239 relations: Abacá, Abakada alphabet, Abugida, Accent (sociolinguistics), Acehnese language, Affricate consonant, Aklanon language, Albertsons, Alphabet, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Arabic, Aurora, Aurora (province), Austronesian languages, Banjar language, Bataan, Batangas, Batangas Tagalog, Baybayin, Bible, Bible translations, Bicol Region, Bikol languages, Bilabial consonant, Boondocks, Brahmic scripts, Buginese language, Bugis, Bulacan, Butterfly knife, Calabarzon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Cananga odorata, Cantonese, Capital region, Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines, Cavite, Cebuano language, Cebuano people, Central Bikol language, Central Luzon, Central Philippine languages, Chinese language, Christian Community Bible, Close back rounded vowel, Close front unrounded vowel, Coastal Kadazan dialect, Code-switching, ..., Commission on the Filipino Language, Comparative linguistics, Consonant, Constitution of the Philippines, Czech Republic, Dental consonant, Department of Education (Philippines), Diacritic, Dialectology, Diphthong, Distinctive feature, Doctrina Christiana, Dusun language, Ecumenism, Epic poetry, Ethnic group, Ethnic groups in the Philippines, Ethnologue, Etymology of cannabis, Exonym and endonym, Filipino alphabet, Filipino language, Filipino orthography, Filipinos, Florante at Laura, Forced marriage, Formosan languages, Francisco Balagtas, French language, Fricative consonant, Gaddang language, Genitive case, Glottal consonant, Glottalization, Good News Bible, Harana (serenade), Hawaiian language, Hiligaynon language, History of the Malay language, Hokkien, Iban language, Ibanag language, Ilocano language, Incipit, Indonesian language, Isabelo de los Reyes, Ivatan language, Japanese language, Javanese language, Jeepney, Judas Iscariot, Kaipuleohone, Kapampangan language, Karay-a language, Katipunan, Kawi script, La solidaridad, Laguna (province), Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Lampung language, Languages of India, Latin script, Leo Martinez, List of Tagalog literary works, Liturgy, Lope K. Santos, Lord's Prayer, Luzon, Mabuhay, Magandang Balita Biblia, Malagasy language, Malay language, Malay trade and creole languages, Malayo-Polynesian languages, Malaysian language, Mandarin Chinese, Manila, Manila galleon, Manila hemp, Maranao language, Marinduque, Maritime Southeast Asia, Māori language, McDonald's, Melanau language, Metro Manila, Mid back rounded vowel, Mimaropa, Minahasan people, Mindanao, Mindoro, Ming dynasty, Moon, Morong, Rizal, Nahuatl, Nasal consonant, Nation, National language, Near-open central vowel, New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Nueva Ecija, Occidental Mindoro, Official language, Old Tagalog, Open central unrounded vowel, Open front unrounded vowel, Open-mid front unrounded vowel, Oriental Mindoro, Oxford English Dictionary, Pablo Clain, Palatal consonant, Palawan, Pancit, Pangasinan language, Pascual H. Poblete, Pausa, Persian language, Philippine Braille, Philippine Constitutional Convention election, 1970, Philippine English, Philippine languages, Philippines, Phoneme, Postalveolar consonant, Procession, Proto-Philippine language, Quezon, Reduplication, Rhotic consonant, Rinconada Bikol language, Rizal, Robert Blust, Roman Missal, Romblon, Ryukyu Kingdom, Sacrosanctum concilium, Sanskrit, Schwa, Second language, Second Vatican Council, Sexual intercourse, Silk Road, Society of Jesus, Southern Tagalog, Spanish language, Spanish language in the Philippines, Spanish-based creole languages, Stop consonant, Stress (linguistics), Sulawesi, Sun, Tagalog grammar, Tagalog people, Tagalog Republic, Tagalog Wikipedia, Taglish, Taiwan, Tamil language, Tanaga, Tang dynasty, Tausug language, Tboli language, Teresa, Rizal, Tetum language, The Watchtower, Toba Batak language, Tombulu language, Trinidad Pardo de Tavera, Tuvaluan language, Typographic ligature, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Vedic Sanskrit, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Vernacular, Visayan languages, Visayas, Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala, Vowel, Walmart, Waray language, Wells Fargo, Western Union, Windowpane oyster, World War II, Writing system, Yami language, Yogad language, Zambales. Expand index (189 more) » « Shrink index
Abacá (Abaka), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.
The Abakada alphabet was an "indigenized" Latin alphabet adopted for the Tagalog-based Filipino national language in 1940.
An abugida (from Ge'ez: አቡጊዳ ’abugida), or alphasyllabary, is a segmental writing system in which consonant–vowel sequences are written as a unit: each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary.
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
Acehnese language (Achinese) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by Acehnese people natively in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia.
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Aklanon (Akeanon), also known as Aklan, is a regional Visayan language spoken in the province of Aklan on the island of Panay in the Philippines.
Albertsons Companies LLC is an American grocery company founded and headquartered in Boise, Idaho.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights, northern lights (aurora borealis) or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in the Earth's sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic).
Aurora (Lalawigan ng Aurora; is a province in the Philippines located in the eastern part of Central Luzon region, facing the Philippine Sea. Its capital is Baler and borders, clockwise from the south, the provinces of Quezon, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Isabela. Before 1979, Aurora was part of the province of Quezon. Aurora was, in fact, named after Aurora Aragon, the wife of Pres. Manuel L. Quezon, the president of the Philippine Commonwealth, after whom the mother province was named.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
Banjar (Banjar:, Indonesian: Bahasa Banjar, Jawi: بهاس بنجر) is an Austronesian language spoken by the Banjar people of South Kalimantan province of Indonesia.
Bataan (Lalawigan ng Bataan; Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines.
Batangas, officially known as the Province of Batangas (Lalawigan ng Batangas) is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon.
Batangas Tagalog (more properly Batangan, Batangeño, or Batangenyo), is a dialect of the Tagalog language that is spoken primarily in the Province of Batangas and in portions of Quezon, the province of Laguna and on the island if Mindoro.
Baybayin (pre-kudlit:, post-kudlit:, kudlit + pamudpod), is an ancient script used primarily by the Tagalog people.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
The Bicol Region, also known simply as Bicol and historically known as Ibalon prior to Spanish colonization, (Rehiyon nin Bikol/Kabikolan; Rinconada Bicol: Rehiyon ka Bikol; Kabikulan; Bicolandia) is a region of the Philippines, designated as Region V. Bicol comprises six provinces, four on the Bicol Peninsula mainland (the southeastern end of Luzon) – Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Sorsogon – and the offshore island provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate.
The Bikol languages are a group of Central Philippine languages spoken mostly in the Bicol Peninsula in the island of Luzon, the neighboring island province of Catanduanes and the island of Burias of Masbate.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
The boondocks is an American expression that stems from the Tagalog word bundók ("mountain").
The Brahmic scripts are a family of abugida or alphabet writing systems.
Buginese or Bugis (Basa Ugi, elsewhere also Bahasa Bugis, Bugis, Bugi, De) is a language spoken by about five million people mainly in the southern part of Sulawesi, Indonesia.
The Buginese people are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, in the southwestern province of Sulawesi, third largest island of Indonesia.
Bulacan (Lalawigan ng Bulakan; Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC:; '''ISO''': PH-BUL) is a province in the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region III) in the island of Luzon, north of Manila (the nation's capital), and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region.
A balisong, also known as a fan knife, butterfly knife or Batangas knife, is a folding pocketknife.
Calabarzon, formally known as Southern Tagalog Mainland and designated as Region IV-A, is an administrative region in the Philippines.
Camarines Norte (Amihanan na Camarines; Hilagang Camarines) is a province located in the Bicol region in Luzon of the Philippines.
Camarines Sur (Habagatan na Camarines; Timog Camarines) is a province located in the Bicol Region in Luzon of the Philippines.
Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
A capital region, also called a national capital region, capital district or capital territory, is a region or district surrounding a capital city.
The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines Kapulungan ng mga Katólikong Obispo ng Pilipinas; Hugpong sa mga Obispo nga Katoliko sa Pilipinas; Hiligaynon: Komperensya sang mga Obispo nga Katoliko sang Pilipinas; Ilokano: Kumperensya ti Obispo nga Katoliko ti Filipinas), abbreviated as CBCP, is the permanent organizational assembly of Roman Catholic bishops of the Philippines exercising together certain pastoral offices for the Christian faithful of their territory through apostolic plans, programs and projects suited to the circumstances of time and place in accordance with law for the promotion of the greater good offered by the Church to all people. Standing as the national episcopal conference in the Philippines, it consists all diocesan bishops and those equivalent to bishops in church law; all coadjutor and auxiliary bishops; and all other titular bishops who exercise for the entire nation a special office assigned to them by the Apostolic See. It has 82 active and 43 honorary bishops and other members. The chancery is centrally located within the Intramuros district, located just behind the Manila Cathedral. Davao archbishop Most Rev. Romulo G. Valles is the current president since December 2017.
Cavite (Lalawigan ng Kabite;, or; Chabacano: Provincia de Cavite) is a province in the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the Calabarzon region on Luzon island.
The Cebuano or Cebuan language, also often colloquially albeit informally referred to by most of its speakers simply as Bisaya (English translation: "Visayan", not to be confused with other Visayan languages), is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 21 million people in Central Visayas, western parts of Eastern Visayas and most parts of Mindanao, most of whom belong to various Visayan ethnolinguistic groups, mainly the Cebuanos.
The Cebuano people (Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Cebuano language.
Central Bikol, commonly called Bikol Naga, is the most-spoken language in the Bicol Region of southern Luzon, Philippines.
Central Luzon (Kalibudtarang Luzon, Pegley na Luzon, Gitnang Luzon, designated as Region III, is an administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plains of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales.
The Central Philippine languages are the most geographically widespread demonstrated group of languages in the Philippines, being spoken in southern Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, and Sulu.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
The Christian Community Bible is a translation of the Christian Bible in the English language originally produced in the Philippines.
The close back rounded vowel, or high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
The close front unrounded vowel, or high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound that occurs in most spoken languages, represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet by the symbol i. It is similar to the vowel sound in the English word meet—and often called long-e in American English.
Coastal Kadazan, also known as Kadazan Tangaa, is a dialect of the Kadazan Dusun language as well as a minority language primarily spoken in Sabah, Malaysia.
In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation.
The Commission on the Filipino Language (Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino; Komisyon sa Panghambal nga Filipino; Komisyon sa Pinulongang Filipino; Komisyon na Salitan Filipino; Komisyun king Amanung Filipinu; Komision iti Pagsasao a Filipino; Komisyon sa Tataramon na Filipino; Komisyon ha Yinaknan nga Filipino) is the official regulating body of the Filipino language and the official government institution tasked with developing, preserving, and promoting the various local Philippine languages.
Comparative linguistics (originally comparative philology) is a branch of historical linguistics that is concerned with comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
The Department of Education (abbreviated as DepEd; Kagawaran ng Edukasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
Dialectology (from Greek διάλεκτος, dialektos, "talk, dialect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of linguistic dialect, a sub-field of sociolinguistics.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
In linguistics, a distinctive feature is the most basic unit of phonological structure that may be analyzed in phonological theory.
The Doctrina Christiana was an early book on the Roman Catholic Catechism, written in 1593 by Fray Juan de Plasencia, and is believed to be one of the earliest printed books in the Philippines.
Central Dusun, also known as Bunduliwan (Dusun: Boros Dusun), is one of the more widespread languages spoken by the Dusun and Kadazan peoples of Sabah, Malaysia.
Ecumenism refers to efforts by Christians of different Church traditions to develop closer relationships and better understandings.
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The Philippines is inhabited by more than 175 ethnolinguistic nations, the majority of whose languages are Malay in origin, then Han Chinese, then European (mostly Spanish).
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The plant name Cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis), via Latin cannabis, originally a Scythian or Thracian word, also loaned into Persian as kanab.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
The Modern Filipino alphabet (Makabagong alpabetong Filipino), otherwise known as the Filipino alphabet (alpabetong Filipino), is the alphabet of the Filipino language, the official national language and one of the two official languages of the Philippines.
Filipino (Wikang Filipino), in this usage, refers to the national language (Wikang pambansa/Pambansang wika) of the Philippines.
Filipino orthography specifies the correct use of the writing system of the Filipino language, the national and co-official language of the Philippines.
Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
Florante at Laura (full title: Pinagdaanang Buhay nina Florante at Laura sa Kahariang Albanya: Kinuha sa madlang "cuadro histórico" o pinturang nagsasabi sa mga nangyayari nang unang panahon sa Imperyo ng Gresya, at tinula ng isang matuwain sa bersong Tagalog; English: "The History of Florante and Laura in the Kingdom of Albania: Adapted from some 'historical pictures' or paintings that tell of what happened in early times in the Greek Empire, and were set to rhyme by one delighting in Tagalog verse") by Francisco Balagtas is considered as one of the masterpieces of Philippine literature.
Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or more of the parties is married without his or her consent or against his or her will.
"Formosan languages" is a cover term for the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which belong to the Austronesian language family.
Francisco Balagtas (born Francisco Baltazar y de la Cruz; April 2, 1788 – February 20, 1862), also known as Francisco Baltazar, was a prominent Filipino poet, and is widely considered one of the greatest Filipino literary laureates for his impact on Filipino literature.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
The Gaddang language (also Gaddang or Cagayan) is spoken by up to 30,000 speakers (the Gaddang people) in the Philippines, particularly along the Magat and upper Cagayan rivers in the Region II provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela and by overseas migrants to countries in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, in the Middle East, United Kingdom and the United States.
In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
Glottalization is the complete or partial closure of the glottis during the articulation of another sound.
The Good News Bible (GNB), also called the Good News Translation (GNT) in the United States, is an English translation of the Bible by the American Bible Society.
The Harana is serenade tradition in rural areas of the Philippines in which young men may formally meet single lady visitors.
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
The Hiligaynon language, also colloquially referred often by most of its speakers simply as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian regional language spoken in the Philippines by about 9.1 million people, mainly in Western Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN, most of whom belong to the Visayan ethnic group, mainly the Hiligaynons.
Malay is a major language of the Austronesian language family.
Hokkien (from) or (閩南語/閩南話), is a Southern Min Chinese dialect group originating from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of Fujian Province in Southeastern China and Taiwan, and spoken widely there and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.
The Iban language (jaku Iban) is spoken by the Iban, a branch of the Dayak ethnic group formerly known as "Sea Dayak" who live in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan and in Brunei.
The Ibanag language (also Ybanag or Ibanak) is spoken by up to 500,000 speakers, most particularly by the Ibanag people, in the Philippines, in the northeastern provinces of Isabela and Cagayan, especially in Tuguegarao, Solana, Abulug, Cabagan, and Ilagan and with overseas immigrants in countries located in the Middle East, United Kingdom and the United States.
Ilocano (also Ilokano;; Ilocano: Pagsasao nga Ilokano) is the third most-spoken native language of the Philippines.
The incipit of a text is the first few words of the text, employed as an identifying label.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
Isabelo de los Reyes y Florentino, also known as Don Belong (July 7, 1864 – October 10, 1938), was a prominent Filipino politician, writer and labor activist in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Ivatan (Ibatan) language, also known as Chirin nu Ibatan ("language of the Ivatan people"), is an Austronesian language spoken in the Batanes Islands.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.
Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipni), sometimes called simply jeeps (Filipino: dyip), are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines.
Judas Iscariot (died AD) was a disciple and one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ.
Kaipuleohone is a digital ethnographic archive that houses audio and visual files, photographs, as well as hundreds of textual material such as notes, dictionaries, and transcriptions relating to small and endangered languages.
Kapampangan, Pampango, or the Pampangan language is one of the major languages of the Philippines.
The Karay-a language, or Kinaray-a (Karay-a + the infix -in-) (ISO: krj), is an Austronesian regional language spoken by the Karay-a people, mainly in Antique in the Philippines as well as Iloilo and other provinces on the island of Panay.
The Katipunan (usually abbreviated to KKK) was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution.
Aksara Kawi (from Sanskrit: कवि "kavi" lit. "poet") or Aksara Jawa Kuna ("Old Javanese script") is the name given to the writing system originating in Java and used across much of Maritime Southeast Asia from the 8th century to around 1500 AD.
La Solidaridad (The Solidarity) was an organization created in Spain on December 13, 1888.
Laguna, officially known as the Province of Laguna (Lalawigan ng Laguna; Provincia de Laguna), is a province in the Philippines, located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon.
The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (Filipino: Inskripsyon sa Binatbat na Tanso ng Laguna, Malay: Prasasti keping tembaga Laguna; often shortened into the acronym LCI), a legal document inscribed on a copper plate in 900 AD, is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines.
Lampung is the language of the Indonesian province of Lampung at the southern tip of Sumatra.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Leo Martinez, (born on March 7, 1950 in Lian, Batangas, Philippines), is a Filipino actor, comedian and director.
This is a list of Tagalog literary works.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Lope K. Santos (born Lope Santos y Canseco, September 25, 1879 – May 1, 1963) was a Filipino Tagalog language writer and former senator of the Philippines.
The Lord's Prayer (also called the Our Father, Pater Noster, or the Model Prayer) is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'" Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthaen version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, and the Lucan version one year later, "very likely in Judea".
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
Mabuhay is a Filipino greeting, usually expressed as Mabuhay!, in the imperative form of life, thus, Live!, from the root word buhay (life).
The Magandang Balita Biblia (or the Tagalog Popular Version) is one of the two most widely circulated translation of the Christian Bible in the Tagalog language, first published by the Philippine Bible Society in 1973.
Malagasy is an Austronesian language and the national language of Madagascar.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay had various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
The Malaysian language (bahasa Malaysia), or Malaysian Malay (bahasa Melayu Malaysia) is the name regularly applied to the Malay language used in Malaysia.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Manila Galleons (Galeón de Manila; Kalakalang Galyon ng Maynila at Acapulco) were Spanish trading ships which for two and a half centuries linked the Philippines with Mexico across the Pacific Ocean, making one or two round-trip voyages per year between the ports of Acapulco and Manila, which were both part of New Spain.
Manila hemp is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa textilis, a relative of edible bananas, which is also called Manila hemp as well as abacá.
Maranao is an Austronesian language spoken by the Maranao people in the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur in the Philippines, and in Sabah, Malaysia.
Marinduque is an island province in the Philippines located in Southwestern Tagalog Region or MIMAROPA, formerly designated as Region IV-B. Its capital is the municipality of Boac.
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.
Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States.
Melanau is an Austronesian language spoken in the coastal area of the Rejang delta on northwest Borneo, Sarawak, Malaysia and Brunei.
Metropolitan Manila (Kalakhang Maynila, Kamaynilaan) is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines.
The mid back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Southwestern Tagalog Region, officially designated as MIMAROPA Region, is an administrative region in the Philippines.
The Minahasans (alternative spelling: Minahassa or Mina hasa) are an ethnic group located in the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia, formerly known as North Celebes.
Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.
Mindoro is the seventh largest island in the Philippines by land area with a total of 10,571 km2 (4,082 sq.mi) and with a total population of 1,331,473 as of 2015.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
, officially the, (name), is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
The near-open central vowel, or near-low central vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (NWT) is a translation of the Bible published by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
Nueva Ecija (Lalawigan ng Nueva Ecija; Probinsia ti Nueva Ecija; Lalawigan ning Nueva Ecija; Luyag na Nueva Ecija) (034900000; '''ISO''': PH-NUE) is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region.
Occidental Mindoro (Kanlurang Mindoro, Mindoro Occidental) is a province in the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Old Tagalog (Filipino: Lumang Tagalog; Baybayin:, Pre-Kudlit) is the earliest form of the Tagalog language and was the language of Central and Southern Luzon during the Classical period in Luzon.
The open central unrounded vowel, or low central unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in many spoken languages.
The open front unrounded vowel, or low front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. It is one of the eight primary cardinal vowels, not directly intended to correspond to a vowel sound of a specific language but rather to serve as a fundamental reference point in a phonetic measuring system. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that represents this sound is, and in the IPA vowel chart it is positioned at the lower-left corner. However, the accuracy of the quadrilateral vowel chart is disputed, and the sound has been analyzed acoustically as an extra-open/low unrounded vowel at a position where the front/back distinction has lost its significance. There are also differing interpretations of the exact quality of the vowel: the classic sound recording of by Daniel Jones is slightly more front but not quite as open as that by John Wells. In practice, it is considered normal by many phoneticians to use the symbol for an open ''central'' unrounded vowel and instead approximate the open front unrounded vowel with (which officially signifies a ''near-open'' front unrounded vowel). This is the usual practice, for example, in the historical study of the English language. The loss of separate symbols for open and near-open front vowels is usually considered unproblematic, because the perceptual difference between the two is quite small, and very few languages contrast the two. If one needs to specify that the vowel is front, one can use symbols like (advanced/fronted), or (lowered), with the latter being more common. The Hamont dialect of Limburgish has been reported to contrast long open front, central and back unrounded vowels, which is extremely unusual.
The open-mid front unrounded vowel, or low-mid front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Oriental Mindoro (Silangang Mindoro, Mindoro Oriental) is a province in the Philippines located in the island of Mindoro under Mimaropa region in Luzon, about southwest of Manila.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Paul Klein (25 January 1652 in Cheb, Bohemia, now the Czech Republic – 30 August 1717 in Manila, Philippines; often used in Spanish: Pablo Clain, Latin: Paulus Klein, Czech: Pavel Klein) was a Jesuit missionary, pharmacist, botanist, author of an astronomic observation, writer, rector of Colegio de Cavite as well as the rector of Colegio de San José and later Jesuit Provincial Superior in the Philippines, the highest ranking Jesuit official in the country.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
Palawan (pron.), officially the Province of Palawan (Cuyonon: Probinsya i'ang Palawan / Paragua; Kapuoran sang Palawan; Lalawigan ng Palawan) is an archipelagic province of the Philippines that is located in the region of MIMAROPA.
In Filipino cuisine, pancit are noodles.
The Pangasinan language or Salitan Pangasinan is one of the major languages of the Philippines.
Pascual H. Poblete (May 17, 1857—February 5, 1921) was a Filipino writer and feminist, remarkably noted as the first translator of Dr. José Rizal's novel Noli Me Tangere into the Tagalog language.
In linguistics, pausa (Latin for "break", from Greek "παῦσις" pausis "stopping, ceasing") is the hiatus between prosodic units.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Philippine Braille, or Filipino Braille, is the braille alphabet of the Philippines.
The '''Constitutional Convention of 1970''' was called to change the then Philippine Constitution, written to establish the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
Philippine English is any variety of English (similar and related to English) native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos.
In linguistics, the Philippine languages are a proposal by Zorc (1986) and Robert Blust (1991) that all the languages of the Philippines and northern Sulawesi—except Sama–Bajaw (languages of the "Sea Gypsies") and a few languages of Palawan—form a subfamily of Austronesian languages.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.
A procession (French procession via Middle English, derived from Latin, processio, from procedere, to go forth, advance, proceed) is an organized body of people walking in a formal or ceremonial manner.
The Proto-Philippine language is the reconstructed ancestral proto-language of the Philippine languages, a proposed subgroup of the Austronesian languages which includes all languages of the Philippines (except for the Sama–Bajaw languages) as well as the languages of the northern part of Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Quezon is a province of the Philippines in the Calabarzon region of Luzon island.
Reduplication in linguistics is a morphological process in which the root or stem of a word (or part of it) or even the whole word is repeated exactly or with a slight change.
In phonetics, rhotic consonants, or "R-like" sounds, are liquid consonants that are traditionally represented orthographically by symbols derived from the Greek letter rho, including r in the Latin script and p in the Cyrillic script.
Rinconada Bikol or simply Rinconada, spoken in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines, is one of several languages that compose the Inland Bikol (or Southern Bicol) group of the Bikol macrolanguage.
Rizal, officially known as the Province of Rizal (Lalawigan ng Rizal), is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region, east of Manila.
Robert A. Blust (born 1940) is a prominent linguist in several areas, including historical linguistics, lexicography and ethnology.
The Roman Missal (Missale Romanum) is the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Mass in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church.
Romblon is an archipelagic province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region.
The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.
Sacrosanctum concilium, the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, is one of the constitutions of the Second Vatican Council.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
The Second Vatican Council, fully the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican and informally known as addressed relations between the Catholic Church and the modern world.
Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Southern Tagalog (Timog Katagalugan), designated as Region IV, was an administrative region in the Philippines that comprised the current regions of CALABARZON and MIMAROPA, plus Aurora of Central Luzon.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spanish was the official language of the Philippines from the beginning of Spanish rule in the late 16th century, through the conclusion of the Spanish–American War in 1898.
A Spanish creole, or Spanish-based creole language, is a creole language (contact language with native speakers) for which Spanish serves as its substantial lexifier.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, is an island in Indonesia.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Tagalog grammar is the body of rules that describe the structure of expressions in the Tagalog language, the language of the Tagalog region of the Philippines.
The Tagalog people (Baybayin) are a major ethnolingustic group in the Philippines.
Tagalog Republic (Filipino: Republika ng Katagalugan or Republikang Tagalog) is a term used to refer to two revolutionary governments involved in the Philippine Revolution against Spain and the Philippine–American War.
The Tagalog Wikipedia () is the Tagalog language edition of Wikipedia, which was launched on December 1, 2003.
Taglish, or less commonly Englog, is code-switching in the use of English and Tagalog, the most common languages of the Philippines.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
The Tanaga is an indigenous type of Filipino poem, that is used traditionally in the Tagalog language.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tausug (Tausug: Bahasa Sūg, Bahasa Suluk) is a regional language spoken in the province of Sulu in the Philippines, in the eastern area of the state of Sabah, Malaysia, and in North Kalimantan, Indonesia by the Tausūg people.
Tboli, also Tagabili or T'boli, is an Austronesian language spoken in the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, mainly in the province of South Cotabato but also in the neighboring provinces of Sultan Kudarat and Sarangani.
, officially the, (name), is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Tetum, also Tetun, is an Austronesian language spoken on the island of Timor.
The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah's Kingdom is an illustrated religious magazine, published monthly by Jehovah's Witnesses via the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.
Batak Toba is an Austronesian language spoken in North Sumatra province in Indonesia.
Tombulu, also known as Minahasan language is an Austronesian language of northern Sulawesi in Indonesia.
Trinidad Hermenegildo José María Juan Francisco Pardo de Tavera y Gorricho (April 13, 1857 – March 26, 1925) was a Filipino physician, historian and politician of Spanish and Portuguese descent.
Tuvaluan, often called Tuvalu, is a Polynesian language of or closely related to the Ellicean group spoken in Tuvalu.
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.
Vedic Sanskrit is an Indo-European language, more specifically one branch of the Indo-Iranian group.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Visayan (Bisaya or Binisaya) is a group of languages of the Philippines that are related to Tagalog and Bikol languages, all three of which are part of the Central Philippine languages.
The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands (Visayan: Kabisay-an,; Kabisayaan), is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao.
Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala is the first dictionary of the Tagalog language in the Philippines.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Waray is the fifth-most-spoken native regional language of the Philippines, native to Eastern Visayas.
Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with central offices throughout the country.
The Western Union Company is an American financial services and communications company.
The windowpane oyster (Placuna placenta) is a bivalve marine mollusk in the family of Placunidae.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.
Yami, also known as Tao, is a Malayo-Polynesian language.
Yogad is an Austronesian language spoken primarily in Echague, Isabela and other nearby towns in the province in northern Philippines.
Zambales (Lalawigan ng Zambales; Probinsya nin Zambales; Lalawigan ning Zambales; Luyag na Zambales) is a province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region in the island of Luzon.
Classical Tagalog language, History of the Tagalog language, ISO 639:tgl, ISO 639:tl, Lubang language, Marinduque language, Tagalic, Tagalog (language), Tagalog Language, Tagalog Words of Foreign Origin, Tagalog Words of Foreign Origin Chart, Tagalog orthography, Tagalog words of foreign origin, Tagalog-language, Tagalophone, Wikang Tagalog, Wikang tagalog.