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Telugu language

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Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India. [1]

207 relations: Abugida, Amaravathi (village), Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati, Ananthagiri Hills, Andhra Ikshvaku, Andhra in Indian epic literature, Andhra Mahasabha, Andhra Pradesh, Anusvara, Apple Inc., Approximant consonant, Arabic numerals, Aspirated consonant, Australia, Bahrain, Bangalore Urban district, Belgium, Bellary, Bengali language, Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Bhattiprolu, Bilabial consonant, Brahmi script, Bride price, British Raj, C. Narayana Reddy, Cambridge University Press, Canada, Central consonant, Central Jersey, Chandrabindu, Charles Philip Brown, Chenchu language, Chennai, Chhattisgarh, Chikkaballapur, Chintalapudi, West Godavari district, Coastal Andhra, Deccan Plateau, Deccan sultanates, Delhi Sultanate, Denti-alveolar consonant, Devulapalli Krishnasastri, Diglossia, Dravidian languages, English language, Ethnologue, Europe, Fiji, Film industry, ..., First language, Flap consonant, France, Free and open-source software, Fricative consonant, George Abraham Grierson, Germany, Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty, Godavari River, Golden Age, Golkonda, Gona Budda Reddy, Grammatical gender, Guntur, Guntur district, Gurazada Apparao, Gurram Jashuva, Hindi, Hindu–Arabic numeral system, Hyderabad State, India, Indian English, Interlinear gloss, Ireland, Italian language, Italy, Jatayu, Jharkhand, Jnanpith Award, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Kannada alphabet, Kanva, Karnataka, Kavijanasrayam, Kharagpur, Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao, Kolar, Komarraju Venkata Lakshmana Rao, Krishnadevaraya, Kriyā, Labiodental consonant, Languages with official status in India, Lateral consonant, Lepakshi, Lexicon, Linguistic reconstruction, Linux, List of languages by number of native speakers in India, List of Telugu-language television channels, Macherla, Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Madras Presidency, Madurai, Mahabharata, Maharashtra, Malaysia, Malliya Rechana, Manna-Dora language, Mass media, Mauritius, Mesopotamia, Microsoft Windows, Mughal Empire, Murmured voice, Myanmar, Nannayya, Nasal consonant, National Library at Kolkata romanisation, Netherlands, New Jersey, New Zealand, Niccolò de' Conti, Nizam of Hyderabad, Noboru Karashima, Odisha, Palaeography, Palkuriki Somanatha, Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Paravastu Chinnayasuri, Pāṇini, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Persian literature, Poranki, Prakaram, Prakrit, Proto-Dravidian language, Proto-language, Puducherry, Rama, Ramayana, Ravana, Ravuri Bharadhwaja, Rayalaseema, Rayaprolu Subba Rao, Retroflex consonant, Sahitya Akademi, Sandhi, Sanskrit, Singapore, Sita, South Africa, Sri Sri (writer), States and union territories of India, States of India by Telugu speakers, Stop consonant, Stress (linguistics), Suryapet, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Tatsama, Telangana, Telugu Braille, Telugu Cholas, Telugu grammar, Telugu Language Day, Telugu language policy, Telugu people, Telugu script, Tenuis consonant, Thanjavur, The Hindu, The Times of India, The Vicar of Wakefield, Theni, Tikkana, Tirupati, Tiruvannamalai, Transliteration, Trilinga Kshetras, Trinidad and Tobago, Tughlaq dynasty, Unicode, Union territory, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Urdu, Velar consonant, Vemulawada, Vijayanagara Empire, Vijayawada, Virama, Visakhapatnam, Visarga, Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Voice (phonetics), Voiced alveolar fricative, Voiced postalveolar fricative, Vowel harmony, Vuyyuru, Waddar language, West Bengal, World Telugu Conference, Yanam, Yanam district, Yerpedu, Yerrapragada, 2011 Census of India. Expand index (157 more) »

Abugida

An abugida (from Ge'ez: አቡጊዳ ’abugida), or alphasyllabary, is a segmental writing system in which consonant–vowel sequences are written as a unit: each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary.

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Amaravathi (village), Andhra Pradesh

Amaravathi is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Amaravati

Amaravati is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Ananthagiri Hills

Ananthagiri Hills is located at Vikarabad district, Telangana, India.

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Andhra Ikshvaku

The Ikshvaku (IAST: Ikṣvāku) dynasty ruled in the eastern Krishna River valley of India, from their capital at Vijayapuri (modern Nagarjunakonda in Andhra Pradesh) during approximately 225-340 CE.

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Andhra in Indian epic literature

Andhra (ఆంధ్ర) was a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.

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Andhra Mahasabha

Andhra Mahasabha (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర మహాసభ, IAST: Āndhra mahāsabha) was a people's organisation in the erstwhile Hyderabad state of India.

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Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.

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Anusvara

Anusvara (Sanskrit: अनुस्वारः) is the diacritic used to mark a type of nasal sound used in a number of Indic scripts.

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

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Arabic numerals

Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.

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Aspirated consonant

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Bahrain

Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.

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Bangalore Urban district

Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bellary

Bellary, officially Ballari, in the eponymous Bellary district, is a major city in the state of Karnataka, India.

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Bengali language

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.

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Bhadriraju Krishnamurti

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti (19 June 1928 – 11 August 2012) was an Indian Dravidianist and linguist.

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Bhattiprolu

Bhattiprolu is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

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Brahmi script

Brahmi (IAST) is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in Ancient India and present South and Central Asia from the 1st millennium BCE.

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Bride price

Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married or is just about to marry.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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C. Narayana Reddy

Cingireddi Narayana Reddy (29 July 1931 – 12 June 2017), better known as C. Narayana Reddy, was an award winning Indian Telugu poet and writer.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Central consonant

A central consonant, also known as a median consonant, is a consonant sound that is produced when air flows across the center of the mouth over the tongue.

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Central Jersey

Central Jersey is the central region of the U.S. state of New Jersey.

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Chandrabindu

Chandrabindu (meaning "moon-dot" in Sanskrit, alternatively spelled candrabindu, chandravindu, candravindu, or chôndrobindu) is a diacritic sign with the form of a dot inside the lower half of a circle.

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Charles Philip Brown

Charles Philip Brown (10 November 1798 – 12 December 1884) was a British official of the East India Company.

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Chenchu language

Chenchu language is a Dravidian language which belongs to the Telugu branch of its South-Central family.

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Chennai

Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh (translation: Thirty-Six Forts) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country.

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Chikkaballapur

Chikkaballapur is the district headquarters of the newly created Chikkaballapur district in the state of Karnataka, India.

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Chintalapudi, West Godavari district

Chintalapudi is a village in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Coastal Andhra

Coastal Andhra (Telugu: తీర ఆంధ్ర), is a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Deccan Plateau

The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.

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Deccan sultanates

The Deccan Sultanates were five dynasties that ruled late medieval Indian kingdoms, namely, Bijapur, Golkonda, Ahmadnagar, Bidar, and Berar in south-western India.

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Delhi Sultanate

The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).

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Denti-alveolar consonant

In linguistics, a denti-alveolar consonant or dento-alveolar consonant is a consonant that is articulated with a flat tongue against the alveolar ridge and upper teeth, such as and in languages such as Spanish and French.

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Devulapalli Krishnasastri

Devulapalli Venkata Krishnasastri (1 November 1897 – 24 February 1980) was a Telugu poet, playwright and translator.

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Diglossia

In linguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two dialects or languages are used by a single language community.

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Dravidian languages

The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India, as well as in Sri Lanka with small pockets in southwestern Pakistan, southern Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Ethnologue

Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Fiji

Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Film industry

The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Flap consonant

In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Free and open-source software

Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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George Abraham Grierson

Sir George Abraham Grierson (7 January 1851 – 9 March 1941) was an Irish administrator and linguist in British India.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty

Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy (1863-1940) was a Telugu writer and one of the earliest modern Telugu linguists and social visionaries during the British rule.

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Godavari River

The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.

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Golden Age

The term Golden Age comes from Greek mythology, particularly the Works and Days of Hesiod, and is part of the description of temporal decline of the state of peoples through five Ages, Gold being the first and the one during which the Golden Race of humanity (chrýseon génos) lived.

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Golkonda

Golkonda, also known as Golconda, Gol konda ("Round shaped hill"), or Golla konda, (Shepherd's Hill) is a citadel and fort in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687), is situated west of Hyderabad.

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Gona Budda Reddy

Gona Budda Reddy, also known as Ranganatha, (13th century CE) was a poet and ruler living in southern India.

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Grammatical gender

In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.

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Guntur

Guntur; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

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Guntur district

Guntur district is an administrative district in the Coastal Andhra region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Gurazada Apparao

Gurazada Venkata Apparao (21 September 1862 – 30 November 1915) was a noted Indian playwright, dramatist, poet, and writer known for his works in Telugu theatre.

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Gurram Jashuva

Gurram Jashuva (or G Joshua) (28 September 1895 – 24 July 1971) was a Telugu poet.

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Hindi

Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu–Arabic numeral system

The Hindu–Arabic numeral systemDavid Eugene Smith and Louis Charles Karpinski,, 1911 (also called the Arabic numeral system or Hindu numeral system) is a positional decimal numeral system that is the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world.

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Hyderabad State

Hyderabad State was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India with its capital at the city of Hyderabad.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian English

Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of India.

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Interlinear gloss

In linguistics and pedagogy, an interlinear gloss is a gloss (series of brief explanations, such as definitions or pronunciations) placed between lines (inter- + linear), such as between a line of original text and its translation into another language.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jatayu

In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Jatayu is the youngest son of Aruṇa.

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Jharkhand

Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.

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Jnanpith Award

The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".

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Kandukuri Veeresalingam

Rao Bahadur Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu (Telugu: కందుకూరి వీరేశలింగం పంతులు) (16 April 1848 27 May 1919) was a social reformer, writer of Andhra Pradesh.

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Kannada alphabet

The Kannada Script (IAST: Kannaḍa lipi) is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used primarily to write the Kannada language, one of the Dravidian languages of South India especially in the state of Karnataka, Kannada script is widely used for writing Sanskrit texts in Karnataka.

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Kanva

Kanva (Sanskrit: कण्व) was an ancient Hindu rishi of the Treta yuga, to whom some of the hymns of the Rig Veda are ascribed.

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Karnataka

Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.

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Kavijanasrayam

Kavijanasrayam, also referred to as KavijanaaSrayam Kavijanaasrayamu and Kavijanaashrayam, a Jain Literature, is considered by scholars to be the earliest work detailing Telugu prosody, that is, how the basic rhythm of verses in Telugu poetry is structured.

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Kharagpur

Kharagpur is an important industrial city in Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal, India.

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Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao

Kodavatiganti Kutumba Rao (28 October 1909 – 17 August 1980), also known as Ko Ku, was an exponent of the Telugu literature in the 20th century.

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Kolar

Kolar The Golden city of India, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Komarraju Venkata Lakshmana Rao

Komarraju Venkata Lakshmana Rao (కొమఱ్ఱాజు వెంకట లక్ష్మణరావు), (May 18, 1877 – July 14, 1923) was an Indian historian.

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Krishnadevaraya

Krishnadevaraya (IAST) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529.

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Kriyā

Kriyā (in Sanskrit "action, deed, effort") most commonly refers to a "completed action", technique or practice within a yoga discipline meant to achieve a specific result.

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Labiodental consonant

In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.

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Languages with official status in India

The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India as Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English.

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Lateral consonant

A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.

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Lepakshi

Lepakshi is a village in the Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Lexicon

A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).

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Linguistic reconstruction

Linguistic reconstruction is the practice of establishing the features of an unattested ancestor language of one or more given languages.

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Linux

Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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List of languages by number of native speakers in India

India is home to several hundred languages.

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List of Telugu-language television channels

This is a list of satellite television channels in Telugu language (spoken in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) broadcasting at least throughout Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states.

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Macherla

Macherla is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Madapati Hanumantha Rao

Madapati Hanumantha Rao (22 January 1885 – 11 November 1970) was an Indian statesman, poet and a short-story writer.

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Madras Presidency

The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.

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Madurai

Madurai is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Mahabharata

The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

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Maharashtra

Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Malliya Rechana

Malliya Rechana was a Telugu language poet and writer, who lived around 940 AD, in present-day Vemulawada,Telangana region of India.

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Manna-Dora language

Manna-Dora is either a nearly extinct Dravidian language closely related to Telugu, or a dialect of Telugu.

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Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

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Mauritius

Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

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Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.

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Murmured voice

Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.

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Myanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Nannayya

Nannaya Bhattaraka (sometimes spelled Nannayya or Nannaiah; ca. 11th century AD) is the earliest known Telugu author, and the author of the first third of the Andhra mahabharatam, a Telugu retelling of the Mahabharata.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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National Library at Kolkata romanisation

The National Library at Kolkata romanisation transliterationSee p 24-26 for table comparing Indic languages, and p 33-34 for Devanagari alphabet listing.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Niccolò de' Conti

Niccolò de' Conti (c. 1395–1469) was an Italian merchant and explorer, born in Chioggia, who traveled to India and Southeast Asia, and possibly to Southern China, during the early 15th century.

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Nizam of Hyderabad

The Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra.

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Noboru Karashima

was a Japanese historian, writer and Professor Emeritus in University of Tokyo, Japan.

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Odisha

Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.

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Palaeography

Palaeography (UK) or paleography (US; ultimately from παλαιός, palaiós, "old", and γράφειν, graphein, "to write") is the study of ancient and historical handwriting (that is to say, of the forms and processes of writing, not the textual content of documents).

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Palkuriki Somanatha

Palkuriki Somanatha was one of the most noted Telugu language writers of the 12th or 13th century.

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Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao

Panuganti Lakshmi Narasimha chary (Telugu - పానుగంటి లక్ష్మీ నరసింహా రావు) (2 november 1865 – 1 January 1940) was one of the famous modern Telugu writers.

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Paravastu Chinnayasuri

Paravastu Chinnayasuri (పరవస్తు చిన్నయ సూరి; 1807–1861) is a well-known Telugu writer.

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Pāṇini

(पाणिनि, Frits Staal (1965),, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 99-116) is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and a revered scholar in Hinduism.

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Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy Bysshe Shelley (4 August 17928 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language, and one of the most influential.

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Persian literature

Persian literature (ادبیات فارسی adabiyāt-e fārsi), comprises oral compositions and written texts in the Persian language and it is one of the world's oldest literatures.

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Poranki

Poranki is a neighbourhood of Vijayawada in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Prakaram

A Prakaram (प्राकारम् in Sanskrit), also spelled Pragaram or Pragaaram) in Indian architecture is an outer part around the Hindu temple sanctum. These may be enclosed or open and are typically enclosed for the inner most prakaram.

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Prakrit

The Prakrits (प्राकृत; pāuda; pāua) are any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages formerly spoken in India.

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Proto-Dravidian language

Proto-Dravidian is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the Dravidian languages.

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Proto-language

A proto-language, in the tree model of historical linguistics, is a language, usually hypothetical or reconstructed, and usually unattested, from which a number of attested known languages are believed to have descended by evolution, forming a language family.

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Puducherry

Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.

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Rama

Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.

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Ramayana

Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

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Ravana

Ravana (IAST: Rāvaṇa;; Sanskrit: रावण) is a character in the Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as the Rakshasa king of Lanka.

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Ravuri Bharadhwaja

Rāvūri Bharadvāja (1927 – 18 October 2013) was a Jnanpith award winning Telugu novelist, short-story writer, poet and critic.

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Rayalaseema

Rayalaseema is a geographic region in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises four southern districts of the state namely, Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa and Kurnool. census of India, the region with four districts had a population of 15,184,908 and covers an area of.

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Rayaprolu Subba Rao

Rayaprolu Subbarao (1892–1984) was among the pioneers of modern Telugu literature.

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Retroflex consonant

A retroflex consonant is a coronal consonant where the tongue has a flat, concave, or even curled shape, and is articulated between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate.

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Sahitya Akademi

The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India.

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Sandhi

SandhiThe pronunciation of the word "sandhi" is rather diverse among English speakers.

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Sanskrit

Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sita

Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Sri Sri (writer)

Srirangam Srinivasa Rao (30 April 1910 – 15 June 1983), popularly known as Sri Sri,is greatest modern poet.

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States and union territories of India

India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

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States of India by Telugu speakers

This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by speakers of Telugu as of.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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Stress (linguistics)

In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.

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Suryapet

Suryapet is a city and the district headquarters of Suryapet district in the Indian state of Telangana.

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Tamil language

Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.

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Tatsama

Tatsama (Sanskrit;, lit. 'same as that') are Sanskrit loanwords in modern Indo-Aryan languages like Bengali, Marathi, Oriya, Hindi, Gujarati, and Sinhala and in Dravidian languages like Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, and Tamil.

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Telangana

Telangana is a state in the south of India.

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Telugu Braille

Telugu Braille is one of the Bharati braille alphabets, and it largely conforms to the letter values of the other Bharati alphabets.

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Telugu Cholas

The Telugu Cholas were a branch of the Tamil Chola dynasty who reigned over parts of present-day Andhra Pradesh between the seventh and the thirteenth century.

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Telugu grammar

The first treatise on Telugu grammar (వ్యాకరణం vyākaranam), the "Andhra Shabda Chintamani" was written in Sanskrit by Nannayya, who was considered as the first poet and translator of Telugu in the 11th century A.D. After Nannayya, Atharvana and Ahobala composed sutras, vartikas and bhashyam.

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Telugu Language Day

Telugu Language Day (Telugu: తెలుగు భాషా దినోత్సవం; IAST: Telugu bhāṣā dinōtsavaṁ; "Day of the Telugu Language") is observed on 29 August each year in the State of Andhra Pradesh of the Republic of India.

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Telugu language policy

Telugu language policy is an issue in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, with 84 percent of the population reporting Telugu as their first language in Andhra Pradesh prior to the secession of Telangana.

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Telugu people

The Telugu people or Telugu Praajalu are the people who speak Telugu as a first language.

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Telugu script

Telugu script (Telugu lipi), an abugida from the Brahmic family of scripts, is used to write the Telugu language, a Dravidian language spoken in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana as well as several other neighbouring states.

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Tenuis consonant

In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized.

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Thanjavur

Thanjavur, formerly Tanjore,Pletcher 2010, p. 195 is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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The Hindu

The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.

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The Times of India

The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.

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The Vicar of Wakefield

The Vicar of Wakefield – subtitled A Tale, Supposed to be written by Himself – is a novel by Irish writer Oliver Goldsmith (1728–1774).

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Theni

Theni or Teni (is a City situated in Western Region of Tamil Nadu, a state in South India, near the border to Kerala. Theni is the headquarters of Theni. Theni district is Located in Madurai Region. Nearest City தூங்காநகரம் Madurai Just 76 Km from Theni Town.It is a 2nd ranked in ASIA on the Banana trading. It is known for the large-scale trading of garlic, cotton, cardamom, grapes and chilli. It hosts the second largest weekly market in Tamil Nadu and the fourth largest in South India.Theni is a Only district Without Train Facilities in Tamil Nadu.It is well-connected by road to all the important cities in Tamil Nadu. The nearest airport is at Madurai 87 Km From THENI - MADURAI Airport.http://www.theni.tn.nic.in/.

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Tikkana

Tikkana (or Tikkana Somayaji) (1205–1288) was born into a Telugu Brahmin Shaivite family during the Golden Age of the Kakatiya dynasty.

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Tirupati

Tirupati is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Tiruvannamalai

Tiruvannamalai (Tamil: Tiruvaṇṇāmalai IPA:, also Thiruvannamalai or Trinomali and Trinomalee during British times) is a city and the head quarters of Tiruvannamalai District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a part of Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu) region.The city is administered by a special grade municipality that covers an area of and a population of 145,278 and urban agglomeration had a population of 498231 in 2011.

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Transliteration

Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).

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Trilinga Kshetras

The word Telugu is thought to have been derived from trilinga, as in Trilinga Desa, "the country of the three lingas".

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Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.

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Tughlaq dynasty

The Tughlaq dynasty also referred to as Tughluq or Tughluk dynasty, was a Muslim dynasty of Turko-Indian origin which ruled over the Delhi sultanate in medieval India.

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Unicode

Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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Union territory

A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Urdu

Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Vemulawada

Vemulawada may refer to any one of the following places in India.

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Vijayanagara Empire

The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnata Empire, and the Kingdom of Bisnegar by the Portuguese) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India.

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Vijayawada

Vijayawada is a city in the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, on the banks of River Krishna in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Virama

Virama (्) is a generic term for the diacritic in many Brahmic scripts, ்including Devanagari and Eastern Nagari script, used to suppress the inherent vowel that otherwise occurs with every consonant letter.

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Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam (also known as Vizag and Waltair is the largest city and the financial capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Its geographical location is amidst the Eastern Ghats and the coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is the most populous city in the state with a population of 2,035,922 as of 2011, making it the 14th largest city in the country. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in India with a population of 5,340,000. With an output of $43.5 billion, Visakhapatnam is the ninth-largest contributor to India's overall gross domestic product as of 2016. Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, and later ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century. Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city, and by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule. Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947. The city is home to the oldest shipyard and the only natural harbour on the east coast of India. Visakhapatnam Port is the fifth-busiest cargo port in India, and the city is home to the headquarters of the Indian Navy's Eastern Command. Visakhapatnam is a major tourist destination and is particularly known for its beaches. It is referred to by many nicknames such asThe City of Destiny and The Jewel of the East Coast. It has been selected as one of the Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission. As per the Swachhta Sarvekshan rankings of 2017, it is the third cleanest city in India.

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Visarga

Visarga (IAST) (विसर्गः) meaning "sending forth, discharge".

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Viswanatha Satyanarayana

Viswanatha Satyanarayana (10 September 1895 – 18 October 1976) (Telugu: విశ్వనాథ సత్యనారాయణ) was born to Sobhanadri and Parvathi in the year 1895 at Vijayawada, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh.

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Voice (phonetics)

Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).

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Voiced alveolar fricative

The voiced alveolar fricatives are consonantal sounds.

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Voiced postalveolar fricative

Voiced fricatives produced in the postalveolar region include the voiced palato-alveolar fricative, the voiced postalveolar non-sibilant fricative, the voiced retroflex fricative, and the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative.

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Vowel harmony

Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.

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Vuyyuru

Vuyyuru is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.It is a Nagar panchayat and the headquarters of Vuyyuru Mandal under Nuzvid revenue division.

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Waddar language

Waddar (Vadee rajulu, Od) is a dialect of Telugu language spoken among social caste of Waddars scattered ovel South India, especially in Karnataka, where it has a status of Scheduled caste.

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West Bengal

West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

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World Telugu Conference

The World Telugu Conference (WTC) is a conference for furtherance of the Telugu language.

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Yanam

Yanam (French: Yanaon) is a town in the Indian union territory of Puducherry, located in Yanam district, which forms a 30 km² enclave in the district of East Godavari in Andhra Pradesh.

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Yanam district

Yanam district is one of the four districts of the Union Territory of Puducherry in India.

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Yerpedu

Yerpedu or Erpedu is a village in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Yerrapragada

Errapragada Erranna (ఎఱ్రాప్రగడ) was a Telugu poet in the court of King Prolaya Vema Reddy (1325–1353).

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2011 Census of India

The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Classical Telugu, ISO 639:te, ISO 639:tel, Italian of the East, Italian of the east, Krishna Telugu, Old Telugu language, Sri Lanka Gypsy Telugu, Sri Lankan Gypsy Telugu, Telagu, Telangana Telugu, Telegu language, Telgu, Teloogoo, Telougou, Telugu (language), Telugu Language, Telugu Words, Telugu languages, Telugu numerals, Telugu phonology, Telugu-language, Telungu, Télougou, Yanadi language, తెలుగు.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_language

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