45 relations: Angel investor, Appropriate technology, Archimedes, Association of University Technology Managers, Autonomy, Bayh–Dole Act, Border, Business incubator, Canada, Center for Advancing Innovation, Commercialization, Commercialization Reactor, Diffusion of innovations, Discovery (observation), European Union, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Government, High tech, Ingroups and outgroups, Innovation, Intellectual property, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Invention, Knowledge transfer, Licensing Executives Society International, Nuclear fusion, Open innovation, PARC (company), Patent, Prior art, Research spin-off, Robustness, Seed money, Startup company, Technological revolution, Technology, Technology assessment, Technology brokering, Technology readiness level, United States, University, University technology transfer offices, Valorisation, Value chain, Venture capital.
An angel investor (also known as a business angel, informal investor, angel funder, private investor, or seed investor) is an affluent individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity.
Appropriate technology is a movement (and its manifestations) encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, decentralized, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmentally sound, and locally autonomous.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
The Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to bringing research to life by supporting and enhancing the global academic technology transfer profession through education, professional development, partnering and advocacy.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
The Bayh–Dole Act or Patent and Trademark Law Amendments Act (Pub. L. 96-517, December 12, 1980) is United States legislation dealing with intellectual property arising from federal government-funded research.
Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities.
A business incubator is a company that helps new and startup companies to develop by providing services such as management training or office space.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Center for Advancing Innovation (CAI) is a registered 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, with a mission to accelerate technology transfer and commercialization.
Commercialization or commercialisation is the process of introducing a new product or production method into commerce—making it available on the market.
Commercialization Reactor is an ongoing business workshop combining features of pre-seed accelerator, seed fund, business incubator, technology broker, technology transfer office, commercialization agent of universities and educational project.
Diffusion of innovations is a theory that seeks to explain how, why, and at what rate new ideas and technology spread.
Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation (sometimes simply called Kauffman Foundation) is a registered 501(c)(3) non-profit, private foundation based in Kansas City, Missouri.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific and intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations, set up at the request of member governments, dedicated to the task of providing the world with an objective, scientific view of climate change and its political and economic impacts.
An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.
Knowledge transfer refers to sharing or disseminating of knowledge and providing inputs to problem solving.
The Licensing Executives Society International, or LES International (LESI, or formally "LES International, Inc."),LESI web site, Consulted on March 21, 2007.
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons).
Open innovation is a term used to promote an information age mindset toward innovation that runs counter to the secrecy and silo mentality of traditional corporate research labs.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Prior art (state of the art or background art), in most systems of patent law, is constituted by all information that has been made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent's claims of originality.
A research spin-off is a company that falls into at least one of the four following categories.
Robustness is the property of being strong and healthy in constitution.
Seed money, sometimes known as seed funding or seed capital, is a form of securities offering in which an investor invests capital in exchange for an equity stake in the company.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
Technological revolution is a relatively short period in history when one technology (or better a set of technologies) is replaced by another technology (or by the set of technologies).
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Technology assessment (TA, German: Technikfolgenabschätzung, French: évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques) is a scientific, interactive, and communicative process that aims to contribute to the formation of public and political opinion on societal aspects of science and technology.
The idea of technology brokering is to span multiple, otherwise disconnected industries, to see how existing technologies could be used to create breakthrough innovations in other markets.
Technology readiness levels (TRL) are a method of estimating technology maturity of Critical Technology Elements (CTE) of a program during the acquisition process.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
University technology transfer offices (TTOs), or Technology Licensing Offices (TLOs), are responsible for technology transfer and other aspects of the commercialization of research that takes place in a university.
In Marxism, the valorisation or valorization of capital is the increase in the value of capital assets through the application of value-forming labour in production.
A value chain is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product or service for the market.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).
Tech transfer, Technical transfer, Technology Transfer, Technology Transfer Office, Technology transfers, Technology transition, Transfer of technology, Transfer technology, Transferência de tecnologia.