186 relations: -stan, Abkhazia, Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Ak Bars Kazan, Almetyevsk, Aq Bars, Armenians, Ashkenazi Jews, Association of Tennis Professionals, Atheism, Azevka River, Baghdad, Baltic region, Bashkirs, Bashkortostan, Batu Khan, BC UNICS, Belarusians, Belaya River (Kama), Bolsheviks, Bugulma-Belebey Upland, Capital city, Catherine the Great, Christianity in Russia, Chuvash people, Chuvashia, Constitution, Cumans, Cyrillic script, Dinara Safina, East European Plain, Eastern Orthodox Church, Eid al-Fitr, Equinox Publishing (Sheffield), Eurasia, EuroCup Basketball, Eurodance, EuroLeague, Farid Mukhametshin, FC Rubin Kazan, Federal subjects of Russia, Film festival, Flag of Tatarstan, Gender and Language, Genocide, Georgians, Golden Horde, Government of Russia, Gross domestic product, Gypsum, ..., HC Chelny, HC Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk, History of the Jews in Udmurtia and Tatarstan, Holodomor, Idel-Ural, Idel-Ural State, Ik River, Irreligion, Islam, Islam in Russia, Islamic graffiti, Ivan the Terrible, Jadid, Joseph Stalin, Junior Hockey League (Russia), Kaban Lakes, Kama River, Kamaz, Kazan, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan Helicopters, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev, Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan State Finance and Economics Institute, Kazan State Medical University, Kazanka River, Kazanorgsintez, Khanate of Kazan, Khazars, Kievan Rus', Kingisepp, Kipchak languages, Kipchaks, Kirov Oblast, Kontinental Hockey League, Kryashens, Kulyagash, Kuybyshev Reservoir, List of Chairmen of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan, List of rural localities in Tatarstan, List of Tatars, Marat Safin, Mari El, Mari people, Middle East, Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, Mongols, Mordvins, Moscow, Mufti, Music in Tatarstan, Muslim, Naberezhnye Chelny, Nail Yakupov, National Junior Hockey League, Natural gas, Navigability, Neftyanik Almetyevsk, Nikolai Lobachevsky, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnekamsk Reservoir, October Revolution, Official script, Oil, Orenburg Oblast, Orthodoxy, Persian language, Petroleum, Precipitation, President of Russia, President of the Republic of Tatarstan, Purges of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Qaratay, Rail transport, Regional parliaments of Russia, Republics of Russia, Russia, Russian Census (2010), Russian Civil War, Russian diaspora, Russian Empire, Russian Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Islamic University, Russian language, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Premier League, Russians, Russification, Russo-Kazan Wars, Rustam Minnikhanov, Samara Oblast, Slavic Native Faith, Snap!, South Ossetia, Soviet Union, Spiritual but not religious, State Anthem of the Republic of Tatarstan, State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan, Sunni Islam, Supreme Hockey League, Supreme Hockey League Championship, Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Tatar language, Tatar Union of the Godless, Tatars, Tatarstani sovereignty referendum, 1992, Tonne, Tributary, Tupolev Tu-204, Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Udmurt people, Udmurtia, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, Ukraine, Ukrainians, Ulyanovsk Oblast, United Nations, United States dollar, Ural Mountains, Urban area, Urengoy, Volga Bulgaria, Volga economic region, Volga Federal District, Volga River, Volga Tatars, Volga Upland, Vyatka River, War communism, Women's Tennis Association, Zainsk Reservoir, Zay River, 1921–22 famine in Tatarstan, 2012 NHL Entry Draft, 2013 Summer Universiade. Expand index (136 more) » « Shrink index
The suffix -stan (ـستان|translit.
Abkhazia (Аҧсны́; აფხაზეთი; p) is a territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, south of the Greater Caucasus mountains, in northwestern Georgia.
Ibn Fadlan (أحمد بن فضلان بن العباس بن راشد بن حماد Aḥmad ibn Faḍlān ibn al-ʿAbbās ibn Rāšid ibn Ḥammād, 921–22) was a 10th-century Arab Muslim traveler, famous for his account of his travels as a member of an embassy of the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad to the king of the Volga Bulgars, known as his Risala ("account" or "journal") His account is most notable for providing a detailed description of the Volga Vikings, including an eyewitness account of a ship burial.
Hockey Club Ak Bars (Ак Барс, Snow Leopard), also known as Ak Bars Kazan, is a Russian professional ice hockey team based in Kazan.
Almetyevsk (ɐlʲˈmʲetʲjɪfsk; Әлмәт) is a city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Zay River (Kama's tributary) southeast of Kazan.
Aq Bars (or Ak Bars) (Cyrillic: Ак Барс) is the emblem of Tatarstan.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Azevka River is in Russia and the Agryzsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
The terms Baltic region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe.
The Bashkirs (Башҡорттар, Başqorttar,; Башкиры, Baškiry) are a Turkic ethnic group, indigenous to Bashkortostan and to the historical region of Badzhgard, extending on both sides of the Ural Mountains, in the area where Eastern Europe meets North Asia.
The Republic of Bashkortostan (Башҡортостан Республикаһы, p), also historically known as Bashkiria (p), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic (state)).
Batu Khan (Бат хаан, Bat haan, Бату хан, Bá dū, хан Баты́й, Μπατού; c. 1207–1255), also known as Sain Khan (Good Khan, Сайн хаан, Sayn hân) and Tsar Batu, was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire.
BC UNICS (БК УНИКС) is a professional basketball club in Kazan, Russia, that plays in the VTB United League and EuroCup.
Belarusians (беларусы, biełarusy, or Byelorussians (from the Byelorussian SSR), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority.
Belaya River is a river in Bashkortostan, Russian Federation.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Bugulma-Belebey Upland is an upland in the eastern part of Eastern European Plain, west of the Urals, in Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and Orenburg Oblast, Russia.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
Christianity in Russia is by some estimates the largest religion in the country, with nearly 50% of the population identifying as Christian.
The Chuvash people (чăваш,; чуваши) are a Turkic ethnic group, native to an area stretching from the Volga Region to Siberia.
The Chuvash Republic (Чува́шская Респу́блика — Чува́шия, Chuvashskaya Respublika — Chuvashiya; Чӑваш Республики, Čăvaš Respubliki), or Chuvashia (Чува́шия Chuvashiya; Чӑваш Ен, Čăvaš Jen), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
The Cumans (Polovtsi) were a Turkic nomadic people comprising the western branch of the Cuman–Kipchak confederation.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
Dinara Mubinovna Safina (Динара Мубиновна Сафина; Динара Мөбин кызы Сафина, born April 27, 1986 in Moscow) is a former world No. 1 Russian tennis player.
The East European Plain (also called the Russian Plain, "Extending from eastern Poland to the Urals, the East European Plain encompasses all of the Baltic states and Belarus, nearly all of Ukraine, and much of the European portion of Russia and reaches north into Finland." — Britannica. predominantly by Russian scientists, or historically the Sarmatic Plain) is a vast interior plain extending east of the North/Central European Plain, and comprising several plateaus stretching roughly from 25 degrees longitude eastward.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Equinox Publishing Ltd is an independent academic publisher founded in 2003 by Janet Joyce and based in Sheffield.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
EuroCup Basketball, commonly known as EuroCup and currently called the 7DAYS EuroCup for name sponsorship reasons, is an annual European-wide second tier level professional basketball club competition that is organized by Euroleague Basketball, since 2002, for eligible European basketball clubs.
Eurodance (sometimes known as Euro-NRG or Euro) is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in the late 1980s in Europe.
The EuroLeague, also known as the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague for name sponsorship reasons, is the European-wide top-tier level professional basketball club competition that is organized by Euroleague Basketball, since 2000, for eligible European basketball clubs.
Farid Khayrullovich Mukhametshin (also Farit Mokhametshin; Фәрит Хәйрулла улы Мөхәммәтшин; Фарид Хайруллович Мухаметшин; born May 22, 1947 in Almetyevsk, USSR) is a Tatar politician and a former Prime Minister of Tatarstan.
FC Rubin Kazan (Футбо́льный клуб Руби́н Каза́нь, Futbolny klub Rubin Kazan) is a Russian association football club based in the city of Kazan.
The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (субъекты Российской Федерации subyekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) or simply as the subjects of the federation (субъекты федерации subyekty federatsii), are the constituent entities of Russia, its top-level political divisions according to the Constitution of Russia.
A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region.
The Flag of Republic of Tatarstan (Флаг Татарста́на, Flag Tatarstana, Татарстан байрагы) was adopted 29 November 1991 in its present form.
Gender and Language is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on and debates about feminist research on gender and language.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.
The Golden Horde (Алтан Орд, Altan Ord; Золотая Орда, Zolotaya Orda; Алтын Урда, Altın Urda) was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.
HC Chelny is an ice hockey team in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia.
HC Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk (Нефтехимик Нижнекамск, Nizhnekamsk Petrochemist) is a professional ice hockey team based in Nizhnekamsk, in the Tatarstan, a federal subject of the Russian Federation.
Jews from Udmurtia and Tatarstan.
The Holodomor (Голодомо́р); (derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation"), also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and—before the widespread use of the term "Holodomor", and sometimes currently—also referred to as the Great Famine, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33—was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians that was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33, which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country.
Idel-Ural (Идел-Урал, Идель-Урал) literally Volga-Ural is a historical region in Eastern Europe, in what is today Russia.
The Idel-Ural State was a short-lived Tatar republic with its centre in Kazan that united Tatars, Bashkirs and the Chuvash in the turmoil of the Russian Civil War.
Ik River is a river in Russia that flows north to the Kama River.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the second most widely professed religion in Russia, encompassing somewhere between 7% and 15% of all Russians.
Islamic graffiti is a genre of graffiti created by Islamic people or by people inspired by the Islamic religion.
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (pron; 25 August 1530 –), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible or Ivan the Fearsome (Ivan Grozny; a better translation into modern English would be Ivan the Formidable), was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547, then Tsar of All Rus' until his death in 1584.
The Jadids were Muslim modernist reformers within the Russian Empire in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
The Junior Hockey League (MHL) (Molodezhnaya Hokkeinaya Liga), sometimes translated as the Minor or Youth Hockey League, is a major junior ice hockey league in Eurasia, founded in 2009.
The Kaban Lakes (قابان كولئ) are a system of lakes in Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia that includes Nizhny (Blizhny) Kaban, Verkhny Kaban, and Sredny Kaban.
The Kama (река́ Ка́ма,; Чулман; Кам) is a major river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; it is larger than the Volga before their junction.
KAMAZ (Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation.
Kazan (p; Казан) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет, Kazanskiy (Privolzhskiy) federalnyy universitet; Казан (Идел Буе) федераль университеты) is located in Kazan, Russia.
Kazan Helicopters, Joint Stock Company is a Russian helicopter manufacturing company based at Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan.
Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N.Tupolev) (KAI (KNRTU-KAI, full name in Russian: Казанский национальный исследовательский технический университет имени А. Н. Туполева) was established in 1932.
Kazan National Research Technological University, KNRTU is an innovational scientific educational complex.
The Kazan State Finance and Economics Institute (KSFEI) is an Institute in the city of Kazan of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.
Based primarily in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia, the Kazan State Medical University (KSMU) is a federal university made up of nine faculties.
Kazanka (Каза́нка; Казансу) is a river in the Russia, a left tributary of the Volga.
PJSC Kazanorgsintez is one of Russia's largest chemical companies and the country's largest polyethylene producer.
The Khanate of Kazan (Казан ханлыгы; Russian: Казанское ханство, Romanization: Kazanskoye khanstvo) was a medieval Tatar Turkic state that occupied the territory of former Volga Bulgaria between 1438 and 1552.
The Khazars (خزر, Xəzərlər; Hazarlar; Хазарлар; Хәзәрләр, Xäzärlär; כוזרים, Kuzarim;, Xazar; Хоза́ри, Chozáry; Хаза́ры, Hazáry; Kazárok; Xazar; Χάζαροι, Cházaroi; p./Gasani) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people, who created what for its duration was the most powerful polity to emerge from the break-up of the Western Turkic Khaganate.
Kievan Rus' (Рѹ́сь, Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ, Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia) was a loose federationJohn Channon & Robert Hudson, Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia (Penguin, 1995), p.16.
Kingisepp (Ки́нгисепп or Кингисе́пп; Jaamahttp://www.hs.fi/english/article/Last+of+the+Ingrian+grannies+hold+on/1329104265831), formerly Yamburg (Я́мбург), Yam (Ям), and Yama (Я́ма), is an ancient town and the administrative center of Kingiseppsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located along the Luga River southwest of St. Petersburg, east of Narva, and south of the Gulf of Finland.
The Kipchak languages (also known as the Kypchak, Qypchaq, or Northwestern Turkic languages) are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family spoken by approximately 26–28 million people in much of Central Asia and Eastern Europe, spanning from Ukraine to China.
The Kipchaks were a Turkic nomadic people and confederation that existed in the Middle Ages, inhabiting parts of the Eurasian Steppe.
Kirov Oblast (Ки́ровская о́бласть, Kirovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) (Континентальная хоккейная лига (КХЛ), Kontinental'naya hokkeynaya liga) is an international professional ice hockey league founded in 2008.
Kryashens (Kryashen: кряшенняр, керәшен(нәр),, кряшены; sometimes called Baptised Tatars (крещёные тата́ры)) are a sub-group of the Volga Tatars, frequently referred to as one of the minority ethnic groups in Russia.
The Kulyagash (name originates from the Mari language; Kölägäş or Kölägeş; Кулягаш, Кулигаш, Кулегаш, Кулягеш, Kulyagash, Kuligash, Kulegash, Kulyagesh) is the biggest wetland in Tatarstan, Russian Federation.
Kuybyshev Reservoir or Kuybyshevskoye Reservoir (Ку́йбышевское водохрани́лище, Kuybyshevskoye Vodokhranilishche, Kuybışev susaqlağıçı), sometimes called Samara Reservoir and informally called Kuybyshev Sea, is a reservoir of the middle Volga and lower Kama in the Chuvash Republic, Mari El Republic, Republic of Tatarstan, Samara Oblast and Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia.
List of Chairmen of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan.
This is a list of rural localities in Tatarstan.
Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group numbering 6.7 million in the late 20th century, including all subgroups of Tatars, such as Volga Tatars, Lipka Tatars and Crimean Tatars.
Marat Mubinovich Safin (p, Марат Мөбин улы Сафин; born 27 January 1980) is a Russian politician and retired professional tennis player.
The Mari El Republic (Респу́блика Мари́й Эл, Respublika Mariy El; Meadow Mari: Марий Эл Республик; Hill Mari: Мары Эл Республик) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
The Mari (мари, марийцы) are a Finno-Ugric ethnic group, who have traditionally lived along the Volga and Kama rivers in Russia.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
The Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria lasted from 1223 to 1236.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
The Mordvins, also Mordva, Mordvinians, Mordovians (эрзят/erzät, мокшет/mokšet, мордва/mordva), are the members of a people who speak a Mordvinic language of the Uralic language family and live mainly in the Republic of Mordovia and other parts of the middle Volga River region of Russia.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A mufti (مفتي) is an Islamic scholar who interprets and expounds Islamic law (Sharia and fiqh).
Tatarstan is an autonomous republic within Russia, where the largest ethnic group are the Tatars.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Naberezhnye Chelny (p; Яр Чаллы, IPA: jar ɕɑlɤ̆) is the second largest city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.
Nail Railovich Yakupov (Наиль Раилович Якупов, Наил Раил улы Якупов; born 6 October 1993) is a Russian professional ice hockey player who is currently playing for the Colorado Avalanche of the National Hockey League.
The National Junior Hockey League (NMHL) (formerly Junior Hockey League Division B) (Национальная молодежная хоккейная лига (НМХЛ)) is the second level of the Junior Hockey League, the KHL's junior ice hockey league.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and slow enough for a vessel to pass or walk.
Neftyanik Almetyevsk is an ice hockey team in Almetyevsk, Russia.
Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (a; –) was a Russian mathematician and geometer, known primarily for his work on hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry and also his fundamental study on Dirichlet integrals known as Lobachevsky integral formula.
Nizhnekamsk (p; Түбән Кама) is a city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located to the south of the Kama River between the cities of Naberezhnye Chelny and Chistopol.
Lower Kama Reservoir or Nizhnekamsk Reservoir (Нижнекамское водоранилище, Түбән Кама сусаклагычы) is the lowest reservoir from the Kama River hydroelectric cascade.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Orenburg Oblast (Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
This is a list of Presidents of the Republic of Tatarstan, a title created in 1991.
Purges of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union ("Чистка партийных рядов",, "cleansing of the party ranks") were a Soviet ritual in which periodic reviews of members of the Communist Party were conducted to get rid of "undesirables".
Qaratays are a Mordvinian ethnic group in Kamsko-Ustyinsky District, Tatarstan around the village of Mordovsky Karatay.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Regional parliaments of Russia are the legislative/parliamentary bodies of power in the regions of Russia (republics, krais, oblasts, autonomous okrugs and federal cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg), which have different names, often collectively referred to in the media as regional parliaments.
According to the Constitution, the Russian Federation is divided into 85 federal subjects (constituent units), 22 of which are "republics".
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Census of 2010 (Всеросси́йская пе́репись населе́ния 2010 го́да) is the first census of the Russian Federation population since 2002 and the second after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
The Russian diaspora is the global community of ethnic Russians.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki) (also known as Rosstat) is the governmental statistics agency in Russia.
Russian Islamic University is founded in 1998 in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
The Russian Football Championship (Чемпионат России по футболу, Chempionat Rossii po Futbolu), or Russian Football Premier League (Российская футбольная премьер-лига), is the top division professional association football league in Russia.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
Russification (Русификация), or Russianization, is a form of cultural assimilation process during which non-Russian communities, voluntarily or not, give up their culture and language in favor of the Russian one.
The Russo-Kazan Wars was a series of wars fought between the Khanate of Kazan and Muscovite Russia from 1438, until Kazan was finally captured by Ivan the Terrible and absorbed into Russia in 1552.
Rustam Nurgaliyevich Minnikhanov (Руста́м Нургали́евич Минниха́нов, Рөстәм Нургали улы Миңнеханов; born 1 March 1957) is a prominent politician and the second and current President of Tatarstan, a federal subject of Russia.
Samara Oblast (p) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The Slavic Native Faith, also known as Rodnovery, is a modern Pagan religion.
Snap! are a German Eurodance group formed in 1989 by producers Michael Münzing and Luca Anzilotti.
South Ossetia or Tskhinvali Region, is a disputed territory in the South Caucasus, in the northern part of the internationally recognised Georgian territory.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
"Spiritual but not religious" (SBNR) also known as "Spiritual but not affiliated" (SBNA) is a popular phrase and initialism used to self-identify a life stance of spirituality that takes issue with organized religion as the sole or most valuable means of furthering spiritual growth.
The National Anthem of the Tatarstan (Государственный гимн Республики Татарстан, Gosudarstvenní gimn Respubliki Tatarstan; Татарстан Җөмһүрияте Дәүләт гимны), composed by Rustem Yakhin is the regional anthem of Tatarstan, a republic of Russia and it had no lyrics.
The State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan (Татарстан Республикасы Дәүләт Советы; Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан) is the unicameral legislature of the Russian Republic of Tatarstan.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
The Supreme Hockey League (Высшая хоккейная лига (ВХЛ), Vysshaya hokkeinaya liga (VHL)), also known as the Major Hockey League or Higher Hockey League (HHL), is a professional ice hockey league in Eurasia, and the second highest level of Russian hockey.
The Supreme Hockey League Championship (VHL-B) (Первенство Высшей хоккейной лиги (ВХЛ-П), Pervenstvo Vysshaya hokkeinaya liga) is an ice hockey league in Russia.
The Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Татарская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика; Татарстан Автономияле Совет Социалистик Республикасы), abbreviated as Tatar ASSR (Татарская АССР; Татарстан АССР) or TASSR (ТАССР; ТАССР) (1920–1990) was part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
The Tatar language (татар теле, tatar tele; татарча, tatarça) is a Turkic language spoken by Tatars mainly located in modern Tatarstan, Bashkortostan (European Russia), as well as Siberia.
The Tatar Union of the Godless was an organisation in the Muslim republics during the purges by the Soviet Union.
The Tatars (татарлар, татары) are a Turkic-speaking peoples living mainly in Russia and other Post-Soviet countries.
A sovereignty referendum was held in Tatarstan on 21 March 1992.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
The Tupolev Tu-204 (Туполев Ту-204) is a twin-engined medium-range jet airliner capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev and produced by Aviastar SP and Kazan Aircraft Production Association.
The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.
The Udmurts (Удмуртъёс, Udmurt’jos) are a people who speak the Udmurt language.
Udmurtia (p; Удмуртия), or the Udmurt Republic, is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) within the Volga Federal District.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
Ulyanovsk Oblast (Улья́новская о́бласть, Ulyanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Urengoy (Уренго́й) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Purovsky District of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia.
Volga Bulgaria (Идел буе Болгар дәүләте, Атӑлҫи Пӑлхар), or Volga–Kama Bulghar, was a historic Bulgar state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers, in what is now European Russia.
Volga (Povolzhsky) economic region (Пово́лжский экономи́ческий райо́н; tr.: Povolzhsky ekonomichesky rayon) is one of 12 economic regions of Russia.
Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District (Приво́лжский федера́льный о́круг, Privolzhsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
The Volga (p) is the longest river in Europe.
The Volga Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group, native to the Volga-Ural region, Russia.
The Volga Upland, also known as the Volga Uplands, Volga Plateau, Volga Hills, or Volga Plateau, (Russian: Приволжская возвышенность - Privolzhskaya vozvyshennost) is a vast region of East European Plain in European part of Russia that lies west of the Volga River and east of the Central Russian Upland.
The Vyatka River (p; Noqrat; Виче, Viče, Ватка, Vatka) is a river in Kirov Oblast and the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia, a right tributary of the Kama River.
War communism or military communism (Военный коммунизм, Voyennyy kommunizm) was the economic and political system that existed in Soviet Russia during the Russian Civil War from 1918 to 1921.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
Zainsk Reservoir or Zay Reservoir (Заинское водохранилище, Zäy susaqlağıçı) is a reservoir of the Zay River near Zainsk, Tatarstan, Russian Federation.
The Zay River (Зай; Zäy) is a river in Tatarstan, Russian Federation, a left-bank tributary of the Kama River.
The 1921–1922 famine in Tatarstan was a period of mass starvation and drought that took place in the Tatar ASSR as a result of war communism policy, in which 500,000 to 2,000,000 peasants died.
The 2012 NHL Entry Draft was the 50th NHL Entry Draft.
The 2013 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Kazan (Russia), the most northerly city ever to host a Summer Universiade.
Declaration on the State Sovereignty of the Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic, Demographics of Tatarstan, Economy of Tatarstan, Ethnic groups in Tatarstan, Name of Tatarstan, Politics of Tatarstan, RU-TA, Republic of Tatarstan, Respublika Tatarstan, Tartarstan, Tatar Autonomous Republic, Tatar Republic, Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic, Tataristan, Tatarstan Republic, Tatarstan Republic, Russia, Tatarstan Respublikasi, Tatarstan Respublikası, Tatarstan, Respublika, Tatarstan, Russia, Tatarstan, Russia (Federation), Респу́блика Татарста́н, Республика Татарстан, Татарстан, Татарстан Республикасы, Татарстан Җөмһүрияте, Татарстан, Республика.