274 relations: Academia Sinica, Akashi Motojiro, Alishan Forest Railway, Allies of World War II, Andō Teibi, Arima Harunobu, Atrophy, Ōta Masahiro, Bank of Taiwan, Beiguan music, Beipu uprising, Benshi, Bubonic plague, Buddhism, Buddhist temple, Bunun people, Cairo Conference, Caning, Capitulation of Tainan, Carrot and stick, Changhua County, Chen Yi (Kuomintang), Chiang Chien-ming, Chiang Kai-shek, Chiayi, Chiayi County, Chien-Ming Wang, China Burma India Theater, Chinese nationalism, Cholera, Chongqing, Cinema of China, Cinema of Japan, Cinema of Taiwan, Civil law (legal system), Clinic, Colonialism, Comfort women, Confucianism, Couplet, Credit union, Criminal law, Cultural assimilation, Defensive wall, Den Kenjirō, Dependent territory, Drug rehabilitation, Education in the Empire of Japan, Empire of Japan, Empress Dowager Cixi, ..., Ethnic group, Executive Yuan, February 28 Incident, First Sino-Japanese War, Folk music, Foot binding, Foreign minister, Formosan languages, Fukuoka, Geography of Taiwan, Gotō Shinpei, Government of Meiji Japan, Government of the Republic of China, Governor-General of Taiwan, Guo Qiusen, Hakka Chinese, Hakka people, Han Chinese, Hara Takashi, Hōko Prefecture, Higher education, Hiroshi Minami (politician), History of Taiwan, History of Taiwan since 1945, Hokkien, Hong-Chih Kuo, House of Peers (Japan), Hsinchu, Hsinchu County, Hualien County, Huang Shihui, Huwei, Yunlin, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy, Infection, Intertitle, Isawa Shūji, Ishizuka Eizō, Itō Hirobumi, Japan, Japanese archipelago, Japanese clothing, Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1874), Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1895), Japanese opium policy in Taiwan (1895–1945), Japanization, Jiaxian District, Kabayama Sukenori, Kamiyama Mitsunoshin, Kana, Kanji, Kano baseball team, Kaohsiung, Karenkō Prefecture, Katsura Tarō, Kawamura Takeji, Kṣitigarbha, Keelung, Kinichiro Ishikawa, Kiyoshi Hasegawa (admiral), Kodama Gentarō, Koo Hsien-jung, Korea, Korea under Japanese rule, League of Nations, Lee Teng-hui, Li Hongzhang, Lianhua Film Company, Liao Tianding, Lin Hsien-tang, Liu Chi-hsiang, Liu Yongfu, Loa Ho, Malaria, Manchu people, Manchukuo, Marco Polo Bridge Incident, May Fourth Movement, Miaoli County, Military, Ming dynasty, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Taiwan), Mito Kōmon, Mona Rudao, Murayama Tōan, Musha incident, Nakagawa Kenzō, Nanguan music, Nanshin-ron, Nantou County, Narcotic, National Diet, National identity, National Taiwan Normal University, National Taiwan University, New People Society, New Taipei City, New Taiwanese Literature, Nogi Maresuke, North-link line, Nursing, Opium, Osaka, Pacific War, Paiwan people, Paralysis, Peach Blossom Weeps Tears of Blood, Penghu, Phonograph record, Pingtung County, Pingtung line, Political divisions of Taiwan (1895–1945), Political status of Taiwan, Popular music, Prefecture, Public health, Public works, Qianlong Emperor, Qing dynasty, Qiu Fengjia, Quarantine, Queue (hairstyle), Remains of Taipei Prison Wall, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of Formosa, Retrocession Day, Rikichi Andō, Romanization of Japanese, Ruan Lingyu, Russo-Japanese War, Ryukyu Islands, Ryukyu Kingdom, Saisiyat people, Sakuma Samata, Sanitation, Sayon's Bell, Second Sino-Japanese War, Seediq people, Seizō Kobayashi, Self-determination, Sewerage, Shinchiku Prefecture, Shinto, Siaolin Village, Kaohsiung, Social movement, South-link line, State school, Statism in Shōwa Japan, Storm drain, Sugarcane, Sun Moon Lake, Surrender of Japan, Taichū Prefecture, Taichung, Taichung Municipal Taichung First Senior High School, Taihoku Prefecture, Tainan, Tainan Municipal Baseball Stadium, Tainan Prefecture, Taipei, Taipei Metro, Taishō period, Taitō Prefecture, Taitung County, Taivoan people, Taiwan, Taiwan Garrison Command, Taiwan independence movement, Taiwan Province, Taiwan Railways Administration, Taiwan Sugar Railways, Taiwan under Qing rule, Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Imperial Japan Serviceman, Taiwanese indigenous peoples, Taiwanese opera, Taiwanese People's Party, Taiwanese push car railways, Taiwanese yen, Takao Prefecture, Takasago Volunteers, Takio Izawa, Tamsui–Xinyi line, Tan Ting-pho, Tang Jingsong, Taoism, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Tap water, Tapani incident, Technocracy, The arts, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokyo, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Train station, Treaty of San Francisco, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Treaty of Taipei, Tuberculosis, Tzu-Wei Lin, Uchida Kakichi, Understanding Taiwan, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, Urban planning, Vaccine, Vocational education, West Coast line (Taiwan), World War I, World War II, Written vernacular Chinese, Wuxia, Xie Jieshi, Xiluo, Ximending, Xinhai Revolution, Yamato-damashii, Yasukuni Shrine, Yilan County, Taiwan, Yilan line, Yomiuri Giants, Yujing District, Yunlin County, Zhongshan Hall. Expand index (224 more) » « Shrink index
Academia Sinica (Han characters: 中央研究院, literally "central research academy"; abbreviated AS), headquartered in Nangang District, Taipei, is the national academy of Taiwan.
Baron was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 7th Governor-General of Taiwan from 6 June 1918 to 26 October 1919.
The Alishan Forest Railway is an 86 km network of narrow gauge railways running up to and throughout the popular mountain resort of Alishan in Chiayi County, Taiwan.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Baron, also known as Teibi Andō, was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and 6th Governor-General of Taiwan from 30 April 1915 to June 1918.
was the second son and successor of Japanese daimyō.
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.
Ōta Masahiro (太田政弘) (November 16, 1871 – January 24, 1951) was the 14th Governor-General of Taiwan (1931–1932).
The Bank of Taiwan (BOT,, see below) is a commercial bank headquartered in Taipei, Taiwan.
Beiguan is a type of traditional music, melody and theatrical performance between the 17th and mid-20th centuries.
The Beipu Incident, or the Beipu Uprising, in 1907 was the first instance of an armed local uprising against the Japanese rule of the island of Taiwan.
were Japanese performers who provided live narration for silent films (both Japanese films and Western films).
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A Buddhist temple is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism.
The Bunun, also historically known as the Vonum, are a Taiwanese indigenous people and are best known for their sophisticated polyphonic vocal music.
The Cairo Conference (codenamed Sextant) of November 22–26, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, outlined the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia.
Caning is a form of corporal punishment consisting of a number of hits (known as "strokes" or "cuts") with a single cane usually made of rattan, generally applied to the offender's bare or clothed buttocks (see spanking) or hand(s) (on the palm).
The Capitulation of Tainan, on 21 October 1895, was the last act in the Japanese invasion of Taiwan.
The phrase "carrot and stick" is a metaphor for the use of a combination of reward and punishment to induce a desired behavior.
Changhua County is the smallest county on the main island of Taiwan by area, and the fourth smallest in the country.
Chen Yi (courtesy names Gongxia (公俠) and later Gongqia (公洽), sobriquet Tuisu (退素); May 3, 1883 – June 18, 1950) was the chief executive and garrison commander of Taiwan Province after the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Republic of China.
Chiang Chien-ming, (born May 27, 1985 in Taiwan), is a starting pitcher for the Yomiuri Giants of Nippon Professional Baseball.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
Chiayi, officially known as Chiayi City and sometimes as Chia-I, is a provincial city located in the plains of southwestern Taiwan.
Chiayi County is a county in southwestern Taiwan surrounding but not including Chiayi City.
Chien-Ming Wang (born March 31, 1980) is a Taiwanese former professional baseball pitcher.
China Burma India Theater (CBI) was the United States military designation during World War II for the China and Southeast Asian or India-Burma (IBT) theaters.
Chinese nationalism is the form of nationalism in China which asserts that the Chinese people are a nation and promotes the cultural and national unity of the Chinese.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
The cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan.
The has a history that spans more than 100 years.
The cinema of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China) is deeply rooted in the island's unique history.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Comfort women were women and girls forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories before and during World War II.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
A couplet is a pair of successive lines of metre in poetry.
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, controlled by its members and operated on the principle of people helping people, providing its members credit at competitive rates as well as other financial services.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Baron was a Japanese politician and cabinet minister in the pre-war government of the Empire of Japan.
A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.
Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is the processes of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines.
Education in the Empire of Japan was a high priority for the government, as the leadership of the early Meiji government realized the critical need for universal public education in its drive to modernize and westernize Japan.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Empress Dowager Cixi1 (Manchu: Tsysi taiheo; 29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908), of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a Chinese empress dowager and regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years from 1861 until her death in 1908.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.
The February 28 Incident or the February 28 Massacre, also known as the 2.28 Incident (from), was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan that was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government, which killed thousands of civilians beginning on 28 February 1947.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Foot binding was the custom of applying tight binding to the feet of young girls to modify the shape of their feet.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
"Formosan languages" is a cover term for the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which belong to the Austronesian language family.
is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of Japanese island Kyushu.
Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.
Count was a Japanese politician and cabinet minister of the Taishō and early Shōwa period Empire of Japan.
The was the government that was formed by politicians of the Satsuma Domain and Chōshū Domain in the 1860s.
The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
The was the head of government of Japanese Taiwan (including Formosa and the Pescadores) when they were part of the Empire of Japan, from 1895 to 1945.
Guo Qiusen (Hepburn: Kaku Shūsei) (1904–1980), born in Japanese Taiwan in the area of Taihoku (modern-day Hsinchuang, Taipei, Taiwan), was a Taiwanese writer.
Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.
The Hakkas, sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.
The Han Chinese,.
was a Japanese politician and the 10th Prime Minister of Japan from 29 September 1918 until his assassination on 4 November 1921.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese occupation from 1895 until 1945.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
was a Japanese bureaucrat, politician and cabinet minister in Taishō and early Shōwa period Japan.
The history of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation on the island.
As a result of the Surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, the island of Taiwan was placed under the governance of the Republic of China ruled by the Kuomintang (KMT) since 25 October 1945.
Hokkien (from) or (閩南語/閩南話), is a Southern Min Chinese dialect group originating from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of Fujian Province in Southeastern China and Taiwan, and spoken widely there and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.
Hong-Chih Kuo (born July 23, 1981 in Tainan, Taiwan) is a Taiwanese professional baseball pitcher who is currently with Fubon Guardians of the CPBL.
The was the upper house of the Imperial Diet as mandated under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan (in effect from 11 February 1889 to 3 May 1947).
Hsinchu officially known as Hsinchu City, is a provincial city in northern Taiwan.
Hsinchu County is a county in north-western Taiwan.
Hualien County has the largest area of all counties in Taiwan, and is located on the island's mountainous eastern coast.
Huang Shihui (1900–1945), born in Chiaochhengkha, Tainan Ken, Japanese Taiwan (modern-day Niaosong District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan), was a Taiwanese writer and a supporter of leftist movements.
Huwei Township is an urban township in Yunlin County, Taiwan.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.
was a Japanese educator of the Meiji period.
Ishizuka Eizō (石塚英蔵) (October 31, 1866 – July 28, 1942) was the 13th Governor-General of Taiwan (1929–1931).
Prince was a Japanese statesman and genrō.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.
There are typically two types of clothing that the Japanese wear: the, such as kimonos, and.
The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, marking the end of World War II.
The Japanese punitive expedition to Taiwan in 1874, referred to in Japan as the and in Taiwan and mainland China as the Mudan incident, was a punitive expedition launched by the Japanese in retaliation for the murder of 54 Ryukyuan sailors by Paiwan aborigines near the southwestern tip of Taiwan in December 1871.
The Japanese invasion of Taiwan (May–October 1895) was a conflict between the Empire of Japan and the armed forces of the short-lived Republic of Formosa following the Qing Dynasty's cession of Taiwan to Japan in April 1895 at the end of the First Sino-Japanese War.
Before Japan annexed Taiwan from China in 1895, Taiwan lacked an effective government capable of banning or regulating the consumption of opium.
Japanization is the process in which Japanese culture dominates, assimilates, or influences other cultures, in general.
Jiaxian District is a rural district in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.
Count was a Japanese samurai military leader and statesman.
Kamiyama Mitsunoshin (上山満之進) (October 31, 1869 – July 30, 1938) was the 11th Governor-General of Taiwan (1926–1928).
are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).
Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.
The, officially the, was a Taiwanese baseball team established in 1928 in Japanese Formosa.
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese rule.
Prince was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and the longest serving Prime Minister of Japan, having served three terms.
Kawamura Takeji (川村竹治) (September 1, 1871 – September 8, 1955) was a Japanese businessman and the 12th Governor-General of Taiwan (1928–1929).
Kṣitigarbha (Sanskrit क्षितिगर्भ /) is a bodhisattva primarily revered in East Asian Buddhism and usually depicted as a Buddhist monk.
Keelung, officially known as Keelung City, is a major port city situated in the northeastern part of Taiwan.
was born in Shizuoka, Japan and visited Japanese-era Taiwan several times to study.
Incorporates information and translations from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia Admiral was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy and the 18th Governor-General of Taiwan during most of the Pacific War, serving from December 1940 to December 1944.
Viscount was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and government minister during Meiji period Japan.
Koo Hsien-jung (Romaji: Kō Ken’ei; 2 February 1866 – 9 December 1937) was a Taiwanese businessman and politician who enjoyed strong links to the colonial administration of Taiwan under Japanese rule.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Lee Teng-hui (born 15 January 1923) is a Taiwanese politician.
Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.
The Lianhua Film Company was one of the three dominant production companies based in Shanghai, China during the 1930s, the other two being the Mingxing Film Company and the Tianyi Film Company, the forerunner of the Hong Kong-based Shaw Brothers Studio.
Liao Tianding (1883 – 1909) was a legendary Taiwanese Robin Hood figure who foiled oppressive rulers when Taiwan was under Japanese rule.
Lin Hsien-tang (22 October 1881 – 8 September 1956) was a Taiwanese-born politician and activist who founded several political organizations and sat on the Japanese House of Peers.
Liu Chi-hsiang (Korean: (류)유지상; February 3, 1910 – April 27, 1998) was a Taiwanese painter.
Liu Yongfu (1837–1917) was a Chinese soldier of fortune and commander of the celebrated Black Flag Army.
Loa Ho (28 May 1894 – 31 January 1943) was a Taiwanese poet who was born in Changhua Hsien, Taiwan Prefecture, Fujian-Taiwan-Province, Qing Taiwan (modern-day Changhua, Taiwan).
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945.
The Marco Polo Bridge Incident, also known by several other names, was a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army.
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on 4 May 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
Miaoli County is a county in western Taiwan.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China (MOFA) is a cabinet level policy-making body, governed under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China.
is a Japanese jidaigeki or period drama that was on prime-time television from 1969 to 2011 making it the longest-running jidaigeki in Japanese television history.
Mona Rudao, or Mouna Rudao (1880–1930) was the son of a chief of the Seediq tribe of Taiwanese aborigines.
Murayama Tōan Antonio (村山等安)Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, João Paulo Oliveira e Costa p.77 was a 17th-century Japanese magistrate of the city of Nagasaki (Nagasaki daikan, 長崎代官).
The Musha Incident, also known as the Wushe Rebellion and several other similar names, began in October 1930 and was the last major uprising against colonial Japanese forces in Japanese Taiwan.
Nakagawa Kenzō (中川健藏) (July 16, 1875 – June 26, 1944) was a Japanese bureaucrat and political figure.
Nanguan (also nanyin, nanyue, or nanqu) is a style of Chinese classical music originating in the southern Chinese province of Fujian, and is also now highly popular in Taiwan, particularly Lukang on west coast, as well as among Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia.
The was a political doctrine in the Empire of Japan which stated that Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands were Japan's sphere of interest and that the potential value to the Japanese Empire for economic and territorial expansion in those areas was greater than elsewhere.
Nantou County is the second largest county of Taiwan.
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
The is Japan's bicameral legislature.
National identity is one's identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation.
National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), or Shīdà, is an institution of higher education and normal school operating out of three campuses in Taipei, Taiwan.
National Taiwan University (NTU;; colloquially, 台大; Táidà)The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order.
The New People Society was established on 11 January 1920.
New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan.
New Taiwanese Literature, also referred to as Taiwanese New Literature or by the Japanese name Taiwan Shinbungaku, was a literary magazine published briefly during the period of Japanese rule over Taiwan.
Count, also known as Kiten, Count Nogi (25 December 1849 – 13 September 1912), was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army and a governor-general of Taiwan.
The North-Link Line is the central section of the Eastern Line of the Taiwan Railway Administration.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
The Paiwan are an indigenous people of Taiwan.
Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.
Peach Blossom Weeps Tears of Blood is a 1931 silent film written and directed by Bu Wancang.
The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
Pingtung County is a county in Southern Taiwan known for its agriculture and tourism.
The Pingtung Line is a line of the Taiwan Railway Administration West Coast line in Taiwan.
Taiwan was under Japanese rule after the First Sino-Japanese War, as per the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895.
The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan, sometimes referred to as the Taiwan Issue or Taiwan Strait Issue, or from a Taiwanese perspective as the Mainland Issue, is a result of the Chinese Civil War and the subsequent split of China into the two present-day self-governing entities of the People's Republic of China (PRC; commonly known as China) and the Republic of China (ROC; commonly known as Taiwan).
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qiu Fengjia or Chiu Feng-Chia (26 December 1864 – 25 February 1912) was a Taiwanese Hakka−Chinese patriot, educator, and poet.
A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of people; it is a 'a restraint upon the activities or communication of persons or the transport of goods designed to prevent the spread of disease or pests', for a certain period of time.
The queue or cue is a Qing dynasty hairstyle most often worn by Chinese men.
The Remains of Taipei Prison Wall (臺北監獄圍牆遺蹟) are located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan at the end of Aiguo East Road and Jinshan South Road adjacent to the Southern Taipei operations center for Chunghwa Telecom.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republic of Formosa (literally Taiwan Democratic State) was a short-lived republic that existed on the island of Taiwan in 1895 between the formal cession of Taiwan by the Qing Dynasty of China to the Empire of Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki and it being taken over by Japanese troops.
Taiwan Retrocession Day is an annual observance and unofficial holiday in the Republic of China to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan and Penghu, and their handover to China on 25 October 1945.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and 19th and final Japanese Governor-General of Taiwan from 30 December 1944 to October 1945.
The romanization of Japanese is the use of Latin script to write the Japanese language.
Ruan Fenggen (April 26, 1910 – March 8, 1935), better known as Ruan Lingyu, was a Chinese silent film actress.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.
The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.
The Saisiyat ("true people"), also spelled Saisiat are an indigenous people of Taiwan.
General Count was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and 5th Governor-General of Taiwan from 11 April 1906 to May 1915.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
was a 1943 black-and-white Japanese film directed by Hiroshi Shimizu and based on the true story of a 17-year-old Atayal girl called Sayun Hayun from Nan'ao village, Giran district, Taihoku Prefecture, Taiwan, who went missing and was thought to have drowned whilst helping carry the luggage of her teacher Masaki Takita during a storm in 1938.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Seediq (sometimes Sediq, or Seejiq, pronounced) are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in Nantou County and Hualien County.
was a Japanese naval commander, commander of the Combined Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy (1931–1933) and the 17th Governor-General of Taiwan (1936–1940).
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage or surface runoff (stormwater, meltwater, rainwater) using sewers.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese era.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
Siaolin Village is a village in the rural district of Jiasian, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.
A social movement is a type of group action.
The South-Link Line is a line of the Taiwan Railways Administration running along the southern tip of the island of Taiwan, connecting the eastern and western coasts.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
was a political syncretism of Japanese right-wing political ideologies, developed over a period of time from the Meiji Restoration.
A storm drain, storm sewer (U.S. and Canada), surface water drain/sewer (United Kingdom), or stormwater drain (Australia and New Zealand) is designed to drain excess rain and ground water from impervious surfaces such as paved streets, car parks, parking lots, footpaths, sidewalks, and roofs.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sun Moon Lake (Thao: Zintun) is a lake in Yuchi Township, Nantou County, Taiwan.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
was one of the administrative divisions of Japanese Taiwan.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
The Taichung municipal Taichung First Senior High School (TCFSH;, also 台中一中) is a senior high school in North District, Taichung, Taiwan.
was an administrative division of Taiwan created in 1920, during Japanese rule.
Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.
The Tainan Municipal Baseball Stadium is a baseball stadium in South District, Tainan, Taiwan.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese rule.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taipei MRT (mass rapid transit), branded as Taipei Metro, is a rapid transit system serving greater Taipei, Taiwan.
The, or Taishō era, is a period in the history of Japan dating from July 30, 1912, to December 25, 1926, coinciding with the reign of the Emperor Taishō.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese rule.
Taitung County is the third largest county in Taiwan, located on the island's eastern coast.
The Taivoan or Tevorangh people, or Shisha, also written Taivuan and Tevorang, Tivorang, Tivorangh, are an indigenous people in Taiwan.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Taiwan Garrison Command was a secret police/state security body which existed under the Republic of China Armed Forces on Taiwan.
The Taiwan independence movement is a political movement to pursue formal independence of Taiwan, Goals for independence have arisen from international law in relation to the 1952 Treaty of San Francisco.
Taiwan Province is one of the two administrative divisions of the Republic of China (ROC) that are officially referred to as "provinces".
The Taiwan Railways Administration is an agency of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications of Taiwan responsible for managing, maintaining, and running passenger and freight services on 1097 km of conventional railroad lines in Taiwan.
The Taiwan Sugar Railways were an extensive series of narrow gauge railways concentrated mostly in southern and central Taiwan which were originally built to haul sugarcane from the fields to the sugar mills, but also capable of providing limited passenger service.
Taiwan under Qing rule refers to the rule of the Qing dynasty over Formosa (modern-day Taiwan) and the Pescadores (Penghu) from 1683 to 1895.
Taiwanese Hokkien (translated as Taiwanese Min Nan), also known as Taiwanese/Taiwanese language in Taiwan (/), is a branched-off variant of Hokkien spoken natively by about 70% of the population of Taiwan.
A Taiwanese Imperial Japan Serviceman is any Taiwanese person who served in the Imperial Japanese Army or Navy during World War II whether as a soldier, a sailor, or in another non-combat capacity.
Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gaoshan people are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number nearly 530,000 or 2.3% of the island's population, or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese Plain Indigenous Peoples officially in the future.
Taiwanese (folk) Ke-Tse opera is the only form of traditional drama known to have originated in Taiwan.
The Taiwanese People's Party, founded 1927, was nominally Taiwan's first political party, preceding the founding of the Taiwanese Communist Party by nine months.
Taiwanese push car railways (Chinese: 臺車; pinyin: Táichē) were a historic transportation system on Taiwan, based on Japan's daisha push car railways.
The was the currency of Japanese Taiwan from 1895 to 1946.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese rule.
were volunteer soldiers in the Imperial Japanese Army, recruited from the Taiwanese aboriginal tribes during World War II.
was a Japanese politician of the early 20th century.
The Tamsui–Xinyi line or Red line (code R) is a line of the Taipei Metro.
Tan Ting-pho (2 February 1895 – 25 March 1947), was a well-known Taiwanese painter.
Tang Jingsong (1841–1903) was a Chinese general and statesman.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Taoyuan City (Hokkien) is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan, neighboring New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County.
Tap water (running water, city water, town water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).
The Tapani incident in 1915 was one of the biggest armed uprisings by Taiwanese Han and Aboriginals, including Taivoan, against Japanese rule in Taiwan.
Technocracy is a proposed system of governance where decision-makers are selected on the basis of their expertise in their areas of responsibility, particularly scientific knowledge.
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
, or commonly known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, Peace Treaty of San Francisco, or San Francisco Peace Treaty), mostly between Japan and the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, in San Francisco. It came into force on April 28, 1952 and officially ended the American-led Allied Occupation of Japan. According to Article 11 of the Treaty, Japan accepts the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan. This treaty served to officially end Japan's position as an imperial power, to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes during World War II, and to end the Allied post-war occupation of Japan and return sovereignty to that nation. This treaty made extensive use of the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals. This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, is said to mark the beginning of the San Francisco System; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history. This treaty also introduced the problem of the legal status of Taiwan due to its lack of specificity as to what country Taiwan was to be surrendered, and hence some supporters of Taiwan independence argue that sovereignty of Taiwan is still undetermined.
The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.
The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty, commonly known as the Treaty of Taipei, was a peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China (ROC) signed in Taipei, Taiwan on 28 April 1952, and took effect on August 5 the same year, marking the formal end of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–45).
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Tzu-Wei Lin (born February 15, 1994), is a Taiwanese baseball infielder for the Boston Red Sox organization of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Uchida Kakichi (内田 嘉吉, 1866–1933) was the 9th Governor-General of Taiwan from September 6, 1923 to September 1924.
Understanding Taiwan, or Recognizing Taiwan, is a textbook for junior high-school aged children that has been in widespread use in Taiwan (Republic of China) since 1997.
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was an international relief agency, largely dominated by the United States but representing 44 nations.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
West Coast Line or Main Line is a railway line of the Taiwan Railway Administration running along Taiwan's densely populated western corridor.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Written Vernacular Chinese is the forms of written Chinese based on the varieties of Chinese spoken throughout China, in contrast to Classical Chinese, the written standard used during imperial China up to the early twentieth century.
Wuxia (武俠, IPA), which literally means "martial heroes", is a genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists in ancient China.
Xie Jishi (also transliterated as Hsieh Kai-shek;; Hepburn: Sha Kaiseki; 1878–1946) was a cabinet minister in the Japanese-dominated Empire of Manchukuo, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Xiluo Township or Siluo Township is an urban township in Yunlin County, Taiwan.
Ximending (Romaji:; sometimes Ximenting) is a neighborhood and shopping district in the Wanhua District of Taipei, Taiwan.
The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).
or is a Japanese language term that refers to the cultural values and characteristics of the Japanese people.
The Imperial Shrine of Yasukuni, informally known as the, is a Shinto shrine located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Yilan County is a county in northeastern Taiwan.
The Yilan Line is the northern section of the Eastern Line of the Taiwan Railway Administration in Taiwan.
The are a professional baseball team based in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Yujing District is a rural district in eastern Tainan, Taiwan.
Yunlin County is a county in western Taiwan.
Zhongshan Hall is a historical building which originally functioned as the Taipei (Taihoku) City Public Auditorium (public hall).
Chinese Consulate-General, Taihoku, Colonial Taiwan, Imperial Japanese Taiwan, Japanese Formosa, Japanese Occupation of Taiwan, Japanese Taiawn, Japanese Taiwan, Japanese administration of Taiwan, Japanese colonial period in Taiwan, Japanese colonial rule in Taiwan, Japanese occupation of Taiwan, Japanese rule in Taiwan, Japanese rule of Taiwan, Japanese-occupied Taiwan, Japanese-ruled Taiwan, Lin Shao-mao, State of Takasago, Taiwan during Japanese rule, Taiwan under Japanese Occupation, Taiwan under Japanese control, Taiwan under Japanese occupation, Taiwan under japanese rule, Taiwan, Empire of Japan.