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Surround sound

Index Surround sound

Surround sound is a technique for enriching the sound reproduction quality of an audio source with additional audio channels from speakers that surround the listener (surround channels). [1]

128 relations: Advanced Audio Coding, Aichi Prefecture, Ambisonics, American Zoetrope, Amsterdam, Apocalypse Now, Audio signal, AV receiver, Azimuth Co-ordinator, Binaural recording, Blade Runner, Blu-ray, Broadcasting, Bumblebee, Camcorder, Character (arts), Chesky Records, Chris Kyriakakis, Cinematic techniques, Concert, Dakar, Data compression, Decca tree, Diegesis, Digital signal processing, Digital signal processor, Dolby Digital, Dolby Laboratories, Dolby Pro Logic, Dolby TrueHD, DTS (sound system), DTS-HD Master Audio, Duophonic, DVD-Audio, DVD-Video, Edgard Varèse, Exhibition, Expo 2005, Expo 58, Fantasia (1940 film), Fantasound, Film, Film score, FLAC, Flight of the Bumblebee, Four-channel Compact Disc Digital Audio, Gesang der Jünglinge, HD DVD, Height channels, Henry Jacobs, ..., Herbert Eimert, Hertz, High-definition television, Holophonics, Home cinema, Huygens–Fresnel principle, Iannis Xenakis, IMAX, Intermodulation, International Broadcasting Convention, International Telecommunication Union, Iosono, Japan, Jordan Belson, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Kontakte, Las Vegas Valley, London, Loudspeaker, Low-frequency effects, Matrix decoder, Meridian Audio, Michael Gerzon, Moulin Rouge, Movie theater, MP3 Surround, MPEG Surround, Multichannel television sound, Musical theatre, NAB Show, Netherlands, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Penteo, Philips Pavilion, Pink Floyd, Play (theatre), Poème électronique, Precedence effect, Psychoacoustics, Pulse-code modulation, Quadraphonic sound, Queen Elizabeth Hall, Sansui Electric, Situation awareness, Solid State Logic, Sony Dynamic Digital Sound, Sound card, Sound localization, Sound recording and reproduction, Soundfield microphone, Soundtrack, Standard-definition television, Stereo Quadraphonic, Stereophonic sound, Subwoofer, Super Audio CD, Superman (1978 film), Surround channels, Sweet spot (acoustics), Telarc International Corporation, Theatre, THX, Tomlinson Holman, Ultra-high-definition television, University of Southern California, USC Viterbi School of Engineering, Victoria and Albert Museum, Virtual surround, Walt Disney, Walter Murch, WAV, Wave field synthesis, We Were Soldiers, Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Zero-based numbering, 3D audio effect, 5.1 surround sound, 7.1 surround sound. Expand index (78 more) »

Advanced Audio Coding

Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a proprietary audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.

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Aichi Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region.

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Ambisonics is a full-sphere surround sound format: in addition to the horizontal plane, it covers sound sources above and below the listener.

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American Zoetrope

American Zoetrope (also known as Zoetrope Studios from 1979 until 1990) is a privately run American film studio, centered in San Francisco and founded by Francis Ford Coppola and George Lucas.

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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Apocalypse Now

Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced, and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola.

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Audio signal

An audio signal is a representation of sound, typically as an electrical voltage for analog signals and a binary number for digital signals.

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AV receiver

An audio/video receiver (AVR) is a consumer electronics component used in a home theater.

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Azimuth Co-ordinator

The Azimuth Co-ordinator was the first panning control for a quadraphonic sound system, at that time a new concept.

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Binaural recording

Binaural recording is a method of recording sound that uses two microphones, arranged with the intent to create a 3-D stereo sound sensation for the listener of actually being in the room with the performers or instruments.

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Blade Runner

Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.

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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.

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Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.

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A bumblebee (or bumble bee, bumble-bee or humble-bee) is any of over 250 species in the genus Bombus, part of Apidae, one of the bee families.

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A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.

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Character (arts)

A character (sometimes known as a fictional character) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, television series, film, or video game).

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Chesky Records

Chesky Records is a record company and label founded in 1986 by brothers David and Norman Chesky.

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Chris Kyriakakis

Chris Kyriakakis (born 1963) is a professor of electrical engineering, author, and inventor of audio technologies.

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Cinematic techniques

This article contains a list of cinematic techniques that are divided into categories and briefly described.

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A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.

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Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.

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Data compression

In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.

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Decca tree

The Decca Tree is a spaced microphone array most commonly used for orchestral recording.

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Diegesis (from the Greek διήγησις from διηγεῖσθαι, "to narrate") is a style of fiction storytelling that presents an interior view of a world in which.

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Digital signal processing

Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.

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Digital signal processor

A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.

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Dolby Digital

Dolby Digital is the name for audio compression technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories.

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Dolby Laboratories

Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (often shortened to Dolby Labs) is a British-American company specializing in audio noise reduction and audio encoding/compression.

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Dolby Pro Logic

Dolby Pro Logic is a surround sound processing technology developed by Dolby Laboratories, designed to decode soundtracks encoded with Dolby Surround.

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Dolby TrueHD

Dolby TrueHD is a lossless multi-channel audio codec developed by Dolby Laboratories which is used in home-entertainment equipment such as Blu-ray Disc players and A/V receivers.

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DTS (sound system)

DTS (Dedicated To Sound) is a series of multichannel audio technologies owned by Xperi Corporation (formerly known as Digital Theater Systems, Inc.), an American company specializing in digital surround sound formats used for both commercial/theatrical and consumer grade applications.

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DTS-HD Master Audio

DTS-HD Master Audio (DTS-HD MA) is a combined lossless/lossy audio codec created by DTS (formerly Digital Theater Systems), commonly used for surround-sound movie soundtracks on Blu-ray Disc.

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Duophonic sound was a trade name for a type of audio signal processing used by Capitol Records on certain releases and re-releases of mono recordings issued during the 1960s and 1970s.

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DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.

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DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.

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Edgard Varèse

Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.

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An exhibition, in the most general sense, is an organised presentation and display of a selection of items.

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Expo 2005

Expo 2005 was the World's Fair held for 185 days between Friday, March 25 and Sunday, September 25, 2005, in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya.

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Expo 58

Expo 58, also known as the Brussels World’s Fair (Brusselse Wereldtentoonstelling, Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Bruxelles), was held from 17 April to 19 October 1958.

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Fantasia (1940 film)

Fantasia is a 1940 American animated film produced by Walt Disney and released by Walt Disney Productions.

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Fantasound was a stereophonic sound reproduction system developed by engineers of Walt Disney studios and RCA for Walt Disney's animated film Fantasia, the first commercial film released in stereo.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Film score

A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.

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FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software package that includes a codec implementation.

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Flight of the Bumblebee

"Flight of the Bumblebee" is an orchestral interlude written by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov for his opera The Tale of Tsar Saltan, composed in 1899–1900.

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Four-channel Compact Disc Digital Audio

Compact Disc recordings contain two channels of 44.1-kHz 16-bit linear PCM audio.

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Gesang der Jünglinge

Gesang der Jünglinge (literally "Song of the Youths"—full title Gesang der Jünglinge im Feuerofen or "Song of the Youths in the Furnace) is a noted electronic music work by Karlheinz Stockhausen.

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HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.

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Height channels

Height channels are audio channels in surround sound multichannel audio.

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Henry Jacobs

Henry Sandy Jacobs (October 9, 1924 – September 25, 2015) was an American sound artist and humorist.

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Herbert Eimert

Herbert Eimert (8 April 1897 – 15 December 1972) was a German music theorist, musicologist, journalist, music critic, editor, radio producer, and composer.

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The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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High-definition television

High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.

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Holophonics is a binaural recording system created by Hugo Zuccarelli that is based on the claim that the human auditory system acts as an interferometer.

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Home cinema

Home cinema, also called home theater or home theatre, refers to home entertainment audio-visual systems that seek to reproduce a movie theater experience and mood using consumer electronics-grade video and audio equipment that is set up in a room or backyard of a private home.

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Huygens–Fresnel principle

The Huygens–Fresnel principle (named after Dutch physicist Christiaan Huygens and French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel) is a method of analysis applied to problems of wave propagation both in the far-field limit and in near-field diffraction.

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Iannis Xenakis

Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, architect, and engineer.

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IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.

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Intermodulation (IM) or intermodulation distortion (IMD) is the amplitude modulation of signals containing two or more different frequencies, caused by nonlinearities in a system.

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International Broadcasting Convention

International Broadcasting Convention, more commonly known by its acronym IBC, is an annual trade show, held in September at the RAI Exhibition and Convention Centre in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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International Telecommunication Union

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.

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Iosono is the product name of an audio system presented by the Fraunhofer Institute IDMT and the Iosono GmbH in 2004.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jordan Belson

Jordan Belson (June 6, 1926 – September 6, 2011) was an American artist and abstract cinematic filmmaker who created nonobjective, often spiritually oriented, abstract films spanning six decades.

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Karlheinz Stockhausen

Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.

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Kontakte ("Contacts") is an electronic music work by Karlheinz Stockhausen, realized in 1958–60 at the Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) electronic-music studio in Cologne with the assistance of Gottfried Michael Koenig.

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Las Vegas Valley

The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.

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Low-frequency effects

The low-frequency effects (LFE) channel is the name of an audio track specifically intended for deep, low-pitched sounds ranging from 3-120 Hz.

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Matrix decoder

Matrix decoding is an audio technology where a finite number of discrete audio channels (e.g., 2) are decoded into a larger number of channels on play back (e.g., 5).

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Meridian Audio

Meridian Audio is an English manufacturer of high-performance, high-fidelity audio and video components and systems founded in 1977 by Bob Stuart and Allen Boothroyd.

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Michael Gerzon

Michael Anthony Gerzon (4 December 1945 – 6 May 1996) is probably best known for his work on Ambisonics and for his work on digital audio.

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Moulin Rouge

Moulin Rouge (French for "Red Mill") is a cabaret in Paris, France.

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Movie theater

A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.

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MP3 Surround

MP3 Surround is an extension of MP3 for multi-channel audio support including 5.1 surround sound.

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MPEG Surround

MPEG Surround (ISO/IEC 23003-1 or MPEG-D Part 1), also known as Spatial Audio Coding (SAC) is a lossy compression format for surround sound that provides a method for extending mono or stereo audio services to multi-channel audio in a backwards compatible fashion.

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Multichannel television sound

Multichannel television sound, better known as MTS (often still as BTSC, for the Broadcast Television Systems Committee that created it), is the method of encoding three additional channels of audio into an analog NTSC-format audio carrier.

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Musical theatre

Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.

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NAB Show

NAB Show is an annual trade show produced by the National Association of Broadcasters.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.

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Penteo Surround, Inc. (Penteo) is a digital audio software vendor that markets ADL’s Penteo plug-ins for stereo-to-5.1 and stereo to 7.1 surround upmixing.

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Philips Pavilion

The Philips Pavilion was a World's Fair pavilion designed for Expo '58 in Brussels by the office of Le Corbusier.

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Pink Floyd

Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.

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Play (theatre)

A play is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading.

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Poème électronique

Poème électronique (English Translation: "Electronic Poem") is an 8-minute piece of electronic music by composer Edgard Varèse, written for the Philips Pavilion at the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair.

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Precedence effect

The precedence effect or law of the first wavefront is a binaural psychoacoustic effect.

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Psychoacoustics is the scientific study of sound perception and audiology.

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Pulse-code modulation

Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.

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Quadraphonic sound

Quadraphonic (or Quadrophonic and sometimes Quadrasonic) sound – equivalent to what is now called 4.0 surround sound – uses four channels in which speakers are positioned at the four corners of the listening space, reproducing signals that are (wholly or in part) independent of one another.

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Queen Elizabeth Hall

The Queen Elizabeth Hall (QEH) is a music venue on the South Bank in London, England, that hosts daily classical, jazz, and avant-garde music and dance performances.

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Sansui Electric

is a Japanese manufacturer of audio and video equipment.

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Situation awareness

Situational awareness or situation awareness (SA) is the perception of environmental elements and events with respect to time or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event.

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Solid State Logic

Solid State Logic (SSL) is a manufacturer of high-end mixing consoles and recording studio hardware headquartered in Begbroke, Oxfordshire, England.

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Sony Dynamic Digital Sound

is a cinema sound system developed by Sony, from which compressed digital sound information is recorded on both outer edges of the 35 mm film release print.

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Sound card

A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.

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Sound localization

Sound localization is a listener's ability to identify the location or origin of a detected sound in direction and distance.

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Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

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Soundfield microphone

The Soundfield microphone is an audio microphone composed of four closely spaced subcardioid or cardioid (unidirectional) microphone capsules arranged in a tetrahedron.

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A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.

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Standard-definition television

Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.

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Stereo Quadraphonic

SQ Quadraphonic ("Stereo Quadraphonic") was a matrix 4-channel quadraphonic sound system for vinyl LP records.

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Stereophonic sound

Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.

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A subwoofer (or sub) is a woofer, or a complete loudspeaker, which is dedicated to the reproduction of low-pitched audio frequencies known as bass and sub-bass.

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Super Audio CD

Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.

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Superman (1978 film)

Superman (informally titled Superman: The Movie in some listings and reference sources) is a 1978 superhero film directed by Richard Donner and based on the DC Comics character of the same name.

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Surround channels

Surround channels are audio channels in surround sound multichannel audio.

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Sweet spot (acoustics)

The sweet spot is a term used by audiophiles and recording engineers to describe the focal point between two speakers, where an individual is fully capable of hearing the stereo audio mix the way it was intended to be heard by the mixer.

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Telarc International Corporation

Telarc International Corporation is an American audiophile independent record label founded in 1977 by two classically trained musicians and former teachers, Jack Renner and Robert Woods.

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Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

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THX Ltd. is an American company headquartered in San Francisco, California, and founded in 1983 by George Lucas.

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Tomlinson Holman

Tomlinson M. Holman (born 1946) is an American film theorist, audio engineer, and inventor of film technologies, notably the Lucasfilm THX sound system.

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Ultra-high-definition television

Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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University of Southern California

The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.

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USC Viterbi School of Engineering

The Viterbi School of Engineering (formerly the USC School of Engineering) is located at the University of Southern California in the United States.

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Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.

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Virtual surround

Virtual surround is an audio system that attempts to create the perception that there are many more sources of sound than are actually present.

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Walt Disney

Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.

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Walter Murch

Walter Scott Murch (born July 12, 1943) is an American film editor and sound designer.

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Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension - both pronounced "wave") (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.

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Wave field synthesis

Wave field synthesis (WFS) is a spatial audio rendering technique, characterized by creation of virtual acoustic environments.

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We Were Soldiers

We Were Soldiers is a 2002 American war film that dramatizes the Battle of Ia Drang on November 14, 1965.

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Westdeutscher Rundfunk

Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne) is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne.

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Zero-based numbering

Zero-based numbering or index origin.

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3D audio effect

3D audio effects are a group of sound effects that manipulate the sound produced by stereo speakers, surround-sound speakers, speaker-arrays, or headphones.

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5.1 surround sound

5.1 surround sound ("five-point one") is the common name for six channel surround sound audio systems.

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7.1 surround sound

7.1 surround sound is the common name for an eight-channel surround audio system commonly used in home theatre configurations.

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3/2.1, 3D Sound, 3D sound, 6.1, 9.1, High Definition Surround Sound, High definition surround, Sound spatialization, Spatial audio, Surround, Surround Sound, Surround audio, Surround music, Surround sound music.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surround_sound

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