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TGV

Index TGV

The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator. [1]

201 relations: Aérotrain, Acela Express, Aerodynamics, AGV (train), Airplane, Aix-en-Provence, Alstom, Ariane 1, Articulated vehicle, Asbestos, Associated Press, AVE, Avignon, BBC News, Belfort, Belgium, Biarritz, Bogie, Bombardier Transportation, Bordeaux, Border Force, Brake, Brest, France, British Airways, British Rail, British Rail Class 373, British Rail Class 374, Business France, Cannes, Cannes Film Festival, Car, Carlos the Jackal, Casablanca, Chambéry, Channel Tunnel, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Common Travel Area, Commuting, Concorde, Continental Europe, Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier, Croisilles, Pas-de-Calais, Dax, Landes, Denguin rail crash, Deutsche Bahn, Disc brake, Disneyland Paris, Dunkirk, East Coast Main Line, Eckwersheim derailment, ..., Emergency brake (train), ER200, Eschede derailment, Euroduplex, Eurostar, Eurostar International Limited, Federal Railroad Administration, Fireproofing, François Mitterrand, France, Gare de Champagne-Ardenne TGV, Gare de Lorraine TGV, Gas turbine, Gas turbine locomotive, Germany, Government of France, Great North Eastern Railway, High Speed 1, High-speed rail, High-speed rail in Belgium, High-speed rail in China, High-speed rail in France, High-speed rail in Germany, High-speed rail in Italy, High-speed rail in Switzerland, High-speed rail in the Netherlands, Hovercraft, IDTGV, Induction motor, InterCity 125, International Railway Journal, International Union of Railways, Italy, Jacobs bogie, Japan, Kalmbach Publishing, Kinetic energy, Korea Train Express, La Poste (France), La Rochelle, Land speed record for rail vehicles, Le Mans, Leeds railway station, Level crossing, LGV Atlantique, LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire, LGV Est, LGV Interconnexion Est, LGV Méditerranée, LGV Nord, LGV Rhône-Alpes, LGV Rhin-Rhône, LGV Sud Europe Atlantique, LGV Sud-Est, Lille, Loading gauge, London and Continental Railways, London King's Cross railway station, Louis Gallois, LRC (train), Lyon, Lyon Turin Ferroviaire, Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport, Marseille, National Express, National Railway Company of Belgium, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Netherlands, Network Rail, Nice, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Nuclear power in France, Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori, Osaka, Ouigo, Overhead line, Pantograph (transport), Paris, Passenger car (rail), Passenger miles per gallon, Petroleum, Politics of Morocco, Power car, Power-to-weight ratio, Privatisation of British Rail, Project V150 (High Speed Train) - France, Provence, Rail (magazine), Railroad switch, Railway coupling, Railway Gazette International, Railway platform, Regional Eurostar, Rennes, Reuters, Richard Brown (transport executive), Saône-et-Loire, Schengen Area, Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang–Wuhan high-speed railway, Shinkansen, SNCF, SNCF TGV Atlantique, SNCF TGV Duplex, SNCF TGV La Poste, SNCF TGV POS, SNCF TGV Réseau, SNCF TGV Sud-Est, SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA, Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois, Southern Region of British Railways, Spain, Standard-gauge railway, Strasbourg, Suspension (vehicle), Tangier, TER-GV, Terrorism, TGV 001, TGV Lyria, TGV track construction, TGV world speed record, Thalys, The Da Vinci Code (film), The Times, Third rail, Tilting train, Tossiat, Toulouse, Tours, Train categories in Europe, Trains (magazine), Transmission Voie-Machine, Transport express régional, Treno Alta Velocità, Turbotrain, Turin, United Kingdom, Unsprung mass, Uranium, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Voiron, Washwood Heath, Waterloo International railway station, West Coast Main Line, World War I, Wuhan–Guangzhou high-speed railway, York railway station, Zhengzhou, 0 Series Shinkansen, 1973 oil crisis. Expand index (151 more) »

Aérotrain

The Aérotrain was a hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977.

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Acela Express

The Acela Express (colloquially abbreviated to Acela) is Amtrak's flagship service along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in the Northeastern United States between Washington, D.C. and Boston via 14 intermediate stops including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City.

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Aerodynamics

Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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AGV (train)

The AGV (acronym for French: Automotrice à grande vitesse) is a standard gauge, high-speed, electric multiple-unit train designed and built by Alstom.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Aix-en-Provence

Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.

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Alstom

Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.

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Ariane 1

Ariane 1 was the first rocket in the Ariane family of expendable launch systems.

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Articulated vehicle

An articulated vehicle is a vehicle which has a permanent or semi-permanent pivot joint in its construction, allowing the vehicle to turn more sharply.

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Asbestos

Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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AVE

Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) is a service of high-speed rail in Spain operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to.

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Avignon

Avignon (Avenio; Provençal: Avignoun, Avinhon) is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Belfort

Belfort is a city in northeastern France in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Biarritz

Biarritz (Biarritz or Miarritze; Gascon Biàrritz) is a city on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the French Basque Country in Southwestern France.

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Bogie

A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.

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Bombardier Transportation

Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.

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Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

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Border Force

Border Force is a part of the Home Office, responsible for frontline border control operations at air, sea and rail ports in the United Kingdom.

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Brake

A brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.

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Brest, France

Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.

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British Airways

British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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British Rail Class 373

The British Rail Class 373 or TGV TMST train is a French designed and built electric multiple unit that operate Eurostar high speed rail services from London to France and Belgium via the Channel Tunnel, part of the TGV family, it has a smaller cross-section to fit the smaller loading gauge in Britain, was originally able to operate on the UK third rail network and it has extensive fireproofing in case of fire in the tunnel.

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British Rail Class 374

The Class 374 electric multiple unit high speed train, branded as Eurostar e320, provide Eurostar services through the Channel Tunnel to serve destinations beyond the core routes to Paris and Brussels.

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Business France

Business France is a French Government agency created on 1 January 2015 through a merger between UBIFRANCE and the French Agency for International Investment (InvestInFrance).

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Cannes

Cannes (Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera.

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Cannes Film Festival

The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.

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Car

A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Carlos the Jackal

Ilich Ramírez Sánchez (born 12 October 1949), also known as Carlos the Jackal, is a Venezuelan terrorist currently serving a life sentence in France for the 1975 murder of an informant for the French government and two French counter-intelligence agents.

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Casablanca

Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.

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Chambéry

Chambéry (Chambèri, Sciamberì, and in Helvetii: Camberia) is a city in the department of Savoie, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

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Channel Tunnel

The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also nicknamed the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.

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Charles de Gaulle Airport

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.

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Common Travel Area

The Common Travel Area (CTA; Comhlimistéar Taistil) is an open borders area comprising the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Ireland, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands.

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Commuting

Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

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Concorde

The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.

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Continental Europe

Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.

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Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier

The Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier (English: "Nîmes – Montpellier Bypass"), also known as the LGV Nîmes–Montpellier (French: ligne à grande vitesse), is a high-speed railway line under construction, bypassing the cities of Nîmes and Montpellier in Southern France.

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Croisilles, Pas-de-Calais

Croisilles is a village and commune in the Pas-de-Calais department of the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Dax, Landes

Dax (Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

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Denguin rail crash

The Denguin rail crash occurred on 17 July 2014 when a TER passenger train collided with a SNCF TGV express train near Denguin, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France.

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Deutsche Bahn

Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.

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Disc brake

A disc brake is a type of brake that uses calipers to squeeze pairs of pads against a disc or "rotor" to create friction.

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Disneyland Paris

Disneyland Paris, originally Euro Disney Resort, is an entertainment resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town located east of the centre of Paris, and is the most visited theme park in all of Europe.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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East Coast Main Line

The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a major railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, York, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle; it is presently electrified along the whole route.

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Eckwersheim derailment

On 14 November 2015, a TGV train derailed in Eckwersheim, Alsace, France, while performing commissioning trials on the second phase of the LGV Est high-speed rail line, which was scheduled to open for commercial service five months later.

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Emergency brake (train)

On trains, the expression emergency brake has several meanings.

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ER200

The ER200 was a Soviet electric train built in Riga by Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca.

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Eschede derailment

The Eschede derailment occurred on 3 June 1998, near the village of Eschede in the Celle district of Lower Saxony, Germany, when a high-speed train derailed and crashed into a road bridge.

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Euroduplex

The SNCF TGV 2N2, ONCF RGV 2N2 or most commonly called Euroduplex, is the 3rd generation of the TGV Duplex (after the TGV Dasye), in construction since 2011 by Alstom in Belfort and Aytré (near La Rochelle). It has entered commercial operation by the French national railway company on. Sixty five trains from the SNCF are also named L'Océane, after the inauguration of the LGV L'Océane. These trains are interoperable, containing equipment allowing them to travel between several european continental countries with various types of electrification and signalling systems such as France, Germany, Switzerland, Spain and Luxembourg. A Moroccan variation will be the first high speed train to operate in Africa.

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Eurostar

Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Amsterdam, Avignon, Brussels, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Paris and Rotterdam.

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Eurostar International Limited

Eurostar International Limited Eurostar International Limited formerly Eurostar (UK) Limited formerly European Passenger Services Limited (EIL) is the railway company operating the international Eurostar train services between London, Paris and Brussels via the Channel Tunnel.

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Federal Railroad Administration

The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation (DOT).

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Fireproofing

Fireproofing is rendering something (structures, materials, etc.) resistant to fire, or incombustible; or material for use in making anything fire-proof.

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François Mitterrand

François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Gare de Champagne-Ardenne TGV

Champagne-Ardenne TGV is a railway station located in Bezannes, France that opened in 2007 along with the LGV Est, a high-speed rail line running from Paris to Strasbourg.

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Gare de Lorraine TGV

Lorraine TGV is a railway station located in Louvigny, France, on the LGV Est, a high-speed rail line running from Paris to Strasbourg.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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Gas turbine locomotive

A gas turbine locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a gas turbine.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Government of France

The Government of the French Republic (Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power in France.

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Great North Eastern Railway

Great North Eastern Railway, often referred to as GNER, was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Sea Containers that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise from April 1996 until December 2007, when Sea Containers was stripped of the franchise due to poor financial management.

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High Speed 1

High Speed 1 (HS1), legally the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), is a high-speed railway between London and the United Kingdom end of the Channel Tunnel.

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High-speed rail

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.

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High-speed rail in Belgium

Belgium's high-speed rail network provides mostly international connections from Brussels to France, Germany and The Netherlands.

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High-speed rail in China

High-speed rail (HSR) in China is the country's network of passenger-dedicated railways designed for speeds of.

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High-speed rail in France

The first French high-speed rail line opened in 1981, between Paris's and Lyon's suburbs.

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High-speed rail in Germany

Construction of the first high-speed rail in Germany began shortly after that of the French LGVs (lignes à grande vitesse, high-speed lines).

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High-speed rail in Italy

High-speed rail in Italy consists of two lines connecting most of the country's major cities.

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High-speed rail in Switzerland

, Switzerland has no high-speed trains of its own yet.

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High-speed rail in the Netherlands

The Netherlands is connected to the European high-speed rail network with one dedicated high-speed line, HSL-Zuid, and improved traditional rail.

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Hovercraft

A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces.

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IDTGV

iDTGV was a wholly owned subsidiary of the French state-owned train company SNCF, operating high-speed TGV services on multiple LGV lines throughout France.

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Induction motor

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding.

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InterCity 125

InterCity 125 was the brand name of British Rail's diesel-powered High Speed Train (HST) fleet, which was built from 1975 to 1982 and was introduced in 1976.

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International Railway Journal

The International Railway Journal is a monthly international trade magazine published by Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation (Falmouth, Cornwall, United Kingdom).

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International Union of Railways

The UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer) or International Union of Railways is an international rail transport industry body.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jacobs bogie

Jacobs bogies (named after Wilhelm Jakobs,, 1858–1942, a German mechanical railway engineer) are a type of rail vehicle bogie commonly found on articulated railcars and tramway vehicles.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Kalmbach Publishing

Kalmbach Publishing Co. is an American publisher of books and magazines, many of them railroad-related, located in Waukesha, Wisconsin.

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Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

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Korea Train Express

Korea Train eXpress (KTX) is South Korea's high-speed rail system, operated by Korail.

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La Poste (France)

La Poste is a postal service company in France, operating in Metropolitan France as well as in the five French overseas departments and the overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

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La Rochelle

La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.

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Land speed record for rail vehicles

Determination of the fastest rail vehicle in the world varies depending on the definition of "rail".

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Le Mans

Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.

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Leeds railway station

Leeds railway station (also known as Leeds City railway station) is the mainline railway station serving the city centre of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.

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Level crossing

A level crossing is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.

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LGV Atlantique

The LGV Atlantique is a high-speed railway line running from Paris (Gare Montparnasse) to Western France.

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LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire

The LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire (LGV BPL) is a high-speed rail line running between Connerré near Le Mans and Cesson-Sévigné near Rennes, France.

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LGV Est

The Ligne à Grande Vitesse Est européenne (English: East European High Speed Line), typically shortened to LGV Est, is a French high-speed rail line that connects Vaires-sur-Marne (near Paris) and Vendenheim (near Strasbourg).

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LGV Interconnexion Est

| The LGV Interconnexion Est is a short French high-speed rail line that connects the LGV Nord and LGV Sud-Est through suburbs of Paris.

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LGV Méditerranée

The LGV Méditerranée (French: Ligne à Grande Vitesse; English: high-speed line) is a 250 kilometre-long (160 miles) French high-speed rail line running between Saint-Marcel-lès-Valence, Drôme and Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, also featuring a connection to Nîmes, Gard (west of the line).

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LGV Nord

The LGV Nord (Ligne à Grande Vitesse) is a French -long high-speed rail line, opened in 1993, that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille.

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LGV Rhône-Alpes

The LGV Rhône-Alpes (French: Ligne à Grande Vitesse; English: high-speed line) is a French high-speed rail line situated in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region which extends the LGV Sud-Est southwards.

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LGV Rhin-Rhône

The LGV Rhin-Rhône (Ligne à Grande Vitesse) is a high-speed railway line, the first in France to be presented as an inter-regional route rather than a link from the provinces to Paris, though it actually is used by some trains to/from Paris.

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LGV Sud Europe Atlantique

The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest or LGV L'Océane, is a high-speed railway line between Tours and Bordeaux, in France.

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LGV Sud-Est

The LGV Sud-Est (French: Ligne à Grande Vitesse Sud-Est; English: "Southeast high-speed line") is a French high-speed rail line which links Paris's and Lyon's suburbs.

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Lille

Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.

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Loading gauge

A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.

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London and Continental Railways

London and Continental Railways (LCR) is a property development company owned by the British Government for developing former railway land in the United Kingdom.

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London King's Cross railway station

King's Cross railway station, also known as London King's Cross, is a Central London railway terminus on the northern edge of the city.

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Louis Gallois

Louis René Fernand Gallois (born 26 January 1944 in Montauban) is a French businessman.

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LRC (train)

The LRC (a bilingual acronym: in English: Light, Rapid, Comfortable; in Confortable) is a series of lightweight diesel-powered passenger trains that were used on short- to medium-distance inter-city service in the Canadian Provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

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Lyon

Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.

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Lyon Turin Ferroviaire

Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (LTF), subsidiary of Réseau Ferré de France (RFF) and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), was the early developer of the joint French-Italian part of the future rail link between Lyon and Turin.

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Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport

Lyon–Saint Exupéry Airport (Aéroport de Lyon-Saint Exupéry), formerly known as Lyon Satolas Airport, is the international airport of Lyon, the third-biggest city in France and an important transport facility for the entire Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

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Marseille

Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.

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National Express

National Express is a British multinational public transport company headquartered in Birmingham that operates bus, coach, train and tram services in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Germany and Morocco and long-distance coach services across Europe.

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National Railway Company of Belgium

NMBS/SNCB (Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen, Société nationale des chemins de fer belges, Nationale Gesellschaft der Belgischen Eisenbahnen) is the national railway company of Belgium.

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Nederlandse Spoorwegen

Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Network Rail

Network Rail is the owner (via its subsidiary Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, which was known as Railtrack plc before 2002) and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales.

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Nice

Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.

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Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Nord-Pas-de-Calais (is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel (west), the North Sea (northwest), Belgium (north and east) and Picardy (south). The majority of the region was once part of the historical (Southern) Netherlands, but gradually became part of France between 1477 and 1678, particularly during the reign of king Louis XIV. The historical French provinces that preceded Nord-Pas-de-Calais are Artois, French Flanders, French Hainaut and (partially) Picardy. These provincial designations are still frequently used by the inhabitants. With its 330.8 people per km2 on just over 12,414 km2, it is a densely populated region, having some 4.1 million inhabitants, 7% of France's total population, making it the fourth most populous region in the country, 83% of whom live in urban communities. Its administrative centre and largest city is Lille. The second largest city is Calais, which serves as a major continental economic/transportation hub with Dover of Great Britain away; this makes Nord-Pas-de-Calais the closest continental European connection to the Great Britain. Other major towns include Valenciennes, Lens, Douai, Béthune, Dunkirk, Maubeuge, Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai and Saint-Omer. Numerous films, like Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis.

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Nuclear power in France

Nuclear power is a major source of energy in France, with a 40% share of energy consumption in 2015.

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Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori

Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori (New Passenger Transport) is an Italian company which is Europe's first private open access operator of high-speed trains.

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Osaka

() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Ouigo

Ouigo is a French low-cost train service based at Marne-la-Vallée (near Paris) offering services to the north, the north-west and the south-east of France.

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Overhead line

An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.

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Pantograph (transport)

A pantograph (or "pan") is an apparatus mounted on the roof of an electric train, tram or electric bus to collect power through contact with an overhead line.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Passenger car (rail)

A passenger car (known as a coach or carriage in the UK, and also known as a bogie in India) is a piece of railway rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers.

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Passenger miles per gallon

Passenger miles per gallon (PMPG) is a metric to evaluate the energy efficiency of a vehicle or transportation mode.

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Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Politics of Morocco

Politics of Morocco take place in a framework of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Morocco is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.

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Power car

In rail transport, the expression power car may refer to either of two distinct types of rail vehicle.

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Power-to-weight ratio

Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.

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Privatisation of British Rail

The Privatisation of British Rail was the process by which ownership and operation of the railways of Great Britain passed from government control into private hands.

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Project V150 (High Speed Train) - France

The V150 was a specially configured TGV high-speed train notable for breaking the world land speed record for conventional railed trains on 3 April 2007.

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Provence

Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

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Rail (magazine)

Rail is a British magazine on the subject of current rail transport in Great Britain.

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Railroad switch

A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.

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Railway coupling

A coupling (or a coupler) is a mechanism for connecting rolling stock in a train.

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Railway Gazette International

Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide.

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Railway platform

A railway platform is an area – normally paved or otherwise prepared for pedestrian use, and often raised to a greater or lesser degree – provided alongside one or more of the tracks at a railway or metro station for use by passengers awaiting, boarding, or alighting from trains.

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Regional Eurostar

Regional Eurostar was the name given to plans to operate Eurostar train services from Paris and Brussels to locations in the United Kingdom beyond London.

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Rennes

Rennes (Roazhon,; Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.

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Reuters

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Richard Brown (transport executive)

Richard Howard Brown CBE FCILT FRSA DL (born 23 February 1953) is a British transport executive.

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Saône-et-Loire

Saône-et-Loire (Arpitan: Sona-et-Lêre) is a French department, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies.

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Schengen Area

The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.

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Shijiazhuang

Shijiazhuang is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei Province.

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Shijiazhuang–Wuhan high-speed railway

Shiwu passenger railway is an 840 km high-speed rail line between Shijiazhuang and Wuhan in China.

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Shinkansen

The, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan.

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SNCF

The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.

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SNCF TGV Atlantique

The TGV Atlantique (TGV-A) is a class of high-speed trains used in France by SNCF; they were built by Alstom between 1988 and 1992, and were the second generation of TGV trains, following on from the TGV Sud-Est.

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SNCF TGV Duplex

The TGV Duplex is a French high-speed train of the TGV family, manufactured by Alstom, and operated by the French national railway company SNCF.

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SNCF TGV La Poste

The TGV La Poste were dedicated trainsets for high-speed freight and mail transportation by French railway company SNCF on behalf of the French postal carrier La Poste.

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SNCF TGV POS

The TGV POS is a TGV train built by French manufacturer Alstom which is operated by the French national rail company, the SNCF, in France's high-speed rail lines.

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SNCF TGV Réseau

The SNCF TGV Réseau (TGV-R) trains were built by Alstom between 1992 and 1996.

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SNCF TGV Sud-Est

The SNCF TGV Sud-Est or TGV-PSE is a French high speed TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company.

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SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA

The Thalys PBKA is a high-speed train derived from the French TGV.

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Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois

The Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois (Luxembourg National Railway Company, abbreviated CFL) is the national railway company of Luxembourg.

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Southern Region of British Railways

The Southern Region was a region of British Railways from 1948 until 1992 when railways were re-privatised.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.

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Strasbourg

Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.

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Suspension (vehicle)

Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two.

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Tangier

Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.

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TER-GV

TER-GV, a portmanteau of TER (French Regional Train) and TGV (high-speed train), are regional TGV linking relatively nearby cities (termini being 100–200 km apart) using the LGV Nord dedicated high-speed line (Paris-Lille-Calais).

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Terrorism

Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.

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TGV 001

TGV 001 (Train Grande Vitesse 001) was a high-speed railway train built in France.

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TGV Lyria

TGV Lyria is the brand name used for TGV railway lines connecting France and Switzerland.

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TGV track construction

LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track.

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TGV world speed record

The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, French for "High-Speed Train") holds a series of land speed records for rail vehicles achieved by SNCF, the French national railway, and its industrial partners.

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Thalys

Thalys (French) is a French-Belgian high-speed train operator originally built around the LGV Nord high-speed line between Paris and Brussels.

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The Da Vinci Code (film)

The Da Vinci Code is a 2006 American mystery thriller film directed by Ron Howard, written by Akiva Goldsman, and based on Dan Brown's 2003 best-selling novel of the same name.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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Third rail

A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.

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Tilting train

A tilting train is a train that has a mechanism enabling increased speed on regular rail tracks.

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Tossiat

Tossiat is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

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Toulouse

Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.

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Tours

Tours is a city located in the centre-west of France.

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Train categories in Europe

Railway companies in Europe assign their trains to different categories or train types depending on their role.

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Trains (magazine)

Trains is a monthly US magazine dedicated to trains and railroads, and is one of the two flagship publications of Kalmbach Publishing.

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Transmission Voie-Machine

Transmission Voie-Machine (TVM, English: track-to-train transmission) is a form of in-cab signalling originally deployed in France and used on high-speed railway lines.

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Transport express régional

Transport express régional (usually shortened to TER) is the brand name used by the SNCF, the French national railway company, to denote rail service run by the regional councils of France, specifically their organised transport authorities.

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Treno Alta Velocità

Treno Alta Velocità SpA (or TAV) is special-purpose entity owned by RFI (itself owned by Ferrovie dello Stato) for the planning and construction of a high-speed rail network in Italy.

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Turbotrain

The Turbotrain was any of several French high-speed, gas turbine trains.

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Turin

Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Unsprung mass

In a ground vehicle with a suspension, the unsprung mass (or the unsprung weight) is the mass of the suspension, wheels or tracks (as applicable), and other components directly connected to them, rather than supported by the suspension (the mass of the body and other components supported by the suspension is the sprung mass).

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Uranium

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

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Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926), also known as Giscard or VGE, is a French author and elder statesman who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981 and is now a member of the Constitutional Council.

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Voiron

Voiron is a commune, (French municipality) in the ninth district of the Isère department in southeastern France.

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Washwood Heath

Washwood Heath is a ward in Birmingham, within the formal district of Hodge Hill, roughly two miles north-east of Birmingham city centre, England.

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Waterloo International railway station

Waterloo International station was the London terminus of the Eurostar international rail service from its opening on 14 November 1994 until it closed on 13 November 2007 when it was replaced by St Pancras as the terminal for international rail services.

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West Coast Main Line

The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom, connecting the major cities of London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, and Glasgow.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Wuhan–Guangzhou high-speed railway

The Wuhan-Guangzhou high-speed railway, also called the Wuguang high-speed railway and short for Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, Wuhan–Guangzhou section, is a high-speed rail line, operated by China Railway High-speed (CRH), connecting Wuhan (Hubei) and Guangzhou (Guangdong), in the People's Republic of China.

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York railway station

York railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of York, North Yorkshire.

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Zhengzhou

Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.

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0 Series Shinkansen

The trains were the first Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japan's new Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in Japan in 1964.

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1973 oil crisis

The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.

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Redirects here:

French LGV lines, French bullet train, InOui, Ligne a grande vitesse, Ligne à grande vitesse, TGV trains, Tgv, Train a Grande Vitesse, Train a grande vitesse, Train à Grande Vitesse, Train à grande vitesse.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TGV

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