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Allahrakka Rahman (born A. S. Dileep Kumar, best known as A. R. Rahman, is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, and music producer. A. R. Rahman's works are noted for integrating Indian classical music with electronic music, world music and traditional orchestral arrangements. Among his awards are six National Film Awards, two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, fifteen Filmfare Awards and seventeen Filmfare Awards South. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, in 2010 by the Government of India. In 2009, Rahman was included on the ''Time'' 100 list of the world's most influential people. The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011. South Indian fans of Rahman refer him with the nickname of "The Mozart of Madras", and "Isai Puyal" (the Musical Storm). With an in-house studio (Panchathan Record Inn in Chennai), Rahman's film-scoring career began during the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's film industries, international cinema, and theatre, Rahman is one of the best-selling recording artists, with an estimated 200million units sold. In a notable two-decade career, he has been acclaimed for redefining contemporary Indian film music and contributing to the success of several films. Rahman has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for a number of causes and charities. In 2017, Rahman made his debut as a director and writer for the film Le Musk.
ACC Limited (Formerly The Associated Cement Companies Limited) one of the largest producers of cement in India.
Accenture is a global management consulting and professional services firm that provides strategy, consulting, digital, technology and operations services.
Adichanallur is an archaeological site In Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu, India.
Aditya I (c. 870 – c. 907 CE), the son of Vijayalaya, was the Chola king who extended the Chola dominions by the conquest of the Pallavas and occupied the Western Ganga Kingdom.
The Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve (ABR) (Malayalam: അഗസ്ത്യമല ജെെവ സംരക്ഷണ മേഖല) was Established in 2001 and includes of which 1828 km² is in Kerala and 1672.36 km² is in Tamil Nadu.
Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Tamil architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Alagankulam is a village situated on the east coast in the Ramanathapuram Taluk and district.
Alam Ara (translation: The Ornament of the World) was a 1931 Indian film directed by Ardeshir Irani.
Alanganallur is a panchayat town in Madurai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) (lit. All India Anna Dravidian Progress Federation) is an Indian political party in the state of Tamil Nadu and in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
The alvars, also spelt as alwars or azhwars (āḻvārkaḷ, Tamil: ஆழ்வார்கள் ‘those immersed in god’) were Tamil poet-saints of South India who espoused bhakti (devotion) to the Hindu Supreme god Vishnu or his avatar Krishna in their songs of longing, ecstasy and service.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
The Anamala or Anaimalai Hills, also known as the Elephant Mountains, are the range of mountains that form the southern portion of the Western Ghats and span the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in Southern India.
Anamalai Tiger Reserve, earlier known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park (IGWLS&NP) and previously as Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi, Valparai and Udumalpet taluks of Coimbatore District and Tiruppur District, Tamil Nadu state, South India.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one of the seven union territories of India, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andipatti or Aundipatty is a Village in Theni district in Madurai Region Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Anna University is a state technical university in Tamil Nadu, India.
Annadurai can refer to.
Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.
Aparajitavarman (fl. c. 880-897 CE) was a king of the Pallava dynasty.
Apollo Tyres Ltd is the world's 7th biggest tyre manufacturer, with annual consolidated revenues of Rs 140.53 billion (US$2.09 billion) in March 2017.
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
Arakkonam is a municipality town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, with a population of about 78,395 as per the census 2011. This town is located in the Vellore District about (via rail) from the state capital of Chennai. Arakkonam is one of the hottest towns in India, where the temperature can exceed 43 °C (110 °F) for several peak days in the summer. As of 2011, the town had a population of 78,395. It is considered a part of the Chennai Metropolitan Region.
Arasu Cable TV is the Tamil Nadu state government owned Cable Television network which operated within the state of Tamil Nadu.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is a Government of India (Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot) ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801.
Arcot is a town and urban of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ardisia (coralberry or marlberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae.
Aricent is a global design and engineering company.
Arignar Anna Zoological Park (abbreviated AAZP), also known as the Vandalur Zoo, is a zoological garden located in Vandalur, a suburb in the southwestern part of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, about from the city centre and from Chennai Airport.
Ariyalur is a town and district headquarters of Ariyalur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and rich lime stone and surrounded with five cement factory and two sugar factory.
Ariyalur district is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Arni is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Aruppukottai is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ashok Leyland is an Indian automobile company headquartered in Chennai, India.
Ashura (عاشوراء, colloquially:; عاشورا; عاشورا; Azerbaijani and Turkish: Aşura Günü or Day of Remembrance), and in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago 'Hussay' or Hosay, is the tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar.
The Asian openbill or Asian openbill stork (Anastomus oscitans) is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
Attirampakkam or Athirampakkam is a village located 60 kilometers away from Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Balanoglossus is an ocean-dwelling acorn worm (Enteropneusta) genus of great zoological interest because, being a Hemichordate, it is an "evolutionary link" between invertebrates and vertebrates.
Bambusa is a large genus of clumping bamboos.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Banwarilal Purohit (born April 16, 1940) is an Indian politician from Nagpur region of Maharastra,born in nawalgarh,Jhunjhunu District of Rajasthan.
The Battle of Talikota (23 January 1565) was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates.
The Battle of Wandiwash was a decisive battle in India during the Seven Years' War.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
Bhakti (भक्ति) literally means "attachment, participation, fondness for, homage, faith, love, devotion, worship, purity".
The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism.
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) owned and founded by the Government of India, is an engineering and manufacturing company based in New Delhi, India.
Bharatanatyam (Tamil: "பரதநாட்டியம்"), is a major genre of Indian classical dance that originated in Tamil Nadu.
Kanakasabai Subburathinam (பாரதிதாசன்; 29 April 1891 – 21 April 1964, popularly called Bharathidasan) was a 20th-century Tamil poet and writer rationalist whose literary works handled mostly socio-political issues.
Bhavani is a municipal town of grade-II located in Erode district, Tamil Nadu, India.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.
The black-headed ibis or Oriental white ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) is a species of wading bird of the ibis family Threskiornithidae which breeds in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia from northern India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka east up to Japan.
The black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus) is a widely distributed very long-legged wader in the avocet and stilt family (Recurvirostridae).
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Borassus flabellifer, commonly known as doub palm, palmyra palm, tala palm, toddy palm, wine palm, or ice apple is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Brihadishvara Temple, also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyar Kovil, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Bryophytes are an informal group consisting of three divisions of non-vascular land plants (embryophytes): the liverworts, hornworts and mosses.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Cassia fistula, known as the golden rain tree, canafistula and by other names, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae.
Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which designs, develops, engineers, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
In archaeology, a celt is a long, thin, prehistoric, stone or bronze tool similar to an adze, a hoe or axe-like tool.
The Champions League Twenty20, also referred to as the CLT20, was an annual international Twenty20 Cricket competition played between the top domestic teams from major cricketing nations.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chennai Central, erstwhile Madras Central, is the main railway terminus in the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.It is one of the most important hubs in the South.
Chennai district, formerly known as Madras district or "Madarasapattinam", is a district in the state of Tamil Nadu, in India.
Chennai Egmore (formerly known as Madras Egmore) is a railway station in Chennai, India.
Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area.
Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL) a Group company of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) is an Indian state-owned oil and gas corporation headquartered in Chennai, India.
Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the third largest container port of India, behind the Nhava Sheva and Mundra port.
The Chennai Super Kings (CSK) are a franchise cricket team based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, which plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL).
Chennimalai popularly known as the 'Handloom Town' is in Erode district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Chettinad Group is an Indian business conglomerate headquartered in Chennai.
Chidambaram is a town and municipality in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.
A chief minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national entity, for instance a administrative subdivision or federal constituent entity.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The following is a chronological overview of the history of the Tamil people, who trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.
Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.
The City Union Bank Limited is an Indian bank.
A classical language is a language with a literature that is classical.
The Coastline of Tamil Nadu is located on the southeast coast of Indian Peninsula, and forms a part of Coromandel Coast of Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean.
A cockfight is a blood sport between two cocks, or gamecocks, held in a ring called a cockpit.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Cognizant is a multinational corporation that provides IT services, including digital, technology, consulting, and operations services.
Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Coimbatore District is a district in the Kongu Nadu region of the state of Tamil Nadu.
The Coimbatore Golf Club is an 18 hole golf course located in a place called Chettipalayam in Coimbatore, located within the city limits in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Coimbatore International Airport is the primary airport serving the city of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu.
Coimbatore Junction, also known as Coimbatore Main is the primary railway station serving Coimbatore city.
The College of Engineering, Guindy (CEG) is a public engineering college in Chennai, India and is India's oldest technical institution, founded in 1794.
The common emerald dove, Asian emerald dove, or grey-capped emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and east through Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, the Sakishima Islands of Japan and Indonesia.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
Phalacrocoracidae is a family of approximately 40 species of aquatic birds commonly known as cormorants and shags.
Cuddalore is a city which is the headquarters of the Cuddalore District in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Cuddalore District is one of the districts of the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Alsophila is a section in the subgenus Cyathea.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
The Dalmia Group refers to a grouping of Indian companies, which trace their origin to the businesses established by Ramkrishna Dalmia and Jaidayal Dalmia.
Darasuram or Dharasuram is a panchayat town located 3 kilometres from Kumbakonam in Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India.
The darters or snakebirds are mainly tropical waterbirds in the family Anhingidae having a single genus Anhinga.
DD Podhigai is Doordarshan's Tamil language regional channel.
Deccan Chronicle is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.
The Deccan Sultanates were five dynasties that ruled late medieval Indian kingdoms, namely, Bijapur, Golkonda, Ahmadnagar, Bidar, and Berar in south-western India.
The Deccan thorn scrub forests are a xeric shrubland ecoregion of India and southernmost Sri Lanka.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu is an optional post and is second in command to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Dharmapuri is a City in Kongunadu region in the Western part of Tamil Nadu in South India.The town is located at 126km from Bangalore,200km from Coimbatore,260km from Mysore,300km from Chennai.
Dharmapuri is a district in western part of Tamil Nadu in South India.
Dheeran Chinnamalai (17 April 1756 – 31 July 1805) was a Tamil chieftain and Palayakkarar of Kongu Nadu who fought against the British East India Company.
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
Dindigul is a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Dindigul district is an administrative region in the south of Tamil Nadu, India.
Krishna Kumar Dinesh Karthik (born 1 June 1985) is an Indian wicketkeeper-batsman who made his debut for the Indian cricket team in 2004 and has been a regular member of the team for varying periods since then, including a stint in 2007 as a specialist opening batsman and non-wicket-keeper.
A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), (Dravidian Progress Federation) is a state political party in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh in India.
Dravida Nadu is the name of a hypothetical "sovereign state" demanded by Justice Party led by E. V. Ramasamy and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) led by C. N. Annadurai for the speakers of the Dravidian languages in South Asia.
Dravidar Kazhagam or Dravida Kazhagam (திராவிடர் கழகம்.) is one of the first Dravidian parties in India.
Dravidian architecture is an architectural idiom in Hindu temple architecture that emerged in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India, reaching its final form by the sixteenth century.
The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India, as well as in Sri Lanka with small pockets in southwestern Pakistan, southern Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
Dravidian parties (திராவிடக்கட்சிகள்) include an array of regional political parties in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, which trace their origins and ideologies either directly or indirectly to the Dravidian movement of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy.
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
The dugong (Dugong dugon) is a medium-sized marine mammal.
DXC Technology (stylized as DXC.technology) is an end-to-end services company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia.
Electronic governance or e-governance is the application of information and communication technology (ICT) for delivering government services, exchange of information, communication transactions, integration of various stand-alone systems and services between government-to-citizen (G2C), government-to-business (G2B), government-to-government (G2G), government-to-employees (G2E) as well as back office processes and interactions within the entire government framework.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast.
eBay Inc. is a multinational e-commerce corporation based in San Jose, California that facilitates consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer sales through its website.
Ebony is a dense black hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
An egret is any of several herons, most of which are white or buff, and several of which develop fine plumes (usually milky white) during the breeding season.
Eid al-Adha (lit), also called the "Festival of Sacrifice", is the second of two Islamic holidays celebrated worldwide each year (the other being Eid al-Fitr), and considered the holier of the two.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ennore Port, officially renamed Kamarajar Port Limited, is located on the Coromandel Coast about 24 km north of Chennai Port, Chennai, it is the 12th major port of India, and the first port in India which is a public company.
Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
Erode is the seventh largest urban agglomeration of the South Indian state, Tamil Nadu and serves as administrative headquarters of Erode District.
Erode District (previously known as Periyar District) is a district in the Kongu Nadu region (western part) of the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ervadi or Erwadi is a village in Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu in southern India belonging to Kadaladi Taluk and Keelakarai Town panchayat.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Ethiraj College for Women is a degree-granting college for women in Chennai, India, managed by the Ethiraj College Trust.
Ettuthogai (எட்டுத்தொகை)– 'The Eight Anthologies' - is a Classical Tamil poetic work which forms part of the Pathinenmaelkanakku anthology series of the Sangam Literature.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
Flex Ltd. (previously known as Flextronics International Ltd. or Flextronics) is an American multinational technological manufacturer.
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Fort St George (or historically, White Town) is the first English (later British) fortress in India, founded in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras, the modern city of Chennai.
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as Foxconn Technology Group, is a multinational electronics contract manufacturing company with its headquarters in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan.
Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.
Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a town located in Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu, India.
The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).
George Francis Robert Harris, 3rd Baron Harris (14 August 1810 – 23 November 1872), was a British peer, Liberal politician and colonial administrator.
Gloriosa is a genus of 12 species in the plant family Colchicaceae, and include the formerly recognised genus Littonia.
Gobichettipalayam is a town and municipality in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting many of the major industrial, agricultural and cultural centres of India.
Government College of Technology, Coimbatore (abbreviated as GCT) is an autonomous state-funded engineering college located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of Tamil Nadu is the governing authority for the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
A gram panchayat (village council) is the only grassroots-level of panchayati raj formalised local self-governance system in India at the village or small-town level, and has a sarpanch as its elected head.
The Great Famine of 1876–78 (also the Southern India famine of 1876–78 or the Madras famine of 1877) was a famine in India under the British Raj.
The Great Living Chola Temples is a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation for a group of Chola dynasty era Hindu temples in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Green Revolution in India refers to a period of time when agriculture in India changed to an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, pump sets, etc.
The large flowering plant genus Grewia is today placed by most authors in the mallow family Malvaceae, in the expanded sense as proposed by in the APG.
The grizzled giant squirrel (Ratufa macroura) is a large tree squirrel in the genus Ratufa found in the highlands of the Central and Uva provinces of Sri Lanka, and in patches of riparian forest along the Kaveri River and in the hill forests of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of southern India.
Gross regional domestic product (GRDP) or gross domestic product of region (GDPR) is a subnational gross domestic product for measuring the size of that region's economy.
The group of monuments at Mahabalipuram is a collection of 7th- and 8th-century CE religious monuments in the coastal resort town of Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Guindy National Park is a Protected area of Tamil Nadu, located in Chennai, South India, is the 8th smallest National Park of India and one of the very few national parks situated inside a city.
The Gulf of Mannar is a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean.
The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is a protected area of India consisting of 21 small islands (islets) and adjacent coral reefs in the Gulf of Mannar in the Indian Ocean.
The gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes.
Habenaria, commonly called bog orchids, are a far ranging genus of orchids in the tribe Orchideae.
The Harappan language (the Indus or Mohenjo-Daro language) is the unknown language or languages of the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC) Harappan civilization (Indus Valley Civilization, or IVC).
A harvest festival is an annual celebration that occurs around the time of the main harvest of a given region.
HCL Technologies Limited (Hindustan Computers Limited) is an Indian multinational next-generation technology company, headquartered in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
A hero stone (Viragallu in Kannada, Naṭukal in Tamil) is a memorial commemorating the honorable death of a hero in battle.
The herons are the long-legged freshwater and coastal birds in the family Ardeidae, with 64 recognised species, some of which are referred to as egrets or bitterns rather than herons.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Hexaware Technologies Limited (HTL) is an information technology and business process outsourcing service provider company based in Navi Mumbai, India.
A hill station is a town located at a higher elevation than the nearby plain or valley.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hindustan Motors is an Indian automotive manufacturer based in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
Hosur is an industrial town in Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hyundai Group is a multinational (conglomerate) headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
Ilaiyaraaja (born 2 June 1943 as Gnanathesikan) is an Indian film composer, singer, songwriter, instrumentalist, orchestrator, conductor-arranger and lyricist who works in the Indian Film Industry, predominantly in Tamil.
Impatiens is a genus of about 850 to 1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and the tropics.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
Indian Bank is an Indian state-owned financial services company established in 1907 and headquartered in Chennai, India.
The (9 Edw. 7 c. 4), commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms (or as the Minto-Morley Reforms), was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India.
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.
The Indian famine of 1896–1897 was a famine that began in Bundelkhand, India, early in 1896 and spread to many parts of the country, including the United Provinces, the Central Provinces and Berar, Bihar, parts of the Bombay and Madras presidencies, and the Hissar district of the Punjab; in addition, the princely states of Rajputana, Central India Agency, and Hyderabad were affected by the famine.
The Indian general election, 2014 polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state on 24 April 2014.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli (also known as IIM T or IIM Trichy) is a public graduate business school located on Tiruchirappalli-Pudukkottai National Highway 336, Tamil Nadu, India.
Indian Institute of Technology Madras is a public engineering institute located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Maritime University (IMU) is a Central University in India, that was established by the Indian Maritime University Act 2008, on 14 November 2008.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.
Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) is a major public sector bank based in Chennai (Madras), with about 3400 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, 3 extension counters, and eight branches and offices overseas as of 31 October 2017.
The Indian Premier League (IPL), officially Vivo Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing Indian cities and some states.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Justice Indira Banerjee is the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, the second woman to hold the postition in India.
The Indus script (also known as the Harappan script) is a corpus of symbols produced by the Indus Valley Civilisation during the Kot Diji and Mature Harappan periods between 3500 and 1900 BCE.
Infosys Limited (formerly Infosys Technologies Limited) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services.
INS Parundu is an Indian naval air station located near Uchipuli in the Ramanathapuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu.
INS Rajali, also informally known as Arakkonam Naval Air Station, is an Indian naval air station located near Arakkonam in Tamil Nadu in southern India.
The Fédération Internationale de Hockey (English: International Hockey Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIH is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey.
Iravatham Mahadevan (born 2 October 1930) is an Indian epigraphist and former civil servant, known for his successful decipherment of Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions and for his expertise on the epigraphy of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Irizar Group is a Spanish-based builder of luxury coach vehicle bodies, established in 1889.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jallikattu (or sallikkattu), also known as eru thazhuvuthal and manju virattu, is a traditional spectacle in which a Bos indicus bull, such as the Pulikulam or Kangayam breeds, is released into a crowd of people, and multiple human participants attempt to grab the large hump on the bull's back with both arms and hang on to it while the bull attempts to escape.
"Jana Gana Mana" is the national anthem of India.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, (also known as the Marina Arena) is a multipurpose stadium and has a capacity of 40,000.
Nehru Stadium is a football stadium and also a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Jayaram Jayalalithaa (born Komalavalli, 24 February 1948 –5 December 2016) was an Indian film actress and politician who served six terms as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016.
Jigarthanda is a cold beverage that originated in the South Indian city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu.
The Justice Party, officially the South Indian Liberal Federation, was a political party in the Madras Presidency of British India.
Kumaraswami Kamaraj (15 July 1903, The Hindu, 8 July 2009 –2 October 1975, hinduonnet.com. 15–28 September 2001), was a leader of the Indian National Congress (INC), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s.
Kabaddi is a contact team sport.
Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR), (Tamil:களக்காடு முண்டந்துறை புலிகள் சரணாலயம்) located in the Southern Western Ghats in Tirunelveli District and Kanyakumari District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the second-largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State (behind only Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary in Erode).
Kalanithi Maran (born 1965) is an Indian media baron who is the chairman and founder of the Sun Group.
Kalaiyar Kovil is a historic location in Sivaganga District, Kalayarkovil Taluk, Tamil Nadu, India which was ruled by the Maruthu Pandiyar OR Maruthu Sakothararkal.
Kalidas is a 1931 Indian Tamil-language biographical film directed by H. M. Reddy and produced by Ardeshir Irani.
Kanchipuram also known as Kānchi is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, from Chennaithe capital of Tamil Nadu.
Kanchipuram district is a district one of the district in Chennai in the northeast of the state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Kanyakumari is a City in Kanyakumari district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Kanyakumari district is the southernmost district in Tamil Nadu state and mainland India.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Karur is a city in India in state of Tamil Nadu.
Karur District is a district located very centrally along the Kaveri and Amaravathi rivers in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Karur Vysya Bank (Tamil) is an Indian old private-sector bank, headquartered in Karur in Tamil Nadu.
Katpadi Junction is a Important and Busiest railway station in Southern India, at Vellore city suituated in Tamil Nadu.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Keechaka Vadham (italic) is an Indian silent film produced, directed, filmed and edited by R. Nataraja Mudaliar.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.
A kite is a tethered heavier-than-air craft with wing surfaces that react against the air to create lift and drag.
Kodambakkam is a residential neighbourhood in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kumarapalayam is a textile town situated on the bank of the Cauvery river, Bhavani River of South India, and is a taluk of Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
Krishnagiri is a Town in Tamil-Nadu and administrative headquarters of Krishnagiri District in the part of Kongu Nadu region in western part of Tamil Nadu.
Krishnagiri district is a district in the western part of the state of Tamil Nadu, in India.
Krishnamachari Srikkanth (born 21 December 1959) also known as Kris Srikkanth is a former captain of the Indian cricket team and former chairman of the selection committee.
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (or Koodankulam NPP or KKNPP) is the single largest nuclear power station in India, situated in Koodankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Kurinjipadi (also spelt as Kurinjippadi) is a taluk in Cuddalore district in the India, state of Tamil Nadu.
Lakshmi Vilas Bank (Tamil: லக்ஷ்மி விலாஸ் வங்கி) was founded in 1926 by a group of seven businessmen of Karur under the leadership of Shri V.S.N. Ramalinga Chettiar.
Lakshmipathy Balaji (லக்ஷ்மிபதி பாலாஜி,, born 27 September 1981) is a former Indian cricketer.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Laxman Sivaramakrishnan (born 31 December 1965), popularly known as Siva and LS, is a former Indian cricketer.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
The lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), or the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.
The complete list of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu consists of the heads of government in the history of the state of Tamil Nadu in India since 1920.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
There are 552 engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu as of July 2014.
The Governor of Tamil Nadu is the constitutional head of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.
These are lists of Indian states and union territories by their nominal gross state domestic product (GSDP).
Tamil Nadu is home to some of the most reputed institutes for higher education in India.
This is a list of languages arranged by the approximate dates of the oldest existing texts recording a complete sentence in the language.
The list of most populous towns in Tamil Nadu provides the population of towns in Tamil Nadu, the 7th largest state in India.
City Municipal Corporations of Tamil Nadu are the local governing bodies of the cities in Tamil Nadu.
India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties.
The following is a list of states and union territories of the Republic of India by area from largest to smallest according to the census of 2011.
This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman.
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.
This is a list of television stations in the Tamil language.
The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Tamil is an official language or language of government.
List of countries by GDP (Gross domestic product) may refer to.
Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74% (2011 Census figure) with recent reports of 80% literacy.
The little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis), also known as dabchick, is a member of the grebe family of water birds.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Loyola College, Chennai is an autonomous Jesuit college of the University of Madras.
Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), popularly known as M.G.R., was an Indian actor, filmmaker and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for ten years between 1977 and 1987.
Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan.(born 7 August 1925) is an Indian geneticist and international administrator, renowned for his leading role in India's Green Revolution, a program under which high-yield varieties of wheat and rice seedlings were planted in the fields of poor farmers.
Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) located at Kalpakkam about south of Chennai, India, is a comprehensive nuclear power production, fuel reprocessing, and waste treatment facility that includes plutonium fuel fabrication for fast breeder reactors (FBRs).
The Madras High Court is the high court of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Madras Medical College is an educational institution located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.
Madras State was a state in the Republic of India.
Madurai is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Madurai Airport is a customs airport serving Madurai and its surrounding districts in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Madurai district is the ninth largest in population of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu in southeastern India.
Madurai Junction railway station is a railway station in South India and the primary railway station serving the city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
The Maharashtra Open (also formerly known during its run as the McDowell Open, Gold Flake Open, Chennai Open and the Tata Open) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts.
Mahendravarma I (600–630 CE) was a Pallava king who ruled the Northern regions of what forms present-day Tamil Nadu in India in the early 7th century.
Mahesh Shrinivas Bhupathi (born 7 June 1974) is a retired Indian professional tennis player.
Mahindra and Mahindra Limited (M&M) is an Indian multinational car manufacturing corporation headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Mahipala (or Mahipala I) was a notable king of the Pala dynasty, which ruled over much of the Eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, between the 8th and 12th century.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.
Manali is an Industrial area and a zone in Corporation of Chennai and located in Chennai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Manilkara zapota, commonly known as the sapodilla, is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
Māri (/mɒrı/, /maari/, மாரி), also known as Mariamman (/mɒrı əˈmʌn/ மாரியம்மன்) and Mariaai (Marathi: मरी आई, मरी माय), both meaning "Mother Mari", spelt also Maariamma (மாரியம்மா), or simply Amman or Aatha (அம்மன், "mother") is the South Indian Hindu goddess of rain.
Marudhanayagam is a long-delayed high budget Indian historical drama film directed and produced by Kamal Haasan.
The Marudhu brothers (Periya Marudhu and Chinna Marudhu) ruled Sivagangai, Tamil Nadu, India, towards the end of the 18th century.
Mawlid or Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif (مَولِد النَّبِي mawlidu n-nabiyyi, "Birth of the Prophet", sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād) is the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which is commemorated in Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.
Mayiladuthurai (formerly known as Mayavaram or Mayuram) is a historic town in Nagapattinam district in Tamil Nadu.
Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium is a field hockey stadium at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times.
Meenakshi Temple, also referred to as Meenakshi Amman or Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Mettupalayam is a taluk of Coimbatore Rural district, located to the north of the city of Coimbatore on the way to Ooty.
Mettur is an industrial and tourism town located in the Salem district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India and the largest in Tamilnadu located across the river Cauvery where it enters the plains.
Michelin (full name: SCA Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) is a French tyre manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France.
The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide.
Mindtree Limited is an Indian multinational information technology and outsourcing company headquartered in Bengaluru, India and New Jersey, USA.
The Ministry of Tourism, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to the development and promotion of tourism in India.
is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Moser Baer India Limited is an Indian manufacturer of digital data storage devices.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Mphasis is an IT services company based in Bangalore, India.
Madras Rubber Factory Limited, commonly known by the abbreviation MRF, is an Indian multinational and the largest manufacturer of tyres in India and the fourteenth largest manufacturer in the world.
MRF Pace Foundation is a coaching clinic for training fast bowlers from all over the world.
The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared tiger reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about north-west of Coimbatore city in Tamil Nadu.
Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is a protected area located in the western corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest corner of Tamil Nadu state in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India.
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
Municipal governance in India has existed since the year 1688, with the formation of Madras Municipal Corporation, and then Calcutta and Bombay Municipal Corporation in 1726.
Murali Vijay (born 1 April 1984) is an Indian international cricketer who plays as a right-handed opening batsman.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Muthuraja or Mutharaiyar are Tamil-speaking community of landowners.
Nagapattinam (nākappaṭṭinam, previously spelt Nagapatnam or Negapatam) is a town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Nagapattinam District.
Nagapattinam district is a coastal district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Nagercoil ("Temple of the Nāgas" Nagaraja Temple) is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari.
Namakkal or Namagiri is a town and a municipality in Namakkal district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Namakkal District is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Narasimhavarman I (ுதலாம் நரசிம்மவர்மன்.) was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty who ruled South India from 630–668 AD.
Narasimhavarman II (r. 700 - 729 CE), popularly known as Rajasimha Pallava, was a ruler of the Pallava kingdom.
The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry.
Nataraja (meaning "the lord of dance") is a depiction of the Hindu god Shiva as the cosmic ecstatic dancer.
The National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, (abbreviated NITT or NIT Trichy) is a public engineering institution near the city of Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu, India.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Navaratri (नवरात्रि, literally "nine nights"), also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights (and ten days) Hindu festival, celebrated in the autumn every year.
Nayaka dynasties emerged during the declining period of the Vijayanagara Empire.
The Nayanars (alt.
Swami Nellaiappar Temple Swami Nellaiappar Temple (ஸ்வாமி நெல்லையப்பர் திருக்கோயில்):ta:திருநெல்வேலி நெல்லையப்பர் கோயில் is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located in Tirunelveli, a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Neyveli is a township in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of South India.
The Nilgiri langur (Trachypithecus johnii) is a lutung (a type of Old World monkey) found in the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats in South India.
The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908.
The Nilgiri Mountains (Tamil: நீலகிரி;Neelagiri, literally blue hills) form part of the Western Ghats in western Tamil Nadu of Southern India.
The Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) known locally as the Nilgiri ibex or simply ibex, is an ungulate that is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in Southern India.
Nirupama Sanjeev (née: Vaidyanathan; born 8 December 1976) is a retired Indian professional tennis player.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
Oomathurai (real name Duraisingam), was an Indian Poligar (Palaiyakkarar) from Tamil Nadu, who fought against the British East India Company in the Polygar Wars.
Udagamandalam (also known as Ootacamund), and abbreviated as Udhagai or Ooty, (is a town and municipality in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located 86 km north of Coimbatore and 128 km south of Mysore and is the capital of the Nilgiris district. It is a popular hill station located in the Nilgiri Hills. Originally occupied by the Toda people, the area came under the rule of the East India Company at the end of the 18th century. The economy is based on tourism and agriculture, along with the manufacture of medicines and photographic film. The town is connected by the Nilgiri ghat roads and Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Its natural environment attracts tourists and it is a popular summer destination. In 2011, the town had a population of 88,430.
Osmunda regalis, or royal fern, is a species of deciduous fern, native to Europe, Africa and Asia, growing in woodland bogs and on the banks of streams.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu – state in South India.
An ox-wagon or bullock wagon is a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle).
The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) is an economic research centre within the Oxford Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, England, that was established in 2007.
Palani (or Pazhani) is a town and a taluk headquarters in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu located about South-east of Coimbatore, north-west of Madurai, and west of Dindigul.
The Palk Strait (பாக்கு சலசந்தி / பாக்கு நீரிணை, Sinhala: පෝක් සමුද්ර සන්ධිය Pok Samudra Sandhiya) is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka.
The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of southern India.
Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India.
Pamban Island (பாம்பன் தீவு Pāmpan Island), also known as Rameswaram Island, is an island located between peninsular India and Sri Lanka.
The Pandyan dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera.
Paramakudi is a town located in the Ramanathapuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Parantaka Chola II (CE) was a Chola king who ruled for about twelve years.
Parantaka Chola I (முதலாம் பராந்தக சோழன்) (907–955) ruled the Chola kingdom in southern India for forty-eight years, annexing Pandya.
Paripaadal (பரிபாடல்), a classical Tamil poetic work, is the fifth book in the Ettuthokai, a Sangam literature anthology.
Pathupattu (பத்துப்பாட்டு; Pattuppāṭṭu; ten Idylls) is an anthology of ten mid-length books and one of the oldest surviving works of Tamil poetry.
Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku (பதினெண்கீழ்கணக்கு) is a collection of eighteen poetic works created during the 'post Sangam period' (between 100 - 500 CE).
Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku (பதினெண்மேல்கணக்கு) is the collection of the oldest surviving Tamil poetry.
PayPal Holdings, Inc. is an American company operating a worldwide online payments system that supports online money transfers and serves as an electronic alternative to traditional paper methods like cheques and money orders.
Pazhassi Raja (3 January 1753-30 November 1805) was born as Kerala Varma and was also known as Cotiote Rajah and Pychy Rajah.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Perambalur is a municipality town in the state of Tamil Nadu (Republic of India).
Perambalur is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Polaris, designated Alpha Ursae Minoris (Ursae Minoris, abbreviated Alpha UMi, UMi), commonly the North Star or Pole Star, is the brightest star in the constellation of Ursa Minor.
Pollachi is a town and a taluk headquarters in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu state, India.
Polygar (also spelled as Palegara, Palaiyakkarar, Poligar, Palegaadu, Palegar, or Polegar) was the feudal title for a class of territorial administrative and military governors appointed by the Nayaka rulers of South India (notably Vijayanagara Empire, Madurai Nayakas and the Kakatiya dynasty) during 16th – 18th centuries.
The Polygar Wars or Palaiyakkarar Wars were wars fought between the Polygars (Palaiyakkarars) of the former Tirunelveli Kingdom in Tamil Nadu, India and the British East India Company forces between March 1799 to May 1802 or July 1805.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Pratham is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India.
In India, President's rule refers to suspension of state government and imposition of direct Central Government rule in a state.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.
A pteridophyte is a vascular plant (with xylem and phloem) that disperses spores (and lacks seeds).
Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.
Pudukkottai is the administrative headquarters of Pudukkottai District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Pudukkottai District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Puli Thevar was a Tamil Polygar who ruled Nerkattumseval, situated in the Sankarankoil taluk, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu.
Pulicat or Pazhaverkadu (Tamil:பழவேற்காடு) is a historic seashore town in "North of Chennai" in Thiruvallur District, of Tamil Nadu state, South India.
The Qutb Shahi dynasty (or Golconda Sultanate) was a territory in south India.
Raja Raja Cholan I (or Rajaraja Cholan I) born as Arul Mozhi Varman known as Raja Raja Cholan was a Chola Emperor from present day South India who ruled over the Chola kingdom of Ancient Tamilnadu (parts of southern India), parts of northern India, two third's of Sri Lankan territory (Eezham), Maldives and parts of East Asia, between 985 and 1014 CE.
Rajapalayam is a town and a special grade municipalityand first largest municipality in Virudhunagar district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Rajendra Chola I or Rajendra I was a Chola emperor of India who succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I to the throne in 1014 CE.
Ramanathan Krishnan (born 11 April 1937, Boothapandi Village, Nagercoil, India) is a retired tennis player from India who was among the world's leading players in the 1950s and 1960s.
Ramanathapuram, also known as Ramnad, is a city and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Ramanathapuram District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Ramco Systems Limited (MSE–RSST) was founded in 1992.
Ramesh Krishnan (born 5 June 1961) is a tennis coach and former professional tennis player from India.
Rameswaram, (also spelt as Ramesvaram, Rameshwaram) is a town and a second grade municipality in the Ramanathapuram district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple or Thiruvarangam is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of the Hindu deity Vishnu, located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
Ranipet also known as Ranipettai (lit. Queen's colony) is a suburb town and industrial hub of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India.
Ranunculus is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Ravichandran Ashwin (born 17 September 1986) is an Indian international cricketer.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.
Revenue blocks, revenue circles or firka are the local revenue sub-divisions of the various districts of the states of India.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
Bishop Robert Caldwell (7 May 1814 – 28 August 1891) was a missionary and linguist, who academically established the Dravidian family of languages.He served as Assistant Bishop of Tirunelveli from 1877.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Royal Enfield was a brand name under which The Enfield Cycle Company Limited of Redditch, Worcestershire sold motorcycles, bicycles, lawnmowers and stationary engines which they had manufactured.
The Ryotwari system was introduced by Sir Thomas Munro and Captain Alexander Read in 1820.
Sadagoppan Ramesh (born 16 October 1975) is an Indian film actor and former cricketer.
Saiva is a genus of Asian lanternbugs, family Fulgoridae.
Salem Airport is located in Kamalapuram, 15 kilometres north-west of Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.
Salem District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Salem Junction railway station (station code: SA) is a junction railway station situated in the city of Salem in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh, is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open saltwater or brackish water that is regularly flooded by the tides.
The sambar (Rusa unicolor) is a large deer native to the Indian subcontinent, southern China, and Southeast Asia that is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2008.
Samikannu Vincent(18 April 1883 – 22 April 1942) was a cinema exhibitor turned theater owner.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
The Sangam literature (Tamil: சங்க இலக்கியம், Sanga ilakkiyam) is the ancient Tamil literature of the period in the history of ancient southern India (known as the Thamizhagam or the Tamilagam) spanning from c. 300 BCE to 300 CE.
Sankarankovil is a second largest municipality in the Tirunelveli district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Sanmina Corporation is an American electronics manufacturing services (EMS) provider headquartered in San Jose, California that serves original equipment manufacturers in technology-related industries such as communications and computer hardware.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
Sathyamangalam (also known as Sathy) is a town and municipality in Erode district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is a protected area and tiger reserve along the Western Ghats in the Erode District of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India.
Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu Tennis Stadium, commonly known as SDAT Stadium, sometimes also called Nungambakkam Tennis Stadium, is located in Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, and played host for the Chennai Open ATP Tennis championships held in the first week of January from 1996 to 2017. The stadium was built in 1995 by the Government of Tamil Nadu on the occasion of South Asian Federation Games held in Chennai that year. The stadium has been the venue for Indian Open tennis tournament annually since 1997. The stadium witnessed some dramatic scenes in 1998 when legends like Boris Becker and Patrick Rafter took part in the then named Goldflake Open. Rafter went on to win the tournament. The stadium also witnessed the birth of the celebrated Indian doubles pair of Leander Paes and Mahesh Bhupathi who won the first three editions of the Goldflake Open. The complex has five hard courts including the floodlit centre court which has a seating capacity of about 5,800. The third round Davis Cup tie in Asia/Oceania Group I between India and Australia took place at the SDAT Tennis Stadium in May 2009. The stadium again hosted a Davis Cup tie from 17–19 September 2010. The India Davis Cup team defeated the Brazil Davis Cup team in the 2010 Davis Cup World Group Play-offs to advance to the 2011 Davis Cup World Group.
Seagrasses are flowering plants (angiosperms) belonging to four families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae and Cymodoceaceae), all in the order Alismatales (in the class of monocotyledons), which grow in marine, fully saline environments.
The Seal of Tamil Nadu is the official state emblem of Tamil Nadu and is used as the official state symbol of the Government of Tamil Nadu.
Sevai or shyavige or santhakai is a type of rice vermicelli popular in Southern India, particularly Tamil Nadu (Kongunadu region) and Karnataka.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Sharabha (शरभ,, ಶರಭ, Telugu: శరభ) or Sarabha is a part-lion and part-bird beast in Hindu mythology, who, according to Sanskrit literature, is eight-legged and more powerful than a lion or an elephant, possessing the ability to clear a valley in one jump.
The Shore Temple (built in 700–728 AD) is so named because it overlooks the shore of the Bay of Bengal.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Silambam (சிலம்பம்) is a weapon-based martial art of India, more specifically in the state of Tamil Nadu, where it originated around 1000 BC.
Sivaganga is the headquarters of the Sivaganga district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Sivaganga District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in Southern India.
The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the labiated bear, is an insectivorous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent.
Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is a society established in 1991 by the Indian Ministry of electronics and Information Technology with the objective of encouraging, promoting and boosting the export of software from India.
The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are an economically important family of flowering plants.
Sony Mobile Communications Inc. is a multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001 as a joint venture between Sony and Ericsson, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan and wholly owned by Sony.
The South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests is a dry broadleaf forest ecoregion of southern India.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are an ecoregion of southern India, covering the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, at elevations over 1000 meters.
The Southern Railway (abbreviated SR), headquartered at Chennai, is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
Spoonbills are a genus, Platalea, of large, long-legged wading birds.
The spot-billed pelican or grey pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) is a member of the pelican family.
Squash is a ball sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles squash) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan ((informally Venkat, born 21 April 1945) is a former Indian cricketer. He played Test cricket for the Indian cricket team, and later became an umpire on the elite International Cricket Council Test panel. His Test career was one of the longest for any Indian player. He also played for Derbyshire in English county cricket from 1973 to 1975. A qualified engineer and an alumnus of Chennai's famed College of Engineering, Guindy, he is a recipient of the civilian honour of Padma Shri.
Srirangam (Thiruvarangam in Tamil) is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirappalli, in South India.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, Javanese: ꦯꦿꦶꦮꦶꦗꦪ, Sundanese:, ศรีวิชัย, Sanskrit: श्रीविजय, Śrīvijaya, Khmer: ស្រីវិជ័យ "Srey Vichey", known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i t) was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.
Thiruvilliputhur is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Srivilliputhur Andal temple (also called Srivilliputtur Divya Desam) in Srivilliputhur, a town in Virudhunagar district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Stanley Medical College (SMC) is a government medical college with hospitals located in Chennai (Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
State Express Transport Corporation (Tamil Nadu) (formerly known as Thiruvalluvar Transport Corporation) is a state-owned transport corporation that runs long distance mofussil services exceeding 300 km and above throughout the state of Tamil Nadu and major cities in adjoining states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and the union territory of Puduchery.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
This is a list of states and territories of India by allocated power capacity from power generation utilities.
Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) is an Indian state-owned steel making company based in Kolkata, India.
Stella Maris College is a Catholic institution of higher education for women in Chennai, India.
Sterlite Industries is a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources, a metals and mining conglomerate.
Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati, also known as Bharathiyar (11 December 1882 – 11 September 1921) was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and a social reformer from Tamil Nadu.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sulur Air Force Station is an air base of the Indian Air Force located at Kangayampalayam in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Sun TV Network Limited is an Indian mass media company headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Syntel, Inc. is a U.S.-based multinational provider of integrated technology and business services.
It started life as RAF Station Tambaram, in the Madras Presidency, in the south east of British India.
Tamil cinema is Indian motion pictures produced in the Tamil language.
Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people.
The Tamil diaspora refers to descendants of the Tamil immigrants who emigrated from their native lands to other parts of the world.
Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழம் tamiḻ īḻam, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas as தமிழ் ஈழம்) is a proposed independent state that Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Lexicon (Tamil: தமிழ்ப் பேரகராதி Tamiḻ Pērakarāti) is a twelve-volume dictionary of the Tamil language.
Tamil literature (தமிழ் இலக்கியம்) refers to the literature in the Tamil language.
Tamil Muslims are Tamils who practise Islam.
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) is an agricultural university located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) is the governing body of Cricket activities in the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Tamil Nadu cricket team.
Tamil Nadu Dr.
The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly alone has powers to legislate laws covering state subjects in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election was held on 16 May 2016 for the 232 seats (except Thanjavur and Aravakurichi) of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Tamil Nadu Legislative Council was the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Tamil Nadu Legislature is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited (TNPL) was established by the Government of Tamil Nadu to produce newsprint and writing paper using bagasse, a sugarcane residue.
Tamil Nadu Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency of the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Limited (TNSTC) (Tamil:தமிழ்நாடு அரசு போக்குவரத்து கழகம்) is a public transport bus operator in Tamil Nadu, India.
Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation is a state-government Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of Tamil Nadu located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Thai Vaazhthu (Invocation to Mother Tamil) is the State song of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil-Brahmi, or Tamili, is a variant of the Brahmi script used to write the Tamil language.
Tamilakam refers to the geographical region inhabited by the ancient Tamil people.
Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited (TMB) is a bank headquartered at Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) service, consulting and business solutions company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Tata Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae.
Tech Mahindra Limited is an Indian multinational provider of information technology (IT), networking technology solutions and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) to various industry verticals and horizontals.
A tehsil (also known as a mandal, taluk, taluq or taluka) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia.
In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, a tehsildar is a tax Officer accompanied with Revenue inspectors.
Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet Tollywood, is the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Telugu language, based in Film Nagar, a neighborhood of Hyderabad, Telangana.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
Terminalia elliptica is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.,Sal and Saaj Deforestation in West Nepal: It is a prominent part of both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m. Common names are Asna, Saj or Saaj, Indian-laurel, Marutham(Tamil),Matti (Kannada), Taukkyan (Burma), Sadar, Matti or Marda (India), අසන - Asana (Sri Lanka), and casually "crocodile bark" due to the characteristic bark pattern.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல்)is a harvest festival dedicated to the Sun God.
Thanjavur, formerly Tanjore,Pletcher 2010, p. 195 is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Thanjavur Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Thanjavur (also known as Tanjore) in Tamil Nadu, India.
Thanjavur District is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India.
The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom of the Bhonsle dynasty was a principality of Tamil Nadu between the 17th and 19th centuries.
Thanjavur Nayak kingdom or Thanjavur Nayak dynasty were the rulers of Thanjavur principality of Tamil Nadu between the 16th to the 17th century.
Thanjavur painting is a classical South Indian painting style, which was inaugurated from the town of Thanjavur (anglicized as Tanjore) and spread across the adjoining and geographically contiguous Tamil country.
Tharangambadi, formerly Tranquebar (Trankebar), is a town in the Nagapattinam district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on the Coromandel Coast.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
Theni or Teni (is a City situated in Western Region of Tamil Nadu, a state in South India, near the border to Kerala. Theni is the headquarters of Theni. Theni district is Located in Madurai Region. Nearest City தூங்காநகரம் Madurai Just 76 Km from Theni Town.It is a 2nd ranked in ASIA on the Banana trading. It is known for the large-scale trading of garlic, cotton, cardamom, grapes and chilli. It hosts the second largest weekly market in Tamil Nadu and the fourth largest in South India.Theni is a Only district Without Train Facilities in Tamil Nadu.It is well-connected by road to all the important cities in Tamil Nadu. The nearest airport is at Madurai 87 Km From THENI - MADURAI Airport.http://www.theni.tn.nic.in/.
Theni District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in South India.
Thiruvalluvar, also known as Valluvar, was a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher.
Thiruvarur also spelt as Tiruvarur is a town and municipality in Tiruvarur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Thoothukudi, also known by its British name Tuticorin, is a port city and a municipal corporation and an industrial city in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Thoothukudi District, also known as Tuticorin District (தூத்துக்குடி மாவட்டம், Tūttukkuţi Māvaţţam) is a district in Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Thirubuvanam is a village near Aaduthurai in the Thiruvidaimarudur taluk of Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tiruchengode is a city and municipality located in Namakkal District in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tiruchirappalli (formerly Trichinopoly in English), also called Trichy, is a major tier II city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District.
Tiruchirapalli District is located along the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India.
Tiruchirappalli International Airport is an international airport serving Tiruchirappalli in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Tiruchirappalli Junction railway station(TPJ) is a junction station in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
The Tirukkural or Thirukkural (திருக்குறள், literally Sacred Verses), or shortly the Kural, is a classic Tamil text consisting of 1,330 couplets or Kurals, dealing with the everyday virtues of an individual.
Tirunelveli, also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tirunelveli District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Tiruppur or Tirupur is a city in the Kongu Nadu region of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tiruppur District is a district of the Indian state Tamil Nadu, formed in February 2009.
Tiruvallur is a city and Grade I municipality in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Tiruvallur district also known as Thiruvallur District, (Tamil: திருவள்ளூர் மாவட்டம்) is an administrative district in the South India One of districts in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu.The town of Tiruvallur is the district headquarters.
Tiruvannamalai (Tamil: Tiruvaṇṇāmalai IPA:, also Thiruvannamalai or Trinomali and Trinomalee during British times) is a city and the head quarters of Tiruvannamalai District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu) region.The city is administered by a special grade municipality that covers an area of and a population of 145,278 and urban agglomeration had a population of 498231 in 2011.
Tiruvannamalai District (also known as Thiruvannaamalai) is one of the 32 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu, in South India.
Thiruvarur district (Composite Tanjore Dist) is one of the 32 districts in the Tamil Nadu state of India.
Titan Company Limited (earlier known as Titan Industries Limited) is an Indian luxury goods company.
The Tholkāppiyam (தொல்காப்பியம், literally Paleo-literature) is a work on the grammar of the Tamil language and the earliest extant work of Tamil literature and linguistics.
Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE), is a tractor manufacturer in Chennai, India.
Transport in Chennai includes various modes of air, sea, road and rail transportation in the city and its suburbs.
The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, monsoon forest, vine thicket, vine scrub and dry rainforest is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.
Tuticorin Airport is a domestic airport located from Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India serving the districts of Tuticorin and Tirunelveli in southern Tamil Nadu.
V.O.Chidambaranar Port, formerly Tuticorin Port, is one of the 12 major ports in India.
TVS Motor Company is a multinational motorcycle company headquartered at Chennai, India.
Twenty20 cricket, sometimes written Twenty-20, and often abbreviated to T20, is a short form of cricket.
Udumalai, also known as Udumalaipettai or Udumalpet, is a town in Tirupur district in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.
University of Madras is a public state university in Chennai (formerly Madras), Tamil Nadu, India.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Varagunavarman II was a king of the Pandyan Dynasty whose reign lasted from 862 until 880 AD.He was the contemporary of the great Saivite saint and author Manikavasagar who wrote the epoch making book Tiruvasagam.
Vasudevan Baskaran (born 17 August 1950) is a former field hockey player from Tamil Nadu, India.
Sundaralinga Kudumbanar (died 1799), also known as "Veeran" Sundaralingam Kudumbanar, was an 18th-century CE general from Tamil Nadu, India.
Veerapandiya Kattabomman (Veerapandya Katta Brahmana) was an 18th-century Palayakarrar and chieftain from Panchalankurichi in Tamil Nadu, India.
Vellore is part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu), a city and the administrative headquarters of Vellore District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Vellore district is part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu), and one of the 32 districts in the Tamil Nadu state of India.
The Vellore mutiny on 10 July 1806 was the first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company, predating the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by half a century.
Rani Velu Nachiyar (3 January 1730 – 25 December 1796) was a queen of Sivaganga estate from 1780–1790.
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Vijay Amritraj (born 14 December 1953) is a former tennis player from India, sports commentator and actor.
Vijayalaya Chola was a king of South India Thanjavur, and founded the imperial Chola Empire.
Vijayanagara (Sanskrit: "City of Victory") was the capital city of the historic Vijayanagara Empire.
The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India.
Viluppuram() (also spelled as Villupuram and Vizhupuram) is a Municipality and the administrative headquarters of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Viluppuram (also Villupuram and Vizhupuram) is one of the thirty two districts which make up Tamil Nadu state situated on the southern tip of India.
Violence against women in Tamil Nadu includes molestation, abduction, dowry-related violence, and domestic violence.
Virudhunagar is a town and the administrative headquarters of the Virudhunagar district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Virudhunagar District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.
Water scarcity is the lack of fresh water resources to meet water demand.
Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.
A wet grinder can refer to either a tool for abrasive cutting of hard materials, or a food preparation appliance used especially in Indian cuisine for grinding food grains to produce a paste or batter.
Wipro Limited (Western India Palm Refined Oils Limited or more recently, Western India Products Limited) is an Indian Information Technology Services corporation headquartered in Bengaluru, India.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), often simply called the Y, is a worldwide organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, with more than 58 million beneficiaries from 125 national associations.
The 2001 Census of India was the 14th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Culture of Tamil Nadu, Flora and fauna of Tamil Nadu, IN-TN, Karaiyalar, Languages of Tamil Nadu, Meenavar, Parvatharajakulam, Religion in Tamil Nadu, State of Tamil Nadu, Tamil India, Tamil Naadu, Tamil Nade, Tamil Nadu (India), Tamil Nadu State, Tamil Nadu, India, Tamil Nādu, Tamil nadu, Tamil-Nadu, TamilNadu, Tamilnadu, Tamilnadu culture, Tamizh Nadu, Tamland, Thirunavalur, தமில் நாடு, தமிழ் நாடு.