243 relations: A.S.M. Akram, Abdul Rashid (judge), Abdus Sattar (president), Ad hoc, Advice and consent, Advisory opinion, Advocate, Ageing, Aiwan-e-Sadr, Ajmal Mian, Akram Sheikh, Alma mater, Alvin Robert Cornelius, Americans, Amin Ahmed, Anti Terrorism Court of Pakistan, Appellate jurisdiction, Arbitral tribunal, Arbitration, Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Asif Ali Zardari, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, Attorney-General for Pakistan, Ayub Khan (President of Pakistan), Balochistan High Court, Barrister, Basic norm, BBC, Benazir Bhutto, Bench memorandum, Bengalis, Biharis, British Raj, Cafeteria, Canada, Capital Development Authority (Islamabad), Capital punishment in Pakistan, Capital Territory Police, Certiorari, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chaudhry Ijaz Ahmed, Chief Justice of India, Chief Justice of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan), Civil registration, Commutation (law), Conservatism in Pakistan, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, Constitution Avenue (Islamabad), Constitution Bench (India), ..., Constitution of Pakistan, Constitution of Pakistan of 1956, Constitution of Pakistan of 1962, Constitutional convention (political custom), Contempt of court, Corruption charges against Benazir Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari, Corruption in Pakistan, De jure, Democracy in Pakistan, Demographics of Pakistan, Dictablanda, Discourse, District Courts of Pakistan, Division bench, Doctrine of necessity, Dominion of Pakistan, Dorab Patel, Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, Elections in Pakistan, Elizabeth I of England, Enlightened moderation, Entrance Hall, Faisal Arab, Faqir Muhammad Khokhar, Farooq Leghari, Fazal Akbar, Federal Court of India, Federal Shariat Court, Fifth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, Fiqh, General officer, George Baxandall Constantine, Gillani ministry, Government of India Act, 1935, Government of Pakistan, Government shutdowns in the United States, Governor-General of Pakistan, H. 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Kania, Hameedur Rahman, Hamoodur Rahman, Hamoodur Rahman Commission, Hazaras, High Court Division, High Courts of Pakistan, History of Pakistan, Human rights in Pakistan, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Imran Khan, India–Pakistan relations, Indian High Courts Act 1861, Indian subcontinent, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Irshad Hasan Khan, Islamabad, Islamabad High Court, Islamia University, Javaid Iqbal, Judge, Judgement, Judicial Commission of Pakistan, Judicial independence, Judicial interpretation, Judiciary of Pakistan, Jurisprudence, Justice Sair Ali, Karachi, Kenzō Tange, Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday, Khawaja Muhammad Sharif, Lahore High Court, Law, Law enforcement in Pakistan, Law of Pakistan, Lawyer, Lawyers' Movement, Legal opinion, Legal research, Liaquat Ali Khan, List of cases of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, List of newspapers in Pakistan, List of political parties in Pakistan, List of provincial governments of Pakistan, List of television channels in Pakistan, Malik Ghulam Muhammad, Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan, Mazhar Alam, McGill University, Media of Pakistan, Mian Saqib Nisar, Military coups in Pakistan, Military Intelligence (Pakistan), Minister for Law and Justice (Pakistan), Miscarriage of justice, Missing persons (Pakistan), Modern architecture, Mohammad Ali Bogra, Mohammad Haleem, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Aslam (judge), Muhammad Javed Buttar, Muhammad Munir, Muhammad Shahabuddin, N/a, Nasim Hasan Shah, National Assembly of Pakistan, National conservatism, National Reconciliation Ordinance, Nawaz Sharif, Non-governmental organization, Operation Fair Play, Orality, Original jurisdiction, Overseas Pakistani, Pakistan, Pakistan Armed Forces, Pakistan Bar Council, Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, Pakistan Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Television Corporation, Pakistani general election, 2002, Pakistani nationality law, Pakistani rupee, Pakistani state of emergency, 2007, Panchayati raj, Parliament of Pakistan, Parliamentary history of Pakistan, Partition of India, PCO Judges case, Pervez Musharraf, Peshawar High Court, Petitioner, Philosophy of law, Plenary power, Police officer, Presidencies and provinces of British India, President of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Prime Minister's Office (Pakistan), Procedures of the Supreme Court of the United States, Provisional Constitutional Order, Public works, Punjab Bar Council, Qazi Faez Isa, Quran, Raja Muhammad Fayyaz Ahmad, Rana Bhagwandas, Ratio, Rawalpindi, Respondent, Retirement age, Rustam S. Sidhwa, Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui, Salus populi suprema lex esto, Separation of powers, Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, Sharifuddin Pirzada, Shaukat Aziz, Sheikh Anwarul Haq, Sindh High Court, Socialism in Pakistan, Speedy trial, Square foot, State of emergency, Sua sponte, Supreme court, Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan, Supreme Court of Pakistan Building, Supreme Court of Pakistan library, Supreme Court of the United States, Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan, Syed Mansoor Ali Shah, Syed Sajjad Ali Shah, Tariq Majid, Tassaduq Hussain Jillani, Textualism, The Honourable, The Times, Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, Turnover (employment), Ulama, Ultra vires, United States dollar, Victorian architecture, Yahya Khan, Yousaf Raza Gillani, Zoroastrianism, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 1935 in India, 1958 Pakistani coup d'état, 1999 Pakistani coup d'état, 2017 in Pakistan. Expand index (193 more) » « Shrink index
Abu Saleh Muhammad Akram (1888, Calcutta - April 1968, Lahore) was the first Chief Justice of Dacca High Court and a former justice of the Federal Court of Pakistan (now the Supreme Court of Pakistan).
Sir Mian Abdul Rashid, KCSI (سر میاں عبد الرشيد; b. 29 June 1889 – 6 November 1981) was the first Chief Justice of Pakistan, legal philosopher, one of the founding fathers of Pakistan, and a jurist.
Abdus Sattar (আব্দুস সাত্তার; 1 March 1906 – 5 October 1985) was a Bangladeshi statesman.
Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".
Advice and consent is an English phrase frequently used in enacting formulae of bills and in other legal or constitutional contexts.
An advisory opinion is an opinion issued by a court or a commission like an election commission that does not have the effect of adjudicating a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law.
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law.
Ageing or aging (see spelling differences) is the process of becoming older.
The Aiwan-e-Sadr or Presidency Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of Pakistan.
Ajmal Mian (Urdu) (4 July 1934 – 16 October 2017) was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 23 December 1997 to 30 June 1999.
Muhammad Akram Sheikh (محمد اکرم شیخ) is a Pakistani attorney in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Alma mater (Latin: "nourishing/kind", "mother"; pl.) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
Chief Justice Alvin "Bobby" Robert Cornelius (8 May 1903 – 21 December 1991), ''HPk'', was a Pakistani jurist, legal philosopher and judge, serving as the 4th Chief Justice of Pakistan from 1960 until 1968.
Americans are citizens of the United States of America.
Amin Ahmed NPk, MBE (আমিন আহমদ; 1 October 1899 – 5 December 1991) was a jurist and chief justice of Dacca High Court in East Pakistan (present Bangladesh).
The Anti Terrorism Court (عدالت انسداد دہشتگردی, ATC) was established in Pakistan, under Nawaz Sharif's government, to deal with terrorism cases.
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.
An arbitral tribunal (or arbitration tribunal) is a panel of one or more adjudicators which is convened and sits to resolve a dispute by way of arbitration.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts.
General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani (اشفاق پرویز کیانی; born 20 April 1952),, is a retired four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army who served as the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), being appointed on 29 November 2007 until 29 November 2013.
Asif Ali Zardari (آصف علی زرداری; آصف علي زرداري; born 26 July 1955) is a Pakistani politician and the former co-chairperson of Pakistan People's Party.
Asif Saeed Khan Khosa (آصف سعید خان کھوسہ, born 21 December 1954) has been a Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan since 31 December 2016.
The Attorney-General for Pakistan (A.G.), is the chief law officer and legal advisor of the Government of Pakistan and enjoys rights of audience before Parliament.
Mohammad Ayub Khan (محمد ایوب خان; 14 May 1907 – 19 April 1974),, was a Pakistani military dictator and the 2nd President of Pakistan who forcibly assumed the presidency from 1st President through coup in 1958, the first successful coup d'état of the country. The popular demonstrations and labour strikes which were supported by the protests in East Pakistan ultimately led to his forced resignation in 1969., Retrieved 25 August 2015 Trained at the British Royal Military College, Ayub Khan fought in the World War II as a Colonel in the British Indian Army before deciding to transfer to join the Pakistan Army as an aftermath of partition of British India in 1947. His command assignment included his role as chief of staff of Eastern Command in East-Bengal and elevated as the first native commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army in 1951 by then-Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in a controversial promotion over several senior officers., Retrieved 25 August 2015 From 1953–58, he served in the civilian government as Defence and Home Minister and supported Iskander Mirza's decision to impose martial law against Prime Minister Feroze Khan's administration in 1958., Retrieved 27 August 2015 Two weeks later, he took over the presidency from Mirza after the meltdown of civil-military relations between the military and the civilian President., Retrieved 25 August 2015 After appointing General Musa Khan as an army chief in 1958, the policy inclination towards the alliance with the United States was pursued that saw the allowance of American access to facilities inside Pakistan, most notably the airbase outside of Peshawar, from which spy missions over the Soviet Union were launched. Relations with neighboring China were strengthened but deteriorated with Soviet Union in 1962, and with India in 1965. His presidency saw the war with India in 1965 which ended with Soviet Union facilitating the Tashkent Declaration between two nations. At home front, the policy of privatisation and industrialization was introduced that made the country's economy as Asia's fastest-growing economies. During his tenure, several infrastructure programs were built that consisted the completion of hydroelectric stations, dams and reservoirs, as well as prioritizing the space program but reducing the nuclear deterrence. In 1965, Ayub Khan entered in a presidential race as PML candidate to counter the popular and famed non-partisan Fatima Jinnah and controversially reelected for the second term. He was faced with allegations of widespread intentional vote riggings, authorized political murders in Karachi, and the politics over the unpopular peace treaty with India which many Pakistanis considered an embarrassing compromise. In 1967, he was widely disapproved when the demonstrations across the country were led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto over the price hikes of food consumer products and, dramatically fell amid the popular uprising in East led by Mujibur Rahman in 1969. Forced to resign to avoid further protests while inviting army chief Yahya Khan to impose martial law for the second time, he fought a brief illness and died in 1974. His legacy remains mixed; he is credited with an ostensible economic prosperity and what supporters dub the "decade of development", but is criticized for beginning the first of the intelligence agencies' incursions into the national politics, for concentrating corrupt wealth in a few hands, and segregated policies that later led to the breaking-up of nation's unity that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh., Retrieved 25 August 2015.
The High Court of Balochistan (Urdu: بلوچستان عدالت عالیہ) is the highest judicial institution of Balochistan, Pakistan.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
Basic norm (Grundnorm) is a concept in the Pure Theory of Law created by Hans Kelsen, a jurist and legal philosopher.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Benazir Bhutto (بينظير ڀُٽو; 21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was a Pakistani politician who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and again from 1993 to 1996.
A bench memorandum (pl. bench memoranda) (also known as a bench memo) is a short and neutral memo which summarizes the facts, issues, and arguments of a court case.
Bengalis (বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people, Bangalis and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and nation native to the region of Bengal in the Indian subcontinent, which is presently divided between most of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Jharkhand.
The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
A cafeteria is a type of food service location in which there is little or no waiting staff table service, whether a restaurant or within an institution such as a large office building or school; a school dining location is also referred to as a dining hall or canteen (in British English).
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Capital Development Authority (دارالحکومت ترقی اختیار, abbreviated as CDA), is a public benefit corporation responsible for providing municipal services in Islamabad Capital Territory.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Pakistan.
The Capital Territory Police (وفاقی دارالحکومت پولیس) is a police force formed in 1981 to police Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan under administrative control of the Chief Commissioner, Islamabad Capital Territory Administration.
Certiorari, often abbreviated cert. in the United States, is a process for seeking judicial review and a writ issued by a court that agrees to review.
The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer, typically at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council.
Justice Ijaz Ahmed Chaudhry is a justice in the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a former justice of Lahore High Court.
The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.
The Chief Justice of Pakistan (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
The Chief of Army Staff (سربراہ پاک فوج) (reporting name: COAS), is a military appointment and statutory office held by the four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan.
Civil registration is the system by which a government records the vital events (births, marriages, and deaths) of its citizens and residents.
In law, a commutation is the substitution of a lesser penalty for that given after a conviction for a crime.
Conservatism in Pakistan (پاكستانی قدامت پسندی), generally relates to the traditional, social, and religious identities in the politics of Pakistan.
The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan (পাকিস্তান্ গণপরিষদ্ Pākistān Gaṇapariṣad; آئین ساز اسمبلی, Aāin Sāz Asimblī.), was formed to write Pakistan's constitution and serve as its first parliament.
Constitution Avenue (شارع دستور) is a road in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Constitution bench is the name given to the benches of the Supreme Court of India which consist of at least five judges of the court which sit to decide any case “involving a substantial question of law as to the interpretation” of the Constitution of India.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu), also known as the 1973 Constitution is the supreme law of Pakistan.
The Constitution of 1956 was the fundamental law of Pakistan from March 1956 until the 1958 Pakistani coup d'état.
The Constitution of 1962 was the fundamental law of Pakistan from June 1962 until martial law was declared in March 1969.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
Contempt of court, often referred to simply as "contempt", is the offense of being disobedient to or discourteous toward a court of law and its officers in the form of behavior that opposes or defies the authority, justice and dignity of the court.
After the dismissal of Benazir Bhutto's first government on 6 August 1990 by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan on grounds of corruption, the government of Pakistan issued directives to its intelligence agencies to investigate the allegations.
Corruption in Pakistan is widespread, particularly in the government and lower levels of police forces.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Democracy (جمہوریت; pronounced jamhooriat) is one of the ideologies and systems upon which Pakistan was sought to be established in 1947 as a nation-state, as envisaged by the leader and founding father of the nation, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Pakistan's latest estimated population is 207,774,520 (excluding the autonomous regions of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan).
Dictablanda is a dictatorship in which civil liberties are allegedly preserved rather than destroyed.
Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.
The District Courts of Pakistan are courts that operate at the district level, they are controlled by the high courts.
A Division Bench is a term in judicial system in India in which a case is heard and judged by at least 2 judges.
. Other similarly-named legal concepts are Necessity (tort) or Military necessity or Necessity (criminal law).
Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য; مملکتِ پاکستان), also called the Dominion of Pakistan, was an independent federal dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 as a result of the Pakistan movement, followed by the simultaneous partition of British India to create a new country called Pakistan.
Justice Dorab Framrose Patel (b. 1924 http://www.hrsolidarity.net/mainfile.php/1997vol07no04/300/ – d.15 March 1997), was a Pakistan jurist of Parsi descent, and lawmaker who served as a former Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan and former Chief Justice of Sindh High Court. Justice Patel was a prominent campaigner for human rights, and was a founding member of the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) in 1987 and the co-founder of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. A Parsi by faith, he rose up the ranks of the judiciary to become one of Pakistan's most senior most judges, only to resign on principle after refusing to take an oath of allegiance to Chief Martial Law Administrator and Chief of Army Staff at that time, General Zia-ul-Haq in 1981. Justice Patel died of leukaemia on 1997 in Islamabad, and was buried in Karachi.
The Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان میں آٹھویں ترمیم) allowed the President to unilaterally dissolve the National Assembly and elected governments.
Since its establishment in 1947, Pakistan has had an asymmetric federal government and is a federal parliamentary democratic republic.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Enlightened moderation is a term coined by a former Pakistani president, Pervez Musharraf; it applies to practicing a moderate Islam, as opposed to the interpretions of fundamentalist Islam.
The Entrance Hall (also called the Grand Foyer) is the primary and formal entrance to the White House, the official residence of the President of the United States.
Faisal Arab (فيصل عرب) is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan since 13 December 2015.
Justice Faqir Muhammad Khokhar (born April 16, 1945) is a former judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.He was also nominated as a candidate for chairman NAB in 2017.
Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari (English IPA: fɑrukʰ æɦmæd ləɡhərɪ̈) (Balochi, Saraiki, سردار فاروق احمد خان لغاری; 29 May 1940 – 20 October 2010), was a Pakistani politician who served as the 8th President of Pakistan from 14 November 1993 until resigning on 2 December 1997.
Fazal-e-Akbar (born November 1903, date of death unknown) graduated in Arts from St. Xavier College, Calcutta, India.
The Federal Court of India was a judicial body, established in India in 1937 under the provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, with original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction.
The Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan, abbreviated as FSC, is a prestigious court which has the power to examine and determine whether the laws of the country comply with Islamic Shari'a law.
The Fifth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان میں پانچویں ترمیم) was adopted in September 5 of 1976, by the elected Parliament of Pakistan under the democratic government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Fiqh (فقه) is Islamic jurisprudence.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Sir George Baxandall Constantine (b. 1902–1969),, was an English jurist who served as the Chief Justice of Sindh High Court, and prior to that, Governor of Sindh for a brief tenure.
The Gilani ministry began its operation into office on 31 March 2008 after Yousaf Raza Gillani was elected as Prime minister of Pakistan by the National Assembly on 25 March 2008.
The Government of India Act,1935 was originally passed in August 1935 (25 & 26 Geo. 5 c. 42), and is said to be the longest Act (British) of Parliament ever enacted by that time.
The Government of Pakistan (حکومتِ پاکستان) is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces of a proclaimed and established parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
In United States politics, a government shutdown occurs when Congress fails to pass or the President fails to sign appropriations: legislation funding federal government operations and agencies.
The Governor-General of Pakistan (گورنر جنرل پاکستان), was the representative in Pakistan of the British monarch, from the country's independence in 1947.
Justice Sir Harilal Jekisundas Kania (3 November 1890 – 6 November 1951) was the first Chief Justice of India, dying in office in 1951.
Iqbal Hameedur Rahman (Urdu:اقبال حميدرحمان; born 25 September 1956), is a Pakistani retired judge who served as the Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, appointed in this post in 2013 until tendering resignation in 2016.
Chief Justice Hamoodur Rahman (حمود الرحمن; 1 November 1910 – 20 December 1981),.
The Hamoodur Rahman Commission (otherwise known as "War Enquiry Commission"), was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan's political–military involvement in East-Pakistan from 1947 to 1971.
The Hazaras (هزاره, آزره) are an ethnic group native to the region of Hazarajat in central Afghanistan, speaking the Hazaragi variant of Dari, itself an eastern variety of Persian and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
The High Court Division (উচ্চ আদালত বিভাগ —) also known as High Court is the lower division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the upper being the Appellate Division.
introduction There are five High Courts of Pakistan, each of four based in the capital city of one of the four provinces.
The history of Pakistan encompasses the history of the region constituting modern-day Pakistan.
The situation of human rights in Pakistan is complex as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as a democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and secular laws.
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (اِفتِخار مُحَمّد چودهرى; born 12 December 1948) was the 20th Chief Justice of Pakistan, who served over three non-consecutive terms from 29 June 2005 to 11 December 2013.
Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi PP, HI (born 5 October 1952) is the Chairman of Pakistan Movement of Justice and the candidate for the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the upcoming Pakistani general election, 2018.
Relations between India and Pakistan have been complex and largely hostile due to a number of historical and political events.
The Indian High Courts Act of 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 104) was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to authorize the Crown to create High Courts in the Indian colony.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
The International Islamic University ((IIUI) Arabic: الجامعة الإسلامية العالمية إسلام آباد, Urdu: بين الاقوامی اسلامی يونيورسٹی) is a Public university and tertiary education research institution in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Justice Irshad Hasan Khan (Urdu) (born 7 January 1937) was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 26 January 2000 to 6 January 2002.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
Islamabad High Court, located in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, was established under Islamabad High Court Act, 2010 after the 18th amendment in the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973.
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB), colloquially known as Islamia University, is located in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Senior Justice Javed Iqbal (born 1 August 1946) is the Charirman of National Accountability Bureau, a federal institution responsible to build efforts against corruption and economic terrorism.
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
Judgement (or judgment) is the evaluation of evidence to make a decision.
Judicial Commission of Pakistan (informally JCP) is a commission for the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court Judges in Pakistan.
Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary needs to be kept away from the other branches of government.
Judicial interpretation refers to different ways that the judiciary uses to interpret the law, particularly constitutional documents and legislation.
The judiciary of Pakistan (پاکستان کا عدلیہ) is a hierarchical system with two classes of courts: the superior (or higher) judiciary and the subordinate (or lower) judiciary.
Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law, principally by philosophers but, from the twentieth century, also by social scientists.
Justice Sair Ali (born 19 November 1947) is a Pakistani judge, professor of law, and jurist who formerly served as the Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 2009 until his retirement in 2011.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture.
Honourable Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday was an ad hoc judge later appointed as a permanent judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
The Lahore High Court is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Law enforcement in Pakistan (قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.
The Law of Pakistan is the law and legal system existing in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
The Lawyers' Movement, also known as the Movement for the Restoration of Judiciary or the Black Coat Protests, was the popular mass protest movement initiated by the lawyers of Pakistan in response to the former president and army chief Pervez Musharraf's actions of 9 March 2007 when he unconstitutionally suspended Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry as the chief justice of Pakistan's Supreme Court.
In law, a legal opinion is in certain jurisdictions a written explanation by a judge or group of judges that accompanies an order or ruling in a case, laying out the rationale and legal principles for the ruling.
Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making.
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (Næʍābzādāh Liāqat Alī Khān,لِیاقت علی خان; born October 1895 – 16 October 1951), widely known as Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation) and Shaheed-e-Millat (شہِیدِ مِلّت Martyr of the Nation), was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan, statesman, lawyer, and political theorist who became and served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan; in addition, he also held cabinet portfolio as the first foreign, defence, and the frontier regions minister from 1947 until his assassination in 1951.
This is an index of lists of cases decided by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the highest and apex court in the judicial hierarchy in Pakistan.
Following is a list of newspapers in Pakistan.
Pakistan is a multi-party democracy that at times has been subject to military government.
The four provincial governments of Pakistan administer the four provinces of Pakistan.
This is a list of television channels in Pakistan.
Sir Malik Ghulam Muhammad (ملک غلام محمد 20 April 1895– 29 August 1956), was a Pakistani financier who served as the third Governor-General of Pakistan, appointed in this capacity in 1951 until being dismissed in 1955 due to health conditions.
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan (M. T. Khan; March 1889 – 19 August 1963) was the Speaker of Pakistan's Constituent Assembly from 1948 to 1954 and National Assembly of Pakistan between 1962 and 1963.
Mazhar Alam (Urdu:مظهر عالم) is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a former Chief Justice of Peshawar High Court.
McGill University is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Media in Pakistan provides information on television, radio, cinema, newspapers, and magazines in Pakistan.
Mian Saqib Nisar (میاں ثاقب نثار, born 18 January 1954), is the 25th and current Chief Justice of Pakistan, in office since 31 December 2016.
Military coups in Pakistan began in 1958 and there have been three successful attempts.
The Directorate for Military Intelligence, known as "Military Intelligence" (MI), is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Army.
The Law Minister of Pakistan heads the Ministry of Law, Justice & Human Rights.
A miscarriage of justice is primarily the conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit.
Missing persons is a generic term used in Pakistan to refer to the alleged ostensibly hundreds of persons in Pakistan who have been forcefully disappeared by the different security and law enforcement agencies.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
Sahibzada Mohammad Ali Bogra (মোহাম্মদ আলী বগুড়া); (19 October 1909 – 23 January 1963), also sometimes known as Mohammad Ali of Bogra, was a Bengali politician, statesman, and a career diplomat who served as third Prime Minister of Pakistan, appointed in this capacity in 1953 until he stepped down in 1955 in favor of Finance Minister Muhammad Ali.
Honourable Chief Justice Muhammad Haleem (Urdu), LL.D. (HC), HI (1 January 1925 – 11 August 2006) served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan from 1981 to 1989, the longest service of its kind in the history of the country. He was even endorsed by successive future regimes in Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (محمد علی جناح ALA-LC:, born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.
Sardar Muhammad Aslam is a former Justice of Lahore High Court, jurist and professional lawyer from Pakistan.
Muhammad Javed Buttar is a former justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, currently he is serving as a member of Board of Directors of National Asset Management Company Limited.
Muhammad Munir (1895–1979) was the second Chief Justice of Pakistan serving from 1954 to 1960.
Muhammad Shahabuddin (Urdu: محمد شہاب الدین) was the Chief Justice of Pakistan and Governor of East Pakistan.
n/a or N/A is a common abbreviation in tables and lists for the phrase not applicable, not available, or no answer.
Nasim Hasan Shah (Urdu) (15 April 1929 – 3 February 2015) was a Pakistani judge who was Chief Justice of Pakistan.
Qaumi Assembly Pakistan (قومی اسمبلئ پاکستان or National Assembly of Pakistan (ایوانِ زیریں پاکستان) is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura, which also comprises the President of Pakistan and Aiwan-e Bala (upper house). The Qaumi Assembly and the Aiwan-e Bala both convene at Parliament House in Islamabad. The National Assembly is a democratically elected body consisting of a total of 342 members who are referred to as Members of the National Assembly (MNAs), of which 272 are directly elected members and 70 reserved seats for women and religious minorities. A political party must secure 172 seats to obtain and preserve a majority. Members are elected through the first-past-the-post system under universal adult suffrage, representing electoral districts known as National Assembly constituencies. According to the constitution, the 70 seats reserved for women and religious minorities are allocated to the political parties according to their proportional representation. Each National Assembly is formed for a five-year term, commencing from the date of the first sitting, after which it is automatically dissolved. Currently the National Assembly can not be dissolved by the President of Pakistan, it is dissolved by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Election for 13th National Assembly was held on 18 February 2008. On March 17, 2013 13th National Assembly was dissolved on completion of its five-year term under Article 52 of the Constitution. Pakistani general election, 2013 (for the 14th National Assembly) was held on May 11, 2013. Members of 14th National Assembly took oath on June 1, 2013. The 14th National Assembly dissolved on 31 May 2018 after completing its 5 year term.
National conservatism is a variant of conservatism that concentrates more on national interests and upholding cultural or ethnic identity than most other conservatives.
The National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO; Urdu: قومی مفاہمت فرمان 2007ء) was a controversial ordinance issued by the former President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, on 5 October 2007.
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (Urdu/میاں محمد نواز شریف, born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani business magnate and former politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for three non-consecutive terms, all of the three terms were unsuccessful.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Operation Fair Play was the code name for the 5 July 1977 coup by Pakistan Chief of Army Staff General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, overthrowing the government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy (especially writing and print) are unfamiliar to most of the population.
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
Overseas Pakistanis (بیرون ملک مقیم پاکستانی) refers to Pakistani people who live outside of Pakistan.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pakistan Armed Forces (پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan.
Pakistan Bar Council (پاکستان قانون وکلای انجمن) was established by the Parliament in 1973 under the Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act.
The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (ایجنسی برائے حفاظت ماحولیات, abbreviated as Pak-EPA), is an executive agency Government of Pakistan managed by the Ministry of Environment.
The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan (تحریک پاکستان –) was a religious political movement in the 1940s that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Pakistan from the Muslim-majority areas of the British Indian Empire.
The Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (پاکستان مسلم لیگ (ن) PML-N) is a centre-right conservative party in Pakistan.
Pakistan Television Corporation (پاكِستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک; reporting name: PTV) is a public and commercial broadcasting television network, as well as a mass-media state-owned megacorporation, with headquarters at Islamabad, Pakistan.
General elections were held in Pakistan on 10 October 2002 to elect the National Assembly of Pakistan and the provincial assemblies.
The Pakistani nationality law governs citizenship of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The Pakistani rupee (روپیہ / ALA-LC:; sign: ₨; code: PKR) is the currency of Pakistan.
A state of emergency was declared by President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf on 3 November 2007, and lasted until 15 December 2007, during which time the constitution of Pakistan was suspended.
The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
The Parliament of Pakistan (مجلس شوریٰ پاکستان —) is the federal and supreme legislative body of Pakistan.
The political history of Pakistan (پاکستان کی سیاسی تاريخ.) is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, and leaders of Pakistan.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
The Provisional Constitutional Order Judges case (shortened to PCO Judges case), refers to ongoing Pakistan Supreme Court cases begun in 2009.
Pervez Musharraf (پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943) is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star army general who was the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation, to avoid impeachment, in 2008.
The Peshawar High Court is the highest judicial institution of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
A petitioner is a person who pleads with governmental institution for a legal remedy or a redress of grievances, through use of a petition.
Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence that seeks to answer basic questions about law and legal systems, such as "What is law?", "What are the criteria for legal validity?", "What is the relationship between law and morality?", and many other similar questions.
A plenary power or plenary authority is a complete and absolute power to take action on a particular issue, with no limitations.
A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, policewoman, cop, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represents the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".
The Prime Minister's Office (also referred to as PMO) is the official residence and principle workplace of the Prime Minister of Pakistan, located at 44000 Constitution Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court in the United States and the only court specifically established by the Constitution of the United States, implemented in 1789.
The Provisional Constitutional Order (popularly known as PCO), is an emergency and extra-constitutional order that suspends either wholly or partially the Constitution of Pakistan— the supreme law of land.
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
The Punjab Bar Council (پنجاب بار کونسل) is a deliberative assembly of lawyers in Punjab.
Qazi Faez Isa (قاضی فائز عیسی, born 26 October 1959) is a Justice in the Supreme Court of Pakistan since 5 September 2014.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Raja Muhammad Fayyaz Ahmad (born 1 June 1946) is a judge in Supreme Court of Pakistan and is a former Chief Justice of High Court of Balochistan.
Rana Bhagwandas (20 December 1942 – 23 February 2015), was a senior judge and former acting chief justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan (CJP).
In mathematics, a ratio is a relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second.
Rawalpindi (Punjabi, راولپِنڈى), commonly known as Pindi (پِنڈی), is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
A respondent is a person who is called upon to issue a response to a communication made by another.
This article lists the statutory retirement age in different countries.
Rustam Sohrabji Sidhwa (1 September 1927 – 31 March 1997) Retrieved 24 June 2010 was a former judge on the Supreme Court of Pakistan as well as one of the original eleven judges of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
Saeed Uz Zaman Siddiqui (1 December 1937 – 11 January 2017) (pronunciation 'sa'eed -uz- zam'an'; alternatively Saiduzzaman Siddiqui) was a Pakistani jurist and legislator of great prominence who formerly served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Salus populi suprema lex esto (Latin: "The health (welfare, good, salvation, felicity) of the people should be the supreme law", "Let the good (or safety) of the people be the supreme (or highest) law", or "The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law") is a maxim or principle found in Cicero's De Legibus (book III, part III, sub. VIII).
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان میں سترہویں ترمیم) was an amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan passed in December 2003, after over a year of political wrangling between supporters and opponents of Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.
Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada NI (12 June 1923 – 2 June 2017) was a noted Pakistani lawyer, served as a senior advocate at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Shaukat Aziz (شوکت عزیز) (born 6 March 1949 in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan) is a Pakistani economist and financier who served as 18th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 20 August 2004 to 15 November 2007, as well as the Finance Minister of Pakistan from 6 November 1999 to 15 November 2007.
Chief Justice Sheikh Anwarul Haq (شیخ انوار الحق‎; 11 May 1917 – 3 March 1995), was a Pakistani jurist and an academic who served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan from 23 September 1977 until resigning on 25 March 1981.
The High Court of Sindh is the highest judicial institution of the province of Sindh.
The influences of socialism and socialist movements in Pakistan have taken many different forms as a counterpart to political conservatism, from the groups like Lal Salam which is the Pakistani section of the International Marxist Tendency, The Struggle, to the Stalinist group like Communist Party through to the reformist electoral project enshrined in the birth of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) While capitalism has always held its sway, the prevalence of the socialist ideology has nevertheless continued to be found in a number of instances in Pakistan's political past and prominent personalities.
The right to a speedy trial is a human right under which it is asserted that a government prosecutor may not delay the trial of a criminal suspect arbitrarily and indefinitely.
The square foot (plural square feet; abbreviated sq ft, sf, ft2) is an imperial unit and U.S. customary unit (non-SI, non-metric) of area, used mainly in the United States and partially in Bangladesh, Canada, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore and the United Kingdom.
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted.
In law, sua sponte (Latin: "of his, her, its or their own accord") or suo motu "on its own motion" describes an act of authority taken without formal prompting from another party.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court Bar Association (سپریم کورٹ بار ایسوسی ایشن) is an association comprising the supreme court lawyers in Pakistan.
The Supreme Court Building is the official and principal site for the Supreme Court of Pakistan, located at 44000 Constitution Avenue in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Library of the Supreme Court of Pakistan is an official and principal research as well as reference library of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan is a body of judges empowered under of the constitution of Pakistan to hear cases of misconduct against judges.
Syed Mansoor Ali Shah (born 28 November 1962) is a Pakistani jurist who is serving as judge of the Supreme Court, according to seniority he will become 31st Chief Justice of Pakistan.
Syed Sajjad Ali Shah (سید سجاد علی شاہ) was the Chief Justice of Pakistan from 4 June 1994 to 2 December 1997.
General Tariq Majid, (Urdu: طارق مجید; born 23 August 1950; NI(M), afwc, fsc(m), psc) is a retired four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army who held prestigious four-star assignment as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee from 2007 to 2010, the principal and highest-ranking military advisier in the Pakistan Armed Forces.
Tassaduq Hussain Jillani (born 6 July 1949) is a Pakistani judge who served as the 21st Chief Justice of Pakistan from 2013 to 2014.
Textualism is a formalist theory in which the interpretation of the law is primarily based on the ordinary meaning of the legal text, where no consideration is given to non-textual sources, such as: intention of the law when passed, the problem it was intended to remedy, or significant questions regarding the justice or rectitude of the law.
The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to The Hon., Hon. or formerly The Hon'ble—the latter term is still used in South Asia) is a style that is used before the names of certain classes of people.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan (Urdu: آئین پاکستان میں تیرہویں ترمیم) was a short-time amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, adopted by the elected Parliament of Pakistan in 1997 by the government of people elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
In human resources context, turnover is the act of replacing an employee with a new employee.
The Arabic term ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", literally "the learned ones", also spelled ulema; feminine: alimah and uluma), according to the Encyclopedia of Islam (2000), in its original meaning "denotes scholars of almost all disciplines".
Ultra vires is a Latin phrase meaning "beyond the powers".
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan (آغا محمد یحییٰ خان; 4 February 1917 – 10 August 1980), widely known as Yahya Khan,, was the third President of Pakistan, serving in this post from 25 March 1969 until turning over his presidency in December 1971.
Syed Yousuf Raza Gillani also spelled Gilani (Urdu:;; born 9 July 1952) is a Pakistani politician who served as 19th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 25 March 2008 until his retroactive disqualification and ouster by the Supreme Court of Pakistan on 26 April 2012.
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
Events in the year 1935 in India.
The 1958 Pakistani coup d'état refers to the events between October 7, when the President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution of Pakistan and declared martial law, and October 27, when Mirza himself was deposed by Gen.
The 1999 Pakistani coup d'état was a bloodless coup d'état in which the Pakistan Army and then-Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Pervez Musharraf, seized the control of the civilian government of publicly elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on 12 October 1999.
The following lists notable events that happened during 2017 in Pakistan.