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Taiwanese indigenous peoples

Index Taiwanese indigenous peoples

Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gaoshan people are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number nearly 530,000 or 2.3% of the island's population, or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese Plain Indigenous Peoples officially in the future. [1]

235 relations: A New Partnership Between the Indigenous Peoples and the Government of Taiwan, A-mei, Acculturation, Adze, Ali-zu, Alluvial plain, Amis language, Amis people, Animism, Anping District, Anthropology, Asia, Atayal language, Atayal people, Augury, Austronesian languages, Austronesian peoples, Autonomous administrative division, Babuza people, Bamboo, Basay people, Batanes, Beipu uprising, Brunei, Bunun language, Bunun people, Camphor, Catholic Church, Central Mountain Range, Chang Chen-yue, Chant, Chen Di, Chiang Kai-shek, China, Chinese Buddhism, Chinese characters, Chinese Civil War, Chinese classics, Chinese language, Christian, Christianity, Cinnamomum camphora, Comfort women, Communist Party of China, Confucianism, Conservation movement, Constitution of the Republic of China, Corvée, Council of Indigenous Peoples, Cultural assimilation, ..., Cultural identity, Cultural Survival, De facto, Deinagkistrodon, Democratic Progressive Party, Difang and Igay Duana, Divide and rule, Dutch East India Company, Dutch Formosa, Dutch people, Dutch Reformed Church, East Timor, Economic development, Ecotourism, Endangered language, Enigma (musical project), Ethnography, Executive Yuan, Extinct language, Extraterritoriality, February 28 Incident, Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Formosa Betrayed (book), Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village, Formosan languages, Formosan sambar deer, Formosan sika deer, Fort Provintia, Fujian, Fuli, Hualien, Geography of Taiwan, Government Information Office, Executive Yuan, Government of the Republic of China, Guangdong, Guo Huaiyi rebellion, Hakka Chinese, Hakka people, Han Chinese, Han Taiwanese, Headhunting, Historical linguistics, History of China, History of Taiwan, History of Taiwan since 1945, Hoanya people, Hoklo people, Ideology, Inō Kanori, Indigenous Ketagalan Boulevard protest, Indigenous peoples, Indonesia, Jakarta, Japan, Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Jiali District, Journal of Early Modern History, Kabayama Sukenori, Kanakanavu people, Kao Chin Su-mei, Kavalan people, Kaxabu people, Keelung, Ketagalan people, Kingdom of Tungning, Kinmen, Koxinga, Kuomintang, Landy Wen, Language death, Language shift, Lee Teng-hui, Legislative Yuan, List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan, Ma Ying-jeou, Madagascar, Mainland China, Makatao people, Malaysia, Martial law in Taiwan, Material culture, Matrilineality, Meadow, Millet, Ming dynasty, Modernism, Modernity, Mona Rudao, Mudan incident, Musha incident, Myth, National language, Nationalism, Neolithic, Nuclear power, Oceania, Orchid Island, Paiwan language, Paiwan people, Paleolithic, Pan (surname), Pan-Blue Coalition, Pan-Green Coalition, Pantheon (religion), Papora people, Pazeh people, Penghu, Philippines, Pingtung County, Plains indigenous peoples, Pleistocene, Pop music, Presbyterian Church in Taiwan, Presbyterianism, Puyuma people, Qauqaut people, Qianlong Emperor, Qing dynasty, Quanzhou, Radioactive waste, Reeves's muntjac, Retrocession Day, Return to Innocence, Romanization, Rukai people, Ryukyu Kingdom, Saaroa people, Saisiyat people, Sakizaya people, Samingad, Seediq people, Self-determination, Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines, Siege of Fort Zeelandia, Sinckan Manuscripts, Sinicization, Sinshih District, Siraya people, Social Darwinism, Southern Min, Spanish Formosa, Standard Chinese, Stele, Supernatural, Ta-Chia-hsi revolt, Tainan, Taipei, Taipei Times, Taitung City, Taivoan people, Taiwan, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Taiwan under Qing rule, Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese indigenous peoples, Taiwanese Mandarin, Taiwanese people, Takasago Volunteers, Tangwai movement, Taoism, Taokas people, Tapani incident, Taroko National Park, Thao people, Tongji (spirit medium), Transcription (linguistics), Treaty of Shimonoseki, Triangular trade, Truku people, Tsou people, Typhoon Morakot, United Nations, United Nations Charter, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Varieties of Chinese, Warlord, Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale, Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Wu Feng, Yamen, Yami people, Yasukuni Shrine, Yellow Emperor, Zhangzhou, 14th Dalai Lama, 1996 Summer Olympics. Expand index (185 more) »

A New Partnership Between the Indigenous Peoples and the Government of Taiwan

A New Partnership Between the Indigenous Peoples and the Government of Taiwan is a treaty-like document signed in Orchid Island, Taiwan on 10 September 1999 by the representatives of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan and the then-presidential candidate Chen Shui-bian (who went on to win the 2000 presidential election for the Democratic Progressive Party).

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A-mei

Kulilay Amit (born 9 August 1972), better known by her stage name A-mei, is a Taiwanese Puyuma singer-songwriter.

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Acculturation

Acculturation is the process of social, psychological, and cultural change that stems from blending between cultures.

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Adze

The adze (alternative spelling: adz) is a cutting tool shaped somewhat like an axe that dates back to the stone age.

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Ali-zu

Ali-zu is an assimilated Siraya deity that is worshiped by former plains people in southern Taiwan.

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Alluvial plain

An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.

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Amis language

Amis is the Formosan language of the Amis (or Ami), an indigenous people living along the east coast of Taiwan (see Taiwanese aborigines).

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Amis people

The Amis (also Ami or Pangcah) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to Taiwan.

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Animism

Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.

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Anping District

Anping District is a district of Tainan, Taiwan.

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Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

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Asia

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Atayal language

The Atayal language is spoken by the Atayal people of Taiwan.

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Atayal people

The Atayal, also known as the Tayal and the Tayan, are an indigenous group of Taiwanese aborigines.

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Augury

Augury is the practice from ancient Roman religion of interpreting omens from the observed flight of birds (aves).

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Austronesian languages

The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.

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Austronesian peoples

The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.

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Autonomous administrative division

An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.

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Babuza people

The Babuza are a Taiwanese aboriginal people, living primarily in Changhua County and around the western part of Taiwan's Central Basin.

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Bamboo

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Basay people

The Basay are an aboriginal people of Taiwan.

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Batanes

Batanes (Ivatan: Probinsya nu Batanes; Lalawigan ng Batanes) is an archipelago province in the Philippines situated in the Cagayan Valley region.

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Beipu uprising

The Beipu Incident, or the Beipu Uprising, in 1907 was the first instance of an armed local uprising against the Japanese rule of the island of Taiwan.

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Brunei

Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Bunun language

The Bunun language is spoken by the Bunun people of Taiwan.

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Bunun people

The Bunun, also historically known as the Vonum, are a Taiwanese indigenous people and are best known for their sophisticated polyphonic vocal music.

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Camphor

Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Central Mountain Range

The Central Mountain Range, also known as the Zhongyang Range or Chungyang Range (also), is the principal range of mountains in Taiwan.

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Chang Chen-yue

Chen-yue, also known as A-Yue, and by his Amis name Ayal Komod (born 2 May 1974) is an aboriginal Taiwanese rock musician.

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Chant

A chant (from French chanter, from Latin cantare, "to sing") is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.

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Chen Di

Chen Di (1541 – 1617), courtesy name: Jili (季立), was a Chinese philologist, strategist, and traveler of the Ming dynasty.

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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese Buddhism

Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese classics

Chinese classic texts or canonical texts refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, particularly the "Four Books and Five Classics" of the Neo-Confucian tradition, themselves a customary abridgment of the "Thirteen Classics".

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to tall.

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Comfort women

Comfort women were women and girls forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories before and during World War II.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Conservation movement

The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental, and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future.

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Constitution of the Republic of China

During the National Constituent Assembly session on 25 December 1946 in Nanking, the fifth and current Chinese constitution was officially adopted on 25 December 1947, at a time when the ROC still had nominal control of Mainland China and to which this constitution applied.

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Corvée

Corvée is a form of unpaid, unfree labour, which is intermittent in nature and which lasts limited periods of time: typically only a certain number of days' work each year.

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Council of Indigenous Peoples

The Council of Indigenous Peoples (CIP), formerly known as the Council of Aboriginal Affairs, is a ministry-level body under the Executive Yuan in the Republic of China (Taiwan).

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Cultural assimilation

Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.

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Cultural identity

Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group.

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Cultural Survival

Cultural Survival (founded 1972) is a nonprofit group based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, US, which is dedicated to defending the human rights of indigenous peoples.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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Deinagkistrodon

Deinagkistrodon is a monotypic genus created for a venomous pit viper species, D. acutus, found in Southeast Asia.

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Democratic Progressive Party

The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), also known as Minjindang (MJD) is a liberal political party in the Taiwan and the dominant party in the Pan-Green Coalition as it is currently the majority ruling party, controlling both the presidency and the unicameral Legislative Yuan.

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Difang and Igay Duana

Difang Duana (March 20, 1921 – March 29, 2002) and Igay Duana (August 9, 1922 – May 16, 2002), Chinese names Kuo Ying-nan (郭英男) and Kuo Hsiu-chu (郭秀珠), were Amis husband and wife farmers from Taiwan who became known as a folk music duo who specialized in traditional Amis chants.

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Divide and rule

Divide and rule (or divide and conquer, from Latin dīvide et imperā) in politics and sociology is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into pieces that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dutch Formosa

The island of Taiwan, before World War II and until 1970s also commonly known as Formosa, was partly under colonial Dutch rule from 1624 to 1662.

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Dutch people

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

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Dutch Reformed Church

The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.

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East Timor

East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.

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Economic development

economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.

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Ecotourism

Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.

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Endangered language

An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.

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Enigma (musical project)

Enigma is a German musical project founded in 1990 by Romanian-German musician and producer Michael Cretu.

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Ethnography

Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.

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Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

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Extinct language

An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, especially if the language has no living descendants.

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Extraterritoriality

Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations.

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February 28 Incident

The February 28 Incident or the February 28 Massacre, also known as the 2.28 Incident (from), was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan that was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government, which killed thousands of civilians beginning on 28 February 1947.

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Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China took place in 2000.

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Formosa Betrayed (book)

Formosa Betrayed is a 1965 book written by George H. Kerr, a US diplomatic officer in Taiwan, who witnessed the February 28 Incident, and the corruption and killings committed by the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party) in Taiwan after World War II.

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Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village

The Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village is an amusement park in Yuchi Township, Nantou County, Taiwan which has been in operation since 1986.

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Formosan languages

"Formosan languages" is a cover term for the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which belong to the Austronesian language family.

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Formosan sambar deer

The Formosan sambar (Rusa unicolor swinhoei) is a subspecies of sambar found in Taiwan.

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Formosan sika deer

The Formosan sika deer,, is a subspecies of sika deer endemic to the island of Taiwan.

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Fort Provintia

Fort Provintia or Providentia was a Dutch outpost on Formosa at a site now located in the West Central District of Tainan in Taiwan.

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Fujian

Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Fuli, Hualien

Fuli Township is a rural township located in southern Hualien County, Taiwan.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.

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Government Information Office, Executive Yuan

The Government Information Office, Executive Yuan (GIO) was a cabinet-level agency of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China in charge of promoting government policies and regulating domestic media.

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Government of the Republic of China

The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.

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Guangdong

Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guo Huaiyi rebellion

The Guo Huaiyi rebellion (also spelled Kuo Huai-i Rebellion) was a peasant revolt by Chinese farmers against Dutch rule in Taiwan in 1652.

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Hakka Chinese

Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.

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Hakka people

The Hakkas, sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han Taiwanese

Han Taiwanese or Taiwanese Hans (Mandarin: 臺灣漢人) are Taiwanese people of Han (Mandarin: 漢人) descent, the largest ethnic group in the world.

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Headhunting

Headhunting is the practice of taking and preserving a person's head after killing the person.

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Historical linguistics

Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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History of Taiwan

The history of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation on the island.

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History of Taiwan since 1945

As a result of the Surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, the island of Taiwan was placed under the governance of the Republic of China ruled by the Kuomintang (KMT) since 25 October 1945.

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Hoanya people

The Hoanya are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in Changhua county, Chiayi city, Nantou county, and near Tainan City.

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Hoklo people

The Hoklo people are Han Chinese people whose traditional ancestral homes are in Fujian, South China.

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Ideology

An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.

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Inō Kanori

, was a Japanese anthropologist and folklorist known for his studies in Taiwanese Aborigines.

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Indigenous Ketagalan Boulevard protest

The Indigenous Ketagalan Boulevard protest is an ongoing protest in Taiwan started on Ketagalan Boulevard in Taipei City by Taiwanese aborigines in February 2017 asking for more official recognition of land as traditional territories, in particular for the possibility of private land to also be designated as indigenous territory, which was not allowed for by the February 2017 regulations brought forward by the governmental Council of Indigenous Peoples.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Jakarta

Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese Instrument of Surrender

The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, marking the end of World War II.

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Jiali District

Jiali District is a district located in Tainan, Taiwan, about 15 km north of the former Dutch base of Fort Zeelandia.

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Journal of Early Modern History

The Journal of Early Modern History is a peer-reviewed academic journal focusing on the early modern period.

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Kabayama Sukenori

Count was a Japanese samurai military leader and statesman.

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Kanakanavu people

The Kanakanavu are an indigenous people of central southern Taiwan.

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Kao Chin Su-mei

Kao Chin Su-mei (born September 21, 1965), also known as Chin Su-mei, May Chin and Ciwas Ali, is a Taiwanese politician and retired actress and singer.

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Kavalan people

The Kavalan (endonym "kbaran"; "people living in the plain") or Kuvalan are an indigenous people of Taiwan, part of the larger Taiwanese aborigine ethnic group.

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Kaxabu people

The Kaxabu people are a variant of the Pazeh/Kaxabu ethno-linguistic group of Taiwanese Aborigines.

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Keelung

Keelung, officially known as Keelung City, is a major port city situated in the northeastern part of Taiwan.

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Ketagalan people

Ketagalan or Ketangalan are a Taiwanese aboriginal people originating in what is now the Taipei Basin.

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Kingdom of Tungning

The Kingdom of Tungning or Kingdom of Formosa was a government that ruled part of southwestern Formosa (Taiwan) between 1661 and 1683.

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Kinmen

Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.

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Koxinga

Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West by his Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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Landy Wen

Landy Wen (Atayal: Yungai Hayung) is a Taiwanese singer.

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Language death

In linguistics, language death occurs when a language loses its last native speaker.

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Language shift

Language shift, also known as language transfer or language replacement or language assimilation, is the process whereby a community of speakers of a language shifts to speaking a completely different language, usually over an extended period of time.

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Lee Teng-hui

Lee Teng-hui (born 15 January 1923) is a Taiwanese politician.

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Legislative Yuan

The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of China now based in Taiwan.

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List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan

Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).

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Ma Ying-jeou

Ma Ying-jeou (born 13 July 1950), also spelled as Ma Yingjiu, is a Hong Kong-born Taipei-based politician who served as the eighteenth President of the Republic of China from 2008 to 2016 as well as sixth under the 1947 Constitution.

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Madagascar

Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

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Mainland China

Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Makatao people

The Makatao people (Chinese: 馬卡道族), also written Makatau or Makattau, are an indigenous people in Taiwan.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Martial law in Taiwan

On 19 May 1949, the Governor of Taiwan Province, Chen Cheng, and the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (ROC) promulgated the "Order of Martial Law" to announce the imposition of Taiwan martial law.

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Material culture

Material culture is the physical aspect of culture in the objects and architecture that surround people.

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Matrilineality

Matrilineality is the tracing of descent through the female line.

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Meadow

A meadow is a field habitat vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants (grassland).

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Millet

Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Modernism

Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Modernity

Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".

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Mona Rudao

Mona Rudao, or Mouna Rudao (1880–1930) was the son of a chief of the Seediq tribe of Taiwanese aborigines.

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Mudan incident

The Mudan incident of 1871 was the massacre of 54 Ryūkyūan sailors in Qing-era Taiwan who wandered into the central part of Taiwan after their ship was shipwrecked.

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Musha incident

The Musha Incident, also known as the Wushe Rebellion and several other similar names, began in October 1930 and was the last major uprising against colonial Japanese forces in Japanese Taiwan.

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Myth

Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.

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Nationalism

Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.

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Oceania

Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.

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Orchid Island

Orchid Island (Ponso no Tao) is a 45 km² high island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island and separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by the Bashi Channel of the Luzon Strait.

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Paiwan language

Paiwan is a native language of Taiwan, spoken by the Paiwan, a Taiwanese indigenous people.

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Paiwan people

The Paiwan are an indigenous people of Taiwan.

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Paleolithic

The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.

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Pan (surname)

Pān is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the East Asian surname.

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Pan-Blue Coalition

The pan-Blue coalition, pan-Blue force or pan-Blue groups is a loose political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), New Party (CNP), and Minkuotang (MKT).

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Pan-Green Coalition

The pan-Green coalition, pan-Green force or pan-Green groups is a loose political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), Taiwan Independence Party (TAIP), and Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA).

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Pantheon (religion)

A pantheon (from Greek πάνθεον pantheon, literally "(a temple) of all gods", "of or common to all gods" from πᾶν pan- "all" and θεός theos "god") is the particular set of all gods of any polytheistic religion, mythology, or tradition.

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Papora people

The Papora were a Taiwanese aboriginal people.

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Pazeh people

The Pazeh (or Pazih; 巴則海 or 巴宰) people, including the Kaxabu, are the descendants of the Tsouic Pazeh-speaking indigenous people from Taichung and Miaoli areas of Taiwan.

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Penghu

The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Pingtung County

Pingtung County is a county in Southern Taiwan known for its agriculture and tourism.

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Plains indigenous peoples

Plains indigenous peoples, previously called plain aborigines, are Taiwanese indigenous peoples originally residing in low land regions, as opposed to Highland indigenous peoples.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.

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Presbyterian Church in Taiwan

The Presbyterian Church in Taiwan (PCT) is the largest Protestant Christian denomination based in Taiwan.

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Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.

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Puyuma people

The Puyuma, also known as the Pinuyumayan, Peinan or Beinan, are one of the indigenous groups of the Taiwanese aborigines.

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Qauqaut people

The Qauqaut are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in the town of Su-ao in Yilan County.

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Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Quanzhou

Quanzhou, formerly known as Chinchew, is a prefecture-level city beside the Taiwan Strait in Fujian Province, China.

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Radioactive waste

Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive material.

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Reeves's muntjac

Reeves's muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi), also known as Chinese muntjac, is a muntjac species found widely in southeastern China (from Gansu to Yunnan) and Taiwan.

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Retrocession Day

Taiwan Retrocession Day is an annual observance and unofficial holiday in the Republic of China to commemorate the end of 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan and Penghu, and their handover to China on 25 October 1945.

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Return to Innocence

"Return to Innocence" is a song by Romanian-German musical group Enigma.

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Romanization

Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script, or a system for doing so.

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Rukai people

The Rukai are one of Taiwan's aboriginal peoples.

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Ryukyu Kingdom

The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.

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Saaroa people

The Saaroa or Hla'alua people (族) are an indigenous people of central southern Taiwan.

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Saisiyat people

The Saisiyat ("true people"), also spelled Saisiat are an indigenous people of Taiwan.

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Sakizaya people

The Sakizaya (native name: Sakuzaya, literally "real man";; occasionally Sakiraya or Sakidaya) are Taiwanese Aborigines with a population of approximately 5,000–10,000.

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Samingad

Samingad (Puyuma: Samingad Puruburubuane;; zhuyin:ㄐㄧˋ ㄒㄧㄠˇㄐㄩㄣ; born 2 October 1977) is an aboriginal Taiwanese pop singer and songwriter.

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Seediq people

The Seediq (sometimes Sediq, or Seejiq, pronounced) are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in Nantou County and Hualien County.

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Self-determination

The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.

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Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines

The Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines is a museum located just 200 metres diagonally across from the National Palace Museum in Shilin District, Taipei, Taiwan.

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Siege of Fort Zeelandia

The Siege of Fort Zeelandia of 1661-1662 ended the Dutch East India Company's rule over Taiwan and began the Kingdom of Tungning's rule over the island. Taiwanese scholar Lu Chien-jung described this event as "a war that determined the fate of Taiwan in the four hundred years that followed".

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Sinckan Manuscripts

The Sinckan Manuscripts (also spelled Sinkang or Sinkan) refers to a series of leases, mortgages, and other commerce contracts written in Sinckan, Taivoan, and Makatao; they are commonly referred to as the "fanzi contracts".

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Sinicization

Sinicization, sinicisation, sinofication, or sinification is a process whereby non-Chinese societies come under the influence of Chinese culture, particularly Han Chinese culture and societal norms.

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Sinshih District

Sinshih District is a rural district in central Tainan, Taiwan, about 11 km north of Fort Provintia.

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Siraya people

The Siraya people are an indigenous people in Taiwan.

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Social Darwinism

The term Social Darwinism is used to refer to various ways of thinking and theories that emerged in the second half of the 19th century and tried to apply the evolutionary concept of natural selection to human society.

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Southern Min

Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Taiwan and in certain parts of China including Fujian (especially the Minnan region), eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang.

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Spanish Formosa

Spanish Formosa (Formosa Española) was a Spanish colony established in the north of Taiwan from 1626 to 1642.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Stele

A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.

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Supernatural

The supernatural (Medieval Latin: supernātūrālis: supra "above" + naturalis "natural", first used: 1520–1530 AD) is that which exists (or is claimed to exist), yet cannot be explained by laws of nature.

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Ta-Chia-hsi revolt

The Ta Chia-Hsi Revolt (also Taikasei revolt) of 1731-32 was a major aboriginal revolt on Formosa, which saw the Taokas tribe take up arms against the Qing authorities following a series of issues with the corvee labor policy.

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Tainan

Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taipei Times

The Taipei Times is the only printed daily English-language newspaper in Taiwan and the third to be established in the nation.

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Taitung City

Taitung City is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan.

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Taivoan people

The Taivoan or Tevorangh people, or Shisha, also written Taivuan and Tevorang, Tivorang, Tivorangh, are an indigenous people in Taiwan.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Taiwan under Japanese rule

Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

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Taiwan under Qing rule

Taiwan under Qing rule refers to the rule of the Qing dynasty over Formosa (modern-day Taiwan) and the Pescadores (Penghu) from 1683 to 1895.

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Taiwanese Hokkien

Taiwanese Hokkien (translated as Taiwanese Min Nan), also known as Taiwanese/Taiwanese language in Taiwan (/), is a branched-off variant of Hokkien spoken natively by about 70% of the population of Taiwan.

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Taiwanese indigenous peoples

Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gaoshan people are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number nearly 530,000 or 2.3% of the island's population, or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese Plain Indigenous Peoples officially in the future.

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Taiwanese Mandarin

Taiwanese Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese and the de facto official language of Taiwan.

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Taiwanese people

Taiwanese people (Mandarin: 臺灣人 (traditional), 台湾人 (simplified); Minnan: 臺灣儂; Hakka 臺灣人 (Romanization: Thòi-vàn ngìn)) are people from Taiwan who share a common Taiwanese culture and speak Mandarin Chinese, Hokkien, Hakka, or Aboriginal languages as a mother tongue.

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Takasago Volunteers

were volunteer soldiers in the Imperial Japanese Army, recruited from the Taiwanese aboriginal tribes during World War II.

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Tangwai movement

The Tangwai movement, simply Tangwai, was a political movement in the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the mid-1970s and early 1980s.

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Taoism

Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Taokas people

Taokas is one of a number of indigenous ethno-linguistic groups that inhabited the plains of western Taiwan.

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Tapani incident

The Tapani incident in 1915 was one of the biggest armed uprisings by Taiwanese Han and Aboriginals, including Taivoan, against Japanese rule in Taiwan.

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Taroko National Park

Taroko National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan and was named after the Taroko Gorge, the landmark gorge of the park carved by the Liwu River.

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Thao people

The Thau/Ngan are a small group of Taiwanese aborigines who have lived near Sun Moon Lake (Lake Candidius) in central Taiwan for at least a century, and probably since the time of the Qing dynasty.

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Tongji (spirit medium)

Tongji (Tâi-lô: tâng-ki) or Jitong is a Chinese folk religious specialist, usually translated as a "spirit medium", "oracle", or "shaman".

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Transcription (linguistics)

Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form.

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Treaty of Shimonoseki

The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.

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Triangular trade

Triangular trade or triangle trade is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions.

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Truku people

The Truku (also romanized as Taroko) people are an Indigenous Taiwanese people.

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Tsou people

The Tsou (Tsou: Cou) are an indigenous people of central southern Taiwan.

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Typhoon Morakot

Typhoon Morakot, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Kiko, was the deadliest typhoon to impact Taiwan in recorded history.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Charter

The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization.

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.

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Varieties of Chinese

Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.

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Warlord

A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces.

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Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale

Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale (Seediq:; literally Real Seediq or Real Men) is a 2011 Taiwanese historical drama film directed by Wei Te-sheng and produced by John Woo, based on the 1930 Wushe Incident in central Taiwan.

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Working Group on Indigenous Populations

The Working Group on Indigenous Populations (WGIP) was a subsidiary body within the structure of the United Nations.

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Wu Feng

Wu Feng (1699, Pinghe County, Fujian-1769, Zhuluo County) was a Chinese merchant whose legend was once popular in Taiwan.

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Yamen

A yamen (ya-men;; Manchu: yamun) was the administrative office or residence of a local bureaucrat or mandarin in imperial China.

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Yami people

The Yami people, also known as the Tao people, are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the tiny outlying Orchid Island of Taiwan.

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Yasukuni Shrine

The Imperial Shrine of Yasukuni, informally known as the, is a Shinto shrine located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.

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Yellow Emperor

The Yellow Emperor, also known as the Yellow Thearch, the Yellow God or the Yellow Lord, or simply by his Chinese name Huangdi, is a deity in Chinese religion, one of the legendary Chinese sovereigns and culture heroes included among the mytho-historical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors and cosmological Five Forms of the Highest Deity (五方上帝 Wǔfāng Shàngdì).

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Zhangzhou

Zhangzhou, formerly romanized as Changchow, is a prefecture-level city in Fujian Province, China.

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14th Dalai Lama

The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.

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1996 Summer Olympics

The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

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Redirects here:

Aborigines of Taiwan, Austronesian Taiwanese, Formosan Aboriginals, Formosan indigenous peoples, Formosan people, Formosans, Gaoshan, Gaoshanzu, History of the Taiwanese aborigines, Indigenous Taiwanese, Indigenous people of Taiwan, Indigenous peoples in Taiwan, Indigenous peoples of Taiwan, Pepobohan, Pepohoan, Taiwan aboriginal, Taiwan aborigine, Taiwanese Aboriginal, Taiwanese Aborigines, Taiwanese aboriginal, Taiwanese aboriginals, Taiwanese aborigine, Taiwanese aborigines, Taiwanese austronesians, Yuánzhùmín, 原居民.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwanese_indigenous_peoples

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