408 relations: A Hero of Our Time, Adolf Hitler, Adoré Floupette, Aestheticism, Aesthetics, Alan Hollinghurst, Albert Aurier, Albert Giraud, Albert Mockel, Albert Samain, Aleksa Šantić, Alexander Blok, Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Scriabin, Alexandre Benois, Alexandre Mercereau, Alexandre Séon, Alexandru Macedonski, Alfred Jarry, Alfred Kubin, Alfred Vallette, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Allegory, Alphonse Osbert, Andrei Bely, Andrew George Lehmann, Anselmo Bucci, António Nobre, Antihero, Anton Chekhov, Antoni Lange, Apcar Baltazar, Armand Point, Arnold Böcklin, Arnold Schoenberg, Art for art's sake, Art movement, Art Nouveau, Art of Belgium, Arthur Bowen Davies, Arthur Machen, Arthur Rimbaud, Arthur Schnitzler, Arthur Schopenhauer, Arthur Schopenhauer's aesthetics, Arthur Symons, Ary Renan, Aubrey Beardsley, August Strindberg, Auguste Rodin, ..., Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, Augusto Gil, Axël, À rebours, Égide Rombaux, Émile Bernard, Émile Nelligan, Émile Verhaeren, Đorđe Marković Koder, Babylon, Beata Beatrix, Belle Époque, Belles-lettres, Blue Rose (art group), Borisav Stanković, Bruges, Bruges-la-Morte, Camilo Pessanha, Carl Theodor Dreyer, Carlos Schwabe, Caspar David Friedrich, Charles Baudelaire, Charles Filiger, Charles Guilloux, Charles Martin Loeffler, Charles Vildrac, Christina Rossetti, Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire, Clark Ashton Smith, Claude Debussy, Comte de Lautréamont, Conrad Aiken, Cyril Scott, D. W. Griffith, Daniel Varoujan, Dante Alighieri, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Death, Decadent movement, Dimcho Debelyanov, Disease, Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Dumitru Karnabatt, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edgar Allan Poe, Edgar Maxence, Edith Sitwell, Edmond Aman-Jean, Edmund Gosse, Edmund Wilson, Edvard Munch, Elena Gorokhova, Elihu Vedder, Eliseu Visconti, Emblem, Endre Ady, Erik Satie, Ernest Dowson, Eugène Carrière, Eugénio de Castro, Eugen Bracht, Eugene Onegin, Evocation, Expressionism, Ezra Pound, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Félicien Rops, Félix Fénéon, Federico García Lorca, Felice Casorati, Ferdinand Hodler, Fernand Khnopff, Fernando Pessoa, Fin de siècle, François Coppée, Francis Thompson, Francis Vielé-Griffin, František Kupka, Franz Stuck, Free verse, French art, Frida Kahlo, Friedrich Nietzsche, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Fyodor Sologub, Fyodor Tyutchev, Gabriel Fauré, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gaston Bussière, Gérard de Nerval, Genius, George Bacovia, George Frederic Watts, George MacDonald, George Sterling, Georges Duhamel, Georges Rodenbach, Gerhart Hauptmann, Germain Nouveau, German Expressionism, Gertrude Stein, Giorgi Leonidze, Giovanni Pascoli, Giovanni Segantini, Gostan Zarian, Gothic fiction, Grigol Robakidze, Guillaume Apollinaire, Gustav Klimt, Gustav-Adolf Mossa, Gustave Flaubert, Gustave Kahn, Gustave Moreau, Harlequin, Hart Crane, Henri Barbusse, Henri Beauclair, Henri de Régnier, Henri Fantin-Latour, Henrik Ibsen, Hermeticism, Hermeticism (poetry), Horror film, Hugo Simberg, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Human sexuality, Iberian Peninsula, Iconography, Imagination, Imagism, Impressionism (literature), Individualism, Innokenty Annensky, Intolerance (film), Ion Minulescu, Ion Theodorescu-Sion, Irrationality, Isidora Sekulić, Ivan Bilibin, Ivan Krasko, Jacek Malczewski, Jack Daulton, James Elroy Flecker, James Joyce, Jan Toorop, Jean Delville, Jean Lorrain, Jean Moréas, Joan of Arc, João da Cruz e Sousa, John Duncan (painter), John Gray (poet), John William Waterhouse, Jorge Luis Borges, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Joséphin Péladan, Josip Murn, Jovan Dučić, Jovan Skerlić, Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, Jules Laforgue, Jules Romains, Junimea, Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Karl Mediz, Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach, Karol Szymanowski, Katherine Mansfield, Kolau Nadiradze, Konstantin Balmont, Konstantin Bogaevsky, Konstantin Somov, Konstantin Stanislavski, L'après-midi d'un faune (poem), La Plume, Lascăr Vorel, Léon Bakst, Léon Bloy, Léon Frédéric, Léon Spilliaert, Le Figaro, Le Parnasse contemporain, Leonardo da Vinci, Les Fleurs du mal, Les Nabis, Levon Shant, Library of America, Libretto, Lied, Literary criticism, Lord Byron, Louis Couperus, Louis-Gabriel-Charles Vicaire, Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer, Ludwig Fahrenkrog, Lugné-Poe, Luis Ricardo Falero, Madame Bovary, Marcel Proust, Marcel Schwob, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Marina Tsvetaeva, Mario Praz, Martiros Saryan, Mateiu Caragiale, Maurice Maeterlinck, Maurice Ravel, Max Beerbohm, Max Klinger, Maximilian Voloshin, Mário de Sá-Carneiro, Mercure de France, Michelle Facos, Mieczysław Karłowicz, Mihai Eminescu, Mihail Simonidi, Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Mikhail Lermontov, Mikhail Nesterov, Mikhail Vrubel, Milan Rakić, Misak Metsarents, Modernism, Morris Graves, Mysticism, Napoleon, Naturalism (literature), Nicholas Roerich, Nikolai Minsky, Occult, Octavian Smigelschi, Odilon Redon, Olive Custance, Oscar Milosz, Oscar Wilde, Otokar Březina, Pablo Picasso, Paolo Iashvili, Parnassianism, Paul Adam (French novelist), Paul Fort, Paul Gauguin, Paul Harvey (diplomat), Paul Schmidt (translator), Paul Valéry, Paul Verlaine, Pelléas and Mélisande, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), Pessimism, Petar Kočić, Petersburg (novel), Philippe Jullian, Picasso's Blue Period, Pierre Louÿs, Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Pierrot Lunaire, Poète maudit, Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Prosper Mérimée, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Queen of Sheba, Rachilde, Rainer Maria Rilke, Raul Brandão, Realism (arts), Remedios Varo, Remy de Gourmont, René Magritte, Renée Vivien, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Romania, Romanticism, Rosamund Marriott Watson, Rosicrucianism, Rubén Darío, Rudolf Jettmar, Russian culture, Russian literature, Russian symbolism, Saint Petersburg, Saint-Pol-Roux, Salome, Salome (opera), Salon de la Rose + Croix, Sandro Tsirekidze, Sascha Schneider, Satire, Sburătorul, Sergo Kldiashvili, Siamanto, Sigmund Freud, Silent film, Sima Pandurović, Songs of Innocence and of Experience, Soul, Spirituality, Stanisław Korab-Brzozowski, Stéphane Mallarmé, Stefan George, Stuart Merrill, Surrealism, Svetozar Ćorović, Swan, Symbol, Symbolist Manifesto, Symbolist movement in Romania, Synesthesia, Synthetism, T. S. Eliot, Tadeusz Miciński, Teffi, Théâtre de l'Œuvre, Théâtre Libre, Théophile Gautier, The Blind, The Blue Bird (play), The Devil in the Belfry, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Guardian, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Symbolist Movement in Literature, The Yellow Book, Theda Bara, Titsian Tabidze, Tristan Corbière, Tristan Tzara, Trope (literature), Tudor Arghezi, Tudor Vianu, Ubu Roi, Valerian Gaprindashvili, Valery Bryusov, Vampyr, Veljko Petrović (poet), Victor Borisov-Musatov, Viktor Vasnetsov, Visionary art, Vladimir Solovyov (philosopher), Vladislav Petković Dis, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Vyacheslav Ivanov (poet), W. B. Yeats, Wallace Stevens, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Wassily Kandinsky, Will (philosophy), William Blake, William Degouve de Nuncques, William Ernest Henley, Word play, Young Poland, Ze'ev Raban, Zinaida Gippius, 1886 in poetry. Expand index (358 more) » « Shrink index
A Hero of Our Time (Герой нашего времени, Geroy nashego vremeni) is a novel by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1839, published in 1840, and revised in 1841.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adoré Floupette is the collective pseudonym of French authors Henri Beauclair and Gabriel Vicaire used for their 1885 literary spoof titled Les Déliquescences d'Adoré Floupette, a collection of poems satirising French symbolism and the Decadent movement.
Aestheticism (also the Aesthetic Movement) is an intellectual and art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Alan James Hollinghurst FRSL (born 26 May 1954) is an English novelist, poet, short story writer and translator.
Albert Giraud (23 June 1860 – 26 December 1929) was a Belgian poet who wrote in French.
Albert Mockel (27 December 1866 – 30 January 1945) was a Belgian Symbolist poet.
Albert Victor Samain (3 April 185818 August 1900) was a French poet and writer of the Symbolist school.
Aleksa Šantić (Алекса Шантић; 27 May 1868 – 2 February 1924) was a Yugoslav poet.
Alexander Alexandrovich Blok (a; 7 August 1921) was a Russian lyrical poet.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (a) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic eraBasker, Michael.
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Бенуа́, also spelled Alexander Benois;,Salmina-Haskell, Larissa. Russian Paintings and Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum. pp. 15, 23-24. Published by Ashmolean Museum, 1989 Saint Petersburg9 February 1960, Paris) was a Russian artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva (World of Art), an art movement and magazine.
Alexandre Mercereau (Paris, 22 October 1884 – 1945) was a French symbolist poet and critic associated with Unanimism and the Abbaye de Créteil.
Alexandre Séon (1855, Chazelles-sur-Lyon, Loire – 1917, Paris) was a French Symbolist artist, illustrator and decorator.
Alexandru Macedonski (also rendered as Al. A. Macedonski, Macedonschi or Macedonsky; March 14, 1854 – November 24, 1920) was a Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades.
Alfred Jarry (8 September 1873 – 1 November 1907) was a French symbolist writer who is best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896).
Alfred Leopold Isidor Kubin (10 April 1877 – 20 August 1959) was an Austrian printmaker, illustrator, and occasional writer.
Alfred Vallette (1858, Paris – 1935) was a French man of letters.
Algernon Charles Swinburne (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Alphonse Osbert (23 March 1857 – 11 August 1939) was a French Symbolist painter.
Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev (a), better known by the pen name Andrei Bely (a; – 8 January 1934), was a Russian novelist, poet, theorist, and literary critic.
Andrew George Lehmann (17 February 1922 – 9 July 2006) was a literary critic, academic, and seminal author and essayist in French Symbolism, and the intellectual history of European Romanticism.
Anselmo Bucci (Fossombrone 25 May 1887 – 19 November 1955 Monza) was an Italian painter and printmaker.
António Pereira Nobre (16 August 1867 – 18 March 1900) was a Portuguese poet.
An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist in a story who lacks conventional heroic qualities and attributes such as idealism, courage, and morality.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
Antoni Lange (1863 – 17 March 1929) was a Polish poet, philosopher, polyglot (15 languages), writer, novelist, science-writer, reporter and translator.
Apcar Baltazar (26 February 1880, Bucharest – 26 September 1909, Bucharest) was a Romanian painter and art critic of Armenian parentage.
Armand Point (23 March 1860"Point, Armand." Benezit Dictionary of Artists, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 June 2014. or 23 March 1861"Point, Armand." Colette E. Bidon, Grove Art on Line, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 June 2014. – February 1932 or March 1932) was a French painter, engraver and designer who was associated with the Symbolist movement and was one of the founders of the Salon de la Rose + Croix.
Arnold Böcklin (16 October 182716 January 1901) was a Swiss symbolist painter.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
"Art for art's sake" is the usual English rendering of a French slogan from the early 19th century, "l'art pour l'art", and expresses a philosophy that the intrinsic value of art, and the only "true" art, is divorced from any didactic, moral, or utilitarian function.
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
Despite its size, Belgium has a long and distinguished artistic tradition that goes back to the Middle Ages, considerably pre-dating the foundation of the current state in 1830.
Arthur Bowen Davies (September 26, 1862 – October 24, 1928) was an avant-garde American artist and influential advocate of modern art in the United States c. 1910–1928.
Arthur Machen (3 March 1863 – 15 December 1947) was a Welsh author and mystic of the 1890s and early 20th century.
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet who is known for his influence on modern literature and arts, which prefigured surrealism.
Arthur Schnitzler (15 May 1862 – 21 October 1931) was an Austrian author and dramatist.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
Arthur Schopenhauer's aesthetics result from his doctrine of the primacy of the Will as the thing in itself, the ground of life and all being; and from his judgment that individuation of the Will is evil.
Arthur William Symons (28 February 186522 January 1945), was a British poet, critic and magazine editor.
Cornelius Ary Renan (1857-1900) was a French Symbolist painter and anti-clerical social activist.
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (21 August 187216 March 1898) was an English illustrator and author.
Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.
François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Jean-Marie-Mathias-Philippe-Auguste, comte de Villiers de l'Isle-Adam (7 November 1838 – 19 August 1889) was a French symbolist writer.
Augusto César Ferreira Gil was a Portuguese lawyer and poet.
Axël is a drama by French writer Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, published in 1890.
À rebours (translated Against Nature or Against the Grain) (1884) is a novel by the French writer Joris-Karl Huysmans.
Égide Rombaux (19 January 1865– 11 September 1942) was a Belgian symbolist sculptor.
Émile Henri Bernard (28 April 1868 – 16 April 1941) was a French Post-Impressionist painter and writer, who had artistic friendships with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Eugène Boch, and at a later time, Paul Cézanne.
Émile Nelligan (December 24, 1879 – November 18, 1941) was a francophone poet from Quebec, Canada.
Émile Adolphe Gustave Verhaeren (21 May 1855 – 27 November 1916) was a Belgian poet who wrote in the French language, art critic, and one of the chief founders of the school of Symbolism.
Đorđe Marković Koder (Cyrillic: Ђорђе Марковић Кодер) (1806 – April 30, 1891) was a Serbian poet born in Austrian Empire.
Babylon (KA2.DIĜIR.RAKI Bābili(m); Aramaic: בבל, Babel; بَابِل, Bābil; בָּבֶל, Bavel; ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.
Beata Beatrix is an oil on canvas painting by Pre-Raphaelite artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti, completed in 1870.
The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque (French for "Beautiful Era") was a period of Western history.
Belles-lettres or belles lettres is a category of writing, originally meaning beautiful or fine writing.
Blue Rose (Голубая роза - Blaue Rose) was a Symbolist artist association in Moscow from 1906 to 1908.
Borisav Stanković (Борисав Станковић; 31 March 1876 – 22 October 1927), also known by his nickname Bora (Бора), was a Serbian writer belonging to the school of realism.
Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.
Bruges-la-Morte (French; The Dead Bruges) is a short novel by the Belgian author Georges Rodenbach, first published in 1892.
Camilo Pessanha (September 7, 1867, Coimbra – March 1, 1926, Macau) was a Portuguese symbolist poet.
Carl Theodor Dreyer (3 February 1889 – 20 March 1968), commonly known as Carl Th.
Carlos Schwabe (July 21, 1866 – 22 January 1926) was a Swiss Symbolist painter and printmaker.
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe.
Charles Filiger (28 November 1863, Thann – 11 January 1928, Brest) was a French Symbolist painter.
Charles-Victor Guilloux (1866–1946) was a French symbolist artist.
Charles Martin Tornov Loeffler (January 30, 1861 – May 19, 1935) was a German-born American violinist and composer.
Charles Vildrac (November 22, 1882 – June 25, 1971), born "Charles Messager",1971 Britannica Book of the Year (for events of 1971), "Obituaries 1971" article, page 532, "Vildrac, Charles" item was a French libertarian playwright, poet and author of what some consider the first modern children's novel, L'Île rose (1924).
Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 – 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems.
The Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire (CD 64) constitute a song cycle for voice and piano by Claude Debussy, on poems taken from Les Fleurs du mal by Charles Baudelaire.
Clark Ashton Smith (January 13, 1893 – August 14, 1961) was a self-educated American poet, sculptor, painter and author of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Comte de Lautréamont was the nom de plume of Isidore Lucien Ducasse (4 April 1846 – 24 November 1870), a French poet born in Uruguay.
Conrad Potter Aiken (August 5, 1889 – August 17, 1973) was an American writer, whose work includes poetry, short stories, novels, a play, and an autobiography.
Cyril Meir Scott (27 September 1879 – 31 December 1970) was an English composer, writer, and poet.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Daniel Varoujan (Դանիէլ Վարուժան, 20 April 188426 August 1915) was an Armenian poet of the early 20th century.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), generally known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, was a British poet, illustrator, painter and translator, and a member of the Rossetti family.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
The Decadent Movement was a late 19th-century artistic and literary movement, centered in Western Europe, that followed an aesthetic ideology of excess and artificiality.
Dimcho Debelyanov (28 March 1887 – 2 October 1916) was a Bulgarian poet and author.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (p; – December 9, 1941) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic.
Dumitru or Dimitrie Karnabatt (last name also Karnabat, Carnabatt or Carnabat, commonly known as D. Karr; October 26, 1877 – April 1949) was a Romanian poet, art critic and political journalist, one of the minor representatives of Symbolism.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic.
Edgard Maxence (1871–1954), was a French Symbolist painter.
Dame Edith Louisa Sitwell DBE (7 September 1887 – 9 December 1964) was a British poet and critic and the eldest of the three literary Sitwells.
Edmond François Aman-Jean (13 January 1858, Chevry-Cossigny - 25 January 1936, Paris) was a French symbolist painter, who co-founded the Salon des Tuileries in 1923.
Sir Edmund William Gosse CB (21 September 184916 May 1928) was an English poet, author and critic.
Edmund Wilson (May 8, 1895 – June 12, 1972) was an American writer and critic who explored Freudian and Marxist themes.
Edvard Munch (12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century.
Elena Konstantinovna Gorokhova (Еле́на Константи́новна Горо́хова; February 19, 1933 – 15 January 2014) was a Russian painter, living and working in Saint Petersburg, regarded as one of representatives of the Leningrad School of Painting.
Elihu Vedder (February 26, 1836 – January 29, 1923) was an American symbolist painter, book illustrator, and poet, born in New York City.
Eliseu Visconti, born Eliseo d'Angelo Visconti (30 July 1866, Giffoni Valle Piana, Italy Primeiros tempos 1866-1892 – 15 October 1944, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) was an Italian-born Brazilian painter, cartoonist, and teacher.
An emblem is an abstract or representational pictorial image that represents a concept, like a moral truth, or an allegory, or a person, like a king or saint.
Endre Ady (Hungarian: diósadi Ady András Endre, archaically English: Andrew Ady, 22 November 1877 – 27 January 1919) was a turn-of-the-century Hungarian poet and journalist.
Éric Alfred Leslie Satie (17 May 18661 July 1925), who signed his name Erik Satie after 1884, was a French composer and pianist.
Ernest Christopher Dowson (2 August 186723 February 1900) was an English poet, novelist, short-story writer, often associated with the Decadent movement.
Eugène Anatole Carrière (16 January 1849 – 27 March 1906) was a French Symbolist artist of the Fin de siècle period.
Eugénio de Castro e Almeida (March 4, 1869 in Coimbra, Portugal – August 17, 1944) was a Portuguese writer and a poet.
Eugen Felix Prosper Bracht (3 June 1842 – 5 November 1921) was a German landscape painter.
Eugene Onegin (pre-reform Russian: Евгеній Онѣгинъ; post-reform r) is a novel in verse written by Alexander Pushkin.
Evocation is the act of calling upon or summoning a spirit, demon, god or other supernatural agent, in the Western mystery tradition.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (30 October 1885 – 1 November 1972) was an expatriate American poet and critic, as well as a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement.
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
Félicien Rops (7 July 1833 – 23 August 1898) was a Belgian artist, known primarily as a printmaker in etching and aquatint.
Félix Fénéon (22 June 1861, Turin, Italy – 29 February 1944, Châtenay-Malabry) was a Parisian anarchist and art critic during the late 19th century.
Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca, known as Federico García Lorca (5 June 1898 – 19 August 1936) was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theatre director.
Felice Casorati (December 4, 1883 – March 1, 1963) was an Italian painter, sculptor, and printmaker.
Ferdinand Hodler (March 14, 1853 – May 19, 1918) was one of the best-known Swiss painters of the nineteenth century.
Fernand Edmond Jean Marie Khnopff (12 September 1858 – 12 November 1921) was a Belgian symbolist painter.
Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935), commonly known as Fernando Pessoa, was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language.
Fin de siècle is a French term meaning end of the century, a term which typically encompasses both the meaning of the similar English idiom turn of the century and also makes reference to the closing of one era and onset of another.
François Edouard Joachim Coppée (26 January 1842 – 23 May 1908) was a French poet and novelist.
Francis Thompson (16 December 1859 – 13 November 1907) was an English poet and mystic.
Francis Vielé-Griffin (May 26, 1864 – November 12, 1937), was a French symbolist poet.
František Kupka (23 September 1871 – 24 June 1957), also known as Frank Kupka or François Kupka, was a Czech painter and graphic artist.
Franz Stuck (February 23, 1863 – August 30, 1928) was a German painter, sculptor, engraver, and architect.
Free verse is an open form of poetry.
French art consists of the visual and plastic arts (including architecture, woodwork, textiles, and ceramics) originating from the geographical area of France.
Frida Kahlo de Rivera (born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón; July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.
Fyodor Sologub (Фёдор Сологу́б, born Fyodor Kuzmich Teternikov, Фёдор Кузьми́ч Тете́рников, also known as Theodor Sologub; – 5 December 1927) was a Russian Symbolist poet, novelist, playwright and essayist.
Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (Фёдор Иванович Тютчев, Pre-Reform orthography: Ѳедоръ Ивановичъ Тютчевъ; &ndash) was a Russian poet and statesman.
Gabriel Urbain Fauré (12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gaston Bussière (April 24, 1862 in Cuisery – October 29, 1928 or 1929 in Saulieu) was a French Symbolist painter and illustrator.
Gérard de Nerval (22 May 1808 – 26 January 1855) was the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie.
A genius is a person who displays exceptional intellectual ability, creative productivity, universality in genres or originality, typically to a degree that is associated with the achievement of new advances in a domain of knowledge.
George Bacovia (the pen name of Gheorghe Vasiliu; – 22 May 1957) was a Romanian symbolist poet.
George Frederic Watts, (London 23 February 1817 – 1 July 1904) was an English Victorian painter and sculptor associated with the Symbolist movement.
George MacDonald (10 December 1824 – 18 September 1905) was a Scottish author, poet and Christian minister.
George Sterling (December 1, 1869 – November 17, 1926) was an American poet and playwright based in California who, during his lifetime, was celebrated on the Pacific coast as one of the great American poets, although he never gained equivalent success in the rest of the United States.
Georges Duhamel (30 June 1884 – 13 April 1966) was a French author, born in Paris.
Georges Raymond Constantin Rodenbach (16 July 1855 – 25 December 1898) was a Belgian Symbolist poet and novelist.
Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann (15 November 1862 – 6 June 1946) was a German dramatist and novelist.
Germain Marie Bernard Nouveau (1851-1920) was a French poet associated with the symbolist movement.
German Expressionism consisted of a number of related creative movements in Germany before the First World War that reached a peak in Berlin during the 1920s.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Giorgi Leonidze (გიორგი ლეონიძე) (December 27, 1899 – August 9, 1966) was a Georgian poet, prose writer, and literary scholar.
Giovanni Placido Agostino Pascoli (31 December 1855 – 6 April 1912) was an Italian poet and classical scholar.
Giovanni Segantini (15 January 1858 – 28 September 1899) was an Italian painter known for his large pastoral landscapes of the Alps.
Gostan, Constant, or Kostan Zarian (Կոստան Զարեան, Shamakhi,February 2, 1885 – Yerevan, December 11, 1969) was an Armenian writer who produced short lyric poems, long narrative poems of an epic cast, manifestos, essays, travel impressions, criticism, and fiction.
Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance.
Grigol Robakidze (October 28, 1880, Sviri (West Georgia) – November 19, 1962, Geneva) was a Georgian writer, publicist, and public figure primarily known for his prose and anti-Soviet émigré activities.
Guillaume Apollinaire (26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent.
Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement.
Gustav-Adolf Mossa (28 January 1883 – 25 May 1971) was a French illustrator, playwright, essayist, curator and late Symbolist painter.
Gustave Flaubert (12 December 1821 – 8 May 1880) was a French novelist.
Gustave Kahn (21 December 1859, in Metz – 5 September 1936, in Paris) was a French Symbolist poet and art critic.
Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a major figure in French Symbolist painting whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures.
Harlequin (Arlecchino, Arlequin, Old French Harlequin) is the best-known of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dell'arte.
Harold Hart Crane (July 21, 1899 – April 27, 1932) was an American poet.
Henri Barbusse (May 17, 1873 – August 30, 1935) was a French novelist and a member of the French Communist Party.
Henri Eugène Amédée Beauclair (December 21, 1860 at Lisieux – May 11, 1919 in Paris) was a French poet, novelist, and journalist.
Henri-François-Joseph de Régnier (28 December 1864 – 23 May 1936) was a French symbolist poet, considered one of the most important of France during the early 20th century.
Henri Fantin-Latour (14 January 1836 – 25 August 1904) was a French painter and lithographer best known for his flower paintings and group portraits of Parisian artists and writers.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious, philosophical, and esoteric tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus ("Thrice Great").
Hermeticism in poetry, or hermetic poetry, is a form of obscure and difficult poetry, as of the Symbolist school, wherein the language and imagery are subjective, and where the suggestive power of the sound of words is as important as their meaning.
A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking one’s audiences.
Hugo Gerhard Simberg (24 June 1873 – 12 July 1917) was a Finnish symbolist painter and graphic artist.
Hugo Laurenz August Hofmann von Hofmannsthal (1 February 1874 – 15 July 1929) was an Austrian prodigy, a novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist.
Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.
Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).
Imagism was a movement in early 20th-century Anglo-American poetry that favored precision of imagery and clear, sharp language.
Influenced by the European Impressionist art movement, many writers adopted a style that relied on associations.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
Innokentiy Fyodorovich Annensky (a; September 1, 1855 (N.S.) – December 13, 1909 (N.S.)) was a poet, critic and translator, representative of the first wave of Russian Symbolism.
Intolerance is a 1916 epic silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.
Ion Minulescu (6 January 1881 – 11 April 1944) was a Romanian avant-garde poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic, and playwright.
Ion Theodorescu-Sion (also known as Ioan Theodorescu-Sion or Teodorescu-Sion; January 2, 1882 – March 31, 1939) was a Romanian painter and draftsman, known for his contributions to modern art and especially for his traditionalist, primitivist, handicraft-inspired and Christian painting.
Irrationality is cognition, thinking, talking, or acting without inclusion of rationality.
Isidora Sekulić (Исидора Секулић, 16 February 1877 – 5 April 1958) was a Serbian prose writer, novelist, essayist, polyglot and art critic.
Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin (p; – 7 February 1942) was a 20th-century illustrator and stage designer who took part in the Mir iskusstva, contributed to the Ballets Russes, co-founded the Union of Russian Painters (Сою́з ру́сских худо́жников) and from 1937 was a member of the Artists' Union of the USSR.
Ivan Krasko (real name Ján Botto, pseudonyms Bohdana J. Potokinová, Ivan Krasko, Janko Cigáň, 12 July 1876 in Lukovištia (Lukovistye) – 3 March 1958 in Bratislava) was a Slovak poet, translator and representative of modernism in Slovakia.
Jacek Malczewski (15 July 1854 – 8 October 1929) is one of the most revered painters of Poland, associated with the patriotic Young Poland movement following the century of Partitions.
James (Jack) Daulton (born October 30, 1956) is an American art collector, National Geographic lecturer, and trial lawyer, concentrating in art and entertainment litigation.
James Elroy Flecker (5 November 1884 – 3 January 1915) was a British novelist and playwright.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Johannes Theodorus 'Jan' Toorop, Netherlands Institute for Art History, 2014.
Jean Delville (19 January 1867, Leuven – 19 January 1953, Forest, Brussels) was a Belgian symbolist painter, author, poet, polemicist, teacher, and Theosophist.
Jean Lorrain (9 August 1855 in Fécamp, Seine-Maritime – 30 June 1906), born Paul Alexandre Martin Duval, was a French poet and novelist of the Symbolist school.
Jean Moréas (born Ioannis A. Papadiamantopoulos, Ιωάννης Α. Παπαδιαμαντόπουλος; 15 April 1856 – 31 March 1910), was a Greek poet, essayist, and art critic, who wrote mostly in the French language but also in Greek during his youth.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
João da Cruz e Sousa (November 24, 1861 – March 19, 1898) was a Brazilian poet and journalist, famous for being one of the first Brazilian Symbolist poets ever.
John Duncan (1866-1945) was a Scottish painter.
John Gray (2 March 1866 – 14 June 1934) was an English poet whose works include Silverpoints, The Long Road and Park: A Fantastic Story.
John William Waterhouse (6 April 1849 – 10 February 1917) was an English painter known for working first in the Academic style and for then embracing the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood's style and subject matter.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.
Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans (5 February 1848 in Paris – 12 May 1907 in Paris) was a French novelist and art critic who published his works as Joris-Karl Huysmans (variably abbreviated as J. K. or J.-K.). He is most famous for the novel À rebours (1884, published in English as Against the Grain or Against Nature).
Joséphin Péladan (28 March 1858 in Lyon – 27 June 1918 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French novelist and Martinist.
Josip Murn, also known under the pseudonym Aleksandrov (4 March 1879 – 18 June 1901) was a Slovene symbolist poet.
Jovan Dučić (Јован Дучић,; 17 February 1871 – 7 April 1943) was a Bosnian Serb poet, writer and diplomat.
Jovan Skerlić (20 August 1877 – 15 May 1914) was a Serbian writer and critic.
Jules-Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly (2 November 1808 – 23 April 1889) was a French novelist and short story writer.
Jules Laforgue (16 August 1860 – 20 August 1887) was a Franco-Uruguayan poet, often referred to as a Symbolist poet.
Jules Romains, born Louis Henri Jean Farigoule (26 August 1885 – 14 August 1972), was a French poet and writer and the founder of the Unanimism literary movement.
Junimea was a Romanian literary society founded in Iaşi in 1863, through the initiative of several foreign-educated personalities led by Titu Maiorescu, Petre P. Carp, Vasile Pogor, Theodor Rosetti and Iacob Negruzzi.
Jurgis Baltrušaitis (May 2, 1873 – January 3, 1944) was a Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, who wrote his works in Lithuanian and Russian.
Karl Mediz (4 June 1868, Vienna – 11 January 1945, Dresden) was an Austrian landscape and portrait painter.
Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach (February 21, 1851, Hadamar, Duchy of Nassau – December 15, 1913, Capri) was a German painter and social reformer.
Karol Maciej Szymanowski (3 October 188229 March 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist, the most celebrated Polish composer of the early 20th century.
Kathleen Mansfield Murry (née Beauchamp; 14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.
Kolau Nadiradze (კოლაუ ნადირაძე) (24 February 1895 – 28 October 1990) was a Georgian poet and the last representative of Georgian Symbolist school.
Konstantin Dmitriyevich Balmont (a; – 23 December 1942) was a Russian symbolist poet and translator.
Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky (Константин Фёдорович Богаевский, - 17 February 1943) was a Russian painter notable for his Symbolist landscapes.
Konstantin Andreyevich Somov (Russian: Константин Андреевич Сомов, November 30, 1869 – May 6, 1939) was a Russian artist associated with the Mir iskusstva.
Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.
L'après-midi d'un faune (or "The Afternoon of a Faun") is a poem by the French author Stéphane Mallarmé.
La Plume was a French bi-monthly literary and artistic review.
Lascăr Vorel (19 August 1879 – February 1918) was a Romanian Post-Impressionist painter whose style was linked to Expressionism.
Léon Bakst (Леон (Лев) Николаевич Бакст, Leon (Lev) Nikolaevich Bakst) – born as Leyb-Khaim Izrailevich (later Samoylovich) Rosenberg, Лейб-Хаим Израилевич (Самойлович) Розенберг (27 January (8 February) 1866 – 28 December 1924) was a Russian painter and scene and costume designer.
Léon Bloy (11 July 1846 – 3 November 1917), was a French novelist, essayist, pamphleteer, and poet.
Léon Frédéric (August 26, 1856 – January 27, 1940) was a Belgian Symbolism painter.
Léon Spilliaert (also Leon Spilliaert; 28 July 1881 – 23 November 1946) was a Belgian symbolist painter and graphic artist.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.
Le Parnasse contemporain ("The Contemporary Parnassus", e.g., the contemporary poetry scene) is composed of three volumes of poetry collections, published in 1866, 1871 and 1876 by the editor Alphonse Lemerre, which included a hundred French poets, such as Leconte de Lisle, Théodore de Banville, Heredia, Gautier, Catulle Mendès, Baudelaire, Sully Prudhomme, Mallarmé, François Coppée, Charles Cros, Léon Dierx, Louis Ménard, Verlaine, Villiers de L'Isle-Adam and Anatole France.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Les Fleurs du mal (italic) is a volume of French poetry by Charles Baudelaire.
Les Nabis were a group of Post-Impressionist avant-garde artists who set the pace for fine arts and graphic arts in France in the 1890s.
Levon Shant (Լեւոն Շանթ; born Levon Nahashbedian, then changed to Levon Seghposian; 6 April 1869 – 29 November 1951) was an Armenian playwright, novelist, poet and founder of the Hamazkayin Armenian Educational and Cultural Society.
The Library of America (LOA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
The lied (plural lieder;, plural, German for "song") is a setting of a German poem to classical music.
Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.
Louis Marie-Anne Couperus (10 June 1863 – 16 July 1923) was a Dutch novelist and poet.
Louis Gabriel Charles Vicaire (January 25, 1848 – September 23, 1900) was a French poet.
Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer (September 30, 1865 – September 24, 1953) was a French Symbolist/Art Nouveau artist whose works include paintings, drawings, ceramics, furniture and interior design.
Ludwig Fahrenkrog (20 October 1867 – 27 October 1952) was a German writer, playwright and artist.
Aurélien-Marie Lugné (27 December 1869 19 June 1940), known by his stage-name and pen name Lugné-Poe, was a French actor, theatre director, and scenic designer best known for his work at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre, one of the first theatrical venues in France to provide a home for the artists of the symbolist movement at the end of the nineteenth century.
Luis Ricardo Falero (1851 – December 7, 1896), Duke of Labranzano, was a Spanish painter.
Madame Bovary (full French title: Madame Bovary. Mœurs de province) is the debut novel of French writer Gustave Flaubert, published in 1856.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Mayer André Marcel Schwob, known as Marcel Schwob (23 August 1867 – 26 February 1905), was a Jewish French symbolist writer best known for his short stories and his literary influence on authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Roberto Bolaño.
Marceline Desbordes-Valmore (20 June 1786 – 23 July 1859) was a French poet and novelist.
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva (p; 31 August 1941) was a Russian and Soviet poet.
Mario Praz KBE (September 6, 1896, Rome – March 23, 1982, Rome) was an Italian-born critic of art and literature, and a scholar of English literature.
Martiros Saryan (Մարտիրոս Սարյան; Мартиро́с Сарья́н; – 5 May 1972) was an Armenian painter, the founder of a modern Armenian national school of painting.
Mateiu Ion Caragiale (also credited as Matei or Matheiu; Mateiŭ is an antiquated version;Sorin Antohi,, in Tr@nsit online, Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Nr. 21/2002 – January 17, 1936) was a Romanian poet and prose writer, best known for his novel Craii de Curtea-Veche, which portrays the milieu of boyar descendants before and after World War I. Caragiale's style, associated with Symbolism, the Decadent movement of the fin de siècle, and early modernism, was an original element in the Romanian literature of the interwar period.
Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Sir Henry Maximilian "Max" Beerbohm (24 August 1872 – 20 May 1956) was an English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist under the signature Max.
Max Klinger (18 February 1857 – 5 July 1920) was a German symbolist painter, sculptor, printmaker, and writer.
Maximilian Alexandrovich Kirienko-Voloshin (Максимилиа́н Алекса́ндрович Кирие́нко-Воло́шин), commonly known as Max Voloshin (May 28, 1877 – November 8, 1932), was a Russian poet of Ukrainian-German origin.
Mário de Sá-Carneiro (May 19, 1890 – April 26, 1916) was a Portuguese poet and writer.
The Mercure de France was originally a French gazette and literary magazine first published in the 17th century, but after several incarnations has evolved as a publisher, and is now part of the Éditions Gallimard publishing group.
Michelle Facos (born February 25, 1955) is an American art historian, Professor of Art History at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Mieczysław Karłowicz (11 December 18768 February 1909) was a Polish composer and conductor.
Mihai Eminescu (born Mihail Eminovici; 15 January 1850 – 15 June 1889) was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.
Mihail Simonidi or, in French, Michel Simonidy (8 March 1870, Bucharest - 1933, Paris) was a Romanian painter, designer and decorator of Greek ancestry who worked in the Art Nouveau style.
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis (Mikołaj Konstanty Czurlanis; –) was a Lithuanian painter, composer and writer.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (p; –) was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov (Михаи́л Васи́льевич Не́стеров;, Ufa – 18 October 1942, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet painter; associated with the Peredvizhniki and Mir Iskusstva.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Вру́бель; March 17, 1856 – April 14, 1910, all n.s.) is usually regarded amongst the Russian painters of the Symbolist movement and of Art Nouveau.
Milan Rakić (18 September 1876 – 30 June 1938) (Милан Ракић) was a Serbian poet.
Misak Metsarents (Միսաք Մեծարենց, January, 1886; Pingian village, Vilayet of Kharpert - July 5, 1908; Constantinople, Ottoman Empire) was a leading Western Armenian poet.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Morris Graves (August 28, 1910 – May 5, 2001) was an American painter.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The term naturalism was coined by Émile Zola, who defines it as a literary movement which emphasizes observation and the scientific method in the fictional portrayal of reality.
Nicholas Roerich (October 9, 1874 – December 13, 1947) – known also as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Никола́й Константи́нович Ре́рих) – was a Russian painter, writer, archaeologist, theosophist, perceived by some in Russia as an enlightener, philosopher, and public figure, who in his youth was influenced by a movement in Russian society around the spiritual.
Nikolai Minsky and Nikolai Maksimovich Minsky (Никола́й Макси́мович Ми́нский) are pseudonyms of Nikolai Maksimovich Vilenkin (Виле́нкин; 1855–1937), a mystical writer and poet of the Silver Age of Russian Poetry.
The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
Octavian or Octav Smigelschi (last name also Smigelski, Smighelschi, Szmigelszki, or Szmigelschi; Szmigelszki Oktáv; March 21, 1866 – November 10, 1912) was an Austro-Hungarian painter and printmaker, one of the leading culturally Romanian artists in his native Transylvania.
Odilon Redon (born Bertrand-Jean Redon;; April 20, 1840July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist.
Olive Eleanor Custance (7 February 1874 – 12 February 1944) was a British poet and wife of Lord Alfred Douglas.
Oscar Vladislas de Lubicz Milosz (Oskaras Milašius; Polish: Oskar Władysław Miłosz) (May 28, 1877 – March 2, 1939) was a French language poet, playwright, novelist, essayist and representative of Lithuania at the League of Nations.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Otokar or Otakar Březina; pen name of Václav Jebavý; (13 September 1868 – 25 March 1929) was a Czech poet and essayist, considered the greatest of Czech Symbolists.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Paolo Iashvili (პაოლო იაშვილი; 29 June 1894 – 22 July 1937) was a Georgian poet and one of the leaders of Georgian symbolist movement.
Parnassianism (or Parnassism) was a French literary style that began during the positivist period of the 19th century, occurring after romanticism and prior to symbolism.
Paul Adam (December 7, 1862 – January 2, 1920) was a French novelist.
Paul Fort (1 February 1872 – 20 April 1960) was a French poet associated with the Symbolist movement.
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a French post-Impressionist artist.
Sir Henry Paul Harvey, born Henry Paul Harvey Durant (1869-1948) was a British diplomat and editor of literary reference works.
Paul Schmidt (1934 Brooklyn – February 19, 1999) was an American translator, poet, playwright, and essayist.
Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry (30 October 1871 – 20 July 1945) was a French poet, essayist, and philosopher.
Paul-Marie Verlaine (30 March 1844 – 8 January 1896) was a French poet associated with the Decadent movement.
Pelléas and Mélisande (Pelléas et Mélisande) is a Symbolist play by Maurice Maeterlinck about the forbidden, doomed love of the title characters.
Pelléas et Mélisande (Pelléas and Mélisande) is an opera in five acts with music by Claude Debussy.
Pessimism is a mental attitude.
Petar Kočić (Петар Кочић; 29 June 1877 – 27 August 1916) was a Bosnian Serb writer, playwright, poet and politician.
Petersburg (Петербург, Peterbúrg) is a novel by Russian writer Andrei Bely.
Philippe Jullian (real name: Philippe Simounet; 11 July 1919 – 25 September 1977) was a French illustrator, art historian, biographer, aesthete, novelist and dandy.
The Blue Period (Período Azul) is a term used to define the works produced by Spanish painter Pablo Picasso between 1901 and 1904 when he painted essentially monochromatic paintings in shades of blue and blue-green, only occasionally warmed by other colors.
Pierre Louÿs (10 December 1870 – 6 June 1925) was a French poet and writer, most renowned for lesbian and classical themes in some of his writings.
"Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote" (original Spanish title: "Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote") is a short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (14 December 1824 – 24 October 1898) was a French painter best known for his mural painting, who came to be known as 'the painter for France'.
Dreimal sieben Gedichte aus Albert Girauds "Pierrot lunaire" ("Three times Seven Poems from Albert Giraud's 'Pierrot lunaire), commonly known simply as Pierrot Lunaire, Op.
A poète maudit (accursed poet) is a poet living a life outside or against society.
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (''L.'' 86), known in English as Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, is a symphonic poem for orchestra by Claude Debussy, approximately 10 minutes in duration.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
Prosper Mérimée (28 September 1803 – 23 September 1870) was an important French writer in the school of Romanticism, and one of the pioneers of the novella, a short novel or long short story.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
The Queen of Sheba (Musnad: 𐩣𐩡𐩫𐩩𐩪𐩨𐩱) is a figure first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Rachilde was the pen name and preferred identity of novelist and playwright Marguerite Vallette-Eymery (February 11, 1860 – April 4, 1953).
René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926), better known as Rainer Maria Rilke, was a Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist.
Raul Germano Brandão (12 March 1867, in Foz do Douro, Porto – 5 December 1930, in Lisbon) was a Portuguese writer, journalist and military officer, notable for the realism of his literary descriptions and by the lyricism of his language.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Remedios Varo Uranga (16 December 1908 – 8 October 1963) was a Spanish surrealist artist.
Remy de Gourmont (4 April 1858 – 27 September 1915) was a French Symbolist poet, novelist, and influential critic.
René François Ghislain Magritte (21 November 1898 – 15 August 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist.
Renée Vivien, born Pauline Mary Tarn (11 June 1877 – 18 November 1909), was a British poet who wrote in French, in the style of the Symbolistes and the Parnassiens.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rosamund (Ball) Marriott Watson (1860–1911) was an English poet, nature writer and critic, who early in her career wrote under the pseudonyms of Graham R. Tomson and Rushworth (or R.) Armytage.
Rosicrucianism is a spiritual and cultural movement which arose in Europe in the early 17th century after the publication of several texts which purported to announce the existence of a hitherto unknown esoteric order to the world and made seeking its knowledge attractive to many.
Félix Rubén García Sarmiento (January 18, 1867 – February 6, 1916), known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo (modernism) that flourished at the end of the 19th century.
Rudolf Jettmar (10 September 1869, Tarnów — 21 April 1939, Vienna) was an Austrian painter and printmaker.
Russian culture has a long history.
Russian literature refers to the literature of Russia and its émigrés and to the Russian-language literature of several independent nations once a part of what was historically Rus', the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union.
Russian symbolism was an intellectual and artistic movement predominant at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Paul-Pierre Roux, called Saint-Pol-Roux (15 January 1861, quartier de Saint-Henry, Marseille - 18 October 1940, Brest) was a French Symbolist poet.
Salome (translit; translit, deriving from lit; between 62 and 71) was the daughter of Herod II and Herodias.
Salome, Op. 54, is an opera in one act by Richard Strauss to a German libretto by the composer, based on Hedwig Lachmann's German translation of the French play Salomé by Oscar Wilde.
The Salon de la Rose + Croix was a series of six art and music salons hosted by Joséphin Péladan in 1890s Paris.
Sandro Tsirekidze (სანდრო ცირეკიძე) (1894–1923) was a Georgian poet, Symbolist.
Rudolph Karl Alexander Schneider, commonly known as Sascha Schneider (21 September 1870 – 18 August 1927), was a German painter and sculptor.
Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.
Sburătorul was a Romanian modernist literary magazine and literary society, established in Bucharest in April 1919.
Sergo Kldiashvili (სერგო კლდიაშვილი) (6 October 1893 – 1986) was a Georgian prose-writer who set out to be Symbolist but then was drawn to conformist Realist prose under Soviet rule.
Atom Yarjanian (Ատոմ Եարճանեան), better known by his pen name Siamanto (Սիամանթօ) (15 August 1878 – August 1915), was an influential Armenian writer, poet and national figure from the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Simeon "Sima" Pandurović (Сима Пандуровић; 14 April 1883 – 27 August 1960) was a Serbian poet, part of the Symbolist movement in European poetry at the time.
Songs of Innocence and of Experience is an illustrated collection of poems by William Blake.
In many religious, philosophical, and mythological traditions, there is a belief in the incorporeal essence of a living being called the soul. Soul or psyche (Greek: "psychē", of "psychein", "to breathe") are the mental abilities of a living being: reason, character, feeling, consciousness, memory, perception, thinking, etc.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
Stanisław Korab-Brzozowski (1876 - 1901 in Warsaw) Polish poet and translator, brother of a poet Wincenty Korab-Brzozowski and son of a romantic bard Karol Brzozowski.
Stéphane Mallarmé (18 March 1842 – 9 September 1898), whose real name was Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic.
Stefan Anton George (12 July 18684 December 1933) was a German symbolist poet and a translator of Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, and Charles Baudelaire.
Stuart Fitzrandolph Merrill (August 1, 1863 in Hempstead, New York – December 1, 1915 in Versailles, France) was an American poet, who wrote mostly in the French language.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Svetozar Ćorović (29 May 1875 – 17 April 1919) was a Herzegovinian Serb novelist.
Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
The Symbolist Manifesto (French: Le Symbolisme) was published on 18 September 1886Lucie-Smith, Edward. (1972) Symbolist Art.
The Symbolist movement in Romania, active during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, marked the development of Romanian culture in both literature and visual arts.
Synesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.
Synthetism is a term used by post-Impressionist artists like Paul Gauguin, Émile Bernard and Louis Anquetin to distinguish their work from Impressionism.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
Tadeusz Miciński (9 November 1873 in Łódź – February 1918 in Cherykaw Raion, Belarus) was an influential Polish poet, gnostic and playwright, and was a forerunner of Expressionism and Surrealism.
Teffi (Тэ́ффи) (Saint Petersburg – 6 October 1952, Paris) was a Russian humorist writer.
The Théâtre de l'Œuvre is a Paris theatre, located atop cité Monthiers, at 55 rue de Clichy in the 9° arrondissement in Paris, France.
The Théâtre Libre (French for "Free Theatre") was a theatre company that operated from 1887 to 1896 in Paris, France.
Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (30 August 1811 – 23 October 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
The Blind (Les aveugles), also known as The Sightless, is a play that was written in 1890 by the Belgian playwright Maurice Maeterlinck.
The Blue Bird (L'Oiseau bleu) is a 1908 play by Belgian playwright and poet Maurice Maeterlinck.
"The Devil in the Belfry" is a satirical short story by Edgar Allan Poe.
"The Fall of the House of Usher" is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1839.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1838) is the only complete novel written by American writer Edgar Allan Poe.
The Picture of Dorian Gray is a philosophical novel by Oscar Wilde, first published complete in the July 1890 issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine.
The Symbolist Movement in Literature, first published in 1899, and with additional material in 1919, is a work by Arthur Symons largely credited with bringing French Symbolism to the attention of Anglo-American literary circles.
The Yellow Book was a British quarterly literary periodical that was published in London from 1894 to 1897.
Theda Bara (born Theodosia Burr Goodman, July 29, 1885 – April 7, 1955) was an American silent film and stage actress.
Titsian Tabidze (ტიციან ტაბიძე), simply referred to as Titsiani (ტიციანი) (21 March 1895 – 16 December 1937) was a Georgian poet and one of the leaders of Georgian symbolist movement.
Tristan Corbière (18 July 1845 – 1 March 1875), born Édouard-Joachim Corbière, was a French poet born in Coat-Congar, Ploujean (now part of Morlaix) in Brittany, where he lived most of his life before dying of tuberculosis at the age of 29.
Tristan Tzara (born Samuel or Samy Rosenstock, also known as S. Samyro; – 25 December 1963) was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist.
A literary trope is the use of figurative language, via word, phrase or an image, for artistic effect such as using a figure of speech.
Tudor Arghezi (21 May 1880 – 14 July 1967) was a Romanian writer, best known for his quite unique contribution to poetry and children's literature.
Tudor Vianu (January 8, 1898 – May 21, 1964) was a Romanian literary critic, art critic, poet, philosopher, academic, and translator.
Ubu Roi (Ubu the King or King Ubu) is a play by Alfred Jarry.
Valerian Gaprindashvili (ვალერიან გაფრინდაშვილი) (December 21, 1888 – January 31, 1941) was a Georgian poet and translator whose early, Symbolist, poetry was of much influence on development of Georgian metaphor and verse.
Valery Yakovlevich Bryusov (a; – 9 October 1924) was a Russian poet, prose writer, dramatist, translator, critic and historian.
Vampyr (lit) is a 1932 horror film directed by Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer.
Veljko Petrović (Sombor, 4 February 1884 – Belgrade, 27 July 1967) was a Serbian poet, writer, art and literary critic and theoretician.
Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov (Ви́ктор Эльпидифо́рович Бори́сов-Муса́тов), (-) was a Russian painter, prominent for his unique Post-Impressionistic style that mixed Symbolism, pure decorative style and realism.
Viktor Mikhaylovich Vasnetsov (Ви́ктор Миха́йлович Васнецо́в; May 15 (N.S.), 1848 – July 23, 1926) was a Russian artist who specialized in mythological and historical subjects.
Visionary art is art that purports to transcend the physical world and portray a wider vision of awareness including spiritual or mystical themes, or is based in such experiences.
Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov (Влади́мир Серге́евич Соловьёв; –) was a Russian philosopher, theologian, poet, pamphleteer, and literary critic.
Vladislav Petković Dis (Владислав Петковић Дис; born Vladislav Petković; 12 March 1880 – 16 May/29 May 1917) was a Serbian poet, part of the impressionism movement in European poetry, known as Moderna/Symbolism in Serbia.
Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (Все́волод Эми́льевич Мейерхо́льд; born Karl Kasimir Theodor Meierhold; 2 February 1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer.
Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanov (Вячесла́в Ива́нович Ива́нов; – 16 July 1949) was a Russian poet and playwright associated with the Russian Symbolist movement.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was an American Modernist poet.
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (Der Wanderer über dem Nebelmeer), also known as Wanderer above the Mist or Mountaineer in a Misty Landscape, is an oil painting by the German Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
Will, generally, is that faculty of the mind which selects, at the moment of decision, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
William Degouve de Nuncques (also Nunques; 28 February 1867 – 1 March 1935) was a Belgian painter.
William Ernest Henley (23 August 1849 – 11 July 1903) was an English poet, critic and editor of the late-Victorian era in England who is spoken of as having as central a role in his time as Samuel Johnson had in the eighteenth century.
Word play or wordplay (also: play-on-words) is a literary technique and a form of wit in which words used become the main subject of the work, primarily for the purpose of intended effect or amusement.
Young Poland (Młoda Polska) was a modernist period in Polish visual arts, literature and music, covering roughly the years between 1890 and 1918.
Ze’ev Raban (1890-1970) was a leading painter, decorative artist, and industrial designer of the Bezalel school style, and was one of the founders of the Israeli art world.
Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius (– 9 September 1945) was a Russian poet, playwright, novelist, editor and religious thinker, one of the major figures in Russian symbolism.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
French Symbolism, French Symbolists, French symbolism, French symbolists, Musical symbolism, Symbol and symbolism in literature, Symbolic art, Symbolism (art), Symbolism in art, Symbolism in music, Symbolist, Symbolist Movement, Symbolist Poets, Symbolist literature, Symbolist movement, Symbolist painter, Symbolist painters, Symbolist poet, Symbolist poetry, Symbolist poets, Symbolist theater, Symbolist theatre, Symboliste, Symbolistic, Symbolists.