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TATB

Index TATB

TATB, triaminotrinitrobenzene or 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5- trinitrobenzene is an aromatic explosive, based on the basic six-carbon benzene ring structure with three nitro functional groups (NO2) and three amine (NH2) groups attached, alternating around the ring. [1]

36 relations: Amination, Amine, Ammonium chloride, Aromaticity, Benzene, Casting (metalworking), David Albright, Detonation, Dunnite, Explosives safety, Fire, FOX-7, Gram, Hexagonal crystal family, HMX, Impact (mechanics), Insensitive munition, Methyl iodide, Metre per second, Nitration, Nitro compound, Nuclear weapon, Phloroglucinol, Polymer-bonded explosive, RDX, Shock (mechanics), South Africa and weapons of mass destruction, Substitution reaction, TNT, TNT equivalent, Transamination, Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, Vibration, Vicarious nucleophilic substitution, 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitroaniline.

Amination

Amination is the process by which an amine group is introduced into an organic molecule.

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Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Ammonium chloride

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.

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Aromaticity

In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Casting (metalworking)

In metalworking and jewellery making, casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape.

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David Albright

David Albright, M.Sc., is the founder of the non-governmental Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), its current president, and author of several books on proliferation of atomic weapons.

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Detonation

Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.

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Dunnite

Dunnite, also known as Explosive D or systematically as ammonium picrate, is an explosive developed in 1906 by US Army Major Beverly W. Dunn, who later served as the chief inspector of the Bureau of Transportation Explosives.

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Explosives safety

Explosives safety originated as a formal program in the United States in the aftermath of World War I when several ammunition storage areas were destroyed in a series of mishaps.

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Fire

Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.

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FOX-7

FOX-7 or 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (DADNE) is an insensitive high explosive compound.

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Gram

The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.

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Hexagonal crystal family

In crystallography, the hexagonal crystal family is one of the 6 crystal families, which includes 2 crystal systems (hexagonal and trigonal) and 2 lattice systems (hexagonal and rhombohedral).

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HMX

HMX, also called octogen, is a powerful and relatively insensitive nitroamine high explosive, chemically related to RDX.

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Impact (mechanics)

In mechanics, an impact is a high force or shock applied over a short time period when two or more bodies collide.

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Insensitive munition

Insensitive munitions are munitions that are designed to withstand stimuli representative of severe but credible accidents.

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Methyl iodide

Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.

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Metre per second

Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.

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Nitration

Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.

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Nitro compound

Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

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Phloroglucinol

Phloroglucinol is an organic compound that is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and explosives.

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Polymer-bonded explosive

A polymer-bonded explosive, also called PBX or plastic-bonded explosive, is an explosive material in which explosive powder is bound together in a matrix using small quantities (typically 5–10% by weight) of a synthetic polymer.

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RDX

RDX is the organic compound with the formula (O2NNCH2)3.

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Shock (mechanics)

A mechanical or physical shock is a sudden acceleration caused, for example, by impact, drop, kick, earthquake, or explosion.

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South Africa and weapons of mass destruction

From the 1960s to the 1980s, South Africa pursued research into weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

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Substitution reaction

Substitution reaction (also known as single displacement reaction or single substitution reaction) is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.

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TNT

Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.

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TNT equivalent

TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.

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Transamination

Transamination, a chemical reaction that transfers an amino group to a ketoacid to form new amino acids.

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Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine

Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH; 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) is a chemical compound with the formula H2NN(CH3)2.

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Vibration

Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.

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Vicarious nucleophilic substitution

In organic chemistry, the vicarious nucleophilic substitution is a special type of nucleophilic aromatic substitution in which a nucleophile replaces a hydrogen atom on the aromatic ring and not leaving groups such as halogen substituents which are ordinarily encountered in SNAr.

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1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene

1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene is an organochlorine compound.

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2,4,6-Trinitroaniline

2,4,6-Trinitroaniline, C6H4N4O6, abbreviated as TNA and also known as picramide, a nitrated amine.

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Triaminotrinitrobenzene.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TATB

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