29 relations: Alpha Centauri, Aperture, Astronomical unit, California Institute of Technology, Center of mass, Cosmic distance ladder, Escape velocity, General relativity, Heliosphere, Innovative Interstellar Explorer, Interstellar medium, Interstellar probe, Interstellar Probe (1999), Interstellar travel, Ion thruster, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, List of artificial objects leaving the Solar System, Milky Way, New Frontiers program, New Horizons, Newton (unit), Nuclear electric rocket, Nuclear power in space, Pluto, Space probe, Space Shuttle, Stellar parallax, Watt, Xenon.
Alpha Centauri (α Centauri, abbreviated Alf Cen or α Cen) is the star system closest to the Solar System, being from the Sun.
In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
The cosmic distance ladder (also known as the extragalactic distance scale) is the succession of methods by which astronomers determine the distances to celestial objects.
In physics, escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from the gravitational influence of a massive body.
General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
The heliosphere is the bubble-like region of space dominated by the Sun, which extends far beyond the orbit of Pluto.
Innovative Interstellar Explorer was a NASA "Vision Mission" study funded by NASA following a proposal under NRA-03-OSS-01 on 11 September 2003.
In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter and radiation that exists in the space between the star systems in a galaxy.
An interstellar probe is a space probe that has left—or is expected to leave—the Solar System and enter interstellar space, which is typically defined as the region beyond the heliopause.
Interstellar Probe is the name of a 1999 space probe concept by NASA intended to travel out 200 AU in 15 years.
Interstellar travel is the term used for hypothetical crewed or uncrewed travel between stars or planetary systems.
An ion thruster or ion drive is a form of electric propulsion used for spacecraft propulsion.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
Below is a list of artificial objects leaving the Solar System.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
The New Frontiers program is a series of space exploration missions being conducted by NASA with the purpose of researching several of the Solar System bodies, including the dwarf planet Pluto.
New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
In a Nuclear Electric Rocket (also known as nuclear electric propulsion and space nuclear fission electric power systems), nuclear thermal energy is changed into electrical energy that is used to power one of the electrical propulsion technologies.
Nuclear power in space is the use of nuclear power in outer space, typically either small fission systems or radioactive decay for electricity or heat.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Stellar parallax is the apparent shift of position of any nearby star (or other object) against the background of distant objects.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and atomic number 54.