32 relations: Bacteria, Bacteriophage, Capsid, Caudovirales, Code refactoring, DNA, DNA polymerase, DNA replication, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Foodborne illness, Ganciclovir, Herpes simplex virus, In vivo, Lipopolysaccharide, Lysozyme, Molar concentration, Molecular biology, Nanometre, Osteosarcoma, Plasmid, Podoviridae, Restriction enzyme, RNA polymerase, Silent mutation, Synthetic biology, T7 RNA polymerase, T7likevirus, Thioredoxin, Thymidine kinase, Transfection, UniProt.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.
The Caudovirales are an order of viruses also known as the tailed bacteriophages (cauda is Latin for "tail").
Code refactoring is the process of restructuring existing computer code—changing the factoring—without changing its external behavior.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.
In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a serotype of the bacterial species Escherichia coli and is one of the Shiga toxin–producing types of E. coli.
Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the food spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes.
Ganciclovir is an antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections.
Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), also known as human herpesvirus 1 and 2 (HHV-1 and HHV-2), are two members of the herpesvirus family, Herpesviridae, that infect humans.
Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Lysozyme, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycanhydrolase is an antimicrobial enzyme produced by animals that forms part of the innate immune system.
Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
An osteosarcoma (OS) or osteogenic sarcoma (OGS) is a cancerous tumor in a bone.
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently.
Podoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Caudovirales.
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.
RNA polymerase (ribonucleic acid polymerase), both abbreviated RNAP or RNApol, official name DNA-directed RNA polymerase, is a member of a family of enzymes that are essential to life: they are found in all organisms (-species) and many viruses.
Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not have an observable effect on the organism's phenotype.
Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering.
T7 RNA Polymerase is an RNA polymerase from the T7 bacteriophage that catalyzes the formation of RNA from DNA in the 5'→ 3' direction.
T7likevirus (synonyms T7 phage group, T7-like phages, and T7-like viruses) is a genus of viruses in the order Caudovirales, in the family Podoviridae, in the subfamily Autographivirinae.
Thioredoxin is a class of small redox proteins known to be present in all organisms.
Thymidine kinase is an enzyme, a phosphotransferase (a kinase): 2'-deoxythymidine kinase, ATP-thymidine 5'-phosphotransferase, EC 18.104.22.168.
Transfection is the process of deliberately introducing naked or purified nucleic acids into eukaryotic cells.
UniProt is a freely accessible database of protein sequence and functional information, many entries being derived from genome sequencing projects.