36 relations: Amination, Amine, Ammonium chloride, Aromaticity, Benzene, Casting (metalworking), David Albright, Detonation, Dunnite, Explosives safety, Fire, FOX-7, Gram, Hexagonal crystal family, HMX, Impact (mechanics), Insensitive munition, Methyl iodide, Metre per second, Nitration, Nitro compound, Nuclear weapon, Phloroglucinol, Polymer-bonded explosive, RDX, Shock (mechanics), South Africa and weapons of mass destruction, Substitution reaction, TNT, TNT equivalent, Transamination, Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, Vibration, Vicarious nucleophilic substitution, 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitroaniline.
Amination is the process by which an amine group is introduced into an organic molecule.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
In metalworking and jewellery making, casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape.
David Albright, M.Sc., is the founder of the non-governmental Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), its current president, and author of several books on proliferation of atomic weapons.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
Dunnite, also known as Explosive D or systematically as ammonium picrate, is an explosive developed in 1906 by US Army Major Beverly W. Dunn, who later served as the chief inspector of the Bureau of Transportation Explosives.
Explosives safety originated as a formal program in the United States in the aftermath of World War I when several ammunition storage areas were destroyed in a series of mishaps.
Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.
FOX-7 or 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (DADNE) is an insensitive high explosive compound.
The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.
In crystallography, the hexagonal crystal family is one of the 6 crystal families, which includes 2 crystal systems (hexagonal and trigonal) and 2 lattice systems (hexagonal and rhombohedral).
HMX, also called octogen, is a powerful and relatively insensitive nitroamine high explosive, chemically related to RDX.
In mechanics, an impact is a high force or shock applied over a short time period when two or more bodies collide.
Insensitive munitions are munitions that are designed to withstand stimuli representative of severe but credible accidents.
Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.
Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.
Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.
Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Phloroglucinol is an organic compound that is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and explosives.
A polymer-bonded explosive, also called PBX or plastic-bonded explosive, is an explosive material in which explosive powder is bound together in a matrix using small quantities (typically 5–10% by weight) of a synthetic polymer.
RDX is the organic compound with the formula (O2NNCH2)3.
A mechanical or physical shock is a sudden acceleration caused, for example, by impact, drop, kick, earthquake, or explosion.
From the 1960s to the 1980s, South Africa pursued research into weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
Substitution reaction (also known as single displacement reaction or single substitution reaction) is a chemical reaction during which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.
TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.
Transamination, a chemical reaction that transfers an amino group to a ketoacid to form new amino acids.
Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH; 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) is a chemical compound with the formula H2NN(CH3)2.
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
In organic chemistry, the vicarious nucleophilic substitution is a special type of nucleophilic aromatic substitution in which a nucleophile replaces a hydrogen atom on the aromatic ring and not leaving groups such as halogen substituents which are ordinarily encountered in SNAr.
1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene is an organochlorine compound.
2,4,6-Trinitroaniline, C6H4N4O6, abbreviated as TNA and also known as picramide, a nitrated amine.