141 relations: Acetone, Activation energy, Adsorption, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Amatex, Amatol, American Chemical Society, Ammonal, Ammonium nitrate, Anemia, Anhydrous, Arene substitution pattern, Armor-piercing shell, Artillery, Atmosphere, Baratol, Barium nitrate, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Biosphere, Blood, Bomb, Calcium silicate, Canary girls, Capital ship, Carbon, Carcinogen, Casting, Charge-transfer complex, Chemical compound, Composition B, Composition H6, Cyclotol, Depth charge, Detection dog, Detonation, Dimer (chemistry), Dunnite, Dynamite, Ecological impact of explosives, Ednatol, Electrochemical gas sensor, Environmental remediation, Ether, Exothermic process, Explosive booster, Explosive material, Exudate, Ferrous, Fertility, ..., Figure of Insensitivity, Functional group, Fuze, Gasoline, Groundwater, Gunpowder, Hexanite, Hexanitrobenzene, Hexanitrodiphenylamine, History of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom, HMX, Humic acid, Hydraulic fracturing, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen sulfide, Immune system, IMX-101, Indian Institutes of Technology, Ion exchange, Isothermal process, Joule, Julius Wilbrand, Liebigs Annalen, List of explosives used during World War II, List of The Drew Carey Show episodes, List of UN numbers 0201 to 0300, List of UN numbers 0301 to 0400, Liver, Mega-, Merck Index, Methyl group, Minol (explosive), Molar concentration, Mononitrotoluene, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Naval mine, Nitration, Nitric acid, Nitro compound, Nitrobenzene, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen oxide, Nitroglycerin, Nitrophenol, Noble metal, Octol, Oleum, Operation Blowdown, Oxidizing agent, Pentolite, Periodic Videos, Peta-, Phlegmatized explosive, Photodegradation, Photodissociation, Photon, Phytoremediation, Picratol, Picric acid, Pink water, Prill, Pyridine, RDX, Reagent, Recrystallization (chemistry), Redox, Shell (projectile), Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium sulfite, Solubility, Spleen, Steric effects, Sulfuric acid, Synergy, Table of explosive detonation velocities, Tera-, Tetrytol, TNT equivalent, Toluene, Torpedo, Torpex, Total organic carbon, Tritonal, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Navy, Urine, Wastewater, World War I, Xylene, 2,4-Dinitrotoluene. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
In chemistry and physics, activation energy is the energy which must be available to a chemical or nuclear system with potential reactants to result in: a chemical reaction, nuclear reaction, or other various other physical phenomena.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Amatex is a military explosive consisting of 51% ammonium nitrate, 40% TNT, and 9% RDX.
Amatol is a highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
Ammonal is an explosive made up of ammonium nitrate and aluminium powder, not to be confused with T-ammonal which contains trinitrotoluene as well to increase properties such as brisance.
Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water.
Arene substitution patterns are part of organic chemistry IUPAC nomenclature and pinpoint the position of substituents other than hydrogen in relation to each other on an aromatic hydrocarbon.
An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
Baratol is an explosive made of a mixture of TNT and barium nitrate, with a small quantity (about 1%) of paraffin wax used as a phlegmatizing agent.
Barium nitrate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ba(NO3)2.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
Calcium silicate is the chemical compound Ca2SiO4, also known as calcium orthosilicate and is sometimes formulated as 2CaO·SiO2.
The canary girls were the United Kingdom's female trinitrotoluene (TNT) shell makers of World War I (1914–1918).
The capital ships of a navy are its most important warships; they are generally the larger ships when compared to other warships in their respective fleet.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
A charge-transfer complex (CT complex) or electron-donor-acceptor complex is an association of two or more molecules, or of different parts of one large molecule, in which a fraction of electronic charge is transferred between the molecular entities.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
Composition B, colloquially "Comp B", is an explosive consisting of castable mixtures of RDX and TNT.
Composition H6 is a castable military explosive mixture composed of the following percentages by weight.
Cyclotol is an explosive consisting of castable mixtures of RDX and TNT.
A depth charge is an anti-submarine warfare weapon.
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.
Dunnite, also known as Explosive D or systematically as ammonium picrate, is an explosive developed in 1906 by US Army Major Beverly W. Dunn, who later served as the chief inspector of the Bureau of Transportation Explosives.
Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.
Ecological impact of explosives are the effects that both unexploded explosives and post-explosion by-products have on the environment.
Ednatol is a yellow high explosive, comprising about 58% ethylenedinitramine (aka Haleite or Explosive H) and 42% TNT.
Electrochemical gas sensors are gas detectors that measure the concentration of a target gas by oxidizing or reducing the target gas at an electrode and measuring the resulting current.
Environmental remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process (exo-: "outside") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).
An explosive booster is a sensitive explosive charge that acts as a bridge between a (relatively weak) conventional detonator and a low-sensitivity (but typically high-energy) explosive such as TNT.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
An exudate is a fluid emitted by an organism through pores or a wound, a process known as exuding.
In chemistry, ferrous (Fe2+), indicates a divalent iron compound (+2 oxidation state), as opposed to ferric, which indicates a trivalent iron compound (+3 oxidation state).
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
Figure of Insensitivity (or F of I) is an inverse scale of measure of the impact sensitivity of an explosive substance.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Hexanit was a castable German military explosive developed early in the 20th century before the First World War for the Kaiserliche Marine, intended to augment supplies of trinitrotoluene (TNT), which were then in short supply.
Hexanitrobenzene, also known as HNB, is a high-density explosive compound with chemical formula C6N6O12, obtained by oxidizing the amine group of pentanitroaniline with hydrogen peroxide in sulfuric acid.
Hexanitrodiphenylamine (abbreviated HND), is an explosive chemical compound with the formula C12H5N7O12.
The history of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom formally covers the period from the formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801 but is founded in the history of such legislation in England and Wales, and Scotland before 1707, and that of the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800.
HMX, also called octogen, is a powerful and relatively insensitive nitroamine high explosive, chemically related to RDX.
Humic acids are the result of a severe chemical extraction from the soil organic matter, and recently their natural existence was jeopardized, since it is a product of the chemical procedure.
Hydraulic fracturing (also fracking, fraccing, frac'ing, hydrofracturing or hydrofracking) is a well stimulation technique in which rock is fractured by a pressurized liquid.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
IMX-101 is a high-performance insensitive high explosive composite mixture developed by BAE Systems and the United States Army to replace TNT in artillery shells, starting as soon as 2011.
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India.
Ion exchange is an exchange of ions between two electrolytes or between an electrolyte solution and a complex.
An isothermal process is a change of a system, in which the temperature remains constant: ΔT.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
Julius Bernhard Friedrich Adolph Wilbrand (August 22, 1839 – June 22, 1906) was a German chemist.
Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.
Almost all the common explosives listed here were mixtures of several common components.
The following is a complete list of episodes for the television show sitcom The Drew Carey Show, which first aired on ABC on September 13, 1995.
The UN numbers from UN0201 to UN0300 as assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
The UN numbers from UN0301 to UN0400 as assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
Mega is a unit prefix in metric systems of units denoting a factor of one million (106 or 000).
The Merck Index is an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs and biologicals with over 10,000 monographs on single substances or groups of related compounds.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
Minol (pronounced mine-ol) is a military explosive developed by the British Admiralty early in the Second World War to augment supplies of trinitrotoluene (TNT) and RDX, which were then in short supply.
Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution.
Mononitrotoluene, or methylnitrobenzene or nitrotoluene (MNT or NT), is a group of three organic compounds, a nitro derivative of toluene (or alternatively a methyl derivative of nitrobenzene).
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).
Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5NO2.
Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
Nitrophenols consist of a phenol molecule with one or more nitro-groups attached to the aromatic ring.
In chemistry, the noble metals are metals that are resistant to corrosion and oxidation in moist air (unlike most base metals).
Octol is a melt-castable, high explosive mixture consisting of HMX and TNT in different weight proportions.
Oleum (Latin oleum, meaning oil), or fuming sulfuric acid, is a solution of various compositions of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid, or sometimes more specifically to disulfuric acid (also known as pyrosulfuric acid).
Operation Blowdown was an explosives test carried out in the Iron Range jungle of Australia's Cape York Peninsula in 1963, to simulate the effects of a nuclear weapon on tropical rainforest.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Pentolite is a composite high explosive used for military and civilian purposes, e.g., warheads and booster charges.
The Periodic Table of Videos (usually shortened to Periodic Videos) is a series of videos about chemical elements and the periodic table.
Peta is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by 1015.
A phlegmatized explosive is an explosive that has had an agent added to stabilize or desensitize it.
Photodegradation is the alteration of materials by light.
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
Phytoremediation /ˌfaɪtəʊrɪˌmiːdɪˈeɪʃən/ refers to the technologies that use living plants to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous contaminants.
Picratol is a high explosive mixture, comprising 52% 'Explosive D' and 48% TNT.
Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O2N)3C6H2OH.
Pink water and red water are two distinct types of wastewater associated with trinitrotoluene (TNT).
A prill is a small aggregate or globule of a material, most often a dry sphere, formed from a melted liquid.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
RDX is the organic compound with the formula (O2NNCH2)3.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
In chemistry, recrystallization is a technique used to purify chemicals.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium sulfite (sodium sulphite) is a soluble sodium salt of sulfurous acid (sulfite) with the chemical formula Na2SO3.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts.
This is a list of the detonation velocities at specified (typically, the highest practical) density of various explosive compounds.
Tera is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by 1012 or (one trillion short scale; one billion long scale).
Tetrytol is a high explosive, comprising a mixture of tetryl and TNT.
TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
Torpex is a secondary explosive, 50% more powerful than TNT by mass.
Total organic carbon (TOC) is the amount of carbon found in an organic compound and is often used as a non-specific indicator of water quality or cleanliness of pharmaceutical manufacturing equipment.
Tritonal is a mixture of 80% TNT and 20% aluminium powder, used in several types of ordnance such as air-dropped bombs.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof.
2,4-Dinitrotoluene (DNT) or dinitro is an organic compound with the formula C7H6N2O4.
1-Methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-trinitromethylbenzene, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, C6H2(No2)3Ch, C7H5N3O6, Sym-Trinitrotoluene, T.N.T., TNT (explosive), TNT (software), TNT formula, Tnt, Tolite, Trilite, Trinitromethylbenzene, Trinitrotoluene, Trinitrotoluenes, Trinitrotolulene, Trinitrotoluol, Trinol, Tritolo, Tritolol, Trotile, Trotol, Trotyl.