303) is an intermediate barred spiral galaxy in the Virgo Cluster of galaxies.

New!!: Supernova and Messier 61 · See more »


In astronomy, metallicity is used to describe the abundance of elements present in an object that are heavier than hydrogen or helium.

New!!: Supernova and Metallicity · See more »

Metre per second

Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.

New!!: Supernova and Metre per second · See more »

Milky Way

The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

New!!: Supernova and Milky Way · See more »


A millennium (plural millennia or, rarely, millenniums) is a period equal to 1000 years, also called kiloyears.

New!!: Supernova and Millennium · See more »

Molecular cloud

A molecular cloud, sometimes called a stellar nursery (if star formation is occurring within), is a type of interstellar cloud, the density and size of which permit the formation of molecules, most commonly molecular hydrogen (H2).

New!!: Supernova and Molecular cloud · See more »

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in astronomy and astrophysics.

New!!: Supernova and Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society · See more »

Moscow State University

Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.

New!!: Supernova and Moscow State University · See more »


N6946-BH1 is a disappearing red supergiant star in another galaxy, NGC 6946, on the northern border of the constellation of Cygnus.

New!!: Supernova and N6946-BH1 · See more »


The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).

New!!: Supernova and Nanometre · See more »


The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

New!!: Supernova and NASA · See more »

Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

New!!: Supernova and Nature (journal) · See more »

Nature Physics

Nature Physics, is a monthly, peer reviewed, scientific journal published by the Nature Publishing Group.

New!!: Supernova and Nature Physics · See more »


A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.

New!!: Supernova and Nebula · See more »


A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.

New!!: Supernova and Neutrino · See more »

Neutrino detector

A neutrino detector is a physics apparatus which is designed to study neutrinos.

New!!: Supernova and Neutrino detector · See more »

Neutrino oscillation

Neutrino oscillation is a quantum mechanical phenomenon whereby a neutrino created with a specific lepton flavor (electron, muon, or tau) can later be measured to have a different flavor.

New!!: Supernova and Neutrino oscillation · See more »


| magnetic_moment.

New!!: Supernova and Neutron · See more »

Neutron star

A neutron star is the collapsed core of a large star which before collapse had a total of between 10 and 29 solar masses.

New!!: Supernova and Neutron star · See more »

New Astronomy (journal)

New Astronomy is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering topics in astronomy and astrophysics.

New!!: Supernova and New Astronomy (journal) · See more »

New Journal of Physics

New Journal of Physics is an online-only, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in all aspects of physics, as well as interdisciplinary topics where physics forms the central theme.

New!!: Supernova and New Journal of Physics · See more »

NGC 1058

NGC 1058 is a Seyfert Type 2 galaxy in the NGC 1023 Group, located in the Perseus constellation.

New!!: Supernova and NGC 1058 · See more »

NGC 4526

NGC 4526 (also listed as NGC 4560) is a lenticular galaxy located approximately 55 million light-years from the Solar System in the Virgo constellation and discovered on 13 April 1784 by William Herschel.

New!!: Supernova and NGC 4526 · See more »

NGC 613

NGC 613 is a barred spiral galaxy located 67 million light years away in the southern constellation of Sculptor.

New!!: Supernova and NGC 613 · See more »

NGC 6946

NGC 6946 is a face-on intermediate spiral galaxy with a small bright nucleus, whose location in the sky straddles the boundary between the northern constellations of Cepheus and Cygnus.

New!!: Supernova and NGC 6946 · See more »

NGC 7610

NGC 7610 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pegasus.

New!!: Supernova and NGC 7610 · See more »


Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

New!!: Supernova and Nickel · See more »


Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Supernova and Nitrogen · See more »

Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.

New!!: Supernova and Nitrogen oxide · See more »


A nova (plural novae or novas) or classical nova (CN, plural CNe) is a transient astronomical event that causes the sudden appearance of a bright, apparently "new" star, that slowly fades over several weeks or many months.

New!!: Supernova and Nova · See more »

Nuclear fusion

In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons).

New!!: Supernova and Nuclear fusion · See more »

Nuclear Physics (journal)

Nuclear Physics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier.

New!!: Supernova and Nuclear Physics (journal) · See more »


Nucleosynthesis is the process that creates new atomic nuclei from pre-existing nucleons, primarily protons and neutrons.

New!!: Supernova and Nucleosynthesis · See more »

Optical telescope

An optical telescope is a telescope that gathers and focuses light, mainly from the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum, to create a magnified image for direct view, or to make a photograph, or to collect data through electronic image sensors.

New!!: Supernova and Optical telescope · See more »


Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

New!!: Supernova and Optics · See more »

Order of magnitude

An order of magnitude is an approximate measure of the number of digits that a number has in the commonly-used base-ten number system.

New!!: Supernova and Order of magnitude · See more »

Ordovician–Silurian extinction events

The Ordovician–Silurian extinction events, when combined, are the second-largest of the five major extinction events in Earth's history in terms of percentage of genera that became extinct.

New!!: Supernova and Ordovician–Silurian extinction events · See more »


Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Supernova and Oxygen · See more »

Ozone layer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.

New!!: Supernova and Ozone layer · See more »

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

New!!: Supernova and Pacific Ocean · See more »

Pair-instability supernova

A pair-instability supernova occurs when pair production, the production of free electrons and positrons in the collision between atomic nuclei and energetic gamma rays, temporarily reduces the internal pressure supporting a supermassive star's core against gravitational collapse.

New!!: Supernova and Pair-instability supernova · See more »

Palomar Transient Factory

The Palomar Transient Factory (PTF, obs. code: I41), was an astronomical survey using a wide-field survey camera designed to search for optical transient and variable sources such as variable stars, supernovae, asteroids and comets.

New!!: Supernova and Palomar Transient Factory · See more »


The parsec (symbol: pc) is a unit of length used to measure large distances to astronomical objects outside the Solar System.

New!!: Supernova and Parsec · See more »


Photodisintegration (also called phototransmutation) is a nuclear process in which an atomic nucleus absorbs a high-energy gamma ray, enters an excited state, and immediately decays by emitting a subatomic particle.

New!!: Supernova and Photodisintegration · See more »


The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

New!!: Supernova and Photon · See more »

Physical Review

Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols.

New!!: Supernova and Physical Review · See more »

Physical Review Letters

Physical Review Letters (PRL), established in 1958, is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal that is published 52 times per year by the American Physical Society.

New!!: Supernova and Physical Review Letters · See more »

Physics Reports

Physics Reports is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, a review section of Physics Letters that has been published by Elsevier since 1971.

New!!: Supernova and Physics Reports · See more »


A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

New!!: Supernova and Planet · See more »


Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.

New!!: Supernova and Plutonium · See more »


The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron.

New!!: Supernova and Positron · See more »

Positron emission

Positron emission or beta plus decay (β+ decay) is a subtype of radioactive decay called beta decay, in which a proton inside a radionuclide nucleus is converted into a neutron while releasing a positron and an electron neutrino (νe).

New!!: Supernova and Positron emission · See more »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.

New!!: Supernova and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · See more »

Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (often abbreviated as PASP in references and literature) is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal managed by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific.

New!!: Supernova and Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific · See more »


A pulsar (from pulse and -ar as in quasar) is a highly magnetized rotating neutron star or white dwarf that emits a beam of electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Supernova and Pulsar · See more »

Pulsar wind nebula

A pulsar wind nebula (PWN, plural PWNe), sometimes called a plerion (derived from the Greek "πλήρης", pleres, meaning "full"), is a type of nebula found inside the shells of supernova remnants (SNRe) that is powered by pulsar winds generated by its central pulsar.

New!!: Supernova and Pulsar wind nebula · See more »


A quark-nova is the hypothetical violent explosion resulting from the conversion of a neutron star to a quark star.

New!!: Supernova and Quark-nova · See more »


The rapid neutron-capture process, or so-called r-process, is a set of nuclear reactions that in nuclear astrophysics is responsible for the creation (nucleosynthesis) of approximately half the abundances of the atomic nuclei heavier than iron, usually synthesizing the entire abundance of the two most neutron-rich stable isotopes of each heavy element.

New!!: Supernova and R-process · See more »

Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.

New!!: Supernova and Radioactive decay · See more »


A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.

New!!: Supernova and Radionuclide · See more »

Random House

Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.

New!!: Supernova and Random House · See more »

Red giant

A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass (roughly 0.3–8 solar masses) in a late phase of stellar evolution.

New!!: Supernova and Red giant · See more »


In physics, redshift happens when light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength, or shifted to the red end of the spectrum.

New!!: Supernova and Redshift · See more »

Rho Cassiopeiae

Rho Cassiopeiae (ρ Cas, ρ Cassiopeiae) is a yellow hypergiant star in the constellation Cassiopeia.

New!!: Supernova and Rho Cassiopeiae · See more »

Rosario, Santa Fe

Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina.

New!!: Supernova and Rosario, Santa Fe · See more »

Rudolph Minkowski

Rudolph Minkowski (born Rudolf Leo Bernhard Minkowski;; May 28, 1895 – January 4, 1976) was a German-American astronomer.

New!!: Supernova and Rudolph Minkowski · See more »

RX J0852.0-4622

RX J0852.0-4622 (also known as G266.2−1.2) is a supernova remnant.

New!!: Supernova and RX J0852.0-4622 · See more »


The slow neutron-capture process or s-process is a series of reactions in nuclear astrophysics that occur in stars, particularly AGB stars.

New!!: Supernova and S-process · See more »

Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

New!!: Supernova and Science (journal) · See more »

Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

New!!: Supernova and Scientific American · See more »

Shock wave

In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.

New!!: Supernova and Shock wave · See more »


Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.

New!!: Supernova and Silicon · See more »

Sky & Telescope

Sky & Telescope (S&T) is a monthly American magazine covering all aspects of amateur astronomy, including the following.

New!!: Supernova and Sky & Telescope · See more »

SN 1006

SN 1006 was a supernova that is likely the brightest observed stellar event in recorded history, reaching an estimated −7.5 visual magnitude, and exceeding roughly sixteen times the brightness of Venus.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1006 · See more »

SN 1054

SN 1054 is a supernova that was first observed on 4 July 1054, and remained visible for around two years.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1054 · See more »

SN 1572

SN 1572 (Tycho's Supernova, Tycho's Nova), or B Cassiopeiae (B Cas), was a supernova of Type Ia in the constellation Cassiopeia, one of about eight supernovae visible to the naked eye in historical records.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1572 · See more »

SN 185

SN 185 was a transient astronomical event observed in AD 185, likely a supernova.

New!!: Supernova and SN 185 · See more »

SN 1885A

|- style.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1885A · See more »

SN 1961i

SN 1961i was a supernova that was discovered in June 1961 in the Messier 61 (NGC 4303) galaxy, by Milton L. Humason at the Palomar Observatory, the brightest of 16 supernovae found at Palomar that year.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1961i · See more »

SN 1961V

SN 1961V was an abnormal, supernova-like event that was a potential supernova impostor. The potential impostor nature of SN 1961V was first identified by Fritz Zwicky in 1964. SN 1961V occurred in galaxy NGC 1058, about 9.3 Mpc away (about 30 million light years). Unlike many supernovae, the progenitor star is tentatively known: an extremely large, very bright blue star, similar to Eta Carinae. Mass estimates of the precursor star were as high as 2000 times the mass of the sun, but these are likely to be extreme overestimates. If SN 1961V was not a supernova then it was most likely an extremely large outburst by a luminous blue variable star. The remnant of SN 1961V's explosion is expanding at 2,000 km/s, which is much slower than the majority of supernovae. The profile of its light curve, with a gradual climb to maximum brightness, was unusual when compared to a supernova. This unusual light curve led to suspicion that it was some other event. If the star survived this would identify SN 1961V as an impostor supernova rather than a true supernova. Attempts to determine if the progenitor star is still present have been extensive and have included use of both the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope. These attempts have been hampered by the cloud of debris from the event, which have left the area obscured. Christopher Kochanek at Ohio State University has compared the event to the confirmed supernova SN 2005gl and suggested that the low velocity of expansion can be explained by a pre-supernova mass loss event similar to that which was observed to occur in SN 2005gl. The analysis by Kochanek's group strongly suggests that SN 1961V was indeed a genuine supernova. Almost at the same moment, another team detected a highly luminous blue star, labeled Object 7, remaining at the site of the supernova, although they couldn't rule out this being a surviving companion of the exploded star.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1961V · See more »

SN 1987A

SN 1987A was a peculiar type II supernova in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy satellite of the Milky Way.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1987A · See more »

SN 1993J

SN 1993J is a supernova observed in the galaxy M81.

New!!: Supernova and SN 1993J · See more »

SN 2002cx

SN 2002cx is a peculiar type Ia supernova.

New!!: Supernova and SN 2002cx · See more »

SN 2005gj

SN 2005gj was a supernova located approximately 864 million light years (265 million parsecs) away from Earth.

New!!: Supernova and SN 2005gj · See more »

SN 2005gl

SN 2005gl was a supernova in the barred-spiral galaxy NGC 266.

New!!: Supernova and SN 2005gl · See more »

SN 2008ha

SN 2008ha was a type Ia supernova which was first observed around November 7, 2008 in the galaxy UGC 12682, which lies in the constellation Pegasus at a distance of about from Earth.

New!!: Supernova and SN 2008ha · See more »

SN 2009ip

SN 2009ip was a supernova discovered in 2009 in the spiral galaxy NGC 7259 in the constellation of Piscis Austrinus.

New!!: Supernova and SN 2009ip · See more »

SN 2013fs

SN 2013fs is a supernova, located in the spiral galaxy NGC 7610, discovered by the Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory sky survey at Palomar Observatory in October 2013 (and originally named iPTF 13dqy).

New!!: Supernova and SN 2013fs · See more »

Solar core

The core of the Sun is considered to extend from the center to about 0.2 to 0.25 of solar radius.

New!!: Supernova and Solar core · See more »

Solar irradiance

Solar irradiance is the power per unit area received from the Sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range of the measuring instrument.

New!!: Supernova and Solar irradiance · See more »

Solar mass

The solar mass is a standard unit of mass in astronomy, equal to approximately.

New!!: Supernova and Solar mass · See more »

Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

New!!: Supernova and Solar System · See more »

Spectral line

A spectral line is a dark or bright line in an otherwise uniform and continuous spectrum, resulting from emission or absorption of light in a narrow frequency range, compared with the nearby frequencies.

New!!: Supernova and Spectral line · See more »

Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

New!!: Supernova and Speed of light · See more »

Spiral galaxy

Spiral galaxies form a class of galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in his 1936 work The Realm of the Nebulae(pp. 124–151) and, as such, form part of the Hubble sequence.

New!!: Supernova and Spiral galaxy · See more »

Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

New!!: Supernova and Springer Science+Business Media · See more »

Star formation

Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse and form stars.

New!!: Supernova and Star formation · See more »

Starburst galaxy

A starburst galaxy is a galaxy undergoing an exceptionally high rate of star formation, as compared to the long-term average rate of star formation in the galaxy or the star formation rate observed in most other galaxies.

New!!: Supernova and Starburst galaxy · See more »

Stellar evolution

Stellar evolution is the process by which a star changes over the course of time.

New!!: Supernova and Stellar evolution · See more »

Stellar wind

A stellar wind is a flow of gas ejected from the upper atmosphere of a star.

New!!: Supernova and Stellar wind · See more »

Sternberg Astronomical Institute

The Sternberg Astronomical Institute (Государственный астрономический институт имени Штернберга in Russian), also known as GAISh (ГАИШ), is a research institution in Moscow, Russia, a division of Moscow State University.

New!!: Supernova and Sternberg Astronomical Institute · See more »


In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.

New!!: Supernova and Stratum · See more »

Subatomic particle

In the physical sciences, subatomic particles are particles much smaller than atoms.

New!!: Supernova and Subatomic particle · See more »

Supergiant star

Supergiants are among the most massive and most luminous stars.

New!!: Supernova and Supergiant star · See more »

Superluminous supernova

A superluminous supernova (SLSN, plural superluminous supernovae or SLSNe; also known as hypernova) is a type of stellar explosion with a luminosity 10 or more times higher than that of standard supernovae.

New!!: Supernova and Superluminous supernova · See more »

Supernova Early Warning System

The SuperNova Early Warning System (SNEWS) is a network of neutrino detectors designed to give early warning to astronomers in the event of a supernova in the Milky Way, our home galaxy, or in a nearby galaxy such as the Large Magellanic Cloud or the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy.

New!!: Supernova and Supernova Early Warning System · See more »

Supernova impostor

Supernova impostors are stellar explosions that appear at first to be a type of supernova but do not destroy their progenitor stars.

New!!: Supernova and Supernova impostor · See more »

Supernova nucleosynthesis

Supernova nucleosynthesis is a theory of the nucleosynthesis of the natural abundances of the chemical elements in supernova explosions, advanced as the nucleosynthesis of elements from carbon to nickel in massive stars by Fred Hoyle in 1954.

New!!: Supernova and Supernova nucleosynthesis · See more »

Supernova remnant

A supernova remnant (SNR) is the structure resulting from the explosion of a star in a supernova.

New!!: Supernova and Supernova remnant · See more »

Supernovae in fiction

Supernovae in works of fiction often serve as plot devices.

New!!: Supernova and Supernovae in fiction · See more »

Taxonomy (general)

Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification.

New!!: Supernova and Taxonomy (general) · See more »


A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).

New!!: Supernova and Telescope · See more »

The Astronomer's Telegram

The Astronomer's Telegram (ATel) is an internet based short notice publication service for quickly disseminating information on new astronomical observations.

New!!: Supernova and The Astronomer's Telegram · See more »

The Astronomical Journal

The Astronomical Journal (often abbreviated AJ in scientific papers and references) is a peer-reviewed monthly scientific journal owned by the American Astronomical Society and currently published by IOP Publishing.

New!!: Supernova and The Astronomical Journal · See more »

The Astrophysical Journal

The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.

New!!: Supernova and The Astrophysical Journal · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Supernova and The New York Times · See more »

Thermal radiation

Thermal radiation is electromagnetic radiation generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter.

New!!: Supernova and Thermal radiation · See more »

Thermal runaway

Thermal runaway occurs in situations where an increase in temperature changes the conditions in a way that causes a further increase in temperature, often leading to a destructive result.

New!!: Supernova and Thermal runaway · See more »

Timeline of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and supernovae

Timeline of neutron stars, pulsars, supernovae, and white dwarfs Note that this list is mainly about the development of knowledge, but also about some supernovae taking place.

New!!: Supernova and Timeline of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and supernovae · See more »

Transient astronomical event

A transient astronomical event, often shortened by astronomers to a transient, is an astronomical object or phenomenon whose duration may be from seconds to days, weeks, or even several years.

New!!: Supernova and Transient astronomical event · See more »

Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe (born Tyge Ottesen Brahe;. He adopted the Latinized form "Tycho Brahe" (sometimes written Tÿcho) at around age fifteen. The name Tycho comes from Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna), a tutelary deity of fortune and prosperity of ancient Greek city cults. He is now generally referred to as "Tycho," as was common in Scandinavia in his time, rather than by his surname "Brahe" (a spurious appellative form of his name, Tycho de Brahe, only appears much later). 14 December 154624 October 1601) was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.

New!!: Supernova and Tycho Brahe · See more »

Type Ia supernova

A type Ia supernova (read "type one-a") is a type of supernova that occurs in binary systems (two stars orbiting one another) in which one of the stars is a white dwarf.

New!!: Supernova and Type Ia supernova · See more »

Type Ib and Ic supernovae

Type Ib and Type Ic supernovae are categories of supernovae that are caused by the core collapse of massive stars.

New!!: Supernova and Type Ib and Ic supernovae · See more »

Type II supernova

A Type II supernova (plural: supernovae or supernovas) results from the rapid collapse and violent explosion of a massive star.

New!!: Supernova and Type II supernova · See more »

U Scorpii

U Scorpii (U Sco) is a recurrent nova system; one of 10 known recurring novae in the Milky Way galaxy.

New!!: Supernova and U Scorpii · See more »


Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

New!!: Supernova and Ultraviolet · See more »

University of California

The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.

New!!: Supernova and University of California · See more »


Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

New!!: Supernova and Uranium · See more »

Walter Baade

Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade (March 24, 1893 – June 25, 1960) was a German astronomer who worked in the United States from 1931 to 1959.

New!!: Supernova and Walter Baade · See more »

White dwarf

A white dwarf, also called a degenerate dwarf, is a stellar core remnant composed mostly of electron-degenerate matter.

New!!: Supernova and White dwarf · See more »

Wolf–Rayet star

Wolf–Rayet stars, often abbreviated as WR stars, are a rare heterogeneous set of stars with unusual spectra showing prominent broad emission lines of highly ionised helium and nitrogen or carbon.

New!!: Supernova and Wolf–Rayet star · See more »

WR 104

WR 104 is a triple star system located about from Earth.

New!!: Supernova and WR 104 · See more »


X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Supernova and X-ray · See more »

Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

New!!: Supernova and Yale University Press · See more »

Zombie star

A zombie star is a hypothetical result of a Type Iax supernova which leaves behind a remnant star, rather than completely dispersing the stellar mass.

New!!: Supernova and Zombie star · See more »


The Two Micron All-Sky Survey, or 2MASS, was an astronomical survey of the whole sky in the infrared spectrum and one of the most ambitious such projects.

New!!: Supernova and 2MASS · See more »

Redirects here:

Classical supernova, Core collapse supernova, Core collapse supernovae, Core-collapse supernova, Core-collapse supernovae, Electron capture supernova, Exploding stars, Little Bang, Photodisintegration Hypernovae, Photodisintegration hypernova, Photodisintegration hypernovae, SNe, Supanovae, Super Nova, Super nova, Super-nova, SuperNova, Supernova explosion, Supernova explosions, Supernova light curve, Supernova progenitor, Supernovae, Supernovas, Supernove, Type I supernova, Type I supernovae, Type IIa supernova, Type IIn, Typr Ib supernova.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supernova

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »