143 relations: Agitprop, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Alexander Vinogradov (bass), Amen, André Previn, Anne Frank, Anti-Stalinist left, Antisemitism, Antonina W. Bouis, Arnold Pomerans, Arthur Eisen, Augmented third, Babi Yar, Bass (voice type), Bass clarinet, Bass drum, Bassoon, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, B♭ (musical note), Béla Bartók, Bell, Bernard Haitink, Białystok pogrom, Boris Godunov (opera), Boris Tishchenko, Borys Hmyria, Boudoir, Burlesque, Cadence (music), Cantata, Castanets, Celesta, Cello Concerto No. 1 (Shostakovich), Choral Arts Society of Washington, Choral symphony, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Clapper (musical instrument), Clarinet, Conscience, Contrabassoon, Cor anglais, Cymbal, Decca Records, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dorian mode, Dreyfus affair, Edison Denisov, EMI Classics, Ernst Neizvestny, Eugene Ormandy, ..., Flute, From Jewish Folk Poetry, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Glockenspiel, Gnessin State Musical College, Gong, Gustav Mahler, Harp, Horn (instrument), Ian MacDonald, Intelligentsia, Interval (music), Jamie Macpherson, Khovanshchina, Kiev, Kirill Kondrashin, Klezmer, Kurt Masur, Lament, Literaturnaya Gazeta, Lithuania, London Symphony Orchestra, Mariss Jansons, Melodiya, Modest Mussorgsky, Morality, Moscow, Moscow Conservatory, Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Movement (music), Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, NHK Symphony Orchestra, Nicola Ghiuselev, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikita Storojev, Novy Mir, Oboe, Okko Kamu, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Orlando Figes, Pedal point, Philadelphia Orchestra, Phrygian mode, Piano, Piano Trio No. 2 (Shostakovich), Piccolo, Robert Burns, Rothschild's Violin, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, Saint Petersburg, Sergei Leiferkus, Snare drum, Solomon Volkov, Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Song cycle, Songs and Dances of Death, State Symphony Capella of Russia, String Quartet No. 4 (Shostakovich), String Quartet No. 6 (Shostakovich), String Quartet No. 8 (Shostakovich), String section, Symphony No. 4 (Shostakovich), Symphony No. 7 (Shostakovich), Symphony No. 8 (Shostakovich), Tambourine, Teldec, Tempo, Testimony (book), The Holocaust, Timpani, Tom Krause, Tone row, Triangle (musical instrument), Tritone, Trombone, Trumpet, Tuba, Vasily Petrenko, Veniamin Fleishman, Vernacular, Vilnius, Violin Concerto No. 1 (Shostakovich), Vladimir Ashkenazy, Wood block, Word painting, Xylophone, Yevgeny Mravinsky, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Zhdanov Doctrine, 24 Preludes and Fugues (Shostakovich). Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Agitprop (from r, portmanteau of "agitation" and "propaganda") is political propaganda, especially the communist propaganda used in Soviet Russia, that is spread to the general public through popular media such as literature, plays, pamphlets, films, and other art forms with an explicitly political message.
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer.
Alexander Vinogradov (born 1976) is a Russian bass opera singer.
The word amen (Hebrew אָמֵן, Greek ἀμήν, Arabic آمِينَ) is a declaration of affirmation found in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.
André George Previn, KBE (born Andreas Ludwig Priwin; April 6, 1929) is a German-American pianist, conductor, and composer.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
The anti-Stalinist left comprises various kinds of left-wing politics critical of Joseph Stalin, of Stalinism as a political philosophy, and of the actual system of governance Stalin implemented as dictator of the Soviet Union.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antonina W. Bouis is a literary translator from Russian to English.
Arnold Julius Pomerans (27 April 1920 – 30 May 2005) was a German-born British translator.
--> Arthur Arturovich Eisen (Russian: Артур Артурович Эйзен), (8 June 1927 in Moscow – 26 February 2008 in Moscow), was a bass-baritone soloist.
In classical music from Western culture, an augmented third is an interval of five semitones.
Babi Yar (Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar; Бабий Яр, Babiy Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of massacres carried out by German forces and by local Ukrainian collaborators during their campaign against the Soviet Union in World War II.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family.
A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
The Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks) is based in Munich, Germany, one of two full-size symphony orchestras operated under the auspices of Bayerischer Rundfunk, or Bavarian Broadcasting (BR).
B (B-flat; also called si bémol) is the eleventh step of the Western chromatic scale (starting from C).
Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.
A bell is a directly struck idiophone percussion instrument.
Bernard Johan Herman Haitink (born 4 March 1929) is a Dutch conductor.
The Belostok (Białystok) pogrom occurred between 14–16 June 1906 (1–3 June Old Style) in Białystok, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
Boris Godunov (Борис Годунов, Borís Godunóv) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881).
Boris Ivanovich Tishchenko (Russian Бори́с Ива́нович Ти́щенко; 23 March 1939 – 9 December 2010) was a Russian and Soviet composer and pianist.
Borys Romanovich Hmyria (Борис Романович Гмиря; Борис Романович Гмыря; sometimes spelt as Gmyrya; born 1903 in Lebedyn—died 1969 in Kiev), PAU, was a Ukrainian basso cantante singer of opera and art song.
A boudoir is a woman's private sitting room or salon in a furnished accommodation usually between the dining room and the bedroom, but can also refer to a woman's private bedroom.
A burlesque is a literary, dramatic or musical work intended to cause laughter by caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works, or by ludicrous treatment of their subjects.
In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of resolution."Don Michael Randel (1999).
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
Castanets are a percussion instrument (idiophone), used in Kalo, Moorish, Ottoman, ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Sephardic, Swiss, and Portuguese music.
The celesta or celeste is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard.
The Cello Concerto No.
The Choral Arts Society of Washington is a major choral organization based in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1965 by Norman Scribner, it is regarded as one of the premier symphonic choruses in the United States.
A choral symphony is a musical composition for orchestra, choir, and sometimes solo vocalists that, in its internal workings and overall musical architecture, adheres broadly to symphonic musical form.
The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) is a British orchestra based in Birmingham, England.
A clapper is a basic form of percussion instrument.
The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower.
The cor anglais or original; plural: cors anglais) Longman has /kɔːz/ for British and /kɔːrz/ for American --> or English horn in North America, is a double-reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family. It is approximately one and a half times the length of an oboe. The cor anglais is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a perfect fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument). This means that music for the cor anglais is written a perfect fifth higher than the instrument actually sounds. The fingering and playing technique used for the cor anglais are essentially the same as those of the oboe and oboists typically double on the cor anglais when required. The cor anglais normally lacks the lowest B key found on most oboes and so its sounding range stretches from E3 (written B) below middle C to C6 two octaves above middle C.
A cymbal is a common percussion instrument.
Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dorian mode or Doric mode can refer to three very different but interrelated subjects: one of the Ancient Greek harmoniai (characteristic melodic behaviour, or the scale structure associated with it), one of the medieval musical modes, or, most commonly, one of the modern modal diatonic scales, corresponding to the white notes from D to D, or any transposition of this.
The Dreyfus Affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906.
Edison Vasilievich Denisov (Эдисо́н Васи́льевич Дени́сов, April 6, 1929 – November 24, 1996) was a Russian composer in the so-called "Underground"—"Anti-Collectivist", "alternative" or "nonconformist" division of Soviet music.
EMI Classics was a record label founded by EMI in 1990 in order to reduce the need to create country-specific packaging and catalogs for internationally distributed classical music releases.
Ernst Iosifovich Neizvestny (Эрнст Ио́сифович Неизве́стный; April 9, 1925 – August 9, 2016) was a Russian-American sculptor, painter, graphic artist, and art philosopher.
Eugene Ormandy (born Jenő Blau; November 18, 1899 – March 12, 1985) was an Hungarian-American conductor and violinist, best known for his association with the Philadelphia Orchestra, as its music director.
The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
From Jewish Folk Poetry, Op.
Gennady Nikolayevich Rozhdestvensky, CBE (Генна́дий Никола́евич Рожде́ственский; 4 May 1931 – 16 June 2018) was a Soviet and Russian conductor, People's Artist of the USSR (1976), and Hero of Socialist Labour (1990).
A glockenspiel (or, Glocken: bells and Spiel: set) is a percussion instrument composed of a set of tuned keys arranged in the fashion of the keyboard of a piano.
The Gnessin State Musical College (Государственный музыкальный колледж имени Гнесиных) and Gnessin Russian Academy of Music (Российская академия музыки имени Гнесиных) is a prominent music school in Moscow, Russia.
A gong (from Malay: gong;; ra; គង - Kong; ฆ้อง Khong; cồng chiêng) is an East and Southeast Asian musical percussion instrument that takes the form of a flat, circular metal disc which is hit with a mallet.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges.
Ian MacCormick (known by the pseudonym Ian MacDonald; 3 October 1948 – 20 August 2003) was a British music critic and author, best known for both Revolution in the Head, his critical history of the Beatles which borrowed techniques from art historians, and The New Shostakovich, a study of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich.
The intelligentsia (/ɪnˌtelɪˈdʒentsiə/) (intelligentia, inteligencja, p) is a status class of educated people engaged in the complex mental labours that critique, guide, and lead in shaping the culture and politics of their society.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
James MacPherson (1675–1700) was a Scottish outlaw, famed for his Lament or Rant, a version of which was rewritten by the Scottish poet, Robert Burns.
Khovanshchina (Хованщина, Hovánščina, sometimes rendered The Khovansky Affair; since the ending -ščina is pejorative) is an opera (subtitled a 'national music drama') in five acts by Modest Mussorgsky. The work was written between 1872 and 1880 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The composer wrote the libretto based on historical sources. The opera was unfinished and unperformed when the composer died in 1881. Like Mussorgsky's earlier Boris Godunov, Khovanshchina deals with an episode in Russian history, first brought to the composer's attention by his friend the critic Vladimir Stasov. It concerns the rebellion of Prince Ivan Khovansky, the Old Believers, and the Muscovite Streltsy against the regent Sofia Alekseyevna and the two young Tsars Peter the Great and Ivan V, who were attempting to institute Westernizing reforms in Russia. Khovansky had helped to foment the Moscow Uprising of 1682, which resulted in Sofia becoming regent on behalf of her younger brother Ivan and half-brother Peter, who were crowned joint Tsars. In the fall of 1682 Prince Ivan Khovansky turned against Sofia. Supported by the Old Believers and the Streltsy, Khovansky — who supposedly wanted to install himself as the new regent — demanded the reversal of Patriarch Nikon's reforms. Sofia and her court were forced to flee Moscow. Eventually, Sofia managed to suppress the so-called Khovanshchina (Khovansky affair) with the help of the diplomat Fyodor Shaklovity, who succeeded Khovansky as leader of the Muscovite Streltsy. With the rebellion crushed, the Old Believers committed mass suicide (in the opera, at least). Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov completed, revised, and scored Khovanshchina in 1881–1882. Because of his extensive cuts and "recomposition", Dmitri Shostakovich revised the opera in 1959 based on Mussorgsky's vocal score, and it is the Shostakovich version that is usually performed. In 1913 Igor Stravinsky and Maurice Ravel made their own arrangement at Sergei Diaghilev's request. When Feodor Chaliapin refused to sing the part of Dosifei in any other orchestration than Rimsky-Korsakov's, Diaghilev's company employed a mixture of orchestrations which did not prove successful. The Stravinsky-Ravel orchestration was forgotten, except for Stravinsky's finale, which is still sometimes used. Although the background of the opera comprises the Moscow Uprising of 1682 and the Khovansky affair a few months later, its main themes are the struggle between progressive and reactionary political factions during the minority of Tsar Peter the Great and the passing of old Muscovy before Peter's westernizing reforms. It received its first performance in the Rimsky-Korsakov edition in 1886.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin (Russian: Кири́лл Петро́вич Кондра́шин, Kirill Petrovič Kondrašin; – 7 March 1981), PAU, was a Soviet and Russian conductor.
Klezmer (Yiddish: כליזמר or קלעזמער (klezmer), pl.: כליזמרים (klezmorim) – instruments of music) is a musical tradition of the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern Europe.
Kurt Masur (18 July 1927 – 19 December 2015) was a German conductor.
A lament or lamentation is a passionate expression of grief, often in music, poetry, or song form.
Literaturnaya Gazeta («Литературная Газета», Literary Newspaper) is a weekly cultural and political newspaper published in Russia and the Soviet Union.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras.
Mariss Ivars Georgs Jansons (born 14 January 1943) is a Latvian conductor, the son of conductor Arvīds Jansons and the singer Iraida Jansone.
Melodiya, is a Russian (formerly Soviet) record label.
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".
Morality (from) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Moscow Conservatory, also officially Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory (Московская государственная консерватория им.) is an educational music institution located in Moscow, Russia.
The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra is an orchestra based in Moscow, Russia.
A movement is a self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form.
Mstislav Leopoldovich "Slava" Rostropovich (Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич, Mstislav Leopol'dovič Rostropovič,; 27 March 192727 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor.
The National Symphony Orchestra (NSO), founded in 1931, is an American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D.C..
The New York Philharmonic, officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc., globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra (NYPO) or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States.
The is a Japanese orchestra based in Tokyo.
Nicola Ghiuselev (Bulgarian: Никола Гюзелев) (also Gyuzelev; 17 August 1936 – 16 May 2014) was a Bulgarian operatic bass, particularly associated with the Italian and Russian repertories.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
Nikita Storojev is a Russian bass opera singer.
Novy Mir (Но́вый Ми́р,, New World) is a Russian language monthly literary magazine.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
Okko Tapani Kamu (born 7 March 1946, Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and violinist.
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (Оди́н день Ива́на Дени́совича Odin den' Ivana Denisovicha) is a novel by Russian writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, first published in November 1962 in the Soviet literary magazine Novy Mir (New World).
Orlando Guy Figes (born Islington, 20 November 1959) is a British historian and writer known for his works on Russian history.
In music, a pedal point (also pedal tone, pedal note, organ point, or pedal) is a sustained tone, typically in the bass, during which at least one foreign, i.e., dissonant harmony is sounded in the other parts.
The Philadelphia Orchestra is an American symphony orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Phrygian mode (pronounced) can refer to three different musical modes: the ancient Greek tonos or harmonia sometimes called Phrygian, formed on a particular set of octave species or scales; the Medieval Phrygian mode, and the modern conception of the Phrygian mode as a diatonic scale, based on the latter.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
The Piano Trio No.
The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.
Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist.
"Rothschild's Violin" (translit – also translated as "Rothschild's Fiddle") is a short story by Anton Chekhov.
The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest) is a symphony orchestra in the Netherlands, based at the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw (concert hall).
The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society is a society based in Liverpool, England, that manages a professional symphony orchestra, a concert venue, and extensive programmes of learning through music.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Sergei Leiferkus (born 4 April 1946) is an operatic baritone from Russia, known for his dramatic technique and powerful voice particularly in Russian and Italian language repertoire.
A snare drum or side drum is a percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin.
Solomon Moiseyevich Volkov (Соломон Моисеевич Волков; born 17 April 1944) is a Russian journalist and musicologist.
The Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Sz. 110, BB 115, is a musical piece written by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók in 1937.
A song cycle (Liederkreis or Liederzyklus) is a group, or cycle, of individually complete songs designed to be performed in a sequence as a unit.
Songs and Dances of Death (Песни и пляски смерти, Pesni i plyaski smerti) is a song cycle for voice (usually bass or bass-baritone) and piano by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, written in the mid-1870s, to poems by Arseny Golenishchev-Kutuzov, a relative of the composer.
The State Symphony Capella of Russia (Государственная академическая симфоническая капелла России) comprises an orchestra and choir, both based in Moscow, Russia.
Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No.
Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No.
Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No.
The string section is composed of bowed instruments belonging to the violin family.
Dmitri Shostakovich composed his Symphony No.
Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils".
Teldec (Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH) is a German record label in Hamburg, Germany.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
Testimony (Russian: Свидетельство) is a book that was published in October 1979 by the Russian musicologist Solomon Volkov.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.
Tom Gunnar Krause (July 5, 1934 − December 6, 2013) was a Finnish operatic bass-baritone, particularly associated with Mozart roles.
In music, a tone row or note row (Reihe or Tonreihe), also series or set,George Perle, Serial Composition and Atonality: An Introduction to the Music of Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern, fourth Edition (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1977): 3.
The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family.
In music theory, the tritone is defined as a musical interval composed of three adjacent whole tones.
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.
Vasily Eduardovich Petrenko (Васи́лий Эдуа́рдович Петре́нко; born 7 July 1976) is a Russian conductor.
Veniamin Iosifovich Fleishman, (Вениами́н Ио́сифович Фле́йшман, July 20, 1913, Bezhetsk, Tver Governorate – September 14, 1941, Krasnoye Selo, Leningrad Oblast) was a Soviet composer.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
The Violin Concerto No.
Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy (Влади́мир Дави́дович Ашкена́зи, Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazi; born 6 July 1937) is an internationally recognized solo pianist, chamber music performer, and conductor.
A wood block (also spelled as a single word, woodblock) is a small slit drum made from a single piece of wood and used as a percussion instrument.
Word painting (also known as tone painting or text painting) is the musical technique of composing music that reflects the literal meaning of a song's lyrics.
The xylophone (from the Greek words ξύλον—xylon, "wood" + φωνή—phōnē, "sound, voice", meaning "wooden sound") is a musical instrument in the percussion family that consists of wooden bars struck by mallets.
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Mravinsky (Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Мрави́нский) (19 January 1988), HSL, PAU, was a Soviet and Russian conductor.
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko (Евгений Александрович Евтушенко; 18 July 1933 – 1 April 2017) was a Soviet and Russian poet.
The Zhdanov Doctrine (also called Zhdanovism or Zhdanovshchina; доктрина Жданова, ждановизм, ждановщина) was a Soviet cultural doctrine developed by Central Committee secretary Andrei Zhdanov in 1946.
24 Preludes and Fugues, Op.