39 relations: -onym, Ancient Greek, Autological word, Cognitive synonymy, Connotation, Context (language use), Elegant variation, Etymology, Euphemism, Executive (government), Homograph, Homonym, Homophone, Hyponymy and hypernymy, Information science, List of Germanic and Latinate equivalents in English, List of lexicographers, Machine learning, Meta, Metonymy, Middle Ages, Norman conquest of England, Norman language, Old English, Ontology (information science), Opposite (semantics), Orthography, Part of speech, Pedagogy, Polysemy, Semantic field, Seme (semantics), Sememe, Synonym ring, Taxonomy (general), Thesaurus, White House, Word sense, Word-sense disambiguation.
The suffix -onym, in English and other languages, means "word, name", and words ending in -onym refer to a specified kind of name or word, most of which are classical compounds.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An autological word (also called homological word or autonym) is a word that expresses a property that it also possesses (e.g. the word "short" is short, "noun" is a noun, "English" is English, "pentasyllabic" has five syllables, "word" is a word).
Cognitive synonymy is a type of synonymy in which synonyms are so similar in meaning that they cannot be differentiated either denotatively or connotatively, that is, not even by mental associations, connotations, emotive responses, and poetic value.
A connotation is a commonly understood cultural or emotional association that some word or phrase carries, in addition to its explicit or literal meaning, which is its denotation.
In semiotics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology, context refers to those objects or entities which surround a focal event, in these disciplines typically a communicative event, of some kind.
Elegant variation is the unnecessary and sometimes misleading use of synonyms to denote a single thing.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
A homograph (from the ὁμός, homós, "same" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning.
In linguistics, homonyms, broadly defined, are words which sound alike or are spelled alike, but have different meanings.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
In linguistics, a hyponym (from Greek hupó, "under" and ónoma, "name") is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hyperonym or hypernym (from Greek hupér, "over" and ónoma, "name").
Information science is a field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
This list contains Germanic elements of the English language which have a close corresponding Latinate form.
This list contains people who contributed to the field of lexicography, the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.
Meta (from the Greek preposition and prefix meta- (μετά-) meaning "after", or "beyond") is a prefix used in English to indicate a concept which is an abstraction behind another concept, used to complete or add to the latter.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
In computer science and information science, an ontology encompasses a representation, formal naming, and definition of the categories, properties, and relations of the concepts, data, and entities that substantiate one, many, or all domains.
In lexical semantics, opposites are words lying in an inherently incompatible binary relationship, like the opposite pairs big: small, long: short, and precede: follow.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
Polysemy (or; from πολυ-, poly-, "many" and σῆμα, sêma, "sign") is the capacity for a sign (such as a word, phrase, or symbol) to have multiple meanings (that is, multiple semes or sememes and thus multiple senses), usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field.
In linguistics, a semantic field is a set of words grouped semantically (by meaning) that refers to a specific subject.
Seme, the smallest unit of meaning recognized in semantics, refers to a single characteristic of a sememe.
A sememe is a semantic language unit of meaning, analogous to a morpheme.
In metadata a synonym ring or synset, is a group of data elements that are considered semantically equivalent for the purposes of information retrieval.
Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification.
In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning).
In computational linguistics, word-sense disambiguation (WSD) is an open problem of natural language processing and ontology.