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Tailless aircraft

Index Tailless aircraft

A tailless aircraft has no tail assembly and no other horizontal surface besides its main wing. [1]

125 relations: Aériane Swift, Adverse yaw, Aerodynamic center, AeroVironment Wasp III, Aircraft principal axes, Airfoil, Akaflieg Braunschweig SB-13 Arcus, Alexander Lippisch, Angle of incidence (aerodynamics), Armstrong Flight Research Center, Arup S-1, Arup S-2, Arup S-3, Arup S-4, Avro 707, Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow, Avro Vulcan, Baynes Bat, Bernoulli's principle, Biplane, Boulton Paul P.111, Briffaud GB-6, British Army, Brochocki BKB-1, Camber (aerodynamics), Canard (aeronautics), Charles Fauvel, Concorde, Cone, Convair B-58 Hustler, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, Convair F-106 Delta Dart, Convair F2Y Sea Dart, Convair XF-92, Dassault Mirage, Dassault Mirage III, De Havilland DH 108, De Havilland Vampire, Delta wing, DINFIA IA 38, Douglas F4D Skyray, Dunne D.7, Elevator (aeronautics), Elevon, Empennage, Fairey Delta 2, Fauvel AV.36, Fábrica Argentina de Aviones, Fuselage, General Aircraft GAL.56, ..., General Dynamics F-16XL, Geoffrey T. R. Hill, Glider (aircraft), Gotha Go 147, Granger Archaeopteryx, Griffith Brewer, Haig Minibat, HAL Tejas, Handley Page HP.115, Handley Page Manx, Horten brothers, Horten H.IV, Hypergolic propellant, I.Ae. 34 Clen Antú, I.Ae. 41 Urubú, Interstate XBDR, J. W. Dunne, Jack Northrop, John Carver Meadows Frost, Kasper Bekas, Kayaba Ku-2, Kayaba Ku-3, Kayaba Ku-4, Kimura HK-1, Lift-induced drag, List of X-planes, Lockheed A-12, Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Longitudinal static stability, Ludwig Prandtl, Marske Aircraft, Marske Monarch, Marske Pioneer, Marske XM-1, McDonnell Douglas X-36, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mitchell U-2 Superwing, Moment (physics), Monoplane, NASA, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Northrop N-1M, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Operation Paperclip, Paragliding, Parasitic drag, Pitching moment, Raoul Hoffman, Relaxed stability, Rogallo wing, Royal Aeronautical Society, Rudder, Saab 35 Draken, Seaplane, Short SB.1, Short SB.4 Sherpa, Supersonic transport, Swept wing, Tailplane, Tupolev Tu-144, UFM Easy Riser, Vertical stabilizer, Vought F7U Cutlass, Walter HWK 509, Washout (aeronautics), Weltensegler, Westland-Hill Pterodactyl, William Starling Burgess, Willy Messerschmitt, Wing configuration, Wing twist, World War II, Wright brothers. Expand index (75 more) »

Aériane Swift

The Aériane Swift is a lightweight (48kg) foot-launched tailless sailplane whose rigid wings have a span of 40 feet.

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Adverse yaw

Adverse yaw is the natural and undesirable tendency for an aircraft to yaw in the opposite direction of a roll.

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Aerodynamic center

The torques or moments acting on an airfoil moving through a fluid can be accounted for by the net lift and net drag applied at some point on the airfoil, and a separate net pitching moment about that point whose magnitude varies with the choice of where the lift is chosen to be applied.

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AeroVironment Wasp III

The Wasp III Small Unmanned Aircraft System is a Miniature UAV developed for United States Air Force special operations to provide a small, light-weight vehicle to provide beyond-line-of-sight situation awareness.

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Aircraft principal axes

An aircraft in flight is free to rotate in three dimensions: yaw, nose left or right about an axis running up and down; pitch, nose up or down about an axis running from wing to wing; and roll, rotation about an axis running from nose to tail.

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An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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Akaflieg Braunschweig SB-13 Arcus

The Akaflieg Braunschweig SB-13 Arcus was an experimental tailless, single seat, Standard Class glider designed and built in Germany in the early 1990s.

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Alexander Lippisch

Alexander Martin Lippisch (November 2, 1894 – February 11, 1976) was a German aeronautical engineer, a pioneer of aerodynamics who made important contributions to the understanding of tailless aircraft, delta wings and the ground effect, and also worked in the U.S. His most famous designs are the Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket-powered interceptorReitsch, H., 1955, The Sky My Kingdom, London: Biddles Limited, Guildford and King's Lynn, and the Dornier Aerodyne.

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Angle of incidence (aerodynamics)

On fixed-wing aircraft, the angle of incidence (sometimes referred to as the mounting angle) is the angle between the chord line of the wing where the wing is mounted to the fuselage, and a reference axis along the fuselage (often the direction of minimum drag, or where applicable, the longitudinal axis).

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Armstrong Flight Research Center

The NASA, Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) is an aeronautical research center operated by NASA.

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Arup S-1

The Arup S-1, also called the Snyder Glider and the Dirigiplane was the first in a series of "Heel Lift" vehicles developed by Dr.

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Arup S-2

The Arup S-2 was the first commercial development of Cloyd Snyder's Arup S-1 low aspect ratio wing aircraft.

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Arup S-3

The Arup S-3 was the third in a series of low aspect ratio aircraft developed by Dr.

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Arup S-4

The Arup S-4 (Model 104) is the last in a series of round-wing aircraft from C.L. Snyder.

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Avro 707

The Avro 707 (also known as Type 707) is a British experimental aircraft built to test the tailless thick delta wing configuration chosen for the Avro 698 jet bomber, later named the Vulcan.

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Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow

The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow, often known simply as the Avro Arrow, was a delta-winged interceptor aircraft designed and built by Avro Canada.

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Avro Vulcan

The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.

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Baynes Bat

The Baynes Bat (or sometimes Slingsby-Baynes Bat) was an experimental glider of the Second World War, designed by L. E. Baynes.

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Bernoulli's principle

In fluid dynamics, Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy.

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A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

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Boulton Paul P.111

The Boulton Paul P.111 (also called BP.111) is a British experimental aircraft of the 1950s designed to explore the characteristics of tailless deltas.

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Briffaud GB-6

The Briffaud GB-6 (also known as the GB-60) was a tailless aircraft developed by Georges Briffaud of France.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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Brochocki BKB-1

The Brochocki BKB-1 was a Canadian mid-wing, single-seat, experimental tailless glider that was designed and constructed by Stefan Brochocki with assistance from Witold Kasper and A. Bodek.

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Camber (aerodynamics)

In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the two acting surfaces of an aerofoil, with the top surface of a wing (or correspondingly the front surface of a propeller blade) commonly being more convex (positive camber).

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Canard (aeronautics)

A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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Charles Fauvel

Charles Fauvel (31 December 1904 - 10 September 1979) was a French aircraft designer noted for his flying wing designs, and in particular, his flying wing sailplanes.

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The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.

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A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or vertex.

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Convair B-58 Hustler

The Convair B-58 Hustler was the first operational jet bomber capable of Mach 2 flight.

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Convair F-102 Delta Dagger

The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger was an American interceptor aircraft that was built as part of the backbone of the United States Air Force's air defenses in the late 1950s.

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Convair F-106 Delta Dart

The Convair F-106 Delta Dart was the primary all-weather interceptor aircraft of the United States Air Force from the 1960s through the 1980s.

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Convair F2Y Sea Dart

The Convair F2Y Sea Dart was an American seaplane fighter aircraft that rode on twin hydro-skis during takeoff and landing.

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Convair XF-92

The Convair XF-92 (originally designated XP-92) was an early American delta wing aircraft.

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Dassault Mirage

Mirage is a name given to several types of jet aircraft designed by the French company Dassault Aviation (formerly Avions Marcel Dassault), some of which were produced in different variants.

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Dassault Mirage III

The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.

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De Havilland DH 108

The de Havilland DH 108 "Swallow" was a British experimental aircraft designed by John Carver Meadows Frost in October 1945.

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De Havilland Vampire

The de Havilland Vampire is a British jet fighter developed and manufactured by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.

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Delta wing

The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.

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The DINFIA IA 38 was a 1960s Argentine four-engine experimental tailless transport aircraft, designed under the direction of Reimar Horten and based on the German Horten Ho VIII project and built by the DINFIA.

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Douglas F4D Skyray

The Douglas F4D Skyray (later redesignated F-6 Skyray) was an American carrier-based fighter/interceptor built by the Douglas Aircraft Company.

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Dunne D.7

The Dunne D.7 was one of J. W. Dunne's swept wing tailless aircraft designed to have automatic stability, first flying in 1911.

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Elevator (aeronautics)

Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.

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Elevons are aircraft control surfaces that combine the functions of the elevator (used for pitch control) and the aileron (used for roll control), hence the name.

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The empennage, also known as the tail or tail assembly, is a structure at the rear of an aircraft that provides stability during flight, in a way similar to the feathers on an arrow.

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Fairey Delta 2

The Fairey Delta 2 or FD2 (internal designation Type V within Fairey) was a British supersonic research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation Company in response to a specification from the Ministry of Supply for a specialised aircraft for conducting investigations into flight and control at transonic and supersonic speeds.

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Fauvel AV.36

The Fauvel AV.36 was a single-seat tailless glider designed in France in the 1950s by Charles Fauvel.

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Fábrica Argentina de Aviones

The Fábrica Argentina de Aviones SA (FAdeA), officially Fábrica Argentina de Aviones "Brigadier San Martín" S.A., is Argentina's main aircraft manufacturer.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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General Aircraft GAL.56

The General Aircraft GAL.56 was a family of 1940s British experimental tailless swept wing glider designs.

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General Dynamics F-16XL

The General Dynamics F-16XL is a derivative of the F-16 Fighting Falcon, with a cranked-arrow delta wing.

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Geoffrey T. R. Hill

Professor Geoffrey Terence Roland Hill MC, M.Sc, M.I.Mech.E., FRAeS (1895–1955), was a British aviator and aeronautical engineer.

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Glider (aircraft)

A glider is a heavier-than-air aircraft that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its lifting surfaces, and whose free flight does not depend on an engine.

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Gotha Go 147

The Gotha Go 147 was a German experimental prototype reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1936.

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Granger Archaeopteryx

The Granger Archaeopteryx is a British single-engined, tailless parasol monoplane designed and built in the late 1920s by two brothers, R.F.T. and R.J.T. Granger.

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Griffith Brewer

Griffith Brewer (1867–1948)Penrose 1967, p.575 was a pioneer English balloonist and aviator, who made his first balloon flight in 1891.

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Haig Minibat

The Haig Minibat is a high-wing, single-seat flying wing motor glider that was designed by Larry Haig and at one time available as plans or in kit form for amateur construction.

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HAL Tejas

The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-seat, single-jet engine, multirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy.

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Handley Page HP.115

The Handley Page HP.115 was a British delta wing research aircraft built by Handley Page to test the low-speed handling characteristics to be expected from a supersonic airliner of slender delta configuration.

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Handley Page Manx

The H.P. 75 Manx was a British experimental aircraft designed by Handley Page that flew test flights in the early 1940s.

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Horten brothers

Walter Horten (born 13 November 1913; died 9 December 1998 in Baden-Baden, Germany) and Reimar Horten (born 12 March 1915; died 14 March 1994 in Villa General Belgrano, Argentina), sometimes credited as the Horten Brothers, were German aircraft pilots and enthusiasts.

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Horten H.IV

The Horten H.IV was a German tailless flying wing glider in which the pilot was to lie in a prone position to reduce the frontal area, and hence drag.

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Hypergolic propellant

A hypergolic propellant combination used in a rocket engine is one whose components spontaneously ignite when they come into contact with each other.

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I.Ae. 34 Clen Antú

The I.Ae.

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I.Ae. 41 Urubú

The I.Ae.41 Urubú was a two-seat flying wing tailless glider, built in Argentina by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) in the 1950s.

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Interstate XBDR

The Interstate XBDR was a design for an assault drone - an early television-guided missile - powered by two jet engines, that was designed by the Interstate Aircraft and Engineering Corporation during the latter stages of the Second World War for use by the United States Navy.

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J. W. Dunne

John William Dunne FRAeS (1875–1949) was a British soldier, aeronautical engineer and philosopher.

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Jack Northrop

John Knudsen "Jack" Northrop (November 10, 1895 – February 18, 1981) was an American aircraft industrialist and designer, who founded the Northrop Corporation in 1939.

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John Carver Meadows Frost

John Carver Meadows Frost known as "Jack" (1915 in Walton-on-Thames, England – 9 October 1979 in Auckland, New Zealand) was a British aircraft designer.

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Kasper Bekas

The Kasper Bekas is a family of American mid-wing, tailless gliders designed by Witold Kasper and derived from the earlier 1959 Brochocki BKB-1 design.

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Kayaba Ku-2

The Kayaba Ku-2 (萱場 2型無尾翼滑空機) was a glider built in Japan in 1940 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.

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Kayaba Ku-3

The Kayaba Ku-3 was a glider built in Japan in 1941 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.

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Kayaba Ku-4

The Kayaba Ku-4 was a research aircraft built in Japan in 1940 to investigate the possibilities of tailless designs.

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Kimura HK-1

The Kimura HK-1 was a glider built in Japan in 1939 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.

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Lift-induced drag

In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.

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List of X-planes

The X-planes are a series of experimental United States aircraft and rockets, used to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts.

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Lockheed A-12

The Lockheed A-12 was a reconnaissance aircraft built for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Lockheed's Skunk Works, based on the designs of Clarence "Kelly" Johnson.

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Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA

The Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA (Multi-Axis No-Tail Aircraft) was a conceptual aircraft design by Lockheed Martin that has been studied by NASA and the U.S. Air Force.

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Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird

The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.

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Longitudinal static stability

In flight dynamics, longitudinal static stability is the stability of an aircraft in the longitudinal, or pitching, plane under steady flight conditions.

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Ludwig Prandtl

Ludwig Prandtl (4 February 1875 – 15 August 1953) was a German engineer.

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Marske Aircraft

Marske Aircraft Corporation is an American aircraft design firm founded by Jim Marske (born 1938) and based in Marion, Ohio.

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Marske Monarch

The Marske Monarch is a single-seat, high-wing, strut-braced, tailless ultralight glider and motor glider that was offered both as plans and a kit for amateur construction.

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Marske Pioneer

The Marske Pioneer is a family of American, single-seat, mid-wing, tailless gliders that was designed by Jim Marske.

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Marske XM-1

The Marske XM-1 was an American mid-wing, single-seat, experimental tailless glider that was designed and built by Jim Marske in 1957.

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McDonnell Douglas X-36

The McDonnell Douglas (later Boeing) X-36 Tailless Fighter Agility Research Aircraft was an American subscale prototype jet designed to fly without the traditional tail assembly found on most aircraft.

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Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet

The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was a German rocket-powered interceptor aircraft.

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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.

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Mitchell U-2 Superwing

The Mitchell U-2 Superwing is an American tailless ultralight aircraft that was designed by Don Mitchell for amateur construction.

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Moment (physics)

In physics, a moment is an expression involving the product of a distance and a physical quantity, and in this way it accounts for how the physical quantity is located or arranged.

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A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.

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Northrop N-1M

The Northrop N-1M, also known by the nickname "Jeep", was an American experimental aircraft used in the development of the flying wing concept by Northrop Aircraft during the 1940s.

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Northrop X-4 Bantam

The Northrop X-4 Bantam was a prototype small twinjet aircraft manufactured by Northrop Corporation in 1948.

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Operation Paperclip

Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited in post-Nazi Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.

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Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure.

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Parasitic drag

Parasitic drag is drag that results when an object is moved through a fluid medium.

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Pitching moment

In aerodynamics, the pitching moment on an airfoil is the moment (or torque) produced by the aerodynamic force on the airfoil if that aerodynamic force is considered to be applied, not at the center of pressure, but at the aerodynamic center of the airfoil.

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Raoul Hoffman

Raoul J. Hoffman was a Hungarian engineer who moved to the United States of America and is notable for the aircraft he designed or helped to design.

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Relaxed stability

In aviation, relaxed stability is the tendency of an aircraft to change its attitude and angle of bank spontaneously.

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Rogallo wing

The Rogallo wing is a flexible type of airfoil.

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Royal Aeronautical Society

The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British multi-disciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.

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A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).

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Saab 35 Draken

The Saab 35 Draken ("the kite" or "the dragon") was a Swedish fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Saab between 1955 and 1974.

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A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.

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Short SB.1

The Short SB.1 was a British tailless glider designed by David Keith-Lucas and Professor Geoffrey T.R. Hill.

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Short SB.4 Sherpa

The Short SB.4 Sherpa was a British experimental aircraft designed and built during the 1950s to test the flight characteristics of the aero-isoclinic wing.

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Supersonic transport

A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.

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Swept wing

A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.

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A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.

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Tupolev Tu-144

The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).

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UFM Easy Riser

The UFM Easy Riser is an American swept wing biplane hang glider that was first powered in 1975, becoming the first modern ultralight aircraft.

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Vertical stabilizer

The vertical stabilizers, vertical stabilisers, or fins, of aircraft, missiles or bombs are typically found on the aft end of the fuselage or body, and are intended to reduce aerodynamic side slip and provide direction stability.

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Vought F7U Cutlass

The Vought F7U Cutlass was a United States Navy carrier-based jet fighter and fighter-bomber of the early Cold War era.

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Walter HWK 509

The Walter HWK 109-509 was a German liquid-fuel bipropellant rocket engine that powered the Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet and Bachem Ba 349 aircraft.

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Washout (aeronautics)

Washout is a characteristic of aircraft wing design which deliberately reduces the lift distribution across the span of an aircraft’s wing.

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Weltensegler G.m.b.H. was a German aircraft company formed by Friedrich Wenk, who became its Technical Director.

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Westland-Hill Pterodactyl

Pterodactyl was the name given to a series of experimental tailless aircraft designs developed by Geoffrey T. R. Hill in the 1920s and early 1930s.

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William Starling Burgess

William Starling Burgess (December 25, 1878 – March 19, 1947) was an American yacht designer, aviation pioneer, and naval architect.

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Willy Messerschmitt

Wilhelm Emil "Willy" Messerschmitt (/'vĭli 'messer shmĭt/) (26 June 1898 – 15 September 1978) was a German aircraft designer and manufacturer.

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Wing configuration

The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes or airplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.

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Wing twist

Wing twist is an aerodynamic feature added to aircraft wings to adjust lift distribution along the wing.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wright brothers

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.

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Tailess aircraft.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tailless_aircraft

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