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Index Suzhou

Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai. [1]

248 relations: Administrative divisions of China, Ancient Chinese states, Bachelor's degree, Bai Juyi, Ballad, Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway, Beijing–Shanghai railway, Beisi Pagoda, Bus rapid transit, Canglang District, Canglang Pavilion, Capital city, Changshu, Changshu High School, Changshu Institute of Technology, Charles George Gordon, China, China Daily, China League Two, China National Highway 312, Chinese calligraphy, Chinese characters, Chinese cuisine, Chinese economic reform, Chinese embroidery, Chinese garden, Chinese language, Chinese pagoda, Chinese painting, Chinese postal romanization, Choe Bu, Chongming Island, Chongyuan Temple, Chu (state), Cinnamomum camphora, Classical Gardens of Suzhou, County-level city, Couple's Retreat Garden, Doctor of Philosophy, Duke Kunshan University, Dulwich College Suzhou, Dulwich International High School Suzhou, East China, English language, Ever Victorious Army, Fan Zhongyan, First Sino-Japanese War, Five Dynasties, Garden of Cultivation, Gate to the East, ..., Grand Canal (China), Great power, Gross domestic product, Guangzhou, Guizhou, Gusu District, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hand fan, Handicraft, Hangzhou, Hanshan Temple, Hawaii, Helü, History of China, History of the Han dynasty, Hong Kong Trade Development Council, Hongwu Emperor, Human Development Index, Humble Administrator's Garden, Humid subtropical climate, Huqiu District, I. M. Pei, Imperial examination, Industrial Bank of Korea, ISO 3166-2:CN, Jade, Japanese School of Suzhou, Jiangsu, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), Jinchang District, Jing Mountains, Jinji Lake, Köppen climate classification, Koreans, Kuaiji Commandery, Kunqu, Kunshan, Kunshan Senior High School, Lake Tai, Language family, Lantern, Lee Kuan Yew, Li Hongzhang, Li Lanqing, Liangfeng High School, Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit), Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit), Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit), Lingering Garden, Lingyanshan Temple, Lion Grove Garden, List of Chinese musical instruments, List of places called Venice of the East, List of postal codes in China, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, Mahogany, Master's degree, Metonymy, Ming dynasty, Minyue, Mo Li Hua, Mongol conquest of China, Most favoured nation, Mount Xianglu, Nanjing, National University of Singapore, Northern and southern China, Opera, Osmanthus, Pagoda, Pan Gate, Perilla, Pingjiang District, Pingjiang Road, Pinyin, Pipa, Port of Suzhou, Precious Belt Bridge, Prefecture-level city, Prosperous Suzhou, Provinces of China, Purchasing power parity, Qin dynasty, Qing dynasty, Qu Futian, Records of the Grand Historian, Red Turban Rebellion, Renminbi, Retreat & Reflection Garden, Romanization of Chinese, Sanxian, Satellite town, Scroll, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shanghai, Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House, Shanghai railway station, Shanghai–Nanjing Expressway, Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, Shanghai–Nantong railway, Shantang Street, Shaoxing, Shiso, Shoal, Siberia, Silk, Sima Qian, Simplified Chinese characters, Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Skema Business School, Song dynasty, Soochow University (Suzhou), Spring and Autumn period, Springer Science+Business Media, Standard Chinese, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, Su Shi, Sui dynasty, Sunan Shuofang International Airport, Suzhou BRT, Suzhou Confucian Temple, Suzhou dialect, Suzhou Dongwu F.C., Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town, Suzhou Experimental High School, Suzhou High School, Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou Industrial Park Sports Center, Suzhou Museum, Suzhou Museum of Opera and Theatre, Suzhou New District, Suzhou No.10 Middle School, Suzhou North railway station, Suzhou Pingtan, Suzhou Rail Transit, Suzhou railway station, Suzhou Silk Museum, Suzhou Singapore International School, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Taibo, Taicang, Taicang Senior High School, Taiping Rebellion, Tang dynasty, Tapestry, Tencent, The Confusions of Pleasure, Tiger Hill Pagoda, Tiger Hill, Suzhou, Time in China, Traditional Chinese characters, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Twenty-foot equivalent unit, Unequal treaty, UNESCO, United States dollar, University of Hawaii Press, Varieties of Chinese, Vehicle registration plates of China, Warring States period, World Digital Library, World Heritage Centre, World Heritage site, World War I, Wu (region), Wu (state), Wu Chinese, Wu Commandery, Wu County, Wu Zixu, Wujiang District, Suzhou, Wuxi, Wuzhong District, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Xiang Liang, Xiang Yu, Xiangcheng District, Suzhou, Xinhua Daily, Xiyuan Temple, Xu Yang (Qing dynasty), Xuanmiao Temple, Yangcheng Lake large crab, Yangtze, Yangtze River Delta, Yu the Great, Yuan dynasty, Yue (state), Zhang Shicheng, Zhangjiagang, Zhejiang, Zhenze Middle School, Zhou (country subdivision), Zhou (Zhang Shicheng's kingdom), Zhou dynasty, Zhou Naixiang, 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup. Expand index (198 more) »

Administrative divisions of China

Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.

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Ancient Chinese states

Ancient Chinese States were typified by variously sized city states and territories that existed in China prior to its unification by Qin Shi Huang in 221 BCE.

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Bachelor's degree

A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).

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Bai Juyi

Bai Juyi (also Bo Juyi or Po Chü-i;; 772–846) was a renowned Chinese poet and Tang dynasty government official.

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A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.

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Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway

The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (or Jinghu high-speed railway, from its name in Mandarin) is a high-speed railway long that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.

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Beijing–Shanghai railway

The Beijing–Shanghai railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.

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Beisi Pagoda

The Beisi Pagoda (Suzhou Wu: Poh zy thaeh) or North Temple Pagoda is a Chinese pagoda located at Bao'en Temple in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Bus rapid transit

Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.

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Canglang District

Canglang District is a former district of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province.

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Canglang Pavilion

The Canglang Pavilion (Suzhou Wu: Tshaon laon din), variously translated as the Great Wave Pavilion, Surging Wave Pavilion, or Blue Wave Pavilion, is one of the Classical Gardens of Suzhou that are jointly recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Changshu (Suzhounese: Zaon去 so平) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta.

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Changshu High School

Changshu High School of Jiangsu Province, (,or Shengshuzhong——for short) is a high school located in Changshu, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

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Changshu Institute of Technology

The Changshu Institute of Technology (CIT) (simplified Chinese: 常熟理工大学; traditional Chinese: 常熟理工大學; pinyin: Chángshúlǐgōng Dàxué) is a provincial public university, which is characterized by polytechnic, application technology and teacher education.

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Charles George Gordon

Major-General Charles George Gordon CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China Daily

China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.

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China League Two

The Chinese Football Association Division Two League (Simplified Chinese: 中国足球协会乙级联赛), or China League Two, is the third tier league of the People's Republic of China.

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China National Highway 312

China National Highway 312 (312国道), also referred to as Route 312 or The Mother Road, is a key east-west route beginning in Shanghai and ending at Khorgas, Xinjiang in the Ili River valley, on the border with Kazakhstan.

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Chinese calligraphy

Chinese calligraphy is a form of aesthetically pleasing writing (calligraphy), or, the artistic expression of human language in a tangible form.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chinese cuisine

Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

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Chinese economic reform

The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.

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Chinese embroidery

Chinese embroidery has a long history since the Neolithic age.

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Chinese garden

The Chinese garden is a landscape garden style which has evolved over three thousand years.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chinese pagoda

Chinese pagodas are a traditional part of Chinese architecture.

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Chinese painting

Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.

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Chinese postal romanization

Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.

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Choe Bu

Choe Bu (1454–1504) was a Korean official during the early Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910).

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Chongming Island

Chongming, formerly known as Chungming, is an alluvial island at the mouth of the Yangtze River in eastern China covering as of 2010.

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Chongyuan Temple

Chongyuan Temple is a Liang Dynasty Buddhist temple located along Yangcheng Lake at Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, China.

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Chu (state)

Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.

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Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to tall.

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Classical Gardens of Suzhou

The Classical Gardens of Suzhou are a group of gardens in Suzhou region, Jiangsu province which have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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County-level city

A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.

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Couple's Retreat Garden

Couple's Retreat Garden (Suzhou Wu: Ngeu yoe) located in Suzhou city, Jiangsu province, China is a famous classical Chinese garden.

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Doctor of Philosophy

A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.

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Duke Kunshan University

Duke Kunshan University is a Sino-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a liberal arts and research university offering academic programs for students from China and throughout the world.

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Dulwich College Suzhou

Dulwich College Suzhou (DCSZ) is a private international school located in Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, China.

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Dulwich International High School Suzhou

Dulwich International High School Suzhou (DHSZ) (Chinese:苏州德威国际高中; pinyin: Sūzhōu Déwēi Gúojì Gāozhōng) is a private high school located in Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, China, along with the sister school Dulwich College Suzhou (DCSZ).

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East China

East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Ever Victorious Army

The Ever Victorious Army was the name given to an imperial army in late-19th-century China.

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Fan Zhongyan

th:ฟ่านจงเยียน Fan Zhongyan (5 September 989 – 19 June 1052) from Wu County of Suzhou (Jiangsu Province, China), courtesy name Xiwen (希文), ratified as the Duke of Wenzheng (文正公) posthumously, and conferred as Duke of Chu (楚國公) posthumously, is one of the most prominent figures in the Chinese history, as a founder of Neo-Confucianism and a great statesman, philosopher, writer, educator, military strategist, and philanthropist.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.

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Five Dynasties

The Five Dynasties was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century China.

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Garden of Cultivation

The Garden of Cultivation is one of the best preserved examples of a Ming Dynasty classical garden in Suzhou.

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Gate to the East

The Gate to the East, also known as the Gate of the Orient, is the current tallest building in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Grand Canal (China)

The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.

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Great power

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.

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Gusu District

Gusu District is one of five urban districts and the main district of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Hand fan

A handheld fan is an implement used to induce an airflow for the purpose of cooling or refreshing oneself.

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A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.

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Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.

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Hanshan Temple

Hanshan Temple (is a Buddhist temple and monastery in Suzhou, China.

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Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.

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Helü or Helu was from 514 to 496 BC king of the state of Wu toward the end of the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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History of the Han dynasty

The Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE), founded by the peasant rebel leader Liu Bang (known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu),From the Shang to the Sui dynasties, Chinese rulers were referred to in later records by their posthumous names, while emperors of the Tang to Yuan dynasties were referred to by their temple names, and emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties were referred to by single era names for their rule.

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Hong Kong Trade Development Council

The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.

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Hongwu Emperor

The Hongwu Emperor (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), personal name Zhu Yuanzhang (Chu Yuan-chang in Wade-Giles), was the founding emperor of China's Ming dynasty.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Humble Administrator's Garden

The Humble Administrator's Garden (Suzhou Wu) is a Chinese garden in Suzhou, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most famous of the gardens of Suzhou.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Huqiu District

Huqiu District is one of five urban districts of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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I. M. Pei

Ieoh Ming Pei, FAIA, RIBA – website of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (born 26 April 1917), commonly known as I. M.

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Imperial examination

The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.

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Industrial Bank of Korea

Industrial Bank of Korea (IBK), Korean:기업은행) is an industrial bank headquartered in Jung-gu, Seoul, South Korea. The bank was established in 1961. Its slogan is "Global Leading Bank." This bank is owned by the Government of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). In 2013 Kwon Seon-joo became its CEO, and thus became South Korea's first female bank CEO.

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ISO 3166-2:CN

ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Jade is an ornamental mineral, mostly known for its green varieties, which is featured prominently in ancient Asian art.

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Japanese School of Suzhou

The Japanese School of Suzhou is a Japanese international school in the Suzhou New District of Suzhou, China.

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Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

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Jin dynasty (1115–1234)

The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.

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Jinchang District

Jinchang District is a former district of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province.

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Jing Mountains

The Jingshan or Jing Mountains are a chain of mountains in the western part of Nanzhang County, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China.

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Jinji Lake

Jinji Lake (literally Golden Rooster Lake) is a small fresh water lake located in the central part of Suzhou Industrial Park, Jiangsu, China.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Koreans (in South Korean; alternatively in North Korean,; see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group originating from and native to Korea and southern and central Manchuria.

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Kuaiji Commandery

Kuaiji Commandery (Chinese: t 郡, s 郡, p Kuàijī Jùn), formerly romanized as K‘uai-chi Commandery, was a former commandery of China in the area of Hangzhou Bay.

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Kunqu, also known as Kunju (崑劇), Kun opera or Kunqu Opera, is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera.

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Kunshan is a county-level city in southeastern Jiangsu Province, bordering Shanghai to the east.

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Kunshan Senior High School

Kunshan Senior High School is one of the four-star high schools in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province.

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Lake Tai

Lake Tai or Lake Taihu is a large freshwater lake in the Yangtze Delta plain.

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Language family

A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.

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Today, English-speakers use the term lantern to describe many types of portable lighting, but lanterns originated as a protective enclosure for a light source—usually a candle or a wick in oil—to make it easier to carry and hang up, and more reliable outdoors or in drafty interiors.

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Lee Kuan Yew

Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.

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Li Hongzhang

Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.

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Li Lanqing

Li Lanqing (born 22 May 1932) is a retired Chinese politician who served as Vice Premier of the State Council between 1998 and 2003.

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Liangfeng High School

Liangfeng High School (Chinese 梁丰中学) is located in Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit)

Line 1 is the main west-east line of Suzhou Rail Transit, and it started service on Apr.

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Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit)

Line 2 is the main north-south line of Suzhou Rail Transit.

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Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit)

Line 4 is a line of Suzhou Rail Transit.

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Lingering Garden

Lingering Garden (Suzhou Wu: Leu yoe) is a renowned classical Chinese garden.

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Lingyanshan Temple

Lingyanshan Temple is a prominent Buddhist temple with a 1600 year history in Suzhou, was the palace for Xishi in BC494 located at the peak of Lingyan Hill.

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Lion Grove Garden

The Lion Grove Garden (Suzhou Wu: Sy tsy lin yoe) is a garden located at 23 Yuanlin Road in Pingjiang District, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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List of Chinese musical instruments

Chinese musical instruments were traditionally grouped into 8 categories known as bayin (八音).

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List of places called Venice of the East

The following is an incomplete list of places which have been nicknamed Venice of the East.

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List of postal codes in China

Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.

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List of twin towns and sister cities in China

This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.

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Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the AmericasBridgewater, Samuel (2012).

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Master's degree

A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.

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Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Minyue was an ancient kingdom in what is now Fujian province in southern China.

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Mo Li Hua

Mo Li Hua is a popular Chinese folk song.

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Mongol conquest of China

The Mongol conquest of China was a series of major military efforts by the Mongol Empire to invade China proper.

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Most favoured nation

In international economic relations and international politics, "most favoured nation" (MFN) is a status or level of treatment accorded by one state to another in international trade.

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Mount Xianglu

Mount Xianglu is a mountain near Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China.

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Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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National University of Singapore

The National University of Singapore (NUS) is an autonomous research university in Singapore.

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Northern and southern China

Northern China and southern China are two approximate regions within China. The exact boundary between these two regions are not precisely defined. Nevertheless, the self-perception of Chinese people, especially regional stereotypes, has often been dominated by these two concepts, given that regional differences in culture and language have historically fostered strong regional identities of the Chinese people.

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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Osmanthus is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae.

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A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia and further developed in East Asia or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia.

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Pan Gate

Pan Gate, Pan Men, or Panmen (Suzhou Wu: Boe men) is a historical landmark in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Perilla is a genus consisting of one major Asiatic crop species Perilla frutescens and a few wild species in nature belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae.

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Pingjiang District

Pingjiang District is a former district of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province.

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Pingjiang Road

Pingjiang Road, historically known as Shiquan Li (Chinese:十泉里), is a street and historic district in Gusu District (formerly the Pingjiang District), northeastern Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.

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The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument, belonging to the plucked category of instruments.

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Port of Suzhou

Port of Suzhou is the collective name of three ports around the city of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Precious Belt Bridge

The Precious Belt Bridge or Baodai Bridge is a stone arch bridge near Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Prefecture-level city

A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.

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Prosperous Suzhou

Prosperous Suzhou, originally entitled Burgeoning Life in a Resplendent Age, is an 18th-century scroll painting (handscroll) created in 1759 by the Chinese court painter Xu Yang.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qu Futian

Qu Futian (born August 1962) is a Chinese politician who has been the mayor of Suzhou, Jiangsu since 2016.

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Records of the Grand Historian

The Records of the Grand Historian, also known by its Chinese name Shiji, is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.

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Red Turban Rebellion

The Red Turban Rebellion was an uprising influenced by the White Lotus Society members that, between 1351 and 1368, targeted the ruling Mongol Yuan dynasty, eventually leading to the overthrowing of Mongol rule in China.

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The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Retreat & Reflection Garden

The Retreat & Reflection Garden (Suzhou Wu: The sy yoe) is a notable classical garden in China.

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Romanization of Chinese

The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.

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The sanxian (literally "three strings") is a Chinese lute — a three-stringed fretless plucked musical instrument.

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Satellite town

A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.

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A scroll (from the Old French escroe or escroue), also known as a roll, is a roll of papyrus, parchment, or paper containing writing.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House

Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House (Chinese: 上海辞书出版社) is a publishing house in mainland China, specialized in publishing reference works.

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Shanghai railway station

Shanghai station (Shanghainese: Zånhae Hutsuzae) is one of the four major railway stations in Shanghai, China, the others being Shanghai South, Shanghai Hongqiao, and Shanghai West (Shanghaixi).

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Shanghai–Nanjing Expressway

The Shanghai–Nanjing Expressway is a modern, enclosed, four-lane, two-way highway.

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Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway

The Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway or Huning intercity high-speed railway is a long high-speed rail line between Shanghai and Nanjing in the People's Republic of China.

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Shanghai–Nantong railway

Shanghai–Nantong railway, abbreviated as Hutong railway ("Hu" and "Tong" being the abbreviations for Shanghai and Nantong, respectively) is a future railway in China's Yangtze River Delta area.

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Shantang Street

Shantang Street (Suzhou Wu: Se daon ka), also known as Seven-mile Shantang, is a street in northwestern Gusu District, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Shaoxing is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in eastern Zhejiang province, China.

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Perilla frutescens var.

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In oceanography, geomorphology, and earth sciences, a shoal is a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material, and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Sima Qian

Sima Qian was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty (206AD220).

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.

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Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.

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Skema Business School

SKEMA Business School is a school created by the merger of two French schools, CERAM Business School and Groupe ESC Lille in 2009.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Soochow University (Suzhou)

Soochow University, colloquially known in Chinese as Suda (苏大, Sūdà) is a university in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Spring and Autumn period

The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Stanford University Press

The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.

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Stanford, California

Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara County, California, United States and is the home of Stanford University.

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Su Shi

Su Shi (8January103724August1101), also known as Su Dongpo, was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.

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Sunan Shuofang International Airport

Sunan Shuofang International Airport is an airport serving the cities of Wuxi and Suzhou in southern Jiangsu Province, China (Sunan meaning "Southern Jiangsu" in Chinese).

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Suzhou BRT

Suzhou Bus Rapid Transit is a bus rapid transit system in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Suzhou Confucian Temple

The Confucian Temple of Suzhou and also known as the Suzhou Stone Inscription Museum and Suzhou Prefecture School (a state-run school), is a Confucian temple located in the ancient city of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, on the south bank of the Yangtze River.

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Suzhou dialect

The Suzhou dialect (Suzhounese: Sou-tsøʏ ghé-ghô 蘇州閒話), also known as Suzhounese, is the variety of Chinese traditionally spoken in the city of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province, China.

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Suzhou Dongwu F.C.

Suzhou Dongwu Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League Two division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town

Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town is a university town located in the Southern part of Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, Jiangsu, to the East of Dushu Lake, and to the South of Wusong River.

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Suzhou Experimental High School

Suzhou Experimental High School,officially the Suzhou Experimental High School of Jiangsu Province (simplified Chinese: 江苏省苏州实验中学;traditional Chinese: 江蘇省蘇州實驗中學; pinyin:Jiāngsū shěng Sūzhōu shíyàn zhōngxué) is located in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Suzhou High School

Suzhou High School, officially the Suzhou High School of Jiangsu Province, is a Chinese public high school of one-millennium rich history, located in Suzhou, Jiangsu.

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Suzhou Industrial Park

The China–Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park, or Suzhou Industrial Park for short, abbreviated as SIP, is a county-level administrative area located in Suzhou, China with significant Singaporean influence.

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Suzhou Industrial Park Sports Center

The Suzhou Industrial Park Sports Center is a sports venue under-construction in Suzhou, China.

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Suzhou Museum

The Suzhou Museum is a museum of ancient Chinese art, ancient Chinese paintings, calligraphy, and handmade crafts, situated in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Suzhou Museum of Opera and Theatre

The Suzhou Museum of Opera and Theatre or China Kunqu Museum is a theatre museum in Suzhou, China.

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Suzhou New District

The Suzhou New District is one of the specially designated regions for technological and industrial development in China.

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Suzhou No.10 Middle School

Suzhou No.10 Middle School is a four-star middle school in Jiangsu province.

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Suzhou North railway station

The Suzhou North railway station is a high-speed railway station in Suzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

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Suzhou Pingtan

Pingtan, also known as Suzhou Pingtan, is a regional variety of the shuochang and a musical/oral performance art form popular in southern Jiangsu, northern Zhejiang, and Shanghai (the Jiangnan region).

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Suzhou Rail Transit

The Suzhou Rail Transit also known as Suzhou Metro is a metro system serving the city of Suzhou, in Jiangsu province, China.

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Suzhou railway station

Suzhou railway station is a railway station of Jinghu railway and Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway.

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Suzhou Silk Museum

The Suzhou Silk Museum is a museum in Suzhou, China.

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Suzhou Singapore International School

Suzhou Singapore International School (SSIS) is an international school located in Suzhou Industrial Park in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Suzhou University of Science and Technology

Suzhou University of Science and Technology is a public university located in the Suzhou High & Technology Development Zone, Jiangsu, China.

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Taibo or Wu Taibo was the eldest son of King Tai of Zhou and the legendary founder of the State of Wu.

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Taicang is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province.

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Taicang Senior High School

Taicang Senior High School (太仓高级中学,pinyin:TàiCāngGāoJíZhōngXué, abbreviation:省太高, pinyin:ShěngTàiGāo)is a high school in Taicang, Suzhou, China. In China, according to schools' comprehensive standard, high schools are assessed into different ranks, ranging from one-star, two-star, three-star, four-star to five-star. In Taicang, there is no five-star but only two four-star high schools of which Taicang Senior High School is one. The student usually call themselves as Taigaoren(太高人,pinyin:TàiGāoRén).

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.

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Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese multinational investment holding conglomerate whose subsidiaries specialize in various Internet-related services and products, entertainment, artificial intelligence and technology both in China and globally.

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The Confusions of Pleasure

The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China is an influential Passim, but states that the book is "now-influential": "...

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Tiger Hill Pagoda

The Tiger Hill Pagoda, more officially the Yunyan Pagoda (Suzhou Wu: Yuin nge zy thaeh, or; Suzhou Wu: Hou chieu thaeh), also sometimes translated as Huqiu Tower, is a Chinese pagoda situated on Tiger Hill in Suzhou city, Jiangsu Province of Eastern China.

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Tiger Hill, Suzhou

Tiger Hill (Suzhou Wu: Hou chieu) is a hill in Suzhou, in China.

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Time in China

The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.

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Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.

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Treaty of Shimonoseki

The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.

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Twenty-foot equivalent unit

The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.

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Unequal treaty

Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China after suffering military defeat by the West or when there was a threat of military action by those powers.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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University of Hawaii Press

The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.

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Varieties of Chinese

Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.

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Vehicle registration plates of China

Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.

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Warring States period

The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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World Heritage Centre

UNESCO Headquarters or Maison de l'UNESCO is a building inaugurated on 3 November 1958 at number 7 Place de Fontenoy in Paris, France to serve as the headquarters for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (UNESCO).

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Wu (region)

Wu refers to a region in China whose core area is around Lake Tai in Jiangnan (the south of the Yangtze River).

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Wu (state)

Wu (Old Chinese: &#42) was one of the states during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period.

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Wu Chinese

Wu (Shanghainese:; Suzhou dialect:; Wuxi dialect) is a group of linguistically similar and historically related varieties of Chinese primarily spoken in the whole Zhejiang province, city of Shanghai, and the southern half of Jiangsu province, as well as bordering areas.

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Wu Commandery

Wu Commandery was a commandery of imperial China.

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Wu County

Wu County or Wuxian (221 B.C. –December 2000) is a former county and city located in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province at present.

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Wu Zixu

Wu Yun (died 484 BC), better known by his courtesy name Zixu, was a general and politician of the Wu kingdom in the Spring and Autumn period (722–481 BC).

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Wujiang District, Suzhou

Wujiang District (Suzhounese: Wukaon Chiu), formerly Wujiang City, is one of five urban districts in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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Wuxi is a city in southern Jiangsu province, China.

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Wuzhong District

Wuzhong District is one of five urban districts of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (Chinese: 西交利物浦大学, Pinyin: Xī’ān Jiāotōng Lìwùpǔ Dàxúe, short: XJTLU) is an international joint university based in Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

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Xiang Liang

Xiang Liang (died 208 BC) was a military leader who led a rebellion against the Qin dynasty.

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Xiang Yu

Xiang Ji (232–202 BC), courtesy name Yu, better known as Xiang Yu, was a prominent warlord who lived in the late Qin dynasty.

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Xiangcheng District, Suzhou

Xiangcheng District is one of five urban districts of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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Xinhua Daily

Xinhua Daily was the first public newspaper published in the People's Republic of China by the Communist Party of China.

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Xiyuan Temple

Xiyuan Temple is a Buddhist temple in Gusu District, Suzhou, China.

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Xu Yang (Qing dynasty)

Xu Yang (1712–after 1777) was a court painter to the Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty.

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Xuanmiao Temple

Xuanmiao Temple is a prominent Taoist temple with a long history, located at the center of old Suzhou City.

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Yangcheng Lake large crab

Yangcheng Lake Large Crab is a delicacy of Suzhou.

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The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.

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Yangtze River Delta

The Yangtze River Delta or YRD is a triangle-shaped metropolitan region generally comprising the Wu Chinese-speaking areas of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province.

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Yu the Great

Yu the Great (c. 2200 – 2100 BC) was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his introduction of flood control, inaugurating dynastic rule in China by establishing the Xia Dynasty, and for his upright moral character.

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Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

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Yue (state)

Yue (Old Chinese: &#42), also known as Yuyue, was a state in ancient China which existed during the first millennium BC the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of China's Zhou dynasty in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.

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Zhang Shicheng

Zhang Shicheng (1321-1367)was one of the leaders of the Red Turban Rebellion in the late Yuan dynasty of China.

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Zhangjiagang (IPA), formerly Shazhou County (沙洲县), is a county-level city under the administration of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

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, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.

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Zhenze Middle School

Zhenze Middle School (震泽中学) was established in 1923, by two brothers, Shi Zhaozeng (施肇曾) and Shi Zhaoji (施肇基).

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Zhou (country subdivision)

Zhou were historical political divisions of China.

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Zhou (Zhang Shicheng's kingdom)

Kingdom of Great or Greater Zhou (Chinese: 大周, pinyin: Dà Zhōu; 1354–1367), was a state established in 1354 by Zhang Shicheng, one of the leaders of the Red Turban Rebellion.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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Zhou Naixiang

Zhou Naixiang (born December 1961) is a Chinese politician serving since 2016 as the Communist Party Secretary of Suzhou, an important city in southern Jiangsu province.

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2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup will be the 18th tournament of the FIBA Basketball World Cup for men's national basketball teams.

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Geography of Suzhou, History of Suzhou, Soo Chow, Soochow, Sozhou, Su Zhou, Su zhou, Su-Chow, SuZhou, Sucheng City, Suchou, Suzhou Prefecture, Suzhou, China, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, Suzhow, Suzhow, Jiangsu, Sūzhōu, Transport in Suzhou, Transportation in Suzhou, Wu (city), 苏州, 苏州市, 蘇州, 蘇州市.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suzhou

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