54 relations: Alphabet of human thought, Amy Brand, An Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language, Émile Durkheim, Cambridge University Press, Categorization, Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge, Characteristica universalis, Conflation, Consortia Advancing Standards in Research Administration Information, Controlled vocabulary, Count noun, Creative Commons, Cultural anthropology, Extended Semantic Web Conference, Flow network, Folk taxonomy, Folksonomy, Frank Dignum, Gellish English dictionary, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Greek language, Hierarchy, Hyponymy and hypernymy, Indicative conditional, JAMA (journal), John Wilkins, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Knowledge management, Knowledge representation and reasoning, Lexicon, Meronomy, National Academy of Sciences, Ontology (information science), Penguin Classics, Peter Mark Roget, Predicate (mathematical logic), Protégé (software), Ronald J. Brachman, Scott Atran, Semantic network, Semantic similarity network, Springer Science+Business Media, Structuralism, SUNY Press, Systematics, Taxon, Taxonomy for search engines, Thesaurus, Thesaurus (information retrieval), ..., Tree structure, Typology, Universal language, WordNet. Expand index (4 more) » « Shrink index
The alphabet of human thought is a concept originally proposed by Gottfried Leibniz that provides a universal way to represent and analyze ideas and relationships by breaking down their component pieces.
Amy Brand (born October 20, 1962) a leader in the field of scholarly communication and research information, is the current Director of the MIT Press, a position she assumed in July 2015.
An Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language (London, 1668) is the best-remembered of the numerous works of John Wilkins, in which he expounds a new universal language, meant primarily to facilitate international communication among scholars, but envisioned for use by diplomats, travelers, and merchants as well.
David Émile Durkheim (or; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Categorization is the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated, and understood.
Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge (Emporio celestial de conocimientos benévolos) is a fictitious taxonomy of animals described by the writer Jorge Luis Borges in his 1942 essay "The Analytical Language of John Wilkins" (El idioma analítico de John Wilkins).
The Latin term characteristica universalis, commonly interpreted as universal characteristic, or universal character in English, is a universal and formal language imagined by the German polymathic genius, mathematician, scientist and philosopher Gottfried Leibniz able to express mathematical, scientific, and metaphysical concepts.
Conflation happens when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or places, sharing some characteristics of one another, seem to be a single identity, and the differences appear to become lost.
The Consortia Advancing Standards in Research Administration Information (CASRAI) is an international, non-profit "membership initiative led by research institutions and their partners.". Founded in 2006, it is a corporation registered in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and is overseen by a central Board of Directors and national Steering Committees in each country with a national chapter.
Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval.
In linguistics, a count noun (also countable noun) is a noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural forms, and that co-occurs with quantificational determiners like every, each, several, etc.
Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
The Extended Semantic Web Conference (abbreviated as ESWC), formerly known as the European Semantic Web Conference, is a yearly international academic conference on the topic of the Semantic Web.
In graph theory, a flow network (also known as a transportation network) is a directed graph where each edge has a capacity and each edge receives a flow.
A folk taxonomy is a vernacular naming system, and can be contrasted with scientific taxonomy.
Folksonomy is the system in which users apply public tags to online items, typically to aid them in re-finding those items.
Franciscus Petrus Maria (Frank) Dignum (born 1961) is a Dutch computer scientist and Associate Professor at the Department of Information and Computing Sciences of the Utrecht University, known from his work on software agents, multi-agent systems and fundamental aspects of social agents.
The Gellish English Dictionary-Taxonomy is an example of an open-source “smart” electronic dictionary, in which concepts are arranged in a subtype-supertype hierarchy, thus forming a taxonomy.
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
In linguistics, a hyponym (from Greek hupó, "under" and ónoma, "name") is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hyperonym or hypernym (from Greek hupér, "over" and ónoma, "name").
In natural languages, an indicative conditional is the logical operation given by statements of the form "If A then B".
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
John Wilkins, (16141672) was an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal Society.
The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie) is a public research university and one of the largest research and educational institutions in Germany.
Knowledge management (KM) is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organisation.
Knowledge representation and reasoning (KR, KR², KR&R) is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to representing information about the world in a form that a computer system can utilize to solve complex tasks such as diagnosing a medical condition or having a dialog in a natural language.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
A meronomy or partonomy is a type of hierarchy that deals with part–whole relationships, in contrast to a taxonomy whose categorisation is based on discrete sets.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
In computer science and information science, an ontology encompasses a representation, formal naming, and definition of the categories, properties, and relations of the concepts, data, and entities that substantiate one, many, or all domains.
Penguin Classics is an imprint published by Penguin Books, a subsidiary of Penguin Random House.
Peter Mark Roget FRS (18 January 1779 – 12 September 1869) was a British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer.
In mathematical logic, a predicate is commonly understood to be a Boolean-valued function P: X→, called the predicate on X. However, predicates have many different uses and interpretations in mathematics and logic, and their precise definition, meaning and use will vary from theory to theory.
Protégé is a free, open source ontology editor and a knowledge management system.
Ronald Jay "Ron" Brachman (born 1949) is the director of the Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute at Cornell Tech.
Scott Atran (born February 6, 1952) is a French-American anthropologist who is a Director of Research in Anthropology at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris, Research Professor at the University of Michigan, and cofounder of ARTIS International and of the at Oxford University.
A semantic network, or frame network is a knowledge base that represents semantic relations between concepts in a network.
A semantic similarity network (SSN) is a special form of semantic network.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
In sociology, anthropology, and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that implies elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure.
The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.
Biological systematics is the study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present, and the relationships among living things through time.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
Taxonomy for search engines refers to classification methods that improve relevance in vertical search.
In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order.
In the context of information retrieval, a thesaurus (plural: "thesauri") is a form of controlled vocabulary that seeks to dictate semantic manifestations of metadata in the indexing of content objects.
A tree structure or tree diagram is a way of representing the hierarchical nature of a structure in a graphical form.
Typology is the study of types.
Universal language may refer to a hypothetical or historical language spoken and understood by all or most of the world's population.
WordNet is a lexical database for the English language.