41 relations: Adverse effect, Australian Aid, Campbell Collaboration, Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Citation index, Cochrane (organisation), Cochrane Library, Critical appraisal, Database, Economic evaluation, Embase, EPPI-Centre, Evidence-based medicine, Evidence-based policy, Evidence-based research, Forest plot, Further research is needed, Grey literature, Health care, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, Impact factor, Literature review, Living review, Medical research, Medicine, Meta-analysis, Metanarrative, Overseas Development Institute, Peer review, Philosophical realism, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, PubMed, Qualitative research, Quantitative research, Randomized controlled trial, Research question, Review article, Social science, University of London, University of York, Web of Science.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
AusAID, formally the Australian Agency for International Development, was until 2013 the Australian organisation responsible for delivering most non-military foreign aid.
The Campbell Collaboration describes itself as a "nonprofit organization that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral, and educational arenas." More specifically, it "helps people make well-informed decisions by preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews in education, crime and justice, social welfare and international development.
The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) based in the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences in the University of Oxford is an academic-led centre dedicated to the practice, teaching and dissemination of high quality evidence-based medicine to improve healthcare in everyday clinical practice.
A citation index is a kind of bibliographic index, an index of citations between publications, allowing the user to easily establish which later documents cite which earlier documents.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
The Cochrane Library (named after Archie Cochrane) is a collection of databases in medicine and other healthcare specialties provided by Cochrane and other organizations.
Critical appraisal is the use of explicit, transparent methods to assess the data in published research, applying the rules of evidence to factors such as internal validity, adherence to reporting standards, conclusions and generalizability.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
Economic evaluation is the process of systematic identification, measurement and valuation of the inputs and outcomes of two alternative activities, and the subsequent comparative analysis of these.
Embase (often styled EMBASE for Excerpta Medica dataBASE) is a biomedical and pharmacological database of published literature designed to support information managers and pharmacovigilance in complying with the regulatory requirements of a licensed drug.
The Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre) is part of the Social Science Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London.
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and well-conducted research.
Evidence-based policy is a term often applied in multiple fields of public policy to refer to situations whereby policy decisions are informed by rigorously established objective evidence.
Evidence-based research (EBR) is "the use of prior research in a systematic and transparent way to inform a new study so that it is answering questions that matter in a valid, efficient and accessible manner".
A forest plot, also known as a blobbogram, is a graphical display of estimated results from a number of scientific studies addressing the same question, along with the overall results.
The phrases "further research is needed" (FRIN), "more research is needed" and other variants are commonly used in research papers.
Grey literature (or gray literature) are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
The impact factor (IF) or journal impact factor (JIF) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal.
A literature review or narrative review is one of the two main types of review articles, the other being the systematic review.
In academic publishing, a "living" review is a review article, published electronically, that is updated at intervals to reflect the current state of research.
Biomedical research (or experimental medicine) encompasses a wide array of research, extending from "basic research" (also called bench science or bench research), – involving fundamental scientific principles that may apply to a ''preclinical'' understanding – to clinical research, which involves studies of people who may be subjects in clinical trials.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
A metanarrative (also meta-narrative and grand narrative; métarécit) in critical theory and particularly in postmodernism is a narrative about narratives of historical meaning, experience, or knowledge, which offers a society legitimation through the anticipated completion of a (as yet unrealized) master idea.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers).
Realism (in philosophy) about a given object is the view that this object exists in reality independently of our conceptual scheme.
PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) is an evidence-based minimum set of items aimed at helping authors to report a wide array of systematic reviews and meta-analyses that assess the benefits and harms of a health care intervention.
PubMed is a free search engine accessing primarily the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics.
Qualitative research is a scientific method of observation to gather non-numerical data.
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques.
A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.
Specifying the research question is the methodological point of departure of scholarly research in both the natural and social sciences.
A review article is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The University of York (abbreviated as Ebor or York for post-nominals) is a collegiate plate glass research university located in the city of York, England.
Web of Science (previously known as Web of Knowledge) is an online subscription-based scientific citation indexing service originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now maintained by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters), that provides a comprehensive citation search.