107 relations: Advertising, Art director, Artistic rendering, Audience, Audio engineer, Audio mixing, Best boy, Boom operator (media), Broadcast automation, Broadcast designer, Camera control unit, Casting (performing arts), Character generator, Charge scenic artist, Chroma key, Cinematographer, Cinematography, Closing credits, Color grading, Composer, Cosmetology, Costume designer, Crew, Digital on-screen graphic, Display device, Dolly grip, Drama (film and television), Dubbing (filmmaking), Episode, Executive producer, Film crew, Film director, Film editing, Film producer, Filming location, Filmmaking, Foley (filmmaking), Gaffer (filmmaking), Gofer, Hairdresser, Intercom, Key grip, Location manager, Lower third, Make-up artist, Master of Fine Arts, Microphone, Multiple-camera setup, News broadcasting, Non-linear editing system, ..., Offline editing, Online editing, Operator (profession), Outline of film, Post-production, Production budget, Production company, Production control room, Production designer, Production manager (theatre), Production sound mixer, Production team, Production truck, Professional video camera, Property master, Publicist, Publicity, Research, Rough cut, Scale model, Scenic design, Screenplay, Screenwriter, Screenwriting, Script doctor, Showrunner, Sitcom, Sound editor (filmmaking), Sound effect, Sound stage, Soundtrack, Special effect, Stagecraft, Studio floor manager, Stunt, Stunt coordinator, Stunt performer, Talkback (recording), Technical director, Teleplay, Television director, Television pilot, Television presenter, Television producer, Television show, Theatre director, Title sequence, Unit production manager, Video editing, Video server, Video tape recorder, Videotape, Vision mixer, Visual effects, Visual effects supervisor, Wireless microphone, Writers Guild of America. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Art director is the title for a variety of similar job functions in theater, advertising, marketing, publishing, fashion, film and television, the Internet, and video games.
Rendering in visual art and technical drawing means the process of formulating, adding color, shading, and texturing of an image.
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
An audio engineer (also sometimes recording engineer or a vocal engineer) helps to produce a recording or a performance, editing and adjusting sound tracks using equalization and audio effects, mixing, reproduction, and reinforcement of sound.
Audio mixing is the process by which multiple sounds are combined into one or more channels.
In a film crew there are two kinds of best boy: best boy electric and best boy grip.
A boom operator is an assistant of the production sound mixer.
Broadcast automation incorporates the use of broadcast programming technology to automate broadcasting operations.
A broadcast designer is a person involved with creating graphic designs and electronic media incorporated in television productions that are used by character generator (CG) operators.
The camera control unit (CCU) is typically part of a live television broadcast "chain".
In the performing arts industry such as Theatre, Film, or Television, a casting (or casting call) is a pre-production process for selecting a certain type of actor, dancer, singer, or extra for a particular role or part in a script, screenplay, or teleplay.
A character generator, often abbreviated as CG, is a device or software that produces static or animated text (such as news crawls and credits rolls) for keying into a video stream.
A charge artist (or charge scenic artist and also head scenic artist) leads and oversees the painting of stage, film or television scenery.
Chroma key compositing, or chroma keying, is a visual effects/post-production technique for compositing (layering) two images or video streams together based on color hues (chroma range).
A cinematographer or director of photography (sometimes shortened to DP or DOP) is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions related to the image.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
Closing credits or end credits are a list of the cast and crew of a particular motion picture, television program, or video game.
Color grading is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture, video image, or still image electronically, photo-chemically or digitally.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Cosmetology (from Greek κοσμητικός, kosmētikos, "beautifying"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study and application of beauty treatment.
A costume designer is a person who designs costumes for a film, stage production or television.
A crew is a body or a class of people who work at a common activity, generally in a structured or hierarchical organization.
A digital on-screen graphic (originally known as digitally originated graphic, and known in the UK and New Zealand by the acronym DOG; in the US, Canada, Ireland and Australia as a bug or network bug) is a watermark-like station logo that most television broadcasters overlay over a portion of the screen area of their programs to identify the channel.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
In cinematography, the dolly grip is a dedicated technician trained to operate the camera dolly.
In reference to film and television, drama is a genre of narrative fiction (or semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humorous in tone.
Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.
An episode is a coherent narrative unit within a larger dramatic work, such as a film or television series.
Executive producer (EP) is one of the top positions in the making of a commercial entertainment product.
A film crew is a group of people, hired by a production company, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.
Film editing is a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.
A film producer is a person who oversees the production of a film.
A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage.
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.
Foley (named after sound-effects artist Jack Foley) is the reproduction of everyday sound effects that are added to film, video, and other media in post-production to enhance audio quality.
A gaffer in the motion picture industry and on a television crew is the head electrician, responsible for the execution (and sometimes the design) of the lighting plan for a production.
A gofer, go-fer or gopher is an employee who specializes in the delivery of special items to their superior(s).
A hairdresser is a person whose occupation is to cut or style hair in order to change or maintain a person's image.
An intercom (intercommunication device), talkback or doorphone is a stand-alone voice communications system for use within a building or small collection of buildings, functioning independently of the public telephone network (Azori 2016).
In US and Canadian filmmaking, the key grip supervises all grip (lighting and rigging) crews and reports to the director of photography.
The location manager is a member of the film crew responsible for finding and securing locations to be used, obtaining all fire, police and other governmental permits, and coordinating the logistics for the production to complete its work.
In the television industry, a lower third is a graphic overlay placed in the title-safe lower area of the screen, though not necessarily the entire lower third of it, as the name suggests.
Special effects makeup techniques A make-up artist or makeup artist is an artist whose medium is the human body, applying makeup and prosthetics on others for theatrical, television, film, fashion, magazines and other similar productions including all aspects of the modeling industry.
A Master of Fine Arts (MFA or M.F.A.) is a creative degree in fine arts, including visual arts, creative writing, graphic design, photography, filmmaking, dance, theatre, other performing arts—or in some cases, theatre management or arts administration.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
The multiple-camera setup, multiple-camera mode of production, multi-camera or simply multicam is a method of filmmaking and video production.
News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism.
Non-destructive editing is a form of audio, video or image editing where the original content is not modified in the course of editing, instead the edits are specified and modified by specialized software.
Offline editing is part of the post-production process of filmmaking and television production in which raw footage is copied and the copy only is then edited, thereby not affecting the camera original film stock or video tape.
Online editing is a post-production linear video editing process that is performed in the final stage of a video production.
An operator is a professional designation used in various industries, including broadcasting (in television and radio), computing, power generation and transmission, customer service, physics, and construction.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to film: Film – refers to motion pictures as individual projects and to the field in general.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
A film production budget determines how much money will be spent on the entire film project.
A production company, production house, or production studio is a company that produces performing arts, new media art, film, television, radio, comics, interactive arts, video games, websites, and videos.
The production control room or studio control room (SCR) is the place in a television studio in which the composition of the outgoing program takes place.
In film and television, a production designer (or P. D.) is the person responsible for the overall visual look of the production.
Theatrical production management is a sub-division of stagecraft.
A production sound mixer, location sound recordist, location sound engineer or simply sound mixer is the member of a film crew or television crew responsible for recording all sound recording on set during the filmmaking or television production using professional audio equipment, for later inclusion in the finished product, or for reference to be used by the sound designer, sound effects editors, or foley artists.
A production team is the group of technical staff who produce a play, television show, recording, or film.
A television production truck is a small mobile television studio to allow filming of events and video production at locations outside a regular television studio.
A professional video camera (often called a television camera even though the use has spread beyond television) is a high-end device for creating electronic moving images (as opposed to a movie camera, that earlier recorded the images on film).
The property master, often called the prop(s) master, is an artistic and organizational employee in a film, television or theatrical production who is responsible for purchasing, acquiring, manufacturing, properly placing, and/or overseeing any props needed for a production.
A publicist is a person whose job is to generate and manage publicity for a company, a brand, or public figure- especially a celebrity- or for a work such as a book, film or album.
Publicity (from French publicité, from public ‘public’) is the movement of information to the general public from the media.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
In filmmaking, the rough cut is the second of three stages of offline editing.
A scale model is most generally a physical representation of an object, which maintains accurate relationships between all important aspects of the model, although absolute values of the original properties need not be preserved.
Scenic design (also known as scenography, stage design, set design, or production design) is the creation of theatrical, as well as film or television scenery.
A screenplay or script is a written work by screenwriters for a film, video game, or television program.
A screenplay writer (also called screenwriter for short), scriptwriter or scenarist is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs, comics or video games, are based.
Screenwriting, also called scriptwriting, is the art and craft of writing scripts for mass media such as feature films, television productions or video games.
A script doctor, also called a script consultant, is a writer or playwright hired by a film, television or theatre production to rewrite an existing script or polish specific aspects of it, including structure, characterization, dialogue, pacing, themes and other elements.
Showrunner is the 21st-century term for the leading executive producer of a Hollywood television series in the United States.
A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
A sound editor is a creative professional responsible for selecting and assembling sound recordings in preparation for the final sound mixing or mastering of a television program, motion picture, video game, or any production involving recorded or synthetic sound.
A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video games, music, or other media.
In common usage, a sound stage is a soundproof, hangar-like structure, building, or room, used for the production of theatrical film-making and television productions, usually located on a secured movie or television studio property.
A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical, film, and video production.
A floor manager or floor director is a member of the crew of a television show.
A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes usually on television, theatre, or cinema.
A stunt coordinator, usually an experienced stunt performer, is hired by a TV, film or theatre director or production company for stunt casting that is to arrange the casting (stunt players and stunt doubles) and performance of stunts for a film, television programme or a live audience.
A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, stuntwoman, or daredevil, is a trained professional who performs stunts, often as a career.
In sound recording, talkback refers to the intercom system used in recording studios and production control rooms (PCR) in television studios to enable personnel to communicate with people in the recording area or booth.
A technical director (TD) is usually a senior technical person within e.g. a software company, engineering firm, film studio, theatrical company or television studio.
A teleplay is a screenplay or script used in the production of a scripted television program or series.
A television director is in charge of the activities involved in making a television program, or section of a programme.
A television pilot (also known as a pilot or a pilot episode and sometimes marketed as a tele-movie) is a standalone episode of a television series that is used to sell the show to a television network.
A presenter is a person who introduces or hosts television programs (or segments thereof such as an infomercial advertiser).
A television producer is a person who oversees all aspects of video production on a television program.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
A theatre director or stage director is an instructor in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a theatre production (a play, an opera, a musical, or a devised piece of work) by unifying various endeavours and aspects of production.
A title sequence (also called an opening sequence or intro) is the method by which films or television programs present their title, key production and cast members, utilizing conceptual visuals and sound.
A unit production manager (UPM) is the DGA–approved title for the top below-the-line staff position, responsible for the administration of a feature film or television production.
Video editing is the manipulation and arrangement of video shots.
A video server is a computer-based device that is dedicated to delivering video.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
A vision mixer (also called video switcher, video mixer or production switcher) is a device used to select between several different video sources and in some cases compositing (mix) video sources together to create special effects.
Visual Effects (abbreviated VFX) is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot in film making.
In the context of film and television production, a visual effects supervisor is responsible for achieving the creative aims of the director and/or producers through the use of visual effects.
A wireless microphone is a microphone without a physical cable connecting it directly to the sound recording or amplifying equipment with which it is associated.
The Writers Guild of America is the joint efforts of two different US labor unions representing TV and film writers.