60 relations: Adobe Systems, Aldus, Binary image, Black and white, Byte, CIELAB color space, Clipping path, CMYK color model, Color, Color depth, Comparison of graphics file formats, Design rule for Camera File system, Desktop publishing, Digital Negative, Discrete cosine transform, Document imaging, Document management system, Endianness, Euclidean vector, Exif, Fax, File format, GeoTIFF, Gibibyte, Grayscale, Group 4 compression, Huffman coding, Image compression, Image file formats, Image scanner, Internet fax, IT8, ITU-T, JBIG2, JPEG, Layers (digital image editing), Lempel–Ziv–Welch, Library of Congress, Libtiff, Lossless compression, MacOS, MIME, Monochrome, N. Ahmed, NeXTSTEP, O'Reilly Media, Optical character recognition, PackBits, Portable Network Graphics, Proprietary format, ..., Raster graphics, Run-length encoding, Scitex CT, STDU Viewer, T.37, TIFF/EP, Tree structure, Windows Photo Viewer, Word processor, YCbCr. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
Aldus Corporation was a software company that developed desktop publishing (DTP) software.
A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.
The CIELAB color space (also known as CIE L*a*b* or sometimes abbreviated as simply "Lab" color space) is a color space defined by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1976.
A clipping path (or "deep etch") is a closed vector path, or shape, used to cut out a 2D image in image editing software.
The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
This is a comparison of image file formats.
Design rule for Camera File system (DCF) is a JEITA specification (number CP-3461) which defines a file system for digital cameras, including the directory structure, file naming method, character set, file format, and metadata format.
Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.
Digital Negative (DNG) is a patented, open, non-free lossless raw image format written by Adobe used for digital photography.
A discrete cosine transform (DCT) expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies.
Document imaging is an information technology category for systems capable of replicating documents commonly used in business.
A document management system (DMS) is a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track, manage and store documents and reduce paper.
Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.
Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
GeoTIFF is a public domain metadata standard which allows georeferencing information to be embedded within a TIFF file.
The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In photography, computing, and colorimetry, a grayscale or greyscale image is one in which the value of each pixel is a single sample representing only an amount of light, that is, it carries only intensity information.
CCITT Group 4 compression, also referred to as G4 or Modified Modified READ (MMR), is a lossless method of image compression used in Group 4 fax machines defined in the ITU-T T.6 fax standard.
In computer science and information theory, a Huffman code is a particular type of optimal prefix code that is commonly used for lossless data compression.
Image compression is a type of data compression applied to digital images, to reduce their cost for storage or transmission.
Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
Internet fax, e-fax, or online fax is the use of the internet and internet protocols to send a fax (facsimile), rather than using a standard telephone connection and a fax machine.
IT8 is a set of American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards for color communications and control specifications.
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
JBIG2 is an image compression standard for bi-level images, developed by the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
Layers are used in digital image editing to separate different elements of an image.
Lempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) is a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv, and Terry Welch.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Libtiff is a library for reading and writing Tagged Image File Format (abbreviated TIFF) files.
Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
Nasir Ahmed (born 1940 in Bangalore, India) is a Professor Emeritus of Electrical and Computer and Engineering at University of New Mexico (UNM).
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).
PackBits is a fast, simple lossless compression scheme for run-length encoding of data.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
A proprietary format is a file format of a company, organization, or individual that contains data that is ordered and stored according to a particular encoding-scheme, designed by the company or organization to be secret, such that the decoding and interpretation of this stored data is easily accomplished only with particular software or hardware that the company itself has developed.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of lossless data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run.
Scitex Continuous Tone or Scitex CT is an image file format.
STDU Viewer is computer software, a compact viewer for many computer file formats: Portable Document Format (PDF), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), DjVu, comic book archive (CBR or CBZ), FB2, ePUB, XML Paper Specification (XPS), Text Compression for Reader (TCR), Mobipocket (MOBI), AZW, multi-page TIFF, text file (TXT), PalmDoc (PDB), Windows Metafile (EMF), Windows Metafile (WMF), bitmap (BMP), Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), JPEG-JPG, Portable Network Graphics (PNG), Photoshop Document (PSD), PiCture eXchang (PCX-DCX).
T.37 is an ITU standard which deals with sending fax messages using email.
Tag Image File Format/Electronic Photography (TIFF/EP) is a digital image file format standard – ISO 12234-2, titled "Electronic still-picture imaging – Removable memory – Part 2: TIFF/EP image data format".
A tree structure or tree diagram is a way of representing the hierarchical nature of a structure in a graphical form.
Windows Photo Viewer (formerly Windows Picture and Fax Viewer) is an image viewer included with the Windows NT family of operating systems.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as YCBCR or Y'CBCR, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.
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