Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

T-2 mycotoxin

+ Save concept

T-2 Mycotoxin (pronounced as 'Tee-Two') is a trichothecene mycotoxin. [1]

80 relations: Absorption (skin), Acetylcholinesterase, Aerosol, Agar plate, Agriculture, Alexander Haig, Apoptosis, Asphyxia, Barley, Biological agent, Birth defect, Bone marrow, Cartilage, Cell membrane, Chemical warfare, Chemical weapon, Circulatory system, DNA synthesis, Edema, Enzyme catalysis, Epoxide, Ester, European Food Safety Authority, Food contaminant, Fungus, Fusarium, Gastroenteritis, George P. Shultz, Glottis, Glucuronide, Grain, Gulf War, Gulf War syndrome, High-performance liquid chromatography, Hydrolysis, Hydroxylation, Immune system, In vitro, In vivo, Larynx, Lethal dose, Leukopenia, Luteal phase, Lymphadenopathy, Matthew Meselson, Median lethal dose, Metabolism, Metabolite, Microbiota, Mold, ..., Mortality rate, Mycotoxin, Necrosis, Nucleophile, Oat, Orenburg Oblast, Ovarian follicle, Ovulation, Peptidyl transferase, Peroxidase, Petechia, Phospholipid, Pneumonia, Pollen, Protein, Reactivity (chemistry), Red blood cell, Sesquiterpene, Shortness of breath, Soviet–Afghan War, Sperm motility, Stenosis, Toxicity, Transcription (biology), Trichothecene, United States Secretary of State, Wheat, White blood cell, Yellow rain, Zebrafish. Expand index (30 more) »

Absorption (skin)

Skin absorption is a route by which substances can enter the body through the skin.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Absorption (skin) · See more »

Acetylcholinesterase

Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by HGNC gene ACHE; EC 3.1.1.7) is the primary cholinesterase in the body. It is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine and of some other choline esters that function as neurotransmitters. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and in chemical synapses of the cholinergic type, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs to carboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Acetylcholinesterase · See more »

Aerosol

An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Aerosol · See more »

Agar plate

An agar plate is a Petri dish that contains a solid growth medium, typically agar plus nutrients, used to culture small organisms such as microorganisms.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Agar plate · See more »

Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Agriculture · See more »

Alexander Haig

Alexander Meigs "Al" Haig Jr. (December 2, 1924February 20, 2010) was the United States secretary of state under President Ronald Reagan and the White House chief of staff under presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Alexander Haig · See more »

Apoptosis

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Apoptosis · See more »

Asphyxia

Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Asphyxia · See more »

Barley

Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Barley · See more »

Biological agent

A biological agent—also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon—is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (BW).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Biological agent · See more »

Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Birth defect · See more »

Bone marrow

Bone marrow is a semi-solid tissue which may be found within the spongy or cancellous portions of bones.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Bone marrow · See more »

Cartilage

Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Cartilage · See more »

Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Cell membrane · See more »

Chemical warfare

Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Chemical warfare · See more »

Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Chemical weapon · See more »

Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Christmas · See more »

Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Christmas and holiday season · See more »

Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Christmas Eve · See more »

Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Christmas traditions · See more »

Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Circulatory system · See more »

DNA synthesis

DNA synthesis is the natural or artificial creation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and DNA synthesis · See more »

Edema

Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Edema · See more »

Enzyme catalysis

Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction by the active site of a protein.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Enzyme catalysis · See more »

Epoxide

An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Epoxide · See more »

Ester

In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Ester · See more »

European Food Safety Authority

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and European Food Safety Authority · See more »

Food contaminant

Food contamination refers to the presence in food of harmful chemicals and microorganisms which can cause consumer illness.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Food contaminant · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Fungus · See more »

Fusarium

Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi, part of a group often referred to as hyphomycetes, widely distributed in soil and associated with plants.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Fusarium · See more »

Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Gastroenteritis · See more »

George P. Shultz

George Pratt Shultz (born December 13, 1920) is an American economist, elder statesman, and businessman.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and George P. Shultz · See more »

Glottis

The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Glottis · See more »

Glucuronide

A glucuronide, also known as glucuronoside, is any substance produced by linking glucuronic acid to another substance via a glycosidic bond.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Glucuronide · See more »

Grain

A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Grain · See more »

Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Gulf War · See more »

Gulf War syndrome

Gulf War syndrome (GWS), also known as Gulf War illnesses (GWI) and chronic multisymptom illness (CMI), is a chronic and multisymptomatic disorder affecting returning military veterans and civilian workers of the 1990–91 Gulf War.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Gulf War syndrome · See more »

High-performance liquid chromatography

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and High-performance liquid chromatography · See more »

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Hydrolysis · See more »

Hydroxylation

Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Hydroxylation · See more »

Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Immune system · See more »

In vitro

In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and In vitro · See more »

In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and In vivo · See more »

Larynx

The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Larynx · See more »

Lethal dose

In toxicology, the lethal dose (LD) is an indication of the lethal toxicity of a given substance or type of radiation.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Lethal dose · See more »

Leukopenia

Leukopenia is a decrease in the number of white blood cells (leukocytes) found in the blood, which places individuals at increased risk of infection.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Leukopenia · See more »

Luteal phase

The luteal phase is the latter phase of the menstrual cycle (in humans and a few other animals) or the earlier phase of the estrous cycle (in other placental mammals).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Luteal phase · See more »

Lymphadenopathy

Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Lymphadenopathy · See more »

Matthew Meselson

Matthew Stanley Meselson (born May 24, 1930) is a geneticist and molecular biologist currently at Harvard University, known for his demonstration, with Franklin Stahl, of the semi-conservative DNA replication.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Matthew Meselson · See more »

Median lethal dose

In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Median lethal dose · See more »

Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Metabolism · See more »

Metabolite

A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Metabolite · See more »

Microbiota

A microbiota is an "ecological community of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms" found in and on all multicellular organisms studied to date from plants to animals.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Microbiota · See more »

Mold

A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Mold · See more »

Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Mortality rate · See more »

Mycotoxin

A mycotoxin (from the Greek μύκης mykes, "fungus" and τοξικόν toxikon, "poison") is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungus kingdom and is capable of causing disease and death in both humans and other animals.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Mycotoxin · See more »

Necrosis

Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Necrosis · See more »

New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and New Year · See more »

New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and New Year's Day · See more »

New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and New Year's Eve · See more »

Nucleophile

Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Nucleophile · See more »

Oat

The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Oat · See more »

Orenburg Oblast

Orenburg Oblast (Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Orenburg Oblast · See more »

Ovarian follicle

An ovarian follicle is a roughly spheroid cellular aggregation set found in the ovaries.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Ovarian follicle · See more »

Ovulation

Ovulation is the release of eggs from the ovaries.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Ovulation · See more »

Peptidyl transferase

The peptidyl transferase is an aminoacyltransferase as well as the primary enzymatic function of the ribosome, which forms peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids using tRNAs during the translation process of protein biosynthesis.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Peptidyl transferase · See more »

Peroxidase

Peroxidases (EC number) are a large family of enzymes that typically catalyze a reaction of the form: For many of these enzymes the optimal substrate is hydrogen peroxide, but others are more active with organic hydroperoxides such as lipid peroxides.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Peroxidase · See more »

Petechia

A petechia, plural petechiae, is a small (1–2 mm) red or purple spot on the skin, caused by a minor bleed from broken capillary blood vessels.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Petechia · See more »

Phospholipid

Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Phospholipid · See more »

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Pneumonia · See more »

Pollen

Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Pollen · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Protein · See more »

Reactivity (chemistry)

In chemistry, reactivity is the impetus for which a chemical substance undergoes a chemical reaction, either by itself or with other materials, with an overall release of energy.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Reactivity (chemistry) · See more »

Red blood cell

Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Red blood cell · See more »

Sesquiterpene

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of three isoprene units and often have the molecular formula C15H24.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Sesquiterpene · See more »

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Shortness of breath · See more »

Soviet–Afghan War

The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Soviet–Afghan War · See more »

Sperm motility

Sperm motility describes the ability of sperm to move properly through the female reproductive tract (internal fertilization) or through water (external fertilization) to reach the egg.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Sperm motility · See more »

Stenosis

A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Stenosis · See more »

Toxicity

Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Toxicity · See more »

Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Transcription (biology) · See more »

Trichothecene

Trichothecenes are a very large family of chemically related mycotoxins produced by various species of Fusarium, Myrothecium, Trichoderma, Trichothecium, Cephalosporium, Verticimonosporium, and Stachybotrys.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Trichothecene · See more »

United States Secretary of State

The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and United States Secretary of State · See more »

Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Wheat · See more »

White blood cell

White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and White blood cell · See more »

Yellow rain

Yellow rain was the subject of a 1981 political incident in which the United States Secretary of State Alexander Haig accused the Soviet Union of supplying T-2 mycotoxin to the Communist states in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia for use in counterinsurgency warfare.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Yellow rain · See more »

Zebrafish

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a freshwater fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae) of the order Cypriniformes.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and Zebrafish · See more »

2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and 2018 · See more »

2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

New!!: T-2 mycotoxin and 2019 · See more »

Redirects here:

Fusariotoxin, Insariotoxin, Mycotoxin T 2, T 2 toxin, T-2 Toxin, T-2 toxin, T2 Toxin, T2 mycotoxin, T2 toxin.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-2_mycotoxin

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »