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Surgical suture

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Surgical suture (commonly called stitches) is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery. [1]

95 relations: Alexis Carrel, Aluminium, American wire gauge, Antimicrobial, Artery, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Barbed suture, Biodegradation, Bone, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Bronze, Butterfly closure, Caesarean section, Capillary action, Caprolactone, Cardiac surgery, Catgut, Catgut suture, Chest tube, Chitin, Copper, Corner stitch, Cotton, Cyanoacrylate, Egypt, Enzyme, Flax, Foreign-body giant cell, Galen, Guitar, H&E stain, Hair, Healing, Heart, Hemp, Hippocrates, Horizontal mattress stitch, Human gastrointestinal tract, Hydrolysis, Hypoallergenic, Immune system, Infection, Iodine, Jenkin's Rule, Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, Knot, Laparoscopic surgery, Ligature (medicine), Medical device, Miller-Keane Encyclopedia & Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, ..., Monocryl, Mummy, Muscle, Needle holder, Nerve, Novartis, Nylon, Orthopedic surgery, Outline of medicine, Polydioxanone, Polyester, Polyglycolide, Polylactic acid, Polymer, Polypropylene, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Polyvinyl alcohol, Polyvinylidene fluoride, Proteolysis, Racket (sports equipment), Reef knot, Running stitch, Scar, Sewing, Sewing needle, Silk, Silver, Simple interrupted stitch, Stainless steel, Sterilization (microbiology), Sternum, Surgeon's knot, Surgical knot, Surgical staple, Sushruta Samhita, Swaging, Tendon, Thread (yarn), Tissue (biology), U.S.P. Needle Pull Specifications, United States Pharmacopeia, Urinary bladder, Vertical mattress stitch, Violin, Wire. Expand index (45 more) »

Alexis Carrel

Alexis Carrel (28 June 1873 – 5 November 1944) was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques.

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Aluminium (or aluminum; see) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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American wire gauge

American wire gauge (AWG), also known as the Brown & Sharpe wire gauge, is a standardized wire gauge system used since 1857 predominantly in North America for the diameters of round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire.

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An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth.

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The anatomy of arteries can be separated into gross anatomy, at the macroscopic level, and microscopic anatomy, which must be studied with the aid of a microscope.

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Aulus Cornelius Celsus

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (25 BC 50 AD) was a Roman encyclopaedist, known for his extant medical work, De Medicina, which is believed to be the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia.

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Barbed suture

A barbed suture is a type of knotless surgical suture that has barbs on its surface.

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Biodegradation is the chemical dissolution of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.

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A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebral skeleton.

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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease (encephalopathy) in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord.

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Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.

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Butterfly closure

Butterfly closures are adhesive bandage strips which can be used to close small wounds.

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Caesarean section

A Caesarian section (often C-section, also other spellings) is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen and uterus to deliver one or more babies.

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Capillary action

Capillary action (sometimes capillarity, capillary motion, or wicking) is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, and in opposition to, external forces like gravity.

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ε-Caprolactone or simply caprolactone is a cyclic ester, a member of the lactone family, with a seven-membered ring with the formula (CH2)5CO2.

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Cardiac surgery

Cardiovascular (heart) surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons.

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Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.

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Catgut suture

Catgut suture is a type of surgical suture that is naturally degraded by the body's own proteolytic enzymes.

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Chest tube

A chest tube (chest drain, thoracic catheter, tube thoracostomy, or intercostal drain) is a flexible plastic tube that is inserted through the chest wall and into the pleural space or mediastinum.

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Chitin (C8H13O5N)n is a long-chain polymer of a ''N''-acetylglucosamine, a derivative of glucose, and is found in many places throughout the natural world.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Corner stitch

The corner stitch is a common suture technique.

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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae.

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Cyanoacrylates are a family of strong fast-acting adhesives with industrial, medical, and household uses.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Flax (also known as common flax or linseed), with the binomial name Linum usitatissimum, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.

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Foreign-body giant cell

A foreign-body giant cell is a collection of fused macrophages (giant cell) which are generated in response to the presence of a large foreign body.

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Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; AD 129 – /), better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire.

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The guitar is a popular musical instrument classified as a string instrument with anywhere from 4 to 18 strings, usually having 6.

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H&E stain

Hematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.

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Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis, or skin.

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Healing (literally meaning to make whole) is the process of the restoration of health to an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.

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The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

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Hemp (from Old English hænep) is a commonly used term for high-growing varieties of the Cannabis plant and its products, which include fiber, oil, and seed.

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Hippocrates of Kos (Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs; 460 – 370 BC) was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

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Horizontal mattress stitch

The horizontal mattress stitch is a suture technique used to close wounds.

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Human gastrointestinal tract

The human gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, or GIT is an organ system responsible for consuming and digesting foodstuffs, absorbing nutrients, and expelling waste.

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Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.

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Hypoallergenic, meaning "below normal" or "slightly" allergenic, was a term first used in a cosmetics campaign in 1953.

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Immune system

The immune system is a system of many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.

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Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.

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Jenkin's Rule

Jenkin's Rule is a principle of surgery relating to closure of surgical wounds.

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Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister

Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, Bt., OM, FRS, PC (5 April 182710 February 1912), known as Sir Joseph Lister, Bt., between 1883 and 1897, was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.

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A knot is a method of fastening or securing linear material such as rope by tying or interweaving.

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Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), bandaid surgery, or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body.

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Ligature (medicine)

In surgery or medical procedure, a ligature consists of a piece of thread (suture) tied around an anatomical structure, usually a blood vessel or another hollow structure (e.g. urethra) to shut it off.

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Medical device

A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similar or related article that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or other conditions, and does not achieve its purposes through chemical action within or on the body (which would make it a drug).

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Miller-Keane Encyclopedia & Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

The Miller-Keane Encyclopedia & Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health is written for use by students and health care providers including medics, nurses, and paramedics.

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Monocryl is a synthetic, absorbable suture, manufactured and trademarked by Ethicon.

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A mummy is a deceased human or other animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions.

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Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.

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Needle holder

A needle holder, also called needle driver, is a surgical instrument, similar to a hemostat, used by doctors and surgeons to hold a suturing needle for closing wounds during suturing and surgical procedures.

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A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (the long, slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.

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Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland, ranking number one in sales (57.9 billion US$) among the world-wide industry in 2013.

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Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, more specifically aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.

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Orthopedic surgery

Orthopaedic surgery or orthopaedics (sometimes spelled orthopedic surgery and orthopedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.

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Outline of medicine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to medicine: Medicine is the science of healing.

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Polydioxanone (PDO, PDS) or poly-p-dioxanone is a colorless, crystalline, biodegradable synthetic polymer.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyglycolide or Polyglycolic acid (PGA) is a biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer and the simplest linear, aliphatic polyester.

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Polylactic acid

Polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA, Poly) is a biodegradable thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States and Canada), tapioca roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane (in the rest of the world).

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "parts") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes.

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Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.

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Polyvinyl alcohol

Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH, PVA, or PVAl) is a water-soluble synthetic polymer.

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Polyvinylidene fluoride

Polyvinylidene fluoride, or polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) is a highly non-reactive and pure thermoplastic fluoropolymer produced by the polymerization of vinylidene difluoride.

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Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.

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Racket (sports equipment)

A racket or racquet is a sports implement consisting of a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of strings or catgut is stretched tightly.

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Reef knot

The reef knot or square knot is an ancient and simple binding knot used to secure a rope or line around an object.

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Running stitch

The running stitch or straight stitch is the basic stitch in hand-sewing and embroidery, on which all other forms of sewing are based.

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Scars are areas of fibrous tissue (fibrosis) that replace normal skin after injury.

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Sewing is the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with a needle and thread.

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Sewing needle

A sewing needle for hand-sewing is a long slender tool with a pointed tip at one end and a hole or eye at the other.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (άργυρος árguros, argentum, both from the Indo-European root *h₂erǵ- for "grey" or "shining") and atomic number 47.

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Simple interrupted stitch

The simple interrupted stitch is a suturing technique used to close wounds.

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Sterilization (microbiology)

Sterilization (or sterilisation) is a term referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills (deactivates) all forms of life and other biological agents (such as prions, as well as viruses which some do not consider to be alive but are biological pathogens nonetheless), including transmissible agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, prions, spore forms, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.) present in a specified region, such as a surface, a volume of fluid, medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media.

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The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone shaped like a necktie located in the center of the chest.

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Surgeon's knot

The surgeon's knot is a simple modification to the reef knot.

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Surgical knot

Surgical knots (ligatures) are those knots used to bind suture materials together while binding tissue in surgery.

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Surgical staple

Surgical staples are specialized staples used in surgery in place of sutures to close skin wounds, connect or remove parts of the bowels or lungs.

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Sushruta Samhita

The Suśrutasamhitā is an important Sanskrit text on medicine, considered to be one of the earliest major works related to detailed study of medicine and surgery.

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Swaging (pronunciation note below) is a forging process in which the dimensions of an item are altered using dies into which the item is forced.

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A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.

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Thread (yarn)

Thread is a type of yarn used for sewing.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ.

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U.S.P. Needle Pull Specifications

The following table lists U.S.P. needle pull specifications for various sizes of surgical suture.

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United States Pharmacopeia

The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) publishes an official compendium in a combined volume with the National Formulary as the USP-NF.

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Urinary bladder

The urinary bladder is the organ that collects urine excreted by the kidneys before disposal by urination.

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Vertical mattress stitch

The vertical mattress stitch is a suture type used to close skin wounds.

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The violin, also called a fiddle, is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths.

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A wire is a single, usually cylindrical, flexible strand or rod of metal.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surgical_suture

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