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Index Surabaya

Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia. [1]

231 relations: Admiral, Airlangga, Airlangga University, Al-Akbar Mosque, Allies of World War II, Ambonese, Ampel Mosque, Arabic, Argo Bromo Anggrek, Association football, Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby, İzmir, Bakpau, Bakso, Bali, Balinese people, Bangkalan, Bangkalan Regency, Banjar people, Banten Sultanate, Banyuwangi (city), Batak, Batavia, Dutch East Indies, Battle of Surabaya, Brantas River, Brunei, Buddhism, Bugis, Busan, Catholic Church, Cattle, Central Java, China, Chinese Indonesians, Chinese language, Chinese treasure ship, Christianity, Ciputra World Surabaya, CLS Knights Indonesia, Cockle (bivalve), Coffee, Colonial architecture in Surabaya, Communist Party of Indonesia, Commuter rail, Confucianism, Cycle rickshaw, Demak Sultanate, Denpasar, Dry season, Duchy of Surabaya, ..., Dutch East India Company, Dutch East Indies, Dutch language, East Java, Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya, Flag of the Netherlands, Folk etymology, Gambir railway station, Gelora 10 November Stadium, Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium, Gerbangkertosusila, Go-Jek, Grab (company), Great white shark, Gresik Regency, Guangdong, Guangzhou, Gubeng, Gubeng, Surabaya, Hakka Chinese, Han Bwee Kong, Han Chan Piet, Heroes Monument, Hinduism, History of the Jews in the Netherlands, Hokkien, Hong Kong, Indian Indonesians, Indonesia, Indonesian cuisine, Indonesian National Armed Forces, Indonesian National Revolution, Indonesian Navy, Indonesian Railway Company, Iskandariya, Islam, Jakarta, Jalesveva Jayamahe Monument, Janggala, Japan, Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, Java, Java Sea, Javanese language, Javanese people, Jayabaya, Johor Bahru, Jombang Regency, Juanda International Airport, Judaism, Kalimantan, Kaohsiung, Köppen climate classification, Kōchi, Kediri Kingdom, Kitakyushu, Krasnoyarsk Time, Kuala Belait, Kualanamu International Airport, Kublai Khan, Lamongan Regency, Latin alphabet, Liga 2 (Indonesia), List of countries by national capital, largest and second-largest cities, List of districts of Indonesia, List of regencies and cities of Indonesia, List of sovereign states, List of tallest buildings in Surabaya, Lontong, Ludruk, Ma Huan, Madura Island, Madura Strait, Madurese language, Madurese people, Majapahit, Malacca, Maluku Islands, Mas River, Mashhad, Mataram conquest of Surabaya, Mataram Sultanate, Medan, Minangkabau people, Ming treasure voyages, Ministry of Education (Taiwan), Minyan, Mojokerto Regency, Mongol Empire, Mongol invasion of Java, Monterrey, Multi-purpose stadium, Mung bean, Museum Bank Indonesia, Surabaya, Museum Nahdlatul Ulama, Nahdlatul Ulama, Netherlands, New Orleans, Ngurah Rai International Airport, Orangutan, Orthodoxy, Pakuwon Mall, Pegon script, Pelita Harapan University, Persebaya Surabaya, Petra Christian University, Port of Tanjung Perak, Port of Tanjung Priok, Portland, Maine, Premier League, Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, Protestantism, Provinces of Indonesia, Public transport bus service, Purabaya Bus Station, Queens Park Rangers F.C., Raden Wijaya, Rail transport in Indonesia, Rawon, Register (phonology), Rungkut, Sambal, Sambikerep, Sanggar Agung, Seattle, Sedati, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Shanghai, Share taxi, Shipyard, Shrimp paste, Sidoarjo Regency, Sister city, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Soero Pernollo, Standard Chinese, State University of Surabaya, Submarine, Sugar, Sultan Agung of Mataram, Sunan Ampel, Sundanese people, Surabaya European School, Surabaya Intercultural School, Surabaya Pasar Turi railway station, Surabaya Zoo, Surabaya-Madura National Bridge, Surrender of Japan, Sutomo, Synagogue, Tapai, Telephone numbers in Indonesia, Tenggilis Mejoyo, The Hague, Tobacco, Tomé Pires, Transit bus, Tri Rismaharini, Tropical savanna climate, Tuban, Tunjungan Plaza, Uber, University of Surabaya, Urbanized, Varna, Vehicle registration plates of Indonesia, Wali Sanga, Warud, Western Australia, Wet season, Whiskey-class submarine, Widya Mandala Catholic University, Wijaya Putra University, Wikramawardhana, Wingko, Wonokromo, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yingya Shenglan, Zhao Rugua, Zheng He, Zhu Fan Zhi. Expand index (181 more) »


Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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Airlangga (also spelled Erlangga), regnal name Rakai Halu Sri Lokeswara Dharmawangsa Airlangga Anantawikramottunggadewa (born 990 in Bali, Indonesia – died 1049 in Java), was the only raja of the Kingdom of Kahuripan.

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Airlangga University

Airlangga University (UNAIR or UA; Indonesian: Universitas Airlangga) is the second-oldest university in Indonesia and also a public university located in Surabaya, East Java.

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Al-Akbar Mosque

Al Akbar Mosque, also known as Great Mosque of Surabaya, is a national mosque located in Surabaya, East Java.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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The Ambonese, also known as South Moluccans, are an Indonesian ethnic group of mixed Austronesian-Papuan origin.

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Ampel Mosque

Ampel Mosque is an ancient mosque located in the Ampel sub-district, district Semampir, Surabaya, East Java.

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Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Argo Bromo Anggrek

Argo Bromo Anggrek is an executive class train operated by Indonesian Railway Company (PT Kereta Api Indonesia) on Java between Jakarta and Surabaya.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby

Brigadier Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby CIE OBE (12 December 1899 – 30 October 1945) was a British Indian Army officer killed in a shootout during the Battle of Surabaya in what was then the Netherlands East Indies during the Indonesian National Revolution.

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İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.

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Bakpau or Bah-pau, is a type of Chinese bun (baozi) filled with meat, usually minced pork.

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Bakso or baso is Indonesian meatball, or meat paste made from beef surimi.

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Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.

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Balinese people

The Balinese (Indonesian: Suku Bali) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Bali.

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Bangkalan, Madura is a town on the western coast of Madura Island in Indonesia, the government seat of the Bangkalan Regency.

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Bangkalan Regency

Bangkalan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia.

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Banjar people

The Banjar or Banjarese (in Banjarese language; in Jawi script) are a native ethnic group in South Kalimantan, Indonesia.

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Banten Sultanate

The Banten Sultanate was founded in the 16th century and centred in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English spelling of both was Bantam.

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Banyuwangi (city)

The city of Banyuwangi is the administrative capital of Banyuwangi Regency at the far eastern end of the island of Java, Indonesia.

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Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of closely related Austronesian ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia who speak Batak languages.

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Batavia, Dutch East Indies

Batavia was the name of the capital city of the Dutch East Indies that corresponds to the present-day Central Jakarta.

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Battle of Surabaya

The Battle of Surabaya was fought between pro-independence Indonesian soldiers and militia against British and British Indian troops as a part of the Indonesian National Revolution.

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Brantas River

The Brantas is the longest river in East Java, Indonesia.

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Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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The Buginese people are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, in the southwestern province of Sulawesi, third largest island of Indonesia.

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Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

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Central Java

Central Java (Jawa Tengah, abbreviated as Jateng) is a province of Indonesia.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese Indonesians

Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chinese treasure ship

A Chinese treasure ship was a type of large wooden ship in the fleet of admiral Zheng He, who led seven voyages during the early 15th-century Ming dynasty.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Ciputra World Surabaya

Ciputra World Surabaya is a mixed development complex in Surabaya, Indonesia.

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CLS Knights Indonesia

The CLS Knights Indonesia is a basketball club based in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia that play in the ASEAN Basketball League.

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Cockle (bivalve)

A cockle is a small, edible, marine bivalve mollusc.

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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Colonial architecture in Surabaya

Colonial architecture in Surabaya (Dutch: Soerabaja) includes the legacy of neoclassical architecture and Dutch architecture built during the Dutch East Indies era.

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Communist Party of Indonesia

The Communist Party of Indonesia (Indonesian: Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) was a communist party in Indonesia that existed throughout the mid-20th century.

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Commuter rail

Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.

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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Cycle rickshaw

The cycle rickshaw is a small-scale local means of transport; it is also known by a variety of other names such as bike taxi, velotaxi, pedicab, bikecab, cyclo, beca, becak, trisikad, or trishaw.

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Demak Sultanate

The Demak Sultanate was a Javanese Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak.

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Denpasar (Balinese) is the capital of Bali and the main gateway to the island.

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Dry season

The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.

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Duchy of Surabaya

The Duchy of Surabaya (Indonesian and Javanese: Kadipaten Surabaya) was a Javanese principality centered in Surabaya, on the northeastern coast of Java (in today's East Java, Indonesia), that existed as an independent polity from to 1625.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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Dutch language

The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.

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East Java

East Java (Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Jåwå Wétan) is a province of Indonesia.

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Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya

The Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya (EEPIS) (known locally as Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya (PENS)) is a technical institution located in Indonesia.

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Flag of the Netherlands

The flag of the Netherlands (Vlag van Nederland) is a horizontal tricolor of red, white, and blue.

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Folk etymology

Folk etymology or reanalysis – sometimes called pseudo-etymology, popular etymology, or analogical reformation – is a change in a word or phrase resulting from the replacement of an unfamiliar form by a more familiar one.

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Gambir railway station

Gambir Station (Stasiun Gambir, Station code: GMR) is a major railway station in Gambir, Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Gelora 10 November Stadium

Gelora 10 November Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

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Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium

Gelora Bung Tomo Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Surabaya (a national capital of the province of East Java), Indonesia.

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Gerbangkertosusila or Gerbangkertosusilo refers to Surabaya 'Extended' Metropolitan Area, East Java.

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GO-JEK (PT. Aplikasi Karya Anak Bangsa) is an Indonesian-owned and run technology startup that specialises in ride-hailing, logistics and digital payments.

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Grab (company)

GrabTaxi Holdings Pte.

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Great white shark

The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), commonly known as the great white or the white shark, is a species of large mackerel shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans.

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Gresik Regency

Gresik Regency (older spelling Grissee) (Javanese:Nggersik) is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia.

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Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Gubeng, Gubeng, Surabaya

Gubeng is the name of a sub-district (kelurahan), which is a part of a district (kecamatan) with the same name in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

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Hakka Chinese

Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.

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Han Bwee Kong

Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen (1727 – 1778), also known as Han Bwee Sing, Han Bwee Ko and in historic Dutch sources as Han Boeijko, was a Chinese-Indonesian magnate, government official and ally of the Dutch East India Company.

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Han Chan Piet

Han Chan Piet, Majoor der Chinezen (1759 – 1827), also spelt Han Tjan Piet or Han Tian Pit, was a Peranakan Chinese magnate, government official and landlord in East Java.

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Heroes Monument

The Heroes Monument (Indonesian:Tugu Pahlawan) is a monument in Surabaya, Indonesia.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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History of the Jews in the Netherlands

Most history of the Jews in the Netherlands was generated between the end of the 16th century and World War II.

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Hokkien (from) or (閩南語/閩南話), is a Southern Min Chinese dialect group originating from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of Fujian Province in Southeastern China and Taiwan, and spoken widely there and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Indian Indonesians

Indian Indonesians (Orang India Indonesia; இந்தோனேஷியா இந்தியர்கள்) are a group of people who live in Indonesia and whose ancestors originally came from the Indian subcontinent.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Indonesian cuisine

Indonesian cuisine is one of the most vibrant and colourful cuisines in the world, full of intense flavour.

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Indonesian National Armed Forces

The Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI; literally "Indonesian National Military") are the military forces of the Republic of Indonesia.

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Indonesian National Revolution

The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.

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Indonesian Navy

The Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Laut, TNI-AL) was founded on 10 September 1945.

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Indonesian Railway Company

PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) (English: Indonesian Railways Company) is the major operator of public railways in Indonesia.

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Al-Iskandariya or Alexandria (الإسكندرية, also given as Iskandariyah, Iskanderiyah, Iskanderiya, Iskanderiyeh or Sikandariyeh or Al Askandariyah) is an ancient city in central Iraq, one of a number of towns in the Near East named after Alexander the Great (Al-Iskandar in Arabic).

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

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Jalesveva Jayamahe Monument

Jalesveva Jayamahe Monument or can be locally referred to as Monjaya is a Statue of an Indonesian Navy officer wearing Ceremonial Service Dress, complete with his sword of honor, staring far to the sea as if he's ready to challenge the ocean's tide and storms.

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The Kingdom of Janggala is one of the two Javanese kingdoms that was formed when Airlangga abdicated his throne in favour of his two sons in 1045.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the War in September 1945.

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Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

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Java Sea

The Java Sea (Laut Jawa) is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf.

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Javanese language

Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.

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Javanese people

The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.

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Sri Mapanji Jayabaya, Varmesvara, or Jayabhaya, (Javanese spelled: Ratu Joyoboyo) was Javanese King of the Kediri in East Java from 1135 to 1179 CE.

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Johor Bahru

Johor Bahru, formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia.

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Jombang Regency

Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya.

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Juanda International Airport

Juanda International Airport (JIA) (Bandar Udara Internasional Juanda), is an international airport located in Sedati, Sidoarjo.

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Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.

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Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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is the capital city of Kōchi Prefecture located on the island of Shikoku in Japan.

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Kediri Kingdom

Kediri or Kadiri (also known as Panjalu) was a Hindu Javanese Kingdom based in East Java from 1042 to around 1222.

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is one of two designated cities in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, together with Fukuoka, with a population of just under 1 million people.

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Krasnoyarsk Time

Krasnoyarsk Time (KRAT) is the time zone seven hours ahead of UTC (UTC+7) and 4 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+4).

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Kuala Belait

Kuala Belait (Jawi), officially known in Malay as (literally 'Kuala Belait Town'), is a town located in the westernmost part of Brunei, in Belait District.

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Kualanamu International Airport

Kualanamu International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Kualanamu) is an international airport serving Medan, Indonesia.

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Kublai Khan

Kublai (Хубилай, Hubilai; Simplified Chinese: 忽必烈) was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position).

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Lamongan Regency

Lamongan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia, with an area of.

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Latin alphabet

The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.

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Liga 2 (Indonesia)

Liga 2 (English: League Two) is the second-tier of the football competition system in Indonesia, organized by PSSI.

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List of countries by national capital, largest and second-largest cities

This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country.

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List of districts of Indonesia

In Indonesia, a district (distrik) refers to third-level administrative subdivisions in Papua and West Papua.

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List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

This is the list of regencies and cities of Indonesia.

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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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List of tallest buildings in Surabaya

Surabaya is the capital of East Java province and one of the largest city in Indonesia.

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Lontong is a dish made of compressed rice cake in the form of a cylinder wrapped inside a banana leaf, commonly found in Indonesia; also to lesser extent in Malaysia and Singapore.

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Ludruk is one of the theatrical genres in East Java.

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Ma Huan

Ma Huan (Xiao'erjing: ﻣَﺎ ﺧُﻮًا.) (c. 1380–1460), courtesy name Zongdao, pen name Mountain-woodcutter (會稽山樵), was a Chinese voyager and translator who accompanied Admiral Zheng He on three of his seven expeditions to the Western Oceans.

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Madura Island

Madura is an Indonesian island off the northeastern coast of Java.

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Madura Strait

Madura Strait is a stretch of water that separates the Indonesian islands of Java and Madura, in the province of East Java.

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Madurese language

Madurese is a language of the Madurese people of Madura Island and eastern Java, Indonesia; it is also spoken on the neighbouring small Kangean Islands and Sapudi Islands, as well as by migrants to other parts of Indonesia, namely the eastern salient of Java (comprising Pasuruan, Surabaya, Malang to Banyuwangi), the Masalembu Islands, and even some on Kalimantan.

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Madurese people

The Madurese (sometimes Madurace or Madhure) also known as Orang Madura and Suku Madura in Indonesian are an ethnic group originally from the island of Madura now found in many parts of Indonesia, where they are the third-largest ethnic group by population.

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The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.

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Malacca (Melaka; மலாக்கா) dubbed "The Historic State", is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca.

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Maluku Islands

The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.

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Mas River

The Kali Mas ("Golden river" in Javanese), is a distributary of the Brantas River in East Java, flowing north easterly towards the Madura Strait.

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Mashhad (مشهد), also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province.

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Mataram conquest of Surabaya

The Mataram conquest of Surabaya or Mataram-Surabaya War was a military campaign by the Sultanate of Mataram in the early 17th century that resulted in the capture of the Duchy of Surabaya (Kadipaten Surabaya) and its allies in eastern Java, in modern-day Indonesia.

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Mataram Sultanate

The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese kingdom on Java before the island was colonised by the Dutch.

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Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.

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Minangkabau people

Minangkabau people (Minangkabau: Urang Minang; Indonesian: Suku Minang; Jawi script: اورڠ مينڠ), also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia.

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Ming treasure voyages

The Ming treasure voyages were the seven maritime expeditions by Ming China's treasure fleet between 1405 and 1433.

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Ministry of Education (Taiwan)

The Ministry of Education of the Republic of China (MOE) is the ministry responsible for incorporating educational policies and managing public schools in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and has Overseas Education Divisions all over the world.

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In Judaism, a minyan (מִנְיָן lit. noun count, number; pl. minyanim) is the quorum of ten Jewish adults required for certain religious obligations.

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Mojokerto Regency

Mojokerto Regency is a regency in East Java province.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Mongol invasion of Java

The Mongol invasion of Java was a military effort made by Kublai Khan, founder of the Yuan dynasty (one of the fragments of the Mongol Empire), to invade Java, an island in modern Indonesia.

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Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.

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Multi-purpose stadium

Multi-purpose stadiums are a type of stadium designed to be easily used by multiple types of events.

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Mung bean

The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as the green gram, maash, or moong Sanskrit मुद्ग / mŪgd, is a plant species in the legume family.

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Museum Bank Indonesia, Surabaya

Bank Indonesia Museum (Indonesian Museum Bank Indonesia) is a bank museum located in Surabaya, Indonesia.

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Museum Nahdlatul Ulama

Nahdlatul Ulama museum is a museum, which documents the culture and history of Nahdatul Ulama (NU).

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Nahdlatul Ulama

Nahdlatul Ulama (also Nahdatul Ulama or NU) is a traditionalist Sunni Islam movement in Indonesia following the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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Ngurah Rai International Airport

Ngurah Rai International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Ngurah Rai), officially known as I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport, is the main airport in Bali, located 13 km south of Denpasar.

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The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.

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Pakuwon Mall

Pakuwon Mall (formerly Supermal Pakuwon Indah, abbreviated SPI) is the biggest mall in Surabaya, Indonesia.

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Pegon script

Pegon is an Arabic alphabet used to write the Javanese and Sundanese languages, as an alternative to the Roman alphabet or the Javanese script and the old Sundanese script.

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Pelita Harapan University

Pelita Harapan University (Universitas Pelita Harapan, UPH) is a private Christian university in Lippo Village (ID, see: Lippo Karawaci), Tangerang, Indonesia, under Pelita Harapan Education Foundation (Indonesian: Yayasan Pendidikan Pelita Harapan).

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Persebaya Surabaya

Persebaya Surabaya, or Persebaya stand for Persatuan Sepakbola Surabaya (Football Association Of Surabaya), is a professional football club based in Surabaya, East Java.

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Petra Christian University

Petra Christian University is a private Christian university in Surabaya, Indonesia, established in 1961, founded by PPPK Petra, a educational christian based on Surabaya which established in 1951.

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Port of Tanjung Perak

Port of Tanjung Perak is the 2nd busiest sea port in Indonesia, located at Surabaya, East Java.

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Port of Tanjung Priok

The Port of Tanjung Priok is the busiest and most advanced Indonesian seaport, handling more than 50% of Indonesia's trans-shipment cargo traffic.

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Portland, Maine

Portland is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Maine, with a population of 67,067 as of 2017.

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Premier League

The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.

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Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10:00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945.

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Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Provinces of Indonesia

The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).

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Public transport bus service

Public transport bus services are generally based on regular operation of transit buses along a route calling at agreed bus stops according to a published public transport timetable.

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Purabaya Bus Station

Terminal Purabaya (English:Purabaya Bus Station), or more popularly known as Terminal Bungurasih is the busiest bus terminal in Indonesia (up to 120,000 passengers per day).

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Queens Park Rangers F.C.

Queens Park Rangers Football Club, commonly abbreviated to QPR, is a professional association football club based in White City, London.

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Raden Wijaya

Raden Wijaya (also known as Nararya Sangramawijaya, regnal name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana), Raden Vijaya, (reigned 1293–1309) was a Javanese King, the founder and the first monarch of Majapahit empire.

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Rail transport in Indonesia

The majority of Indonesia's railways are on Java, used for both passenger and freight transport.

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Rawon or Nasi Rawon/Rawon Rice (when served with rice) is a strong rich tasting traditional Indonesian beef black soup.

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Register (phonology)

In phonology, a register, or pitch register, is a prosodic feature of syllables in certain languages in which tone, vowel phonation, glottalization or similar features depend upon one another.

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Rungkut is a subdistrict in the East Surabaya.

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Sambal is a hot sauce or paste typically made from a mixture of a variety of chili peppers with secondary ingredients such as shrimp paste, fish sauce, garlic, ginger, shallot, scallion, palm sugar, lime juice, and rice vinegar or other vinegars.

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Sambikerep is a district in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

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Sanggar Agung

Sanggar Agung Temple or Hong San Tang is a Chinese temple in Surabaya dedicated to Chinese deities and other Asian religious icons.

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Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.

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Sedati is a district in the Sidoarjo Regency in Java, Indonesia.

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Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology

Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) is an Indonesian public university located in Surabaya, East Java, with a strong emphasis on scientific, engineering, and technological education and research.

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Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Share taxi

A share taxi (also called shared taxi) is a mode of transport which falls between a taxicab and a bus.

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A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.

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Shrimp paste

Shrimp paste or shrimp sauce is a fermented condiment commonly used in Southeast Asian, Northeastern South Asian and Southern Chinese cuisines.

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Sidoarjo Regency

Sidoarjo Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Soekarno–Hatta International Airport

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta), abbreviated SHIA or Cengkareng Airport, hence IATA designator "CGK",--> is the primary airport serving the Greater Jakarta area on the island of Java in Indonesia.

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Soero Pernollo

Kyai Ronggo Ngabehi Soero Pernollo (1720 – 1776), or Surapernala, born Han Tjien Kong, was a Chinese-Javanese nobleman, government official and ally of the Dutch East India Company.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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State University of Surabaya

The State University of Surabaya (Indonesian: Universitas Negeri Surabaya or UNESA) is a university in Surabaya.

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A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Sultan Agung of Mataram

Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyakrakusuma (Javanese: ꦯꦸꦭ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ꦲꦒꦸꦁꦲꦢꦶꦦꦿꦧꦸꦲꦚꦏꦿꦏꦸꦱꦸꦩ, Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyåkråkusumå) was the third Sultan of Mataram in Central Java ruling from 1613 to 1645.

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Sunan Ampel

Sunan Ampel (also Raden Rakhmat @Sayyid Ahmad Rahmatullah; 1401–1481) was one of the Javanese nine reverred saints Wali Songo, credited for the spread Islam in Java.

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Sundanese people

The Sundanese (Sundanese:, Urang Sunda) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the western part of the Indonesian island of Java.

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Surabaya European School

Surabaya European School (SES), Indonesia is a British international school that was established in 1997 as the first Montessori school in Surabaya with an AMI (Association Montessori International)-trained teacher.

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Surabaya Intercultural School

Surabaya International School, Indonesia, was founded in 1971 as a non-profit, English-medium, college preparatory school for foreign students under the sponsorship of the American Consulate.

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Surabaya Pasar Turi railway station

Surabaya Pasar Turi Station (SBI) is the second largest train station in Surabaya, East Java.

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Surabaya Zoo

Surabaya Zoo (Indonesian Kebon Binatang Surabaya or KBS), also known as Bonbin (abbreviation of Kebon Binatang, Indonesian for "zoo"), is a zoo located in the city of Surabaya in East Java, Indonesia.

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Surabaya-Madura National Bridge

The Suramadu Bridge (Jembatan Suramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is a cable-stayed bridge between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in Indonesia.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Sutomo (3 October 1920 – 7 October 1981), also known as Bung Tomo, is best known for his role as an Indonesian military leader during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Netherlands.

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A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Tapai (also tapay or tape), is traditional fermented rice found throughout much of Southeast Asia and parts of East Asia, especially in Austronesian cultures.

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Telephone numbers in Indonesia

Telephone numbers in Indonesia have different systems for land lines and mobile phones: land lines use area codes, while mobile phones do not.

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Tenggilis Mejoyo

Tenggilis Mejoyo is a subdistrict in the East Surabaya with an area of 5.52 square kilometers that accommodate 37153 males and 39001 females.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

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Tomé Pires

Tomé Pires (1465?–1524 or 1540)Madureira, 150–151.

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Transit bus

A transit bus (also big bus, commuter bus, city bus, town bus, stage bus, public bus or simply bus) is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services.

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Tri Rismaharini

Tri Rismaharini (born 20 November 1961) is the current Mayor of Surabaya.

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Tropical savanna climate

Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".

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Tuban is a town located on the north coast of Java, in Tuban Regency, approximately 100 km west of Surabaya, the capital of East Java.

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Tunjungan Plaza

Tunjungan Plaza (TP) is the second-biggest shopping center in Surabaya after Pakuwon Mall.

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Uber Technologies Inc. (doing business as Uber) is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, taxi cab, food delivery, and transportation network company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with operations in 633 cities worldwide.

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University of Surabaya

University of Surabaya (UBAYA) is a university in Surabaya, East Java.

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Urbanized is a documentary film directed by Gary Hustwit and released on 26 October 2011.

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Varna (Варна, Varna) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.

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Vehicle registration plates of Indonesia

All motorized vehicles including motorcycles in Indonesia are required to have registration plates.

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Wali Sanga

The Wali Sanga (also transcribed as Wali Songo) are revered saints of Islam in Indonesia, especially on the island of Java, because of their historic role in the Spread of Islam in Indonesia.

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Warud is a city and a municipal council in Amravati district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Western Australia

Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.

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Wet season

The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.

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Whiskey-class submarine

Whiskey-class submarines (known in the Soviet Union as Projects 613, 644, and 665) are a class of naval submarines that the Soviet Union built in the early Cold War period.

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Widya Mandala Catholic University

Widya Mandala Catholic University (Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala, UKWM) is a leading Roman Catholic private research university in Surabaya, Indonesia that was established in 1960.

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Wijaya Putra University

Wijaya Putra University is a university in Surabaya, Indonesia, established in 1981.

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Wikramawardhana was a Javanese king and succeeded Hayam Wuruk as the fifth monarch of the Majapahit empire, reigning from 1389 to 1429.

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Wingko, Wiwingka or Bibika, which is sometimes called Wingko Babat, Wiwingka ore Bibika (rev. De voeding in Nederlands-Indië 1904), is a traditional Javanese pancake-like snack made from coconut.

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Wonokromo is a district in Surabaya, Indonesia.

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Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.

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Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.

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Yingya Shenglan

The Yingya Shenglan, written by Ma Huan, is a book about the countries visited by him over the course of Zheng He's treasure voyages.

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Zhao Rugua

Zhao Rugua (Chau Ju-Kua/Chou Ju-kua) (1170–1228), also written as Zhao Rukuo or misread as Zhao Rushi, is a Song dynasty official who wrote a two-volume book titled Zhu fan zhi.

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Zheng He

Zheng He (1371–1433 or 1435) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynasty.

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Zhu Fan Zhi

Zhu Fan Zhi, variously translated as A Description of Barbarian Nations, Records of Foreign People, or other similar titles, is a 13th-century Song Dynasty work by Zhao Rugua.

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Redirects here:

History of Surabaya, Kalirungkut, Kedung Baruk, Kendangsari, Kutisari, Medokan Ayu, Panjangjiwo, Penjaringansari, Prapen, Rungkut Kidul, Rungkut, Surabaya, Soerabaia, Soerabaja, Soerabaya, Sourabaya, Surabaja, Surabaya, East Java, Surabaya, Indonesia, Suroboyoan, Tenggilis Mejoyo, Village, Tenggilis, Surabaya, Wonorejo.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surabaya

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