64 relations: Albert Einstein, Analytical psychology, Apophenia, Aristotelianism, Arthur Koestler, Axiom of Causality, Émile Deschamps, Black box, Bollingen, Carl Jung, Causality, Cognitive bias, Cognitive science, Coincidence, Collective unconscious, Confirmation bias, Correlation does not imply causation, Critical thinking, David Bohm, David Hand (statistician), Double-aspect theory, Dynamical systems theory, Emergence, Eranos, Extrasensory perception, Faster-than-light communication, Forbes, Immanuel Kant, Implicate and explicate order, Individuation, Inductive reasoning, Intuition, John Maze, Jungian archetypes, Law of truly large numbers, Littlewood's law, Look-elsewhere effect, McFarland & Company, Meaning (linguistics), Metanexus Institute, Mind–body dualism, Multiple discovery, New York City, Paradigm, Paranormal, Pareidolia, Pauli effect, Phenomenon, Plato, Post hoc ergo propter hoc, ..., Propinquity, Psychology, Quantum mechanics, Selection bias, Semiotics, Synchromysticism, Synchronicity (book), Teleology, The Kybalion, The Roots of Coincidence, Theory of relativity, Thomism, Unus mundus, Wolfgang Pauli. Expand index (14 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.
Apophenia is the tendency to perceive connections and meaning between unrelated things.
Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of Aristotle.
Arthur Koestler, (Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-British author and journalist.
The Axiom of Causality is the proposition that everything in the universe has a cause and is thus an effect of that cause.
Émile de Saint-Amand Deschamps (20 February 179123 April 1871) was a French poet.
In science, computing, and engineering, a black box is a device, system or object which can be viewed in terms of its inputs and outputs (or transfer characteristics), without any knowledge of its internal workings.
Bollingen is a village (Kirchdorf) within the Swiss municipality of Rapperswil-Jona in the canton of St. Gallen.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.
A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
A coincidence is a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances that have no apparent causal connection with one another.
Collective unconscious (kollektives Unbewusstes), a term coined by Carl Jung, refers to structures of the unconscious mind which are shared among beings of the same species.
Confirmation bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias,David Perkins, a professor and researcher at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, coined the term "myside bias" referring to a preference for "my" side of an issue.
In statistics, many statistical tests calculate correlations between variables and when two variables are found to be correlated, it is tempting to assume that this shows that one variable causes the other.
Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment.
David Joseph Bohm FRS (December 20, 1917 – October 27, 1992) was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th centuryF.
David John Hand OBE FBA (born 30 June 1950 in Peterborough at Debrett's ''People of Today''. Accessed 2011-01-27.) is a British statistician.
In the philosophy of mind, double-aspect theory is the view that the mental and the physical are two aspects of, or perspectives on, the same substance.
Dynamical systems theory is an area of mathematics used to describe the behavior of the complex dynamical systems, usually by employing differential equations or difference equations.
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts," meaning the whole has properties its parts do not have.
Eranos is an intellectual discussion group dedicated to humanistic and religious studies, as well as to the natural sciences which has met annually in Moscia (Lago Maggiore), the Collegio Papio and on the Monte Verità in Ascona Switzerland since 1933.
Extrasensory perception or ESP, also called sixth sense or second sight, includes claimed reception of information not gained through the recognized physical senses, but sensed with the mind.
Superluminal communication is a hypothetical process in which information is sent at faster-than-light (FTL) speeds.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Implicate order and explicate order are ontological concepts for quantum theory coined by theoretical physicist David Bohm during the early 1980s.
The principle of individuation, or principium individuationis, describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things.
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge without proof, evidence, or conscious reasoning, or without understanding how the knowledge was acquired.
John Maze (1923–2008) was an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Sydney from 1951 to 1986.
In Jungian psychology, archetypes are highly developed elements of the collective unconscious.
The law of truly large numbers (a statistical adage), attributed to Persi Diaconis and Frederick Mosteller, states that with a sample size large enough, any outrageous thing is likely to happen.
Littlewood's law states that a person can expect to experience an event with odds of one in a million (defined by the law as a "miracle") at the rate of about one per month.
The look-elsewhere effect is a phenomenon in the statistical analysis of scientific experiments, particularly in complex particle physics experiments, where an apparently statistically significant observation may have actually arisen by chance because of the size of the parameter space to be searched.
McFarland & Company, Inc. is an independent book publisher based in Jefferson, North Carolina that specializes in academic and reference works, as well as general interest adult nonfiction.
In linguistics, meaning is the information or concepts that a sender intends to convey, or does convey, in communication with a receiver.
The Metanexus Institute is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1997 to explore scientific and philosophical questions.
Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,Hart, W.D. (1996) "Dualism", in A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, ed.
The concept of multiple discovery (also known as simultaneous invention) is the hypothesis that most scientific discoveries and inventions are made independently and more or less simultaneously by multiple scientists and inventors.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.
Paranormal events are phenomena described in popular culture, folk, and other non-scientific bodies of knowledge, whose existence within these contexts is described to lie beyond normal experience or scientific explanation.
Pareidolia is a psychological phenomenon in which the mind responds to a stimulus, usually an image or a sound, by perceiving a familiar pattern where none exists.
The Pauli effect is a term referring to the supposed tendency of technical equipment to encounter critical failure in the presence of certain people.
A phenomenon (Greek: φαινόμενον, phainómenon, from the verb phainein, to show, shine, appear, to be manifest or manifest itself, plural phenomena) is any thing which manifests itself.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Post hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin: "after this, therefore because of this") is a logical fallacy that states "Since event Y followed event X, event Y must have been caused by event X." It is often shortened simply to post hoc fallacy.
In social psychology, propinquity (from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
Selection bias is the bias introduced by the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Synchromysticism, a portmanteau of synchronicity and mysticism, is "the art of realising meaningful coincidences in the seemingly mundane with mystical or esoteric significance".
Synchronicity: An Acausal Connecting Principle, by C.G. Jung, is a book published by Princeton University Press in 1960.
Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.
The Kybalion: Hermetic Philosophy, originally published in 1908 by a person or persons under the pseudonym of "the Three Initiates", is a book claiming to be the essence of the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus.
The Roots of Coincidence is a 1972 book by Arthur Koestler, an introduction to theories of parapsychology, including extrasensory perception and psychokinesis.
The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity.
Thomism is the philosophical school that arose as a legacy of the work and thought of Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274), philosopher, theologian, and Doctor of the Church.
Unus mundus, Latin for "one world", is the concept of an underlying unified reality from which everything emerges and to which everything returns.
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (25 April 1900 – 15 December 1958) was an Austrian-born Swiss and American theoretical physicist and one of the pioneers of quantum physics.