61 relations: ASTM International, Automatic balancing valve, Backflow prevention device, Biological hazard, Boiling, Bottled water, Chemical compound, Chlorine, Cistern, Cryptosporidium, Dental public health, Developed country, Developing country, Diesel fuel, Distillation, District heating, Drain-waste-vent system, Drinking water, Drought, Fluoride, Fountain, Groundwater, Haloacetic acids, Hard water, Ion, Irrigation, Milwaukee, Natural Resources Defense Council, PH, Pipe (fluid conveyance), Piping and plumbing fitting, Plumbing, Public health, Rain, Sanitary engineering, Sewage treatment, Sewerage, Soft water, Tap (valve), Toilet, Toxin, Trihalomethane, United States, Valve, Walkerton E. coli outbreak, Wastewater, Water, Water conservation, Water cycle, Water filter, ..., Water fluoridation, Water fluoridation controversy, Water heating, Water purification, Water quality, Water supply, Water treatment, Water well, Waterborne diseases, Western world, 1993 Milwaukee Cryptosporidiosis outbreak. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
A cooling or heating water distribution system is in the balance when the flow in the whole system (through the component terminal lines, distributing lines and main distributing lines) corresponds to the flow rates that were specified for the design of the system.
A backflow prevention device is used to protect potable water supplies from contamination or pollution due to backflow.
Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans.
Boiling is the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmosphere.
Bottled water is drinking water (e.g., well water, distilled water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in PET Bottle or Glass Water Bottles.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
A cistern (Middle English cisterne, from Latin cisterna, from cista, "box", from Greek κίστη, "basket") is a waterproof receptacle for holding liquids, usually water.
Cryptosporidium is a genus of apicomplexan parasitic alveolates that can cause a respiratory and gastrointestinal illness (cryptosporidiosis) that primarily involves watery diarrhea (intestinal cryptosporidiosis) with or without a persistent cough (respiratory cryptosporidiosis) in both immunocompetent and immunodeficient humans.
Dental Public Health (DPH) is a non-clinical specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention of oral disease and promotion of oral health.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
District heating (also known as heat networks or teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating.
In modern plumbing, a drain-waste-vent (or DWV) is part of a system that removes sewage and greywater from a building, and regulates air pressure in the waste-system pipes to aid free flow.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Haloacetic acids are carboxylic acids in which a halogen atom takes the place of a hydrogen atom in acetic acid.
Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with "soft water").
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is a United States-based, non-profit international environmental advocacy group, with its headquarters in New York City and offices in Washington, D.C.; San Francisco; Los Angeles; New Delhi, India; Chicago; Bozeman, Montana; and Beijing, China.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A pipe is a tubular section or hollow cylinder, usually but not necessarily of circular cross-section, used mainly to convey substances which can flow — liquids and gases (fluids), slurries, powders and masses of small solids.
A fitting is used in pipe systems to connect straight pipe or tubing sections, adapt to different sizes or shapes and for other purposes, such as regulating (or measuring) fluid flow.
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications.
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.
Sanitary engineering is the application of engineering methods to improve sanitation of human communities, primarily by providing the removal and disposal of human waste, and in addition to the supply of safe potable water.
Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage.
Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage or surface runoff (stormwater, meltwater, rainwater) using sewers.
Soft water is surface water that contains low concentrations of ions and in particular is low in ions of calcium and magnesium.
A tap (also spigot or faucet: see usage variations) is a valve controlling the release of a liquid or gas.
A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.
A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH4) are replaced by halogen atoms.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways.
The 2000 Walkerton outbreak of waterborne gastroenteritis was the result of a contamination of the water supply of Walkerton, Ontario, Canada with E. coli and Campylobacter jejuni bacteria.
Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water conservation includes all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resource of fresh water, to protect the hydrosphere, and to meet the current and future human demand.
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.
A water filter removes impurities by lowering contamination of water using a fine physical barrier, a chemical process, or a biological process.
Water fluoridation is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply to reduce tooth decay.
The water fluoridation controversy arises from political, moral, ethical, economic, and safety concerns regarding the fluoridation of public water supplies.
Water heating is a heat transfer process that uses an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature.
Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from water.
Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water.
Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use.
A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
The 1993 Milwaukee Cryptosporidiosis outbreak was a significant distribution of the Cryptosporidium protozoan in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and the largest waterborne disease outbreak in documented United States history.