62 relations: Almost complex manifold, Basis (linear algebra), Bilinear form, Block matrix, Canonical commutation relation, Canonical coordinates, Characteristic (algebra), Codimension, Complexification, Cotangent bundle, Determinant, Differentiable manifold, Dimension (vector space), Direct sum of modules, Dual space, Exterior algebra, Field (mathematics), Functor, Gram–Schmidt process, Group (mathematics), Group algebra, Group extension, Group representation, Heisenberg group, Identity matrix, If and only if, Invertible matrix, Jerrold E. Marsden, Lagrangian Grassmannian, Lie algebra, Lie group, Linear complex structure, Linear map, Linear subspace, Map (mathematics), Mathematics, Matrix (mathematics), Momentum operator, Nondegenerate form, Orientation (vector space), Orthogonal complement, Parity (mathematics), Position operator, Pullback (differential geometry), Quotient space (linear algebra), Ralph Abraham (mathematician), Reality structure, Skew-symmetric matrix, Stone–von Neumann theorem, Symmetric algebra, ..., Symmetric bilinear form, Symplectic basis, Symplectic group, Symplectic manifold, Symplectic matrix, Symplectic representation, Tangent bundle, Tangent space, Vector space, Volume form, Weyl algebra, Wigner–Weyl transform. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics, an almost complex manifold is a smooth manifold equipped with a smooth linear complex structure on each tangent space.
In mathematics, a set of elements (vectors) in a vector space V is called a basis, or a set of, if the vectors are linearly independent and every vector in the vector space is a linear combination of this set.
In mathematics, more specifically in abstract algebra and linear algebra, a bilinear form on a vector space V is a bilinear map, where K is the field of scalars.
In mathematics, a block matrix or a partitioned matrix is a matrix that is interpreted as having been broken into sections called blocks or submatrices.
In quantum mechanics (physics), the canonical commutation relation is the fundamental relation between canonical conjugate quantities (quantities which are related by definition such that one is the Fourier transform of another).
In mathematics and classical mechanics, canonical coordinates are sets of coordinates on phase space which can be used to describe a physical system at any given point in time.
In mathematics, the characteristic of a ring R, often denoted char(R), is defined to be the smallest number of times one must use the ring's multiplicative identity (1) in a sum to get the additive identity (0) if the sum does indeed eventually attain 0.
In mathematics, codimension is a basic geometric idea that applies to subspaces in vector spaces, to submanifolds in manifolds, and suitable subsets of algebraic varieties.
In mathematics, the complexification of a vector space V over the field of real numbers (a "real vector space") yields a vector space VC over the complex number field, obtained by formally extending the scaling of vectors by real numbers to include their scaling ("multiplication") by complex numbers.
In mathematics, especially differential geometry, the cotangent bundle of a smooth manifold is the vector bundle of all the cotangent spaces at every point in the manifold.
In linear algebra, the determinant is a value that can be computed from the elements of a square matrix.
In mathematics, a differentiable manifold (also differential manifold) is a type of manifold that is locally similar enough to a linear space to allow one to do calculus.
In mathematics, the dimension of a vector space V is the cardinality (i.e. the number of vectors) of a basis of V over its base field.
In abstract algebra, the direct sum is a construction which combines several modules into a new, larger module.
In mathematics, any vector space V has a corresponding dual vector space (or just dual space for short) consisting of all linear functionals on V, together with the vector space structure of pointwise addition and scalar multiplication by constants.
In mathematics, the exterior product or wedge product of vectors is an algebraic construction used in geometry to study areas, volumes, and their higher-dimensional analogs.
In mathematics, a field is a set on which addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division are defined, and behave as when they are applied to rational and real numbers.
In mathematics, a functor is a map between categories.
In mathematics, particularly linear algebra and numerical analysis, the Gram–Schmidt process is a method for orthonormalising a set of vectors in an inner product space, most commonly the Euclidean space Rn equipped with the standard inner product.
In mathematics, a group is an algebraic structure consisting of a set of elements equipped with an operation that combines any two elements to form a third element and that satisfies four conditions called the group axioms, namely closure, associativity, identity and invertibility.
In mathematics, the group algebra is any of various constructions to assign to a locally compact group an operator algebra (or more generally a Banach algebra), such that representations of the algebra are related to representations of the group.
In mathematics, a group extension is a general means of describing a group in terms of a particular normal subgroup and quotient group.
In the mathematical field of representation theory, group representations describe abstract groups in terms of linear transformations of vector spaces; in particular, they can be used to represent group elements as matrices so that the group operation can be represented by matrix multiplication.
In mathematics, the Heisenberg group H, named after Werner Heisenberg, is the group of 3×3 upper triangular matrices of the form \end under the operation of matrix multiplication.
In linear algebra, the identity matrix, or sometimes ambiguously called a unit matrix, of size n is the n × n square matrix with ones on the main diagonal and zeros elsewhere.
In logic and related fields such as mathematics and philosophy, if and only if (shortened iff) is a biconditional logical connective between statements.
In linear algebra, an n-by-n square matrix A is called invertible (also nonsingular or nondegenerate) if there exists an n-by-n square matrix B such that where In denotes the n-by-n identity matrix and the multiplication used is ordinary matrix multiplication.
Jerrold Eldon Marsden (August 17, 1942 – September 21, 2010) was a mathematician.
In mathematics, the Lagrangian Grassmannian is the smooth manifold of Lagrangian subspaces of a real symplectic vector space V. Its dimension is n(n+1)/2 (where the dimension of V is 2n).
In mathematics, a Lie algebra (pronounced "Lee") is a vector space \mathfrak g together with a non-associative, alternating bilinear map \mathfrak g \times \mathfrak g \rightarrow \mathfrak g; (x, y) \mapsto, called the Lie bracket, satisfying the Jacobi identity.
In mathematics, a Lie group (pronounced "Lee") is a group that is also a differentiable manifold, with the property that the group operations are compatible with the smooth structure.
In mathematics, a complex structure on a real vector space V is an automorphism of V that squares to the minus identity, −I.
In mathematics, a linear map (also called a linear mapping, linear transformation or, in some contexts, linear function) is a mapping between two modules (including vector spaces) that preserves (in the sense defined below) the operations of addition and scalar multiplication.
In linear algebra and related fields of mathematics, a linear subspace, also known as a vector subspace, or, in the older literature, a linear manifold, is a vector space that is a subset of some other (higher-dimension) vector space.
In mathematics, the term mapping, sometimes shortened to map, refers to either a function, often with some sort of special structure, or a morphism in category theory, which generalizes the idea of a function.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
In mathematics, a matrix (plural: matrices) is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns.
In quantum mechanics, the momentum operator is an operator which maps the wave function in a Hilbert space representing a quantum state to another function.
In linear algebra, a nondegenerate form or nonsingular form is a bilinear form that is not degenerate, meaning that v \mapsto (x \mapsto f(x,v)) is an isomorphism, or equivalently in finite dimensions, if and only if.
In mathematics, orientation is a geometric notion that in two dimensions allows one to say when a cycle goes around clockwise or counterclockwise, and in three dimensions when a figure is left-handed or right-handed.
In the mathematical fields of linear algebra and functional analysis, the orthogonal complement of a subspace W of a vector space V equipped with a bilinear form B is the set W⊥ of all vectors in V that are orthogonal to every vector in W. Informally, it is called the perp, short for perpendicular complement.
In mathematics, parity is the property of an integer's inclusion in one of two categories: even or odd.
In quantum mechanics, the position operator is the operator that corresponds to the position observable of a particle.
Suppose that φ:M→ N is a smooth map between smooth manifolds M and N; then there is an associated linear map from the space of 1-forms on N (the linear space of sections of the cotangent bundle) to the space of 1-forms on M. This linear map is known as the pullback (by φ), and is frequently denoted by φ*.
In linear algebra, the quotient of a vector space V by a subspace N is a vector space obtained by "collapsing" N to zero.
Ralph H. Abraham (born July 4, 1936) is an American mathematician.
In mathematics, a reality structure on a complex vector space V is a decomposition of V into two real subspaces, called the real and imaginary parts of V: Here VR is a real subspace of V, i.e. a subspace of V considered as a vector space over the real numbers.
In mathematics, particularly in linear algebra, a skew-symmetric (or antisymmetric or antimetric) matrix is a square matrix whose transpose equals its negative; that is, it satisfies the condition In terms of the entries of the matrix, if aij denotes the entry in the and; i.e.,, then the skew-symmetric condition is For example, the following matrix is skew-symmetric: 0 & 2 & -1 \\ -2 & 0 & -4 \\ 1 & 4 & 0\end.
In mathematics and in theoretical physics, the Stone–von Neumann theorem is any one of a number of different formulations of the uniqueness of the canonical commutation relations between position and momentum operators.
In mathematics, the symmetric algebra S(V) (also denoted Sym(V)) on a vector space V over a field K is the free commutative unital associative algebra over K containing V. It corresponds to polynomials with indeterminates in V, without choosing coordinates.
A symmetric bilinear form on a vector space is a bilinear map from two copies of the vector space to the field of scalars such that the order of the two vectors does not affect the value of the map.
In linear algebra, a standard symplectic basis is a basis _i, _i of a symplectic vector space, which is a vector space with a nondegenerate alternating bilinear form \omega, such that \omega(_i, _j).
In mathematics, the name symplectic group can refer to two different, but closely related, collections of mathematical groups, denoted and, the latter is called the compact symplectic group.
In mathematics, a symplectic manifold is a smooth manifold, M, equipped with a closed nondegenerate differential 2-form, ω, called the symplectic form.
In mathematics, a symplectic matrix is a 2n×2n matrix M with real entries that satisfies the condition where MT denotes the transpose of M and Ω is a fixed 2n×2n nonsingular, skew-symmetric matrix.
In mathematical field of representation theory, a symplectic representation is a representation of a group or a Lie algebra on a symplectic vector space (V, ω) which preserves the symplectic form ω. Here ω is a nondegenerate skew symmetric bilinear form where F is the field of scalars.
In differential geometry, the tangent bundle of a differentiable manifold M is a manifold TM which assembles all the tangent vectors in M. As a set, it is given by the disjoint unionThe disjoint union ensures that for any two points x1 and x2 of manifold M the tangent spaces T1 and T2 have no common vector.
In mathematics, the tangent space of a manifold facilitates the generalization of vectors from affine spaces to general manifolds, since in the latter case one cannot simply subtract two points to obtain a vector that gives the displacement of the one point from the other.
A vector space (also called a linear space) is a collection of objects called vectors, which may be added together and multiplied ("scaled") by numbers, called scalars.
In mathematics, a volume form on a differentiable manifold is a top-dimensional form (i.e., a differential form of top degree).
In abstract algebra, the Weyl algebra is the ring of differential operators with polynomial coefficients (in one variable), namely expressions of the form More precisely, let F be the underlying field, and let F be the ring of polynomials in one variable, X, with coefficients in F. Then each fi lies in F. ∂X is the derivative with respect to X. The algebra is generated by X and ∂X.
In quantum mechanics, the Wigner–Weyl transform or Weyl–Wigner transform is the invertible mapping between functions in the quantum phase space formulation and Hilbert space operators in the Schrödinger picture.