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Tandem Computers

Index Tandem Computers

Tandem Computers, Inc. was the dominant manufacturer of fault-tolerant computer systems for ATM networks, banks, stock exchanges, telephone switching centers, and other similar commercial transaction processing applications requiring maximum uptime and zero data loss. [1]

77 relations: ALGOL, Apache Trafodion, Arithmetic logic unit, Assembly language, Automated teller machine, Bank, Binary translation, Bus (computing), C (programming language), COBOL, Compaq, Computer cluster, Connect (users group), Consistency model, Cupertino, California, DEC Alpha, Digital Equipment Corporation, Enscribe, Failover, Fault-tolerant computer system, Fortran, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Hewlett-Packard, HP 3000, HP Inc., HP Multi-Programming Executive, Huffman coding, IBM, Inc. (magazine), InfiniBand, Input/output, Instructions per second, Integrity (disambiguation), Interpreter (computing), Itanium, Jim Gray (computer scientist), Jimmy Treybig, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Mainframe computer, Microcode, Microsoft Cluster Server, MIPS architecture, MIPS Technologies, Motorola 68000 series, MS-DOS, MUMPS, NonStop (server computers), NonStop SQL, OpenVMS, Operating system, ..., Optical fiber, PA-RISC, Personal computer, POSIX, PowerPC, R10000, R3000, R4000, Reliability engineering, Scalability, ServerNet (Tandem), Shared-nothing architecture, SPARC, Speedup, SQL, Stack machine, Static random-access memory, Stock exchange, Stratus Technologies, Superscalar processor, Transaction Application Language, Transaction processing, Transistor–transistor logic, Tru64 UNIX, Uptime, VAX, 16-bit. Expand index (27 more) »


ALGOL (short for "Algorithmic Language") is a family of imperative computer programming languages, originally developed in the mid-1950s, which greatly influenced many other languages and was the standard method for algorithm description used by the ACM in textbooks and academic sources for more than thirty years.

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Apache Trafodion

Apache Trafodion is an open-source Top-Level Project at the Apache Software Foundation.

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Arithmetic logic unit

An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.

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Assembly language

An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.

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Automated teller machine

An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.

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A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.

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Binary translation

In computing, binary translation is a form of binary recompilation where sequences of instructions are translated from a source instruction set to the target instruction set.

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Bus (computing)

In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.

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Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.

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Computer cluster

A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.

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Connect (users group)

Connect, a 501(c)(6) non-profit association, is the largest independent enterprise business technology community for Hewlett Packard Enterprise.

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Consistency model

In computer science, Consistency models are used in distributed systems like distributed shared memory systems or distributed data stores (such as a filesystems, databases, optimistic replication systems or Web caching).

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Cupertino, California

Cupertino is a U.S. city in Santa Clara County, California, directly west of San Jose on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains.

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DEC Alpha

Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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Enscribe is the native hierarchical database in HP NonStop (Tandem) servers.

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In computing and related technologies such as networking, failover is switching to a redundant or standby computer server, system, hardware component or network upon the failure or abnormal termination of the previously active application, server, system, hardware component, or network.

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Fault-tolerant computer system

Fault-tolerant computer systems are systems designed around the concepts of fault tolerance.

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Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Hewlett Packard Enterprise

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company (commonly referred to as HPE) is an American multinational enterprise information technology company based in Palo Alto, California, founded on 1 November 2015 as part of splitting of the Hewlett-Packard company.

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The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

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HP 3000

The HP 3000 series is a family of minicomputers released by Hewlett-Packard in 1972.

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HP Inc.

HP (also known as HP Inc. and stylized as hp) is an American technology company which develops personal computers (PCs), printers and related supplies, as well as 3D Printing solutions.

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HP Multi-Programming Executive

MPE (Multi-Programming Executive) is a discontinued business-oriented mainframe computer real-time operating system made by Hewlett-Packard.

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Huffman coding

In computer science and information theory, a Huffman code is a particular type of optimal prefix code that is commonly used for lossless data compression.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Inc. (magazine)

Inc. is an American weekly magazine which publishes about small businesses and startups.

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InfiniBand (abbreviated IB) is a computer-networking communications standard used in high-performance computing that features very high throughput and very low latency.

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In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.

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Instructions per second

Instructions per second (IPS) is a measure of a computer's processor speed.

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Integrity (disambiguation)

Integrity is the ethical concept of basing of one's actions on a consistent framework of principles.

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Interpreter (computing)

In computer science, an interpreter is a computer program that directly executes, i.e. performs, instructions written in a programming or scripting language, without requiring them previously to have been compiled into a machine language program.

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Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).

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Jim Gray (computer scientist)

James Nicholas Gray (19442007) was an American computer scientist who received the Turing Award in 1998 "for seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation".

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Jimmy Treybig

James Treybig founded Tandem Computers, a pioneering Silicon Valley manufacturer of fault tolerant computer systems which were marketed to the growing number of transaction processing customers who used them for ATMs, banks, stock exchanges and other similar needs.

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Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers

Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB) is an American venture capital firm headquartered on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park in Silicon Valley.

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Mainframe computer

Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.

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Microcode is a computer hardware technique that imposes an interpreter between the CPU hardware and the programmer-visible instruction set architecture of the computer.

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Microsoft Cluster Server

Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) is a computer program that allows server computers to work together as a computer cluster, to provide failover and increased availability of applications, or parallel calculating power in case of high-performance computing (HPC) clusters (as in supercomputing).

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MIPS architecture

MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).

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MIPS Technologies

MIPS Technologies, Inc., formerly MIPS Computer Systems, Inc., is an American fabless semiconductor design company that is most widely known for developing the MIPS architecture and a series of RISC CPU chips based on it.

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Motorola 68000 series

The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.

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MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

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MUMPS (Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System), or M, is a general-purpose computer programming language that provides ACID (Atomic, Consistent, Isolated, and Durable) transaction processing.

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NonStop (server computers)

NonStop is a series of server computers introduced to market in 1976 by Tandem Computers Inc., beginning with the NonStop product line, which was followed by the Hewlett-Packard Integrity NonStop product line extension.

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NonStop SQL

NonStop SQL is a commercial relational database management system that is designed for fault tolerance and scalability, currently sold by Hewlett Packard Enterprise.

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OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Optical fiber

An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

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PA-RISC is an instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hewlett-Packard.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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The Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) is a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.

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PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.

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The R10000, code-named "T5", is a RISC microprocessor implementation of the MIPS IV instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by MIPS Technologies, Inc. (MTI), then a division of Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI).

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The R3000 is a full 32 bit RISC microprocessor chipset developed by MIPS Computer Systems that implemented the MIPS I instruction set architecture (ISA).

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The R4000 is a microprocessor developed by MIPS Computer Systems that implements the MIPS III instruction set architecture (ISA).

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Reliability engineering

Reliability engineering is a sub-discipline of systems engineering that emphasizes dependability in the lifecycle management of a product.

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Scalability is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.

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ServerNet (Tandem)

ServerNet is a switched fabric communications link primarily used in proprietary computers made by Tandem Computers, Compaq, and HP.

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Shared-nothing architecture

A shared-nothing architecture (SN) is a distributed-computing architecture in which each node is independent and self-sufficient, and there is no single point of contention across the system.

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SPARC, for Scalable Processor Architecture, is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems.

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In computer architecture, speedup is a number that measures the relative performance of two systems processing the same problem.

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SQL (S-Q-L, "sequel"; Structured Query Language) is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).

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Stack machine

In computer science, computer engineering and programming language implementations, a stack machine is a type of computer.

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Static random-access memory

Static random-access memory (static RAM or SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit.

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Stock exchange

A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.

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Stratus Technologies

Stratus Technologies, Inc. is a major producer of fault tolerant computer servers and software.

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Superscalar processor

A superscalar processor is a CPU that implements a form of parallelism called instruction-level parallelism within a single processor.

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Transaction Application Language

Transaction Application Language or TAL (originally "Tandem Application Language") is a block-structured, procedural language optimized for use on Tandem hardware.

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Transaction processing

Transaction processing is information processing in computer science that is divided into individual, indivisible operations called transactions.

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Transistor–transistor logic

Transistor–transistor logic (TTL) is a logic family built from bipolar junction transistors.

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Tru64 UNIX

Tru64 UNIX is a discontinued 64-bit UNIX operating system for the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA), currently owned by Hewlett-Packard (HP).

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Uptime is a measure of the time a machine, typically a computer, has been working and available.

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VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.

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16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tandem_Computers

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